National Repository of Grey Literature 103 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Technological challenges in the fabrication of MoS.sub.2./sub./diamond heterostructures
Varga, Marián ; Sojková, M. ; Hrdá, J. ; Hutar, P. ; Parsa Saeb, S. ; Vanko, G. ; Pribusova Slusna, L. ; Ondič, Lukáš ; Fait, Jan ; Kromka, Alexander ; Hulman, M.
Nowadays, 2D materials are one of the most studied classes of materials. In addition to the most famous graphene, progress has been achieved in studying and using fundamental properties of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD). Complementary, diamond as a representative of 3D materials has gained a reputation as an extremely versatile material due to its extraordinary combination of physical/chemical/electrical/optical properties. Besides these particular forms of 2D and 3D materials, their heterostructures have become very attractive due to new phenomena and functions (bandgap engineering, enhanced charge transport, optical interaction, etc.). However, individual technological procedures are still minimally investigated and described. Here, we will demonstrate a proof-of-concept for the preparation of MoS2/diamond heterostructures, where two different strategies were employed: a) growth of MoS2 layers on diamond films, and b) growth of diamond films on Si/MoS2 substrates.
Multi-material 3D printing of titanium and aluminium alloys
Duchoň, Matěj ; Hutař, Pavel (referee) ; Koutný, Daniel (advisor)
Additive manufacturing of multi-material components is a promising way to produce parts that combine the properties of different materials. The thesis deals with the research, optimization of process parameters and methodology to produce multi-material parts using the SLM method. The aim is to create a mechanically durable interface between two materials based on titanium and aluminium. In order to determine the suitable combination of materials, a single track test was performed, which also established the initial process parameters and the effect of increased preheating temperature on the formation of defects at the material interface. This test provided the basis for the printing of bulk samples whose interfaces were analysed in detail using light microscopy, microhardness testing and EDS. Finally, the mechanical resistance of the interface was verified by tensile testing. According to the results of the single track test, titanium alloy Ti6Al4V in combination with aluminium alloy AlSi10Mg was selected. In further tests, it was found that if the preheating temperature is increased from 200 °C to 300 °C, the number of cracks at the interface is reduced by 31 %. The combination of increased preheating temperature and appropriate process parameters produced a crack-free material interface that exhibited high mechanical durability. The thesis provides a summary overview of the issues related to multi-material metal printing and the causes of individual defects that the interface of two different materials faces. The thesis may serve as a basis for further research on multi-material metal printing.
Design of auxetic structures for the selective laser melting technology
Pchálek, Václav ; Hutař, Pavel (referee) ; Červinek, Ondřej (advisor)
With the development of additive technologies, it became possible to produce auxetic structures with complicated geometries. Despite their intensive study, their potential for high resistance to local loading has not yet been explored. Describing this phenomenon and its causes would enable the effective design of structures with greatly enhanced resistance to foreign object impact. Therefore, this work investigated the deformation behavior of auxetic re-entrant honeycomb structures under local loading. The relationship between the resistance of the structure to local loading and the magnitude of the negative Poisson´s number, which was controlled by the geometry of the basic cell, was investigated. An analytical approach was used to determine the Poisson´s number of the structures. Subsequently, a prediction of the local loading behaviour of the structures was made using the finite element method assuming small and large deformations. This behavior was then experimentally verified for small and large strain rates on structures fabricated by selective laser melting technology. It was found that for the assumption of small deformations, the smaller the Poisson´s number of the structure, the more resistant it is to local loading. However, this does not apply to the assumption of large deformations, where the wall interaction and its buckling were difficult to predict. Furthermore, structures with thinner walls were shown to deform more, thus using their full deformation potential and therefore being more resistant to local loading. When tested at both low and high strain rates, a rearrangement of the structure towards the impact location was observed in two directions, perpendicular and against the direction of loading. It was found that structures with different geometry but the same Poisson's number have the same deformation behavior in terms of strain rate and reaction force. The findings of this work contribute to the understanding of the behaviour of auxetic structures under local loading, which can be used in the design of such loaded structures in specific applications.
Estimation of mechanical properties of thin films using numerical modelling of experimental tests
Tinoco Navarro, Hector Andres ; Jančo,, Roland (referee) ; Klusák,, Jan (referee) ; Hutař, Pavel (advisor)
Testování tenkých filmů pomocí "Bulge testu" je experimentální technika která zahrnuje použití numerických a analytických přístupů k charakterizaci mechanických vlastností tenkých vrstev. Tato práce se zabývá některými omezeními nalezenými v klasických modelech, které popisují chování tenkých vrstev podrobených tomuto testu. Za tímto účelem byly vyvinuty nové modely a numerické strategie pro stanovení různých mechanických vlastností jednovrstvých a dvouvrstvých tenkých vrstev za odlišných strukturních podmínek, jako je elasticita, plasticita a lom. Kombinací metody konečných prvků a klasických analytických řešení byly navrženy a ověřeny různé metodiky pro výpočet elastických vlastností (E a v), zbytkových napětí, meze kluzu a lomové houževnatosti. Mechanické vlastnosti filmů z nitridu křemíku, hliníku a zlata byly charakterizovány pomocí experimentálních dat o zatížení-průhybu získaných z měření. Stanovené vlastnosti vykazovaly uspokojivou shodu s což potvrdilo, že metody navržené v této práci mohou být užitečné pro odhad mechanických vlastností se známými materiálovými vlastnostmi tenkých vrstev.
Design of support structures for parts made of Inconel 718
Kuhajdik, Matej ; Hutař, Pavel (referee) ; Koutný, Daniel (advisor)
This master thesis deals by the design of support structures for the production of parts made of nickel superalloy IN718 using selective laser melting (SLM). The aim of this work is to design a support structure so that technological problems (excessive deformation of the part due to high residual stresses and insufficient heat dissipation) are eliminated and replace the use of massive volume support, which is inefficient in terms of design and production time, consumed material and postprocessing. Mechanical behaviour of residual stresses of built component, design points of selected support structures (perforated block with pins, BCCZ with perforated contour) and design recommendations were quantified by using thermo-mechanical simulations of production and series of experiments. The functional sample was tested by designing specific support structures for the turbine wheel with subsequent production. The support structure ensured safe, successful production without potential problems and met the requirement to minimize material consumption through effective large-scale perforation of the structure.
Topological optimization and lattice structures for aerospace components
Petržela, Zdeněk ; Hutař, Pavel (referee) ; Paloušek, David (advisor)
Low product weight in combination with high mechanical properties play a crucial role in reducing operating costs in the aerospace industry. For this purpose, topology optimization and lattice structures are used. Additive manufacturing processes enable the production of optimized parts with geometric complexity. So far, no clear and comprehensive approach for designing a machine part with reduced weight in this way has been presented. The aim of this work was to map the topology optimization process with the use of lattice structures, corrected by experimentally determined production limits. Furthermore, the work deals with the implementation of the proposed methodology in optimization of a real machine part, its production from AlSi10Mg metal powder using selective laser melting technology, and verification of its manufacturing accuracy and vibration response. To determine the production limits, a series of lattice strut tests were performed. According to dimensional, weight and porosity analysis of lattice struts, a minimum applicable cross-section of the strut was chosen. Struts with this cross-section were subsequently applied into the beam samples with the BCC and BCCz lattice structure. Based on the mechanical response, the BCCz lattice structure was selected for application in the optimized part. For a more accurate mechanical behaviour prediction, based on actual lattice structure response, corrected elasticity modulus and yield strength value for BCCz lattice type were determined. These parameters were applied into FEM simulation in the lattice optimization phase. After solving the problem of lattice structure geometry export from FEM software, the optimization methodology could be completely defined, the part was manufactured, and the design potential was verified.
Numerical Modelling of Fatigue Crack Closure
Oplt, Tomáš ; Růžička, Milan (referee) ; Horníková, Jana (referee) ; Hutař, Pavel (advisor)
This Ph.D. thesis was written under the supervision of Assoc. prof. Pavel Hutař, Ph.D., and Assoc. prof. Luboš Náhlík, Ph.D. The thesis is focused on the effect of plasticity induced crack closure, its characteristic and ways of numerical modelling. Premature fatigue crack closure has a significant effect on the fatigue crack propagation rate and therefore on the residual lifetime of a structure. A three-dimensional numerical model allows a detailed look at the stress and strain distribution along the crack front, and particularly it allows a local description of parameters along the crack front which governs the fatigue crack propagation rate. In the first part of the thesis, the study is focused on the influence of a singular stress field at the vicinity of the free surface on the crack front curvature without crack closure being involved. In the second part, a numerical model in 2D of plasticity induced crack closure was created and verified by experimental results. In the final part, a 3D numerical model is used to describe the influence of the crack closure on its fatigue propagation rate and explains typical crack front curvature. The suggested technique allows quantitative accuracy improvement of numerical simulation of the fatigue crack propagation and therefore, more reliable estimation of the residual lifetime of the cracked structure.
The influence of heat treatment on magnetic properties of additive manufactured stainless steel components
Schäffer, Matúš ; Hutař, Pavel (referee) ; Paloušek, David (advisor)
The aim of this master thesis is selection of heat treatment for additive manufactured multimaterial components composed of 1.4404 and 1.4542 stainless steels regarding their magnetic and mechanical properties. Individual materials were studied after fabrication and also after the same heat treatments. The chosen process consists of solution annealing and subsequent precipitation hardening. A significantly higher value of maximum relative permeability and lower of coercive field of 1.4542 steel were achieved. At the same time, the relative permeability of 1.4404 was not considerably influenced. A decrease in Rp0,2 of 1.4404, but an increase in Rm and Rp0,2 values of 1.4542 steel were observed. Elongation at break A increased in the case of both alloys. The experiments proved that multimaterial components composed of these stainless steels can be successfully manufactured by SLM technology. It is therefore possible to design and manufacture stainless steel components of magnetic circuits and adjust their magnetic and mechanical properties by heat treatment.
Development of SLM process parameters for manufacturing of mold segment for molding tires
Měchura, Lukáš ; Hutař, Pavel (referee) ; Rapant, Martin (advisor)
The diploma thesis deals with finding suitable process parameters for the production of molding segment by SLM technology. It consists of a combination of structures, shells, thin slats and bulk parts. The tested material is maraging steel 300. The research part deals with the problem of choice of suitable process parameters, such as laser power and speed, hatch distance and thickness of the built layer. The achievable mechanical properties of the parts and the choice of the suitable structure were also examined. In the thesis were found suitable process parameters for printing of bulk parts and structures.
Stainless steels for cryogenic applications processed by 3D printing
Grygar, Filip ; Hutař, Pavel (referee) ; Koutný, Daniel (advisor)
This thesis deals with properties of austenitic stainless steel 304L processed by SLM technology and tested at room and cryogenics temperatures. Result is description of mechanical properties and microstructure. First step was to develop processing parameters to achieve porosity of prints fell below 0,01 %. Following tensile test showed higher yield and ultimate tensile strength than conventionally fabricated parts, even at temperature -80 °C, but at cost of reduced ductility. Due to deformation and low temperature austenite transformed into martensite. This transformation also occurred in Charpy toughness test, that resulted in ductile to brittle behaviour.

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