National Repository of Grey Literature 47 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Nature and Practice
Melzmuf, Jiří ; Karásek, Jindřich (advisor) ; Švec, Ondřej (referee)
(in English): The thesis deals with the concept of nature in the work of Karl Marx. It systematically analyses Marx's work and gives a comprehensive interpretation of his concept of nature. It searches for relevant thoughts across the primary text from which it reconstructs a coherent philosophical position. Dialectic of nature primarily operates with a dual definition of nature, labour, and man. Labour as dialectical movement represents the condition of human existence and a type of metabolic relationship with his environment, which is nature. Nature also acts as the all- encompassing whole within which this dialectical relationship develops. The historical development of this dialectic is then described and the way in which individual moments are transformed within it. Finally, is described the way in which environmental damage occurs in the capitalist phase of this historical development and the way in which Marx proposes to overcome it.
Karl Heinrich Heydenreich and His Prospect of "Kantian" Aesthetics before Critique of Judgement
Policar, Antonín ; Hlobil, Tomáš (advisor) ; Karásek, Jindřich (referee) ; Zátka, Vlastimil (referee)
Karl Heinrich Heydenreich a his Prospect of "Kantian" Aesthetics before the Critique of Judgment Dissertation Mgr. Antonín Policar Abstract The aim of my thesis is to provide an insight into the aesthetic thought of the German Enlightenment philosopher and professor at the Leipzig University Karl Heinrich Heydenreich (1764-1801). I will analyze his various attempts during the 1780s to adapt the German tradition of philosophical aesthetics to the newly emerging transcendental paradigm introduced to philosophy by Immanuel Kant. The main focus will be on the question if Heydenreich's aesthetic writings prior to 1790 can be justifiably considered (as it has been repeatedly, but without convincing arguments pointed out by historians of aesthetics) a predecessor, or even a parallel to Kant's Critique of Judgement.
Hegel and Postcommunism
Korda, Tomáš ; Karásek, Jindřich (advisor) ; Barša, Pavel (referee) ; Matějčková, Tereza (referee)
The submitted dissertation interprets the history of the "totalitarian" century as the 'world's court of judgement' that decided which philosophy is topical based on its ability to reconcile with the given reality. I argue that it is Hegel's philosophy that proves to be topical, since (1) it is necessary to deal with the philosophy of Marx, which was behind the Communist experiment that divided and formed the 20th Century, (2) it was Marx's philosophy that, by diverting from Hegel, succumbed to Spinozism, (3) the "one and only instance of disproving Spinozism" was provided by Hegel, as he stated himself. The dissertation discusses these three theses, thus creating a framework for the application of Hegel's genuine refutation (Widerlegung) of Spinozism on Marx. By such act of refuting we arrive at the state as a self-knowing (immanent) end of the capital. Only in the state does the capital know that it is an end in itself instead of being a tendency (instrument) of achieving an external (higher) end, as was the case with Communism. Emancipated from Communism, capital becomes the state and as such opens up to inter-state relations and creates history by their means.
Hegel's Critique of Ideology
Korda, Tomáš ; Karásek, Jindřich (advisor) ; Znoj, Milan (referee)
This work explores the possibilities of Hegel's critique of liberalisms and Marxism. Firstly, I define the "Return to Hegel", or more precisely, the way how we should conceive of this return to Hegel in order to really return to him. In second part, this formal definition of return is given its content, i.e. Hegel's concept of state. This concept had been denied by the doctrine of liberalism as well as of Marxism and this denial, as I try to demonstrate, can be considered a theoretical cause of totalitarianism. Or, in other words, totalitarianism can be speculatively comprehended as the manifestation of this denial. Thus as long as we live in a post-totalitarian era, Hegel is our contemporary. The last part consists of an explication of Hegel's critique of understanding (Verstand). The main reason for this explication is that liberalism and Marxism are 'understanding'- theories of state, and because of that, they were not able to conceive of the state as an object of Reason (Vernunft) and therefore, they failed to recognize the state as rational in itself. The theoretical result of this analysis is that Hegel's critique of understanding can be grasped, so to speak, as a 'critique of ideology avant la lettre', if the concept of ideology is adequately redefined.
The absolute I and the conception of knowledge in the philosophy of J. G. Fichte
Kollert, Lukáš ; Karásek, Jindřich (advisor) ; Landa, Ivan (referee)
This bachelor thesis outlines basic features of object-consciousness and tries to show that it must be grounded in a "consciousness" of another type, which doesn't have the structure (non-identity of subject and object) characteristic for the consciousness of an object. The pre- reflective relation of the self to itself or immediate "consciousness" of the self is identified as a basis enabling self-(re)cognition in reflexion. The next step puts forward one of reasons to ascribe this relation of the self to itself to the self-positing absolute I (here the absence of subject-object difference is typical). The fourth chapter addresses questions concerning the possibility to explain the object-consciousness and the presence of manifold in the I from the standpoint of unlimited and self-identical absolute I. It further distinguishes several forms of realism and idealism rejected by Fichte himself and follows the course leading to Fichte's own position, i. e. real-idealism or ideal-realism. Finally, the text discusses in detail the concept of "check" (Anstoß), which is understood as one of the key concepts of the early science of knowledge. Key words: Fichte, science of knowledge, self-consciousnes, object-consciousness, absolute I, check, idealism, realism, sensation, reflection
The State and Religion in Hegel's Philosophy of Right
Navrátilová, Olga ; Karfíková, Lenka (advisor) ; Landa, Ivan (referee) ; Karásek, Jindřich (referee)
The aim of this dissertation, The State and Religion in Hegel's Philosophy of Right, is to explore the issue of the modern secular state and its relation to religion in the philosophy of G. W. F. Hegel. Before turning attention to this thinker two other concepts of the relationship between the state and religion, the one of Thomas Hobbes and the one of John Locke, will be introduced briefly. These two predecessors of Hegel in the modern political thought both share the same empirical presumptions; they nevertheless come to wholly different conclusions concerning the possibility of religious tolerance and the relationship of the state and the church. Hegel's political philosophy represents an alternative point of view on the nature of the secular state and its relation to religion to both of these exponents of the social contract theory of state. The question of the relationship between the state and religion, which will the focus in the main part of this work, will be discussed with regard to Hegel's concept of freedom. It is this very concept, which makes it possible to show both the mutual interconnection as well as the necessity of the differentiation between these two manifestations of the spirit, i.e. religion and the state, and to explain the tension, which remains present between them. This tension,...
Freedom and Ethical Life; Hegel's Conception of Freedom in Elements of the Philophy of Right
Zelenda Kupcová, Adéla ; Karásek, Jindřich (advisor) ; Sobotka, Milan (referee)
Práce se zaměřuje na pojetí svobody v praktické filozofii G. W. F. Hegela a jejím vztahem k etice, konkrétně k moralitě a mravnosti. Zkoumán je i vztah svobody a společenských struktur, v nichž jedinec žije a svou svobodu nejen realizuje, ale i získává. Cílem práce je zohlednit možný vliv Hegelova pojetí svobody na současné otázky a problémy a k jejich reflexi v politické filozofii a sdělit, jaký přínos může mít Hegelova praktická filosofie pro současnou filozofii i společenské vědy jako takové. Práce vychází zejména z Hegelova spisu Základy filosofie práva, ale přihlíží i k jeho Filosofii dějin a Fenomenologii ducha. KLÍČOVÁ SLOVA: politická filosofie; Hegel; svoboda; etika; moralita; mravnost ABSTRACT: This work is focused on the concept of freedom in the practical philosophy of G. W. F. Hegel and its relation to ethics, specifically the morality and ethical life. Also researched is the relation of freedom and social structures in which individual lives and in which is his freedom not only realized but also gained. The goal of the work is to consider the influence of Hegel's practical philosophy on contemporary questions and problems and to its reflection in political philosophy. The answer should be, what kind of contribution may Hegel's philosophy have for contemporary philosophy and social...
Hegel's criticism of the German historical law school in the Philosophy of Law
Holý, Václav ; Sobotka, Milan (advisor) ; Karásek, Jindřich (referee)
This work deals with the problem of hi s tory and historicity of man, society and laws. Hegel stands at the end of a long philosophical tradition and has developed a complex framework, which allows the explanation of all these phenomena and their development. The care of this explanation i s the understanding of the world as rational - the world is the product of the self-conscious idea. And more, the hi s tory is progress of the very same idea towards its own realisation in this world. Hegel sees the whole scenery from the point of view of "the end of history" and it is this position, which allows him to understand the laws governing it. Hegel likes to call his philosophy science and system and as such is this philosophy justifiable only on the grounds of its explicative power. Central terms of Hegels understanding of the society and laws are freedom, will, person and personality, which are again manifestations of the sole idea of reason. The work deals with their conception in Hegels philosophy and their functioning in the explanation of the development of the human society towards reason. Hegel sees the historical law school as an enemy of this development, as an effort to save the past. -we have tried to show that the historical law school is a much more complex phenomenon. Hugo and Savigny have tried...
Kant, Husserl and Berkeleyan Idealism
Zeman, Milan ; De Santis, Daniele (advisor) ; Karásek, Jindřich (referee)
Both Kant as well as Husserl have, at the mature stage of their thought, arrived at and strongly advocated specific idealistic doctrines which bear a great resemblance and even the same name, namely transcendental idealism. Although, in reality, the two doctrines are substantially different, there is one point in which they entirely overlap: they were both being anxiously differentiated by their authors from the material idealism of Berkeley, that is, the controversial 18th century doctrine which denies the mind-independent existence of the material world. The objective of this thesis is to demonstrate that, despite their adamant claims to the contrary, both Kant as well as Husserl are, as regards their idealistic doctrines, unequivocally Berkeleyan or, in other words, material idealists, and that the arguments they present in defense against this interpretation are either untenable or irrelevant with regard to the ontological orientation of their idealism. In both cases, the demonstration of the positive thesis is based on the very core of the given form of idealism: thus, we shall see that, in the case of Kant, material idealism is fully contained within the doctrine of the transcendental aesthetic, and that, in the case of Husserl, the same applies to his principle of relativity.

National Repository of Grey Literature : 47 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
6 KARÁSEK, Jakub
6 Karásek, Jakub
9 Karásek, Jan
7 Karásek, Jiří
4 Karásek, Josef
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.