National Repository of Grey Literature 82 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Study of vortical structures generated by a swirl generator
Kurková, Michaela ; Pochylý, František (referee) ; Urban, Ondřej (advisor)
This bachelor’s thesis deals with the study of vortical structures generated by a swirl generator. The theoretical part is focused on the description of experimental and numerical studies of the vortex rope phenomenon. This part also includes a brief overview of vortex identification methods. The second part is dedicated to the study of vortical structures captured by CFD simulations. The vortex identification methods are compared on an example of the vortex rope.
Pressure pulsation propagation in elastic hoses
Čapoš, Eduard ; Pochylý, František (referee) ; Habán, Vladimír (advisor)
This thesis deals with propagation of pressure and flow pulsations, which are strongly affected by the tube flexibility. There are two mathematic models introduced, which are derived from basic physical relations. First model assumes velocity only in the axis direction. Second one assumes also non-zero radial velocity. Kelvin-Voigt model for viscoelasticity was used. Furthermore, experimental measurement was designed and evaluated. Measured data was used to calculate material properties. In addition, dynamic transfer was determined.
Study of the flow of immiscible liquids
Malá, Kateřina ; Pochylý, František (referee) ; Fialová, Simona (advisor)
This thesis explores the topic of flow of two immiscible liquids in horizontal pipeline. For this purpose, the experimental apparatus has been set up, that allows to observe the flow of mixture through the transparent pipe. Moderately viscous oil and water (viscosity ratio: 52,81, density ratio: 0.86, interfacial tension: 41,64 mN/m) have been chosen for the experiment. Both fluids were introduced into the pipe through a T-junction. At the end of the apparatus, a mixture of liquids flowed into the separation tank, where both phases were separated. The separated oil was then reused for further measurements. The oil and water flow rates could be individually changed by use control valves, that led to identification of different flow regimes. These varied from stratified flows to fully dispersed ones as the mixture speed increased. All observed flow regimes were plotted in the flow map, that is a function of the inlet velocities of both fluids. For further analysis, a second type of flow map has been created that displays rates as a function of mixture velocity and phase volume fraction. Selected regime was also simulated using software ANSYS FLUENT. The VOF method was used to simulate multiphase flow. This thesis critically evaluates the results of the study and shows the direction for further research in the field of immiscible liquids flow.
Artificial heart on the principle of gas accumulators
Kunický, Ondřej ; Fialová, Simona (referee) ; Pochylý, František (advisor)
The diploma thesis deals with the design of an artificial heart based on the principle of gas accumulators. The introductory part describes the anatomy and physiology of the human cardiovascular system, mechanical heart replacement and the basic properties of pneumatic mechanisms. Furthermore, there is shown the procedure of pneumatic circuit design and its simulation in the program Simulink. The experimental part contains verification of the functionality of the pneumatic circuit, designed the positive displacement pump, and the measured characteristics of both ventricles. The last part of the work deals with the reduction possibilities of dimensions and weight of the whole mechanism. There is also included computational modelling of the pneumatic circuit using helium as a working medium.
Mechanical properties of cell membranes
Pírková, Marcela ; Pochylý, František (referee) ; Fialová, Simona (advisor)
This thesis is a research character focused on the analysis of mechanical properties of cell membranes. The main aim is to find methods that will break the structure of the membranes. In addition, the thesis deals with the microorganisms living in the reservoirs of the Czech Republic, the existing methods of water purification and the specific properties of microorganisms membranes. In the experimental part there is an attempt of hydrodynamic cavitation, the whole process is tested on biomass of cyanobacteria.
Use of the dynamic damper in hydrodynamics
Vrána, Jiří ; Habán, Vladimír (referee) ; Pochylý, František (advisor)
The master thesis deals with the possibility of using dynamic damper in hydrodynamics. Specifically, the assessment of the impact of dynamic damper on the dynamic stability of the fluid system when the system exhibited unstable behaviour prior to damper installation due to self-excited vibration. In the thesis is presented the algorithm for the calculation of pressure and flow pulsations based on the transfer matrix method, the transition matrices for different damper designs variants are derived. Using the algorithm, the effect of a damper placed in a stable and unstable fluid system is solved. The output of this work is software for solution of pressure and flow pulsations in the system with serially arranged hydrodynamic elements created in the MATLAB program.
Peristaltic pump
Burda, Radim ; Fialová, Simona (referee) ; Pochylý, František (advisor)
Cílem této diplomové práce je navrhnout peristaltické čerpadlo pro hemodialýzu s ohledem na minimalizaci tlakových pulzací. Pomocí analytické analýzy je navržen nový koncept redukce tlakových pulzací, který využívá zrychlení k navýšení tlaku v prostoru mezi válečky. Fungování peristaltického čerpadla je simulováno pomocí programu Ansys Fluent pro získání lepší představy o proudění v čerpadle. Souběžně s návrhem nového konceptu bylo navrženo více tradiční čerpadlo, které bylo následně vyrobeno a experimentálně odzkoušeno. Data získaná z experimentu mohou být dále použita pro nový koncept.
Modification of a blood pump as a heart replacement
Simandl, Mirek ; Fialová, Simona (referee) ; Pochylý, František (advisor)
The master’s thesis deals optimization of regenerative pump and axial pump with ring motors that are designed as a heart replacement. Analysis of the koncepts is performed which were made in previous master’s thesis. There is created a new design of construction and hydraulition with using flat motors based on the analysis. The compact assembly of two impeller was formulated that replaced left and right heart and it served as a function of heart replacement. A functional model of the pump is created, there is measured characteristics of impeller and results are compared with CFD analysis. The design requirements some parts of the axial pump are added and it’s deviced feasibility analysis.
Verification of geometry influence on dynamic properties of immersed body
Černý, Tomáš ; Pochylý, František (referee) ; Habán, Vladimír (advisor)
Immersion of the body into the fluid creates additional effects which must be considered when designing the machines. Additional effects from the fluid influence the dynamic properties of the body. In this work the decrease of the natural frequency and the increase of the damping ratio during the gradual immersion of the body into the fluid are investigated. Diploma thesis is based on an experiment, which is performed on a series of flat strip steel components of various widths. The first three bending and first three torsion shapes of the free-hanging body are examined. Emphasis is placed on the influence of part width. In the next phase of the experiment, the influence of the proximity of the solid wall to the dynamic properties of the cantilever beam is examined. Further, the determination of the added density from the fluid is performed by modal analysis using the ANSYS software.
Modification of Navier_Stokes equations asuming the quasi-potential flow
Navrátil, Dušan ; Pochylý, František (referee) ; Fialová, Simona (advisor)
The master's thesis deals with Navier-Stokes equations in curvilinear coordinates and their solution for quasi-potential flow. The emphasis is on detailed description of curvilinear space and its expression using Bézier curves, Bézier surfaces and Bézier bodies. Further, fundamental concepts of hydromechanics are defined, including potential and quasi-potential flow. Cauchy equations are derived as a result of the law of momentum conservation and continuity equation is derived as a result of principle of mass conservation. Navier-Stokes equations are then derived as a special case of Cauchy equations using Cauchy stress tensor of Newtonian compressible fluid. Further transformation into curvilinear coordinates is accomplished through differential operators in curvilinear coordinates and by using curvature vector of space curve. In the last section we use results from previous chapters to solve boundary value problem of quasi-potential flow, which was solved by finite difference method using Matlab environment.

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