National Repository of Grey Literature 26 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Application of small punch test for determination of high temperature materials characteristics
Ječmínka, Marek ; Dobeš, Ferdinand (referee) ; Dymáček, Petr (advisor)
Diploma thesis is focused on mechanical properties testing by small punch test and comparison of these properties with mechanical properties obtained by conventional tensile test. Steels P92 and AISI 316L in a shape of discs were tested. There were determined values of mechanical properties, namely yield stress, and ultimate tensile stress, obtained by the small punch test – constant deflection rate in this thesis. Values of initial stress and residual stress were evaluated from relaxation small punch test. Mechanical properties obtained by small punch test – constant deflection rate, and small punch test – relaxation, respectively, are compared with mechanical properties obtained by conventional tensile test, and relaxation tensile test, respectively. There were proposed own empirical relationships for restatement of mechanical properties obtained by small punch test to mechanical properties obtained by conventional tensile test in the thesis. Relatively small agreement of results obtained by small punch test, and conventional tensile test was demonstrated by a comparison. Application of own empirical relationships resulted in better agreement. Very good agreement of results of small punch test – relaxation, and relaxation tensile test was shown by their comparison.
Computational Modelling of Welding and Heat Treatment Process of Steel with Application of Elastic-Viscoplastic Material Model
Jarý, Milan ; Daněk, Ladislav (referee) ; Dymáček, Petr (referee) ; Junek, Lubomír (advisor)
This dissertation thesis deals with the improvement of computational approaches for prediction of residual stresses in welded joints of welded structures in order to ensure greater compliance of the calculated results with the real conditions of welding and heat treatment. The improvement of computational approaches is based on application of elastic-viscoplastic material models which are able (compared with elastic-plastic material models) to take into account the viscoplastic processes ongoing during welding and heat treatment. This leads to more accurate calculated results which enter into further assessment of limit states and directly decide on the safety and lifetime of welded structures. Performed computational and experimental works, confronted with results published in the world, confirm the influence and benefit of application of elastic-viscoplastic material models in the frame of welding and heat treatment numerical analyses. Therefore elastic-viscoplastic material model is further applied in solution of practical project solved by IAM Brno. Solution of this project, whose aim is the development of repair of dissimilar metal welds (without post-weld heat treatment) in Dukovany and Temelin nuclear power plants using "Weld overlay method", has confirmed that application of elastic-viscoplastic material model leads to more accurate calculated results. For this reason the elastic-viscoplastic computational approach will be included into all future tasks of IAM Brno.
Projected User Interface - Dungeons & Dragons
Dymáček, Petr ; Kapinus, Michal (referee) ; Najman, Pavel (advisor)
This thesis deals with the using of an interactive table for playing Dungeons & Dragons board game. Application, that was made, is controlled by touch screen and gestures. The gestures are detected from depth data captured by Kinect. The work solves calibrations of input devices and the design of the user interface appropriate for the application.
Thermal and creep analysis of VVER-1000 reactor pressure vessel at high temperatures caused by fuel melting during severe accident
Gabriel, Dušan ; Gál, P. ; Kotouč, M. ; Dymáček, Petr ; Masák, Jan ; Kopačka, Ján
Thermal and creep analysis of the VVER-1000 reactor pressure vessel (RPV) was performed at high temperatures caused by fuel melting during severe accident. First, the integral code ASTEC was applied simulating severe accident evolution since an initiating event up to a hypothetical radioactive release into the environment. The ASTEC outputs including the remaining RPV wall thickness, the heat flux achieved and the temperature profile in the ablated vessel wall served as boundary conditions for the consequent assessment of RPV integrity carried out with the aid of finite element method (FEM). The FEM analysis was performed including the creep behaviour of RPV material using a complex creep probabilistic exponential model with damage. The objective of the analysis was to computationally assess emergency condition and, on this basis, to propose a general methodology for evaluating the integrity of RPV at high temperatures due to fuel melting during severe accident.
Creep behaviour of 316L stainless steel prepared by 3D printing
Dymáček, Petr ; Kloc, Luboš ; Gabriel, Dušan ; Masák, Jan ; Pagáč, M. ; Halama, R.
The 3D printed 316L stainless steel produced by selective laser melting (SLM) was subjected to short term creep testing at 700 °C. Two directions of printing: i) horizontal and ii) vertical, were selected to test the creep performance of the steel. Comparison with the open literature data shows very good short-term creep properties of 3D printed steel that are superior to conventional steel. Both studied directions of printing show similar results so the steel can be considered from creep point of view as isotropic. The solution annealing prior to the creep testing slightly, but not substantially, lowers the creep performance of the steel.
Finite element implementation of creep constitutive model including transient effects
Gabriel, Dušan ; Masák, Jan ; Plešek, Jiří ; Kloc, Luboš ; Dymáček, Petr
A complex creep constitutive model including transient effects was implemented in the finite element code PMD (Package for Machine Design). The material model for P-91-type creep-resistant steel together with computer implementation was verified by means of uniaxial stress loadings. Testing bar was discretized by the finite element method (FEM) and loaded with uniaxial stresses and constant temperatures that were used to demonstrate the analytical solutions in original paper.
Influence of the Upper Die and of the Indenter Material on the Time to Rupture of Small Punch Creep Tests
Andrés, D. ; Dymáček, Petr ; Lacalle, R. ; Álvarez, J. A.
The Small Punch Creep test has proven to be a suitable technique for assessing the\nproperties of in-service components. It is a reliable, efficient and cost-effective test for predicting\nthe behaviour of the material. The aim of this paper is to analyse the influence of different factors\non the Small Punch Creep (SPC) tests. The influence of the specimen clamping has been studied,\nexperimentally and by means of finite element models on different materials. In the analysed\nconditions, it has been proven that the influence of the upper die on the tests results is generally\nrelatively insignificant, even in the absence of upper die.\nFurthermore, the use of different materials at the punch has also been analysed. In order to achieve\nthis goal, SPC tests have been carried out on two light alloys (AZ31 and AlSi9Cu3) at 473 and\n523K. Three different balls have been employed: ceramic, tungsten-carbide and steel balls. It has\nbeen proven that for the creep ductile alloy (AZ31), there is no apparent effect on the specimen\nresponse. On the other hand, for the creep brittle alloy (AlSi9Cu3), a different trend of the material\nresponse is shown, dependent on the ball used. As a result, there seems to be a significant influence\nof the friction between the punch and the specimen on the tests results, related to the material\nbehaviour.
Estimation of Anisotropy of Creep Properties in Al and Mg Alloys by Means of Small Punch Test
Dobeš, Ferdinand ; Dymáček, Petr
Small punch test was used to determine the properties of light alloys and composites in various directions. Three different materials were studied:\n(i) magnesium alloy WE54 prepared by a powder metallurgical route with final hot extrusion,\n(ii) aluminium alloy reinforced with 20 vol. % of Saffil fibres with planar orientation, and\n(iii) Al-Al4C3 composite prepared by mechanical alloying and subjected to equal channel angularpressing as a final step.\nSmall punch tests were performed under constant force at elevated temperatures. The observed orientation dependence of creep properties is strongly material dependent. The results confirm the feasibility of the small punch test for determination of anisotropy of mechanical properties.
Determination of Mechanical Properties of Metallic Materials from Very Small Volumes by Means of Small Punch Test
Dymáček, Petr ; Dobeš, Ferdinand ; Kloc, Luboš
The paper summarizes capabilities of the small punch tests on miniature disc specimens\nfrom metallic materials. Results obtained by small punch tests can be correlated with mechanical\nproperties determined by conventional or other miniature tests. Three basic types of small punch test\nsetup: i) static/fracture, ii) creep and iii) stress relaxation are described and the basic quantities that\ncan be obtained are shown. Relations for an assessment of conventional mechanical properties from\nquantities obtained by small punch test are presented.
Theory-guided design of novel Fe-Al-based superalloys
Friák, Martin ; Holec, D. ; Jirásková, Yvonna ; Palm, M. ; Stein, F. ; Janičkovič, D. ; Pizúrová, Naděžda ; Dymáček, Petr ; Dobeš, Ferdinand ; Šesták, Pavel ; Fikar, Jan ; Šremr, Jiří ; Nechvátal, Luděk ; Oweisová, S. ; Homola, V. ; Titov, Andrii ; Slávik, Ondrej ; Miháliková, Ivana ; Pavlů, Jana ; Buršíková, V. ; Neugebauer, J. ; Boutur, D. ; Lapusta, Y. ; Šob, Mojmír
Our modern industrialized society increasingly requires new structural materials\nfor high-temperature applications in automotive and energy-producing industrial\nsectors. Iron-aluminides are known to possess excellent oxidation and sulfidation\nresistance as well as sufficient strength at elevated temperatures. New Fe-Al-based\nmaterials will have to meet multiple casting, processing and operational criteria\nincluding high-temperature creep strength, oxidation resistance and room-temperature\nductility. Such desirable combination of materials properties can be achieved in multi-phase\nmulti-component superalloys with a specific type of microstructure (the matrix contains\ncoherent particles of a secondary phase - a superalloy microstructure). In order to design\nnew Fe-Al-based superalloys, we employ a state-ofthe-art theory-guided materials design\nconcept to identify suitable combinations of solutes.

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