National Repository of Grey Literature 42 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Analysis of drug-related problems in a healthcare facility V.
Truongová, Thu Thao ; Doseděl, Martin (advisor) ; Malá, Kateřina (referee)
ANALYSIS OF DRUG-RELATED PROBLEMS IN A HEALTHCARE FACILITY V. Author: Thu Thao Truongová Supervisor of the diploma thesis: PharmDr. Martin Doseděl, Ph.D. Consultant: PharmDr. Veronika Měrková Charles University, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové, Department of Social and Clinical Pharmacy INTRODUCTION Medication errors are one of the most frequent medicinal errors. They affect patient's safety from the long-term point of view.1 The great part of medication errors occurs on the level of drug administration.2 In healthcare facilities mostly nurses are responsible for medication administration.3 AIM To obtain and evaluate medication errors during drug administration by nurses in a healthcare facility. METHODICS A prospective observational study was conducted in the facility Hamzova léčebna for children and adults focusing on medical rehabilitation. Data collection was performed in May 2019 three consecutive days on each ward, where drugs were administrated by nurse. Direct observation was done in morning, noon and evening drug administrations. Obtained data were recorded into prepared form and were compared with physician's medication order on the patient's record. Afterwards, the forms were transcripted into online database, data were transfered to MS Excel software programme and evaluated by...
Pulse Check in Pharmacies I
Frnková, Michaela ; Malá, Kateřina (advisor) ; Horký, Pavel (referee)
Pulse check in pharmacies I Author: Michaela Frnková Supervisor: PharmDr. Kateřina Malá, Ph.D. Consultant: PharmDr. Anna Rejmanová, Ph.D. De artment o ocial an linical Pharmac , Fac lt o Pharmac in ra ec Králov , harle University Introduction: Atrial fibrillation is one of the most common supraventricular disorders of the heart rhythm. Unless properly treated, it leads to higher mortality and morbidity rates. Early detection of such fibrillation, which is often asymptomatic, may prevent further associated complications, especially ischemic stroke, and a sudden cardiac death. Aim: The thesis focused on the feasibility of involving pharmacists in the screening of the patients with heart rhythm disorders. Further increase awareness of the possibilities and meaning of monitoring heart rhythm disorders in pharmacies and ensure that patients can verify their own heart rate at home. Methods: The heart rhythm measurements were carried within four weeks (11/2017; 11/2018; 6/2019; 12/2019), during the global health initiative "Know o r l e". Mea ring took place at the pharmacy in Pardubice; the pharmacy offers individual consultations to patients. Participation in the screening for the atrial fibrillation was offered to all incoming pharmacy persons who were older than 40 years and without chronic...
Analysis of spontaneous adverse events reports of antiepileptic drugs
Šoborová, Ivana ; Zimčíková, Eva (advisor) ; Malá, Kateřina (referee)
Analysis of spontaneous adverse events reports of antiepileptic drugs Author: Ivana Šoborová Supervisor: PharmDr. Eva Zimčíková, Ph.D. Department of Social and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové, Charles University Introduction: Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological diseases, which occurs worldwide. Antiepileptic drugs (AED) suppress the onset of an epileptic seizure. Analysis of spontaneous adverse drug reactions (ADRs) analysis is important data source for generating the potential risks signals in pharmacotherapy. Objective: The aim of this work was to analyse spontaneous reports of ADRs from the Czech Central Database of ADRs of the State Institute for Drug Control (SÚKL) in the period from June 2004 to October 2017. The analyses of potential drug interactions of all medicinal products mentioned in the reports and the assessment of the reported ADRs expectability was the secondary goal. Methods: Retrospective analyses of the spontaneous ADR reports of antiepileptic drugs obtained from the SÚKL in the given period. Anonymized data was processed using the descriptive statistics in MS Excel. For example, the patient characteristics or seriousness and expectability of the ADRs were evaluated. The specific adverse drug reactions were divided according to the system...
The Analysis of Senior's Opinions on Self-treatment by non-steroidal anti-inflamatory drugs I
Čižmárová, Jana ; Doseděl, Martin (advisor) ; Malá, Kateřina (referee)
The Analysis of Senior's Opinions on Self-treatment by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs II Author: Jana Čižmárová Supervisor of the thesis: PharmDr. Martin Doseděl, Ph.D. Department: Department of Social and Clinical Pharmacy Background: Self-medication is a growing trend in a society with widespread use of over- the-counter medicines. Among the OTC medicines, analgesics belong to the drugs with the highest consumption. They are also popular in the group of seniors, who often suffer from chronic pain, mainly of the musculoskeletal system. Aim of study: In the theoretical part to carry out a review of published papers concerning safety of self-medication with analgesics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. In the practical part, by performing a questionnaire survey to acquire and analyze the attitudes of seniors regarding self-medication with analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs focused on ibuprofen. Methods: An observational cross-sectional study was carried out in the facilities for seniors of the Trenčín region. The survey was conducted by interview with senior using questionnaire sheets. The research took place in the period July to September 2019. Results: 64.0 % of seniors suffered from almost every day or daily pain, mainly from musculoskeletal pain. The main counselling subject...
Study of the flow of immiscible liquids
Malá, Kateřina ; Pochylý, František (referee) ; Fialová, Simona (advisor)
This thesis explores the topic of flow of two immiscible liquids in horizontal pipeline. For this purpose, the experimental apparatus has been set up, that allows to observe the flow of mixture through the transparent pipe. Moderately viscous oil and water (viscosity ratio: 52,81, density ratio: 0.86, interfacial tension: 41,64 mN/m) have been chosen for the experiment. Both fluids were introduced into the pipe through a T-junction. At the end of the apparatus, a mixture of liquids flowed into the separation tank, where both phases were separated. The separated oil was then reused for further measurements. The oil and water flow rates could be individually changed by use control valves, that led to identification of different flow regimes. These varied from stratified flows to fully dispersed ones as the mixture speed increased. All observed flow regimes were plotted in the flow map, that is a function of the inlet velocities of both fluids. For further analysis, a second type of flow map has been created that displays rates as a function of mixture velocity and phase volume fraction. Selected regime was also simulated using software ANSYS FLUENT. The VOF method was used to simulate multiphase flow. This thesis critically evaluates the results of the study and shows the direction for further research in the field of immiscible liquids flow.
Analysis of pharmacy counselling focused on drug related problems in the Czech Republic
Dlouhá, Michaela ; Doseděl, Martin (advisor) ; Malá, Kateřina (referee)
Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Department of Social and Clinical Pharmacy Candidate Mgr. Michaela Dlouhá Consultant PharmDr. Martin Doseděl, Ph.D. Title of Thesis Analysis of pharmacy counselling focused on drug related problems in the Czech Republic Introduction: Providing of expert counselling focused on dealing with drug related problems in pharmacies should be part of the common practice of Czech pharmacy profession. Aim: Analyse counselling focused on dealing with drug related problems in pharmacies in the Czech Republic provided by participants who have attended guaranteed specialized course: Basis of specialized counselling in pharmacy including dealing with DRPs between 2015-2017. Methods: Data were collected through a questionnaire which was sent to all course- participants. The questionnaire was divided into 3 parts. The first part was submitted to all pharmacists, the second one was for pharmacists, who provide counselling and the third one for non-counselling pharmacists. The questionnaire contained 34 questions and was evaluated by MS Excel and processed by frequent analysis. Results: We received 89 answers from 215 participants (41 %). The number of pharmacists who provided counselling before the course were 29. Their number increased...
Attitudes and beliefs on HPV infection and vaccination III
Říhová, Andrea ; Zimčíková, Eva (advisor) ; Malá, Kateřina (referee)
Attitudes and beliefs on HPV infection and vaccination III Author: Andrea Říhová Consultant: PharmDr. Eva Zimčíková, Ph.D. Introduction Nearly 80% of world's population will get human papillomavirus (HPV) infection at some point of their lives. More than 99% cases of cervical cancer, which belongs to the second most common malignancy of women, is associated with HPV infection. The most reliable protection against this infection is vaccination. Aims The aim of the work was to find out knowledge of high school students about human papillomavirus and diseases caused by these viruses. In addition, find out the vaccine coverage rate against HPV and attitudes of students to this vaccination. Methods Data for this diploma thesis were obtained by survey, which took place at two high schools in the Usti Region in 2018. Overall, 291 questionnaires were used. Respondents were in age of 15-19. Data were processed by computer program Microsoft Excel. The t-test and Pearson's chi-squared test were used to statistically evaluate the data. Results Average age of the respondents was 17 years and 73.5% of respondents were women. Non- believers (93.5%) and non-smokers (92.4%) predominated among the respondents. Only one of the students did not know the concept of cervical cancer or penile cancer. More than half of...
Attitudes towards treatment and knowledge of hormonal contraceptive users
Fufaľová, Veronika ; Malá, Kateřina (advisor) ; Matoulková, Petra (referee)
Diplomová práca Postoje k liečbe a znalosti užívateliek hormonálnej antikoncepcie Abstract Attitudes towards treatment and knowledge of hormonal contraceptive users Author: Veronika Fufaľová¹ Supervisor: PharmDr. Kateřina Ládová, Ph.D.¹ Consultant: PharmDr. Anna Oleárová, PhD., MPHš ¹Department of Social and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové, Charles University, Czech Republic šDepartment of Organisation and Management of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Comenius University in Bratislava, Slovak Republic Introduction: Hormonal contraception (HC) is popular and a reliable birth control method. Its use is although associated with some risks and many myths or misconceptions. Objective: The aim of this thesis was to determine the attitudes towards treatment and awareness of HC risks of its users in regard to various types and application forms in specific region by means of anonymous questionnaire. Methods: The research was carried out as a prospective questionnaire survey. Anonymous questionnaires consisted of 35 questions divided into 6 sections to obtain sociodemographic data, information concerning HC users and their form of HC, information about the extent of knowledge concerning gynaecological examination, HC risks and HC misconception awareness. One part of questionnaire was focused...
Analysis of spontaneous adverse events reports of hypolipidemics
Škabradová, Anežka ; Malá, Kateřina (advisor) ; Doseděl, Martin (referee)
Analysis of spontaneous adverse events reports of hypolipidemics Author: Anežka Škabradová Supervisor: PharmDr. Kateřina Malá, Ph.D. Consultant: PharmDr. Josef Malý, Ph.D. Department of Social and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové, Charles University Introduction: Hypolipidemic drugs are widely used in today's medicine and their consumption is still rising. Besides all benefits, their usage includes also some risks that needs to be reconsidered regularly. Analysis of spontaneous adverse effects (AEs) reports contributes to a safer therapy by detecting especially serious and unexpected adverse drug reactions. Objective: The aim of this thesis was to analyse spontaneous adverse events reports of hypolipidemic drugs, which were sent to the State Institute for Drug Control (SÚKL) database in the period from June 2004 to October 2017. Methods: The data obtained from SÚKL during the above mentioned period was analysed using descriptive statistics. The frequency of occurrence of certain AEs, which were categorized according to MedDRA and distinguished by hypolipidemics, was analysed, as well as their severity and expectability. Part of the analysis was for example also by whom was the report submitted and which way they used to submit it. Results: Overall 290 reports were obtained,...
Selected aspects of the racionality of use of diuretics in ambulatory care seniors in the EUROAGEISM H2020 project
Gruberová, Natálie ; Fialová, Daniela (advisor) ; Malá, Kateřina (referee)
INTRODUCTION: In the world population, the number of seniors with very heterogeneous health care is increasing. Because of the aging of the organism they are much more sensitive to adverse effects of drugs, therefore geriatric care is more visitors and safety pharmacotherapy. It thus seeks to prevent risky medicines available in geriatric patients. Many explicit targets have been disclosed that can be reserved for the potentially endangered by the elderly. Diuretics are among the classes of drugs that are often prescribed in the geriatric population but which pose significant risks to the geriatric patient. Problems with their unpleasant effects, but also poor indication or combination with minimal drugs. OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this thesis was to describe the frequency and rationality of prescribing diuretics in seniors treated in geriatric outpatient clinics. The use of diuretics in appropriate and potentially inappropriate indications, the occurrence of changes accompanying adverse reactions (including laboratory changes in electrolytes and metabolic parameters) and whether these problems are controlled were monitored. The risks of hyponatraemia associated with diuretic therapy and the use of SIADH-inducing drugs were also assessed in more detail. METHODICS: This thesis was based on the...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 42 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
1 MALÁ, Kamila
5 Malá, Karolina
5 Malá, Karolína
3 Malá, Klára
4 Malá, Kristýna
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.