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Quantification of Hydraulic Descaling Mechanisms
Hrabovský, Jozef ; Toman,, Zdeněk (referee) ; Dobeš, Ferdinand (referee) ; Horský, Jaroslav (advisor)
The issue of descaling is an important part of the forging and heat treatment of steel and semi products of steel production. Rising of new information and study of this process can increase efficiency and improve the surface quality after descaling. This thesis is focused on the mechanisms of the high pressure hydraulic descaling qualification and study of the chemical compounds of which the scales grown. To achieve all goals of this work and to get a comprehensive view of descaling process, few experimental measurements and numerical analyses were performed. All experimental measurements were focused on obtaining data about fundamental parameters and effects of the hydraulic descaling. The data obtained from measurements were applied to numerical analyses, which aimed to discover a deeper relation and to confirm the experimental results. This thesis can be divided into two main parts. The first part is devoted to parameters of the water jet study. The main studied characteristics of the high pressure hydraulic water jet were heat transfer coefficient and impact pressure at different modes such as standard or pulsating water jet. Experimentally measured data of these parameters were applied in numerical analyses. The numerical analyses were focused on studying the impact of the water jet parameters on the stresses in the oxide scale layers. A further water jet analysis was focused on the influence of the individual parts of the hydraulic system (such as water chamber or stabilizer) on its characteristics. In this part different types of the water chambers in combination with different types of stabilizers on the impact pressure values were investigated. These measurements were supported by fluid flow analysis through the hydraulic system. The second part of this work was focused on getting mechanical properties of the oxide scales from specimens prepared from standard structural steel and specimens from silicon steel. In this thesis, the influence of various parameters and characteristics was studied on these two types of steel. Mechanical properties of oxide scale structures were carried out by the Small Punch Test method. To obtain the fundamental mechanical properties such as Young´s modulus, yield strength and ultimate strength, material parameters based on the measured data were optimized. The whole work was carried out in order to get valuable and comprehensive results about high pressure hydraulic descaling process and influencing factors as well as about oxide scales themselves.
Determination of mechanical properties of light metals and alloys and composites via small punch test
Langer, Jiří ; Dobeš, Ferdinand (referee) ; Válka, Libor (advisor)
The aim of diploma thesis is estimate mechanical properties (yield strength, maximum strength and elongation) of light alloys by means of SPT. For the experiments were selected aluminium alloys (Al 2024, Al 6082 T6, Al 7020 and NASA 398) magnesium alloys (MgZnMn, AZ31, AZ61) and composites (AZ91 + 20 % saffilu a Al + Al4C3). Theoretical part of this thesis is focused on analysis of conversion formulas, which were made from SPT data and conventional testing. Experimental part is dedicated to evaluation of experimental data and critical analysis validity of conversion formulas. In this part of thesis is discused the problematics of reproducibility methodology of SPT.
Application of small punch test for determination of high temperature materials characteristics
Ječmínka, Marek ; Dobeš, Ferdinand (referee) ; Dymáček, Petr (advisor)
Diploma thesis is focused on mechanical properties testing by small punch test and comparison of these properties with mechanical properties obtained by conventional tensile test. Steels P92 and AISI 316L in a shape of discs were tested. There were determined values of mechanical properties, namely yield stress, and ultimate tensile stress, obtained by the small punch test – constant deflection rate in this thesis. Values of initial stress and residual stress were evaluated from relaxation small punch test. Mechanical properties obtained by small punch test – constant deflection rate, and small punch test – relaxation, respectively, are compared with mechanical properties obtained by conventional tensile test, and relaxation tensile test, respectively. There were proposed own empirical relationships for restatement of mechanical properties obtained by small punch test to mechanical properties obtained by conventional tensile test in the thesis. Relatively small agreement of results obtained by small punch test, and conventional tensile test was demonstrated by a comparison. Application of own empirical relationships resulted in better agreement. Very good agreement of results of small punch test – relaxation, and relaxation tensile test was shown by their comparison.
Estimation of Anisotropy of Creep Properties in Al and Mg Alloys by Means of Small Punch Test
Dobeš, Ferdinand ; Dymáček, Petr
Small punch test was used to determine the properties of light alloys and composites in various directions. Three different materials were studied:\n(i) magnesium alloy WE54 prepared by a powder metallurgical route with final hot extrusion,\n(ii) aluminium alloy reinforced with 20 vol. % of Saffil fibres with planar orientation, and\n(iii) Al-Al4C3 composite prepared by mechanical alloying and subjected to equal channel angularpressing as a final step.\nSmall punch tests were performed under constant force at elevated temperatures. The observed orientation dependence of creep properties is strongly material dependent. The results confirm the feasibility of the small punch test for determination of anisotropy of mechanical properties.
Determination of Mechanical Properties of Metallic Materials from Very Small Volumes by Means of Small Punch Test
Dymáček, Petr ; Dobeš, Ferdinand ; Kloc, Luboš
The paper summarizes capabilities of the small punch tests on miniature disc specimens\nfrom metallic materials. Results obtained by small punch tests can be correlated with mechanical\nproperties determined by conventional or other miniature tests. Three basic types of small punch test\nsetup: i) static/fracture, ii) creep and iii) stress relaxation are described and the basic quantities that\ncan be obtained are shown. Relations for an assessment of conventional mechanical properties from\nquantities obtained by small punch test are presented.
Theory-guided design of novel Fe-Al-based superalloys
Friák, Martin ; Holec, D. ; Jirásková, Yvonna ; Palm, M. ; Stein, F. ; Janičkovič, D. ; Pizúrová, Naděžda ; Dymáček, Petr ; Dobeš, Ferdinand ; Šesták, Pavel ; Fikar, Jan ; Šremr, Jiří ; Nechvátal, Luděk ; Oweisová, S. ; Homola, V. ; Titov, Andrii ; Slávik, Ondrej ; Miháliková, Ivana ; Pavlů, Jana ; Buršíková, V. ; Neugebauer, J. ; Boutur, D. ; Lapusta, Y. ; Šob, Mojmír
Our modern industrialized society increasingly requires new structural materials\nfor high-temperature applications in automotive and energy-producing industrial\nsectors. Iron-aluminides are known to possess excellent oxidation and sulfidation\nresistance as well as sufficient strength at elevated temperatures. New Fe-Al-based\nmaterials will have to meet multiple casting, processing and operational criteria\nincluding high-temperature creep strength, oxidation resistance and room-temperature\nductility. Such desirable combination of materials properties can be achieved in multi-phase\nmulti-component superalloys with a specific type of microstructure (the matrix contains\ncoherent particles of a secondary phase - a superalloy microstructure). In order to design\nnew Fe-Al-based superalloys, we employ a state-ofthe-art theory-guided materials design\nconcept to identify suitable combinations of solutes.
Investigation of residual stresses and deformation mechanisms of magnesium-based composites by means of neutron diffraction and acoustic emission methods
Farkas, Gergely ; Mathis, Kristián (advisor) ; Dobeš, Ferdinand (referee) ; Nguyen, Quang Chinh (referee)
The objective of this thesis is to study the mechanical properties of magnesium-based composite (AX41) reinforced by short Saffil fibers. Two type of samples have been investigated: fiber plane parallel respective perpendicular to the loading axis. In both case compression tests were performed in temperature range from 23řC to 200řC. Deformation test were completed by acoustic emission and neutron diffraction measurement. Both methods provide information about the ongoing deformation mechanisms. Microstructure of deformed sample was investigated by SEM and EBSD methods in order to confirm the ND and AE results. The internal strain field in the material was predicted with numerical FEM and compared with the observed experimental values.
Quantification of Hydraulic Descaling Mechanisms
Hrabovský, Jozef ; Toman,, Zdeněk (referee) ; Dobeš, Ferdinand (referee) ; Horský, Jaroslav (advisor)
The issue of descaling is an important part of the forging and heat treatment of steel and semi products of steel production. Rising of new information and study of this process can increase efficiency and improve the surface quality after descaling. This thesis is focused on the mechanisms of the high pressure hydraulic descaling qualification and study of the chemical compounds of which the scales grown. To achieve all goals of this work and to get a comprehensive view of descaling process, few experimental measurements and numerical analyses were performed. All experimental measurements were focused on obtaining data about fundamental parameters and effects of the hydraulic descaling. The data obtained from measurements were applied to numerical analyses, which aimed to discover a deeper relation and to confirm the experimental results. This thesis can be divided into two main parts. The first part is devoted to parameters of the water jet study. The main studied characteristics of the high pressure hydraulic water jet were heat transfer coefficient and impact pressure at different modes such as standard or pulsating water jet. Experimentally measured data of these parameters were applied in numerical analyses. The numerical analyses were focused on studying the impact of the water jet parameters on the stresses in the oxide scale layers. A further water jet analysis was focused on the influence of the individual parts of the hydraulic system (such as water chamber or stabilizer) on its characteristics. In this part different types of the water chambers in combination with different types of stabilizers on the impact pressure values were investigated. These measurements were supported by fluid flow analysis through the hydraulic system. The second part of this work was focused on getting mechanical properties of the oxide scales from specimens prepared from standard structural steel and specimens from silicon steel. In this thesis, the influence of various parameters and characteristics was studied on these two types of steel. Mechanical properties of oxide scale structures were carried out by the Small Punch Test method. To obtain the fundamental mechanical properties such as Young´s modulus, yield strength and ultimate strength, material parameters based on the measured data were optimized. The whole work was carried out in order to get valuable and comprehensive results about high pressure hydraulic descaling process and influencing factors as well as about oxide scales themselves.

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