National Repository of Grey Literature 123 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Christian Ethics and Universal Validity of Moral Norms
Stašová, Jarmila ; Ovečka, Libor (advisor) ; Fošum, Jan (referee)
We were born into a historically determined society. Our increasingly autonomous behavior - lifestyles with goals either theistic or atheistic in nature - is still influenced by the results of our predecessors, especially by different kinds of written and unwritten social norms. These norms primarily control society by protecting life-values according to the interest of political powers, whilst having different and not always easily understandable terminology, validity, enforceability or true achievability. The need for these norms will evidently increase in the future, as there will be a need to satisfy human needs on a more globalized level. The Czech Republic, created on Judeo-Christian roots, is in its third decade of being a democratic, capitalist legal state. Migration has a significant contribution to its population growth, with people from different states, cultures and religious backgrounds moving in. However, the Czech legal norms are binding for all - with principal equality before the law and additional references to universal ethical norms. It is therefore important to have the best possible knowledge of these norms, using not only the scientific reflection of different legal fields, but also the universal ethical reflection - which is both secular and theistic. My goals in the present...
Influence of burnout syndrome on christian-ethical argumentation examined in the form of a case study of a clergyman
Esterlová, Helena ; Ovečka, Libor (advisor) ; Bouma, David (referee)
Helena Esterlová Aplikovaná etika, KTF UK Anotace diplomové práce v AJ Název práce: Influence of burnout syndrome on christian-ethical argumentation examined in the form of a case study of a clergyman Abstract: The burnout syndrome affects usually people who live to the fullest, who feel to be called to some activity, It gives them the meaning of their life. However, various outer and inner influences can cause that the meaning of the life starts to disappear, in the worst cases people lose their vision completely. The burnout often affects people who are engaged in other people and their problems. These people are also clergymans, who encounter the other's problems every day. A person is paralysed during contending a burnout in all areas of life: physical, mental, emotional, social and spiritual. He is losing the meaning of life and needs a total restart unconditionally. If a cleric is losing the meaning of life his service in church in a serious danger. One of the crucial things for restoring the internal balance is finding the meaning of life again and subsequent organizing the values in the way that allows to live stably and doesn't lead to a burnout again. The area of values is the area explored by ethics. On the verbal level the anchoring of person's values is shown by his (ethical) argumentation....
Ethical aspects and possible social effects of free childlessness
Haškovcová, Eva ; Ovečka, Libor (advisor) ; Štica, Petr (referee)
This thesis maps Czech social and expert discussions on the theme of child-free people childnessness. It is directed on those aspect with implicit ethical content. Subsequently it chooses the most often argument, what are discussed in the ethical reflection. To be child-free is more and more becoming phenomenon, in the Czech Republic especially in the last thirty years. In spite of that it is considered to be rather as alternative life style, what is often exposed to moral evaluation, with mostly negative tone. The criticism of the child-free people can be sumarized into two main streams, when the first one directs on the social impact of the declining birth rates, the second one focuses on personal features of the child-free people, to whom it reprehends either defective hierarchy of values or unnaturalness of their behavior. These two groups of arguments are confronted with the philosophical concept of inclinationes naturales (natural tendencies) of Thomas Aquinas.
The current crisis of marriage in the light of the Christian ethics
Kopicová, Věra ; Ovečka, Libor (advisor) ; Štica, Petr (referee)
The current crisis of marriage in the light of the Christian ethics The diploma thesis occupies with the topic: the current crisis of marriage in the light of the Christian ethics. It conducts a survey of current knowledges, studies and researches relating to the main topic. Moreover, the thesis thinks about personal, social reasons as well as ethical conflicts in marriage, which can bring married couples into the crisis. Further it struggles to find a solution according to Christian ethical codex. After introduction - which is dedicated to the explanation what is the marriage about, what are its anthropological aspects, its anthropological polarities and Christian statutes - there is a part dedicated to wedding vows. Human values in marriage - love, respect, fidelity, unity, inseparability and obedience (a lot discussed at these days) - are considered here at this chapter. Further is the attention payed to the status of marriage worldwide, from times before II. Vatican Council until today. In context with the current marriage crisis, the work occupies with particular problems, which married couples can come through. The thesis mentions difficult situations with problematic behaviour in marriage - positive and negative sites of different situations in marriage, coming out from unsolved roles and...
The issue of abortion in today's society
Víšková, Martina ; Ovečka, Libor (advisor) ; Fošum, Jan (referee)
The issue of abortion in today's society The thesis tries to clarify the rational aspect of abortion. However a religious viewpoint is not the main topic of this thesis, the author does not leave it out and one separate chapter of this work is dedicated to it. The authoralso tries to find an answer whether it is possible to consider an abortion to be ethical and in what conditions. The thesis is trying to explain various aspects of abortion in the Czech Republic as well as abroad, it is also following a medical view - point and various executive methods of abortions. There is an aspiration to refer to the historical advancement of abort opinion and to resolve an origin of this problem. Disposition of this work is to disclose not only the moral aspects but also the feelings of the woman experiencing an abort including after-effects on her. The important chapter there is the postabortal syndrome which is not accepted as a medical diagnosis associated with psychological effects of abort. There is a short questionnaire inserted in the thesis which refers to some women's opinions and experiences. Keywords abortion, sorts of abortion, abortion and mental health, unwanted children, the dispute over the status of the embryo
Practical Ethical Questions in Mobile Specialized Paliative Care
Konečný, Jan ; Ovečka, Libor (advisor) ; Štica, Petr (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with practical ethical issues in specialized mobile palliative care. First of all the terms necessary for understanding the context are explained. History of palliative care. Than introduction to the legal order and the principles of palliative care in the Czech Republic follows. Diploma thesis summarizes the phases of coping with the disease and the loss of a close person. This is both from adult's and a child's point of view. Next section deals with spiritual and pastoral care of dying, four principles of medical ethics and informed consent. Based on an interview with MUDr. Irena Závadová, supported by specialized literature, the ethical issues and theire possible solutions are mentioned too. This thesis deals with ethical issues as follows: education system in palliative care controversial interpretation of the law n. 372/2011 opiatophobia antibiotics in palliative and hospice care nutrition in palliative care palliative sedation transfusion in palliative/hospice care autonomy patient with dementia Keywords Home hospic, dying, death, specialized mobile palliative care, ethical dilemmas.
The Meaning of the DekaCert System for Charity Work
Hojná, Kateřina ; Ovečka, Libor (advisor) ; Sládek, Karel (referee)
The accompanying organisations established by the various churches, such as Charity of the Czech Republic, have their own specific system of values and specific managerial aims. They, however, employ people regardless of their religious practice or their being or not being a member of a church or religious societies. The aim of the thesis is to ascertain whether a system of ethical values, namely the DekaCert system, is a suitable tool to enhance the feeling of freedom and the level of loyalty of the non-practising Christian Charity employees. The thesis thus tries to answer the question whether training in the DekaCert system and its practical use helps these employees to identify themselves with the Charity and at the same time to achieve the second managerial aim of Charity, which is to fulfil the commitment to the church. The thesis is divided into three chapters. The first chapter describes the specifics of leading a Charity; it explains the notions of freedom and loyalty. The second chapter focuses on the core of ethical values and the DekaCert system. The third chapter is experimental and it tries to ascertain the influence of DekaCert system on the feeling of freedom and the level of loyalty of non-practising Christian employees in Charities. The main research method was a qualitative...
Rational View of Abortion
Víšková, Martina ; Ovečka, Libor (advisor) ; Štica, Petr (referee)
The rational aspect of abort Abstract The Diploma thesis "The rational aspect of abort" try to clarification rational aspect of abort. However a religious viewpoint is not the main topic of this thesis, author doesn't leave it out and one separate chapter of this work is dedicated to it. Author endeavours to find an answer whether it is possible to consider an abort to be ethical and in what conditions. The thesis is trying to explain various aspects of abort in Czech Republic as well as abroad, it is also following a medical view-point and various executive methods of aborts. There is an aspiration to refer to the historical advancement of abort opinion and to resolve an origin of this problem. Disposition of this work is to disclose not only the moral aspects but also the feelings of the woman experiencing an abort including after-effects on her. The important chapter there is the postabortal syndrome which is not accepted as a medical diagnosis associated with psychological effects of abort. There is a short questionaire inserted in the thesis which refers to some women's opinions and experiences. Keywords abortion, sorts of abortion, abortion and mental health, unwanted children, the dispute over the status of the embryo
History of ethics of dying with artworks examples accented on Christian perspectives.
Stuchlá, Vladimíra ; Ovečka, Libor (advisor) ; Ryšková, Mireia (referee)
The development of ethics with samples of period fine art pieces with the emphasis on Christian view. (Range 14.-16. century). The base of this thesis is a brief description of eschatology, developing in the frame of Christian ethics in the midstream of the pestilence's apocalypse of the late Middle Ages. The main part of the thesis is focused on changes in individual as well as social perception of death during the very demanding era of extreme wave of pestilence's epidemic in late Middle Ages even early modern history. The changes in approach and coping with the attribute of death are being observed. The aim of the thesis, on the basis of literary studies, is to gather and analyze the changes in interpretation of death during the mentioned period, evaluate their influence of people's behavior by verification or denial of given hypothesis. The accessible materials are supplemented by previews of period fine art pieces showing the attitude of people in given era towards the perception of their own death. Key words Ars moriendi, Bible, carpe diem, pestilence, eschatology, flagellant, macabre art, dying memento mori, death, death dances, vanitas.
Guilt - the view of the theological ethics
Novák, Robert ; Ovečka, Libor (advisor) ; Mašek, Vojtěch (referee)
This work examines from various points of view the role and signifikance of guilt within the history of humankind and a man, shows the traps and obstacles during its processing as well as the destructive consequences of the unprocessed guilt in life of every culpable human being and his/her relations with other people and the God. The first part is focused on its possible understanding and division within the framework of a certain philosophical thinking, first of all in the horizontal level of human relations. After the rational reflection of the subject of guilt and its systematical division within the philosophical thoughts follows up the vertical view of the faith upon the guilt as a sin in contributions of catholic theologists and the tradition of Magisterium in the following chapter. The third section, using a method of biblical exegesis, shows its effect and chances to overcome it with a help of God within the life stories of selected biblical characters of The Old and The New Testament. The last part of the work pays attention to the paradox of a "felix culpa" and the chances, that are offered to the culprits in the specific environment of a prison. The obtained knowledge is being confronted with the personal life experience of the author, who is dealing with his own guilt and a fatal...

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