National Repository of Grey Literature 32 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The Woman in the Czech Traditional Worldview The Ethnolinguistic Study
Christou, Anna ; Vaňková, Irena (advisor) ; Lenderová, Milena (referee) ; Nebeská, Iva (referee)
The dissertation aims at the analysis of the traditional linguistic worldview of the woman in Czech. Theoretically and methodologically, the dissertation follows from the modern Polish ethnolinguistics, i.e. a discipline focusing on the studies of language in relation to culture, which uses the term of "linguistic worldview", referring specifically to the ways in which the values and experience of the particular society have been written into its language. The aim of the dissertation is to reconstruct the image (the stereotype) of the woman in Czech, i.e. to reveal the structure of stereotypical characteristics related to the woman in the language and the culture. The attention was paid primarily to the traditional image, built in the centuries before the dramatic changes of the society and the women's role in modern times. The analysis of the Czech vocabulary (including phraseology) and of the traditional songs lyrics, minor folklore genres as well as classical Czech literature has led to the reveal and subsequent characterization of four specific modes of the linguistic worldview of the woman, divided according to the three aspects (profiles) - the age, the appearance and the social role - as the young girl (maiden), the wife, the mother and the old woman. Each of them involves the general as...
Czech in aphasia: what can off-line experiments tell us?
Flanderková, Eva ; Mertins, Barbara (advisor) ; Nebeská, Iva (referee) ; Lehečková, Helena (referee)
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Linguistics in the field of special education
Majerová, Radka ; Macurová, Alena (advisor) ; Šebesta, Karel (referee) ; Nebeská, Iva (referee)
Lingvistika je představena v aplikaci na řešení obtíží u lidí s jazykovým hendikepem, kteří se nacházejí ve speciálně pedagogickém prostředí. Ve výzkumu a rehabilitaci jazykových symptomů se nazývá klinickou lingvistikou. Klinická lingvistika kooperuje v multidisciplinárním kontextu s psycholingvistikou a neurolingvistikou. Práce nastiňuje potřebnost klinické lingvistiky také v českém měřítku. Je analyzována diagnóza vývojová anartrie u celoživotně nemluvících lidí s dětskou mozkovou obrnou. Vývojová anartrie je dosti častou diagnózou ve speciálním školství. Vyjevuje se její nedostatečný popis klinickou logopedií a potřeba její analýzy z klinicko-lingvistického hlediska. U vývojové anartrie je odhaleno druhotné narušení jazykových funkcí, sekundární dysfázie. Sekundární dysfázie u vývojové anartrie se manifestuje na všech jazykových rovinách, práce tuto manifestaci ukazuje. Inteligentní lidé s vývojovou anartrií se ocitají v situaci pozdní akvizice mateřského jazyka, který produkčně uchopují pouze ve formě psané řeči. Mají dílčí percepční obtíže. Fatální nemožnost mluvené produkce jim zapříčiňuje subvokální vnitřně řečový deficit. Je diskutován potenciál těchto lidí osvojovat jazyk v procesu pozdní akvizice, diskuze je uvedena v kontextu světového výzkumu o otázkách maturace a kritických period....
Nose in the Czech sign language in comparison with Czech
Redlich, Karel ; Vaňková, Irena (advisor) ; Nebeská, Iva (referee)
I continue my work on the cognitive-linguistic research of somatisms (names of body parts) and conceptual profiles, into which I bring research findings of Czech sign language. I performed a structural analysis of the signs, where a place of articulation is on the nose. Then I categorized these signs using conceptual profiles: GESTURE, APPEARANCE/ MANIFESTATION, FUNCTION and LOCALIZATION. On the basis of such profiles are shown new possibilities etymological interpretation of a relatively large number of collected signs. The created linguistic picture of the nose in the Czech sign language I compared with the image with the linguistic picture of the nose in the Czech language. I also conducted preliminary probes into other sign languages, which I have served as a guide for effective grasp of the issues.
Baby talk - The appearance of classifiers of Czech sign language in deaf child's signing
Pejšmanová, Barbora ; Motejzíková, Jitka (advisor) ; Nebeská, Iva (referee)
This bachelor thesis is focused on using classifiers of czech sign language by deaf children from deaf families. Within the framework of the research which was focused on acquiring handle classifiers and entity classifiers, the work describes what concrete classifiers observed children used in their utterance and what mistakes they did. That is done in means of individual examples. A part of the thesis is given to a brief abstract of general knowledge about the evolution of sign language among deaf children and spoken language among children that hear. The analogical congruent elements observed in ontogenesis of both languages are also included. Basic information about classifiers of czech sign language and their types is listed too. During the work detailed data about acquiring classifiers of sign languages obtained from foreign resources are given.
Development of the contemporary Czech from the point of view of the terms centre and periphery
Smejkalová, Kamila ; Nebeská, Iva (advisor) ; Hladká, Zdeňka (referee) ; Adam, Robert (referee)
The theme of this dissertation is a concept of centre and periphery in the description of the systém of language. We deal with theoretical issues of this concept, we analyze particular aspects, that are connected with it (dynamics, fuzzy boundaries of categories, vagueness etc.), its position among other language universals, and its use in the theory of language culture. We demonstrate, that the beneficial effect of this concept lies is manifested in the presence of same of its aspects in the theoretical ground of following linguistic schools, e. g. fuzzy grammar, semantic fields, and most importantly the theory of prototypes, based on the cognitive psychology, that was adopted by the cognitive linguistics. Also, we pay attention to the application of the centre and periphery in the description of the chosen linguistic phenomena and particular developmental tendencies of the contemporary Czech on the morphological level: We demonstrate the crossings of the linguistic units between two categories on the materiál of feminins oscillating between the declension types "žena" and "růže". Using the proper names (antroponyms and toponyms), we ask a question, if we can také this group of nouns as a periphery of one category (system), or an individual subsystem with its own rules.
Multicultural education: information on people with a hearing impediment and on people with a physical or sensorial handicap generally in education documents and chosen school books for elementary school
Anderlová, Jana ; Hudáková, Andrea (advisor) ; Nebeská, Iva (referee)
This work is based on a concept of multicultural education in a broader sense. Besides the fact that our society consists of people of different colors and cultures, we include into the multicultural education the fact that our society also consists of disabled people. Our focus here is, Why is it necessary to perceive the existence of people with disabilities since early childhood as a natural phenomenon, Furthermore to know their specific needs evolving just from their type of disability. The main task of this work is to describe how this multicultural education in a broader sense is prepared in selected textbooks for primary schools. The analysis is complemented by interviews with three teachers of First Instance of the various elementary schools and talks with their students. In this work we talk about people with various disabilities, but the main focus will be on people with hearing impairments.
Current problems in neurolinguistics
Stehlíková, Olga ; Macurová, Alena (advisor) ; Nebeská, Iva (referee) ; Hudáková, Andrea (referee)
Neuroliguistics is a young and dynamic subject. It has become one of the fastest developing neuroscience subjects during its 40 year history. It is also probably the most dynamic linguistic discipline. It is quite uneasy to keep track of all (though often partial) important studies in this area because there are approximately 2000 new studies published every year. It is also quite difficult to evaluate and align these studies into a broader development context. The aim of this work is to accomplish this formidable task. It provides a basic insight into the history and current development of the subject with regard to related neuroscience interdisciplinary fields of study. It particularly stresses Czech language, local research environment and theoretical continuity (or better local discontinuity) of the inquiry. This work - as a first more complex publication in the Czech language - should serve as a basic commented overview of neurolinguistic issues. Theoretical knowledge is interconnected with clinical aphasiology field experience (including examples of language-disabled speech) and also general linguistic views of language system. Specific issues described by each subject are mentioned in the chapter introductions. Neurolinguistics is a part of cognitive science (humanities) as well as...
Euphemisms in contemporary journalism
Švíbková, Zuzana ; Nebeská, Iva (advisor) ; Mareš, Petr (referee)
Tbe use of euphemisms is motivated by lhe speaker's intention to avoid expressions that would be considered inappropriate by the recipient. Ruphemisms are primarily understood as means of politeness; the speaker tries to avoid threatening the face of their communieation partner, or their own. ln joumalism, euphemisms appear also in other funetions, such as means of persuasion and manipulation. Based on material cxeerpled from cultural critiques and reviews we are trying to demonstrale that the traditional understanding 01' euphemisms as grammatieal and lcxical deviees is too narrow. lt is devices rrom a11 levels of language, often eombined, that participate on forming euphcmisms. ln this respect we see the use of euphemisms as a means that has impaet on the eonstruction of the whole text, and consequently consider them a stylistic device.

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