National Repository of Grey Literature 164 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Entente Cordiale: the Development of the British-French Relations on the Way to the Entente Cordiale, 1898-1904.
Hennlichová, Marcela ; Skřivan, Aleš (advisor) ; Opatrný, Josef (referee) ; Novotný, Lukáš (referee)
The mutual Anglo-French Relations at the turn of the 19th and 20th century were complicated. The Fashoda Crisis of 1898 placed both powers at the brink of war, which was finally turned away due to the withdrawal of the French Minister of Foreign Affairs Delcassé. With the arrival of a new French ambassador to London, Paul Cambon, the mutual Anglo-French Relations entered a new era, which eventually led to the signature of the Entente Cordiale six years later. The aim of this thesis was to analyse the genesis of the Anglo-French Relations from 1898 to 1904 and to discover which factors enabled both Powers to come to the general agreement. Through the signature of the Entente cordiale on April 8, 1904 France and Great Britain settled their colonial disputes and started a mutual cooperation, which inaugurated the formation of the blocks that clashed in the First World War in 1914.
Argentine Immigration Policy, 1852-1914
Švepeš, Václav ; Skřivan, Aleš (advisor) ; Opatrný, Josef (referee) ; Novotný, Lukáš (referee)
The dissertation examines Argentine immigration policy in 1852- 1914. It focuses on the immigration process itself, the attitude of the Argentine political cliques and population, the minority groups, the influence of immigration on the development of Argentina in the mentioned period, the living conditions of immigrants and the process of their acclimatisation. For a better understanding of the chosen topic, the work was divided into two parts, followed by individual chapters. As a result of the research of published and unpublished sources, professional literature and articles, historical publications and other available sources, the importance of European immigration to the country's economic development, modernisation, demographic and culture was confirmed. Although the immigration process was also linked to negative aspects, such as the disappearance of the indigenous population, social inequality and the significant influence of European societies on the domestic economy, the population growth, the integration of immigrants into the primary and secondary economic sectors and political consolidation made Argentina one of the world's fastest-growing economies.
The "völkische Weltanschauung" of the German Gymnastic Unions and the Strategies of its Propagation
Klement, Martin ; Stellner, František (advisor) ; Skřivan, Aleš (referee) ; Kaiserová, Kristina (referee)
In the Austrian-Hungarian, ethnically German gymnastic unions of "Deutscher Turnerbund" and "Turnkreis Deutsch-Österreich", between the late 1880s and 1918 there was an officially propagandized set of racial, nationalistic and religiously-ethical opinions known in the German literature as the "völkische Weltanschauung". This propaganda was also seen after the World War I in the Austrian union of "Deutscher Turnerbund 1919", in the union of "Deutscher Turnverband" which used to exist in the Czechoslovakia and in some segments of the German union of "Deutsche Turnerschaft". Using the newest search results, archival sources and until now predominantly ignored literature (e.g. unions periodicals, educational booklets and novels), this dissertation applies the analytic-synthetic and comparatively orientated method to answer the questions, which ideas the "völkische Weltanschauung" was consisted of, who formulated them and how they have been developed over time. Special attention is payed to the principles and effectiveness of the educational institutions (the so- called institution of the "Dietwarte"), fiction literature, periodicals and festivities in the process of the indoctrination of the young and old gymnasts. For the breadth of themes and the distinction between the official unions...
Hannover between Great Britain and Prussia
Rampas, Jan ; Županič, Jan (advisor) ; Skřivan, Aleš (referee)
in English language: This thesis deals with the political and economic development of the Kingdom of Hanover as an example of a medium-sized state in the German Confederation. In addition to its relationship with Great Britain, with which was Hanover associated in personal union in the years 1714-1837, a new definition of relations between these states before 1866 and the annexation of Hanover by Prussia are also discussed, as well as the impact of the significant events in Europe in that time on the functioning of the Guelph domain. Closer to be discussed are the personalities of British Queen Victoria and Hanoverian King and Duke of Cumberland Ernest August, who were key actors at the end of the personal union in 1837, and in addressing the sensitive political issues that followed. Apart from the emphasis on political history, this thesis also deals with economic history, primarily in connection with Hanover's relationship with the German Customs Association (Zollverein). This institution, guarded by Prussia, represented to Hanover in certain stages of its development as an independent kingdom, first of all, competition and then a path to the short-term solution of its internal problems. Above all, however, this was one of the many situations where Hanoverian interests clashed with the interests...
Leopold II., Grand Duke of Tuscany, and bonification of Maremma (1824-1859)
Kovaříková, Lenka ; Skřivan, Aleš (advisor) ; Novotný, Lukáš (referee) ; Županič, Jan (referee)
The thesis describes a period of the government of Leopold II Grand Duke of Tuscany and his affiliation to the swampy territory along the Tuscany coastline called Maremma and its bonification. He was able to change fundamentally the most underdeveloped areas of his country during thirty years of his government. He succeeded even though political changes during the revolutionary years of 1847-1849, and though his government was finished by the unification of Italy and the incorporation of Tuscany into the newly established Kingdom of Italy, which was the goal of Italian risorgimento. This work further describes biography of Leopold II in short, his policy focused on overall development of Tuscany, and last but not least life fates and the principal works of his three closest collaborators - personalities with major influence at the realisation of the bonification works - Vittorio Fossombroni, Gaetano Giorgini and Alessandro Manetti. The thesis describes the bonification works in Maremma themselves, their organisation and results achieved. Part of the bonification overall plans of Leopold II was construction of the road network as well, with necessity of numerous bridges over canals and regulated watercourses. It was also necessary to solve the health problems in the region, especially malaria, where...
The Habsburgs and the Silesian Princes. The Status of Silesian Principalitiesˈ Rulers within the Habsburg Monarchy and the Holy Roman Empire in the Early Modern Period
Schindlerová, Karolína ; Županič, Jan (advisor) ; Skřivan, Aleš (referee) ; Starý, Marek (referee)
Silesia greatly differed from other lands of the Bohemian Crown with regard to its specific political, administrative, religious and cultural development. This situation was caused partly due to the fragmentation of Silesian territory. In the Middle Ages, Silesia was divided among many independent principalities ruled by the members of the Piast Dynasty. During the 14th century the Silesian princes accepted the sovereignty of the Bohemian king. When the ruling dynasties died out, these principalities were inherited by the Crown. The king could then grant the principality to the members of noble families. At the same time as the Habsburgs entered the Bohemian throne, reformation began to spread in Silesia. By the end of 16th century most of the Silesian princes had converted to lutheranism. The only Catholic prince was the bishop of Wrocław as a master of Nysa principality. Approximately 90 percent of the Silesian inhabitants had become Lutheran by the end of 16th century. Confesinal tensions were simmering throughout the Habsburg Monarchy. With the help of Bohemian estates, the protestant Silesian princes received the letter of majesty containing religious rights (1609). Due to the violations of religious freedom, the Silesian princes and estates joined the Bohemian revolt (1619) After the defeat...
The Congress of Berlin in the austrian Press
Jelínek, Jan ; Županič, Jan (advisor) ; Skřivan, Aleš (referee)
The Great Eastern Crisis was started by a peasant uprising in Bosnia and Herzegovina, further on the following months and years riots spread to other parts of the Ottoman empire and in the spring 1877 the crisis escalated into the Russo- Ottoman war. Russian army celebrated victory but the treaty of San Stefano has strenghtened power of St. Petersburg so significantly, that it aroused the resistence of other powers, especially United Kingdom and Austria-Hungary. Then these two powers represented Russia's main enemies at the Berlin congress where such a revision of a new arrangement should have been made that would be acceptable for all the powers. The public of the Habsburg monarchy paid considerable attention to the crisis. Reports of the Bulgarian and other "horrors" spreading across Europe naturally hit Austria-Hungary as well. Fears of the war between the powers resonated especially in the Danube monarchy because of its geographical location. A crucial factor for perceiving the crisis from the point of view of the public in the monarchy was also the Slavophile and pro-Russian orientation of the Slavs in the country, which was further strengthened by the reports from the "East". However, among many groups of non-Slav population of the monarchy, these tendencies raised resentment and concern. The...
Hundred Days Empire of Napoleon I.
Dudzik, Michael ; Skřivan, Aleš (advisor) ; Stellner, František (referee)
This diploma thesis studies in depth the progress and endings of both Napoleon's reigns in 1814 and 1815. The first chapter deals with belligerent campaigns in the beginning of 1814, with the first Napoleon's abdication and his deportation to Elba. His exile there is examined in the second chapter which shows his living on a small island in the Mediterranean sea. The third chapter takes place on the Continent again and describes Bonaparte's escape and his sequential armament within France including the view on Allies' forces and problems in Naples. The fourth chapter is genuinely military for it examines number of forces on both sides and mentions all three important battles. The last, fifth, chapter looks at the second Napoleon's abdication, at interlude since his departure for the South, entrance of Allies into Francie and return of Louis XVIII until Bonaparte's final embarking on a British vessel and his deportation to the island of Saint Helena. Key words: Napoleon Bonaparte, Emperor, abdication, Elba island, The Congress of Vienna, Quatre Bras, Ligny, Waterloo, Gebhard von Blücher, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, Joseph Fouché, Louis XVIII
A politics of Charles V towards seccession of England from Rome.
Danielová, Věra ; Skřivan, Aleš (advisor) ; Valkoun, Jaroslav (referee)
There have been many publications written about Henry VIII. It was his private life, because of which he primarily went down in history. Henry inherited the royal throne at a very young age. The Tudor dynasty ascended the English throne just for one generation. Henry's father ended the long−standing civil war. However, the fear of its continuation still remained. The most important task for the young king was to stabilize the position of the dynasty and to protect the throne against other pretenders. His whole life Henry lived in fear, that without a male heir, his family would be brought down. Catherine of Aragon became Henry's wife. There were many benefits from this union for England. The island kingdom was actively involved in continental policy. Nevertheless, Catherine was not able to give birth to an heir to England and fell into disgrace. Her nephew, Holy Roman Emperor, was the most powerfull ruler of the Christian Europe. Although he tried to prevent the annulment of their marriage by various means, he failed. Throughout his reign Charles was in a war conflict with the French king. He needed England like an ally against France even at the cost of his aunt's repudiation, which would remain without retaliation.
Foreign Policy of England during the Cromwell's Protectorate
Lavický, Jeroným ; Skřivan, Aleš (advisor) ; Županič, Jan (referee)
Presented thesis focuses on the course and development of English Foreign Policy during the Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell in the years 1653-1658, while briefly analyzing the period from the provision of the Commonwealth to the appointment of the Lord Protector. The main emphasis is placed on the conduct of diplomatic negotiations, space is also left for the depiction of war operations. The influence of economic and religious aspects on the formation of foreign policy is studied. The largest part of the work deals with the relationship between England and the Catholic powers, namely France and Spain, and other chapters deal with politics towards the United Provinces, Sweden, Denmark, Russia and Portugal. In this work, English diplomacy is evaluated in the context of the development of English domestic policy and with consideration towards events unfolding in other European countries. The scope of economics, confessional and international law in which English diplomacy operated during the aforementioned period is outlined in a restricted manner.

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