National Repository of Grey Literature 53 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Criminal Aspects of Corruption
Urich, Dominik ; Dvořák, Marek (advisor) ; Šelleng, Dalibor (referee)
Criminal Aspects of Corruption This diploma thesis focuses on corruption as a negative social phenomenon which is as old as humanity itself, especially, through the viewpoint of criminal law as a means for ultima ratio. It analyses substantive and processional law aspects of corruption in legal regulations of the Czech Republic as well as in international regulations. This thesis concerns itself with criminal acts of bribery and means used to uncover, investigate, and prove corruptive practices. The introduction of this thesis concentrates on the explanation of its key term "corruption" and terms that directly or indirectly fall under the concept of corruption, as well as the reasons why corruption occurs, its development stages and the structure of corruption, including manners of corruptive behaviour. In the second chapter of this thesis the author looks at corruption from a historical viewpoint by means of an excursion into the global history of this phenomenon. Especially concentrating on the first references to corruption and legal regulations in place on the Czech territory since 1707 up to the Velvet Revolution. The main section of this diploma thesis is contained in the third and fourth chapters. The third chapter provides a detailed analysis of criminal acts connected to corruption,...
Crime scene reconstruction
Suková, Kristýna ; Krupička, Jiří (advisor) ; Dvořák, Marek (referee)
Crime scene reconstruction Abstract The theme of this Diploma thesis is crime scene reconstruction (also known as crime reconstruction). The author if this thesis focused primarly on Czech law. Crime scene reconstruction is type of criminalistic reconstruction. It is a forensic science discipline based on reconstruction of events and situations that occured as crime was being commited. Crime scene reconstruction is mainly used for cases of severe crime activity such as rape or muder. It was reglemented to Czech Criminal Procedure Code as one of "Special Means of Evidence" in 2001 when the so called "the big novelization" of Criminal Procedure Code took place. The other special means of evidence reglemented alongside with reconstruction were confrontation, recognition, investigation attempt and on site examination. The main aim of this diploma thesis is to thouroughly describe crime recontruction as one of the means of evidence. Leading method used in this project is the descriptive method followed by the comparative method. Finally analysis is also used in attempt to bring some new perspectives on the theme. Secondary aim of this diploma thesis is to compare reconstruction with other chosen Means of Evidence reglemented in the Criminal Procedure Code. Lastly next supporting aim is an attemt on analysis of...
Methodology of Investigation of Murder
Němcová, Michaela ; Musil, Jan (advisor) ; Dvořák, Marek (referee)
Methodology of Investigation of Murders Abstract Methodology of invecstigation of murders includes criminologistic characteristic of a murder and also a proces of investigation of murders and another crimes aganinst life by a law enforcement agency. This thesis if focused on the methodology of invecstigation of murders, while at its end it is focused on serial murders. This thesis describes murder itself as same as specifics of its investigation including a crime scene, primary and following acts of investigators and description of a murderer and a victim. The aim of this thesis is to link and describe single aspects of the murder itself and also of the methodolgy of investigation of murders and to merge them and get them in coherence, so i tis posibble to fully understand them. This thesis consists of three main chapters. In the first one there is the murder described from the legal point of view. There is the progress of its legal definition described and then there are single elements of this crime analysed. Then there are privileged elements of crimes described. In the second - main - chapter there is methodology of invecstigation of murders described starting with criminologistic characteristic of a murder and typical traces and in the end there are primary and following acts of investigators. This...
Serial murder and its investigation
Valvoda, Kryštof ; Šelleng, Dalibor (advisor) ; Dvořák, Marek (referee)
1 Abstract The topic of the thesis is serial murder and its investigation. The aim of the text is to provide a more comprehensive view on the issue of serial murder. Nowadays, the incidence of serial murder is decreasing worlwide. Nevertheless it is still a very topical phenomenon, as it is capable of significantly disrupting the stability of society. The thesis first examines the phenomenon of serial murder from the perspective of internationally accepted definitions and current Czech law. The individual components of the definitions, the distinction between different types of multicide and the historical development of the phenomenon are then analysed. Using two fundamental typologies, the perpetrators of serial are classified based on their behaviour at the crime scene and their motive for the murders. Victims are examined both in terms of general victimology and in terms of the predispositions to become a victim of serial murder. The method of committing serial murder is divided into two components, which are the external observable manifestations of the perpetrator and the psychological processes taking place in his mind. The difference between the modus operandi and the signature of the perpetrator and their importance in the investigation is explained. The investigation of serial murder is examined...
Peculiarities of child interrogation
Bažantová, Michaela ; Krupička, Jiří (advisor) ; Dvořák, Marek (referee)
1 Summary This thesis focuses on the description of specific elements occurring during the interrogation of children. The interrogation of children differs from the interrogation of adults and has its own rules due to the incomplete development of children and their psychological specifics. The entire thesis is divided into four chapters, which are further subdivided into individual subsections. The information used in this thesis were drawn from specialized literature, specialized articles, case law and legal regulations, various internet sources and finally also from materials provided by the Police of the Czech Republic and personal experiences of the Police Inspector. The aim of this work is a general summary of the available knowledge on the topic of the peculiarities of children interrogation and at the end of this work, there is an attempt to find and describe the theoretical knowledge discussed in the thesis in the ongoing practice of child interrogation from the provided protocols. The introductory chapter of the thesis is devoted to the explanation of the basic concepts that are key to the thesis. These concepts include the multidimensional concept of interrogation, which is described as it is viewed by various scientific disciplines, and the concept of a child in the Czech legal system, the...
Forensic ballistics
Valter, Miroslav ; Krupička, Jiří (advisor) ; Dvořák, Marek (referee)
Forensic ballistics Abstract The topic of this thesis is forensic ballistics, a technical forensic method, examining firearms, ammunition and other conditions of committing a crime using a firearms for criminalistic purposes. This thesis focuses on placing forensic ballistics in the general context of criminalistics, criminal law and international aspects. For this purpose is this thesis divided into three main parts. The first part deals with forensic ballistics as one of technical forensic methods. Attention will be paid to the definition of forensic ballistics, placing forensic ballistics into the system of criminalistics and areas of forensic ballistics. Particular objects of forensic ballistic examination, especially specific tangible and intangible assets examined by forensic ballistics, will be presented. According to objects of forensic ballistic examination will also be presented the issue of ballistic traces. Particular sections of forensic ballistic examination will be defined at the end of the first part. The second part is focused on procedural aspects of forensic ballistics, especially its connection with other forensic sciences and methods of criminalistics and criminal procedural law. The main idea of this part is to connect forensic ballistics as a forensic science with forensic expertise...
Tactical methods of overcoming false testimony
Pešičková, Martina ; Krupička, Jiří (advisor) ; Dvořák, Marek (referee)
Tactical methods of overcoming false testimony Abstract The topic of this diploma thesis is tactical methods of overcoming false testimony. This diploma thesis aims to map and analyze selected criminal-tactical procedures used to overcome false testimony, as well as some other methods of overcoming false testimony, whether permitted or not, and to define the mechanism of their operation, especially with regard to their use in the Czech Republic. The diploma thesis concludes with a discussion of a specific and controversial tactical procedure used to overcome false testimony, which is the lie detector. The diploma thesis is organized into four chapters and their subchapters. The first chapter deals with basic terminology and its definition. It defines the concept of interrogation and testimony, false testimony including the manifestations on the basis of which a lie can be detected in a testimony, the concept of credibility and truthfulness, as well as the different types of interrogation according to the classification criteria of complete and credible testimony. The main topic of the diploma thesis is contained in the second chapter. This chapter defines the mechanism of operation and the essence of the basic tactical interrogation procedure as well as the partial tactical interrogation procedure used to...
Historický vývoj zvolených obcí v příhraničních oblastech
In this bachelor thesis we have presented the historical development of two localities in the border area, namely Rychnov u Nové Hradů and Konratice. The people here have not had an easy life in history. The history of the villages began to be written in the second half of the 13th century, when the church of St. Jilja was built, which is today the most valuable thing that has been preserved in the village. The development of the village was like that of many other villages close to the border. The events that influenced the development of the population and the coexistence of Czechs and Germans are described here, together with the redistribution of property between them. A description of the landscape and the way it has changed compared to the present has been made. It also describes the occurrence and preservation of monuments and the development of life in the village.
Investigative hypothesis
Sedláčková, Hana ; Musil, Jan (advisor) ; Dvořák, Marek (referee)
Investigative hypothesis Abstract This thesis deals with the topic of investigative hypothesis as a part of criminalistic science and a method of criminalistic practice. The aim of the thesis is to provide a thorough definition and essence of investigative hypothesis, to describe their types, creation, process of verification and proving of versions and last but not least to show their practical significance and use on real criminal cases. The thesis uses the methods of descriptive analysis, comparison and interpretation. In the first chapter of the thesis, the concept of criminalistic versions itself is examined in detail, first through its systematic classification, then through an analysis of its definition put forward by some of the most important figures in criminalistics. Furthermore, the first chapter is devoted to a brief analysis of the concept of the term hypothesis and its relevance to investigative hypothesis. The thesis then goes on to explore the concept further by comparing the method of creating investigative hypothesis with behavioural analysis (criminal profiling) as a method of constructing a profile of an offender. The subject of the second chapter of the thesis is then concerned with the possible ways of dividing investigative hypothesis and their different types. A part of this chapter...
Euthanasia and related issues
Vékony, Jakub ; Vokoun, Rudolf (advisor) ; Dvořák, Marek (referee)
The diploma thesis is focused on the legal institute of euthanasia and related issues with emphasis on the criminal law aspect. The aim of this work is to introduce the reader to the concept of euthanasia, to provide an analysis of basic human rights related to euthanasia, an analysis of the criminal law of euthanasia in the Czech Republic and a comparison of euthanasia legislation in European countries. The work offers the author's reflection on legislative proposals in this area and a controversy over whether the criminal law sufficiently reflects social needs. The thesis is divided into seven chapters, some of which contain subchapters. In the first part, the author clarifies the research issues and goals of the thesis. In the second chapter, the author offers an introduction to the issues of law and punishment, he also introduces the reader to the concept of euthanasia. The most comprehensive third part of the thesis is focused on the controversy regarding the existence of the right to death, the view of the right to death in the context of human rights and freedoms from the point of view of the ECtHR and the comparison of euthanasia legislation in selected European countries. The fourth chapter deals with the criminal qualification of euthanasia from the perspective of the current criminal law...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 53 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
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