National Repository of Grey Literature 13 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Conversion in the Parsi Community
Horňák, Milan ; Chlup, Radek (advisor) ; Ondračka, Lubomír (referee)
The present work examines the debate about the permissibility of conversion in the Parsi community of India. It explores the historical development of the debate with a focus on the main groups and their ideologies. It shows that both of the sides of the debate aimed to formulate their convictions in a Westernized language for a greater social prestige, while in both cases largely preserving the traditional endogamic rules in practice.
Conversion in the Parsi Community
Horňák, Milan ; Chlup, Radek (advisor) ; Ondračka, Lubomír (referee)
The present work examines the debate about the permissibility of conversion in the Parsi community of India. It explores the historical development of the debate with a focus on the main groups and their ideologies. It shows that both of the sides of the debate aimed to formulate their convictions in a Westernized language for a greater social prestige, while in both cases largely preserving the traditional endogamic rules in practice.
Minhagic tradition of Cochin Jews
Nováková, Josefína ; Lyčka, Milan (advisor) ; Ondračka, Lubomír (referee)
This work focuses on the Jewish community which settled in South Western Indian region of Malabar Coast and the town of Cochin. Although it's uncertain when the community actually formed, it has been proven that it had spent at least one millennium in India. During this time the Jews adapted to the local environment through the appropriation of certain cultural customs. According to some researchers, this adaptation was to take place (save for one exception) in accordance with the Jewish normative law halakha , only through the so-called minhagic tradition. In this work I explore the rigidity of categories of halakhic and minhagic tradition in the context of the Cochin Jewish community. I focus mainly on the holidays of Passover, Simchat Torah and the division of the community into internal endogamous subgroups, likely following the example of Indian castes. I describe the form of these customs before and after the migration to Israel, which took place en masse in the second half of the 20th century. Based on the description of customs transformation and their categorization into halakhically correct or incorrect, I try to outline how these categories are contextual and variable. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
Ritual remnant (ucchiṣṭa) in Vedic ritual
Sojková, Barbora ; Ondračka, Lubomír (advisor) ; Bahulkar, Srikant (referee)
The purpose of the present thesis is to investigate and interpret the position and meaning of the remnant of oblation (ucchiṣṭa, śeṣa, or vāstu) in the system of classical Vedic mythology and ritual. The inquiries begin by a brief survey of used primary sources, secondary literature and methodology. Afterwards, the terminology used for the leftover is examined together with its mythical connotations found in Brāhmaṇas. The pivot of the thesis is its central part which treats the manipulation of the phenomenon of the leftover in the Vedic ritual literature describing the system of solemn (śrauta) rituals, non-sanguinary oblations (iṣṭi) and ancestor worship (piṇḍapitṛyajña). The last chapter is dedicated to the interpretation of the phenomenon. Following the analysis of primary sources, the thesis claims that the remnant of the offering is not a ritual waste but a creative element of the ritual action. It is interpreted as one of the framing ritual acts which surround the central ritual performance and which are understood as associated with the household, its fertility and continuity. The domestic sphere is also a theme of the myths in which is found the phenomenon of the remnant. Based on the discussion on the mythology and ritual manipulation of the phenomenon, the leftover of the offering is...
Konarak: Architecture in the Context of Religious Policy of the Eastern Gangas
Jelínková, Silvie ; Strnad, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Ondračka, Lubomír (referee)
The great temple of Konarak in Orissa, built in the shape of the chariot of the sun god Surya, is one of the most famous hindu monuments in India. Even in the state of ruin it has always attracted attention of scholars, especially art historians. This thesis aims to present the Sun temple in a broader context of the time and place of its builder, and tries to propose the roots of its construction and causes of its collapse - both intrinsically connected with the religio-political climate of Orissa during the reign of the Eastern Gangas. The thesis is divided into four chapters. The first chapter deals with the royal temple policy, pursued by Orissan kings, and shows "the royal temple" as the means of legitimation of royal power. The second chapter addresses "tutelary deities" of king Narasimha, builder of the temple. These are Surya of Konarak, the sun god, who was the deity of all-Indian significance, and Jagannatha of Puri, the form of Vishnu, who is the state deity of Orissa. The third chapter focuses on Konarak in comparison with Puri as the places of pilgrimage. The fourth and last chapter presents a brief overview of the architectural traditions of India, specifically of Orissan architecture, of which the Konarak temple is the crowning example, attention is then turned to the exceptionality...
Eschatology of Early Zoroastianism
Votroubeková, Tatiana ; Antalík, Dalibor (advisor) ; Ondračka, Lubomír (referee)
Tatiana Votroubeková - Eschatology of Zoroastrianism: From it's Origin to Middle Persian Era Supervisor: doc. Dalibor Antalík The thesis aims to map Zoroastrian thoughts about death, fate of the soul after death, the ultimate destination of mankind and beliefs about afterlife. The main goal is to show the most notable evolutional tendencies in literature, identify the key motives and follow them from a hypothetical beginning to the end of the development in the Middle Persian Period. The basic method is analysis of source texts and their synthesis in chronological order.
Jataka Stories - Legendary Biographies of Gautama Buddha in the Jatakatthavannana
Horáček, Petr ; Holba, Jiří (advisor) ; Ondračka, Lubomír (referee)
This thesis deals with the possible interpretations of the jātaka stories (Buddhist sacred biographies genre). The author focuses on the Jātakatthavannana collection, part of the Pali canon, which is an important text for early and Theravada Buddhism. A characteristic feature of the jātaka is that Siddhartha Gautama of the Śākya clan, better known under his title Buddha, tells us about his previous births, in which He is called Bodhisattva. In accord with Buddhist cosmology, Bodhisattva is born in different forms: as human, animal and mythical creatures. In the jātaka stories symbolic links can be seen to the psychological, social, ethical, political, religious and philosophical themes of cultures in which they were told. In the early jātaka motives known from fables and mythologies of other cultures are also found. Their meaning, however, is given another shade or is completely different. The semantic value of themes is largely determined by the position they have in the configuration of relations between symbols, which is different for different cultures (as is shown by the author on a particular case). Due to this fact, the author adopts two following approaches. First, the author does not strive to find the original form of the jātaka tales and is not interested in their linguistic development....
Rammohan Ray's reinterpretation of traditional concepts: classical and modern approach to the concept of Adhikara
Válková, Kristýna ; Ondračka, Lubomír (referee) ; Strnad, Jaroslav (advisor)
Koncept adhikára (doslova právo, mandát, kvalifikace) tematizuje tradiční indickou představu, že různé skupiny lidí mají různou kvalifikaci pro přístup k posvátným textům, pro pořádání obětí a potažmo i pro vysvobození. Tradičně byla adhikára odvozována od pozice, kterou člověk zastával v rámci hierarchického řádu světa, tj. především od příslušnosti k jedné ze čtyř varen, do nichž se indická společnost tradičně dělí. Rámmohan Ráj (1772-1833) je předchůdcem tzv. neohinduismu, který vznikl v Bengálsku jako reakce na střet se západním myšlením a jehož představitelé se skrze reinterpretaci vlastní historie pokouší ustavit jednotnou náboženskou a kulturní identitu Indie. Tak se i Rámmohan příklonem k více než tisíc let staré filosofickonáboženské doktríně advaita-védánty obrací k tradičním formám, naplňuje je však novým obsahem. Největší posun oproti tradici přitom spočívá v Rámmohanově reinterpretaci adhikáry. Snaží se formulovat takovou cestu k vysvobození, která by nikoho apriori nevylučovala. Místo aby však adhikáru zcela odmítl, využívá jejího potenciálu jakožto autoritativního termínu a pouze ji nově definuje - kvalifikaci má podle něj každý, kdo není diskvalifikován sekundárně, tj. na základě své neschopnosti, a kdo po vysvobození touží. Tímto nenápadným posunem se dostává do sporu se zjevenými texty, k...

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