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Gustav Husák. A Political Biography with Special Emphasis on Czech-Slovak Relations in 20th Century
Macháček, Michal ; Rychlík, Jan (advisor) ; Kvaček, Robert (referee) ; Letz, Róbert (referee)
Bibliographic record: Michal MACHÁČEK: Gustáv Husák. A Political Biography with Special Emphasis on Czech-Slovak Relations in 20th Century, PhD. thesis, The Faculty of Arts at Charles University 2017, 476pp. [784 standard pages]. Abstract The dissertation thesis discusses public activities, thoughts and the political life of JUDr. Gustáv Husák, CSc. (1913-1991), who was involved in the Czech-Slovak public space for sixty years with a significant footprint even today. The text is based on a thorough research and is chronologically structured, intertwined with thematic areas, however an analytical approach prevails. The first chapter focuses on Husák's youth, the factors that led him to the communist movement, and his early activism. This is followed by a portrayal of the Husák's activities during the Second World War, his role in the resistance, participation in a propaganda trip to the Nazi conquered Ukraine, and his vision of Slovakia as a republic of the Soviet Union. His later involvement in the Slovak National Uprising provided the legitimacy of his later political career in the post-war era, when he successfully led the struggle for the communist monopoly of political power in Czechoslovakia and attempts to present the Communist Party of Slovakia as a national party. Next two chapters show the origins...
The issue of the German ethnic group status in inter-war Czechoslovakia shown in the Nejdek distric example
Andrš, Pavel ; Čechurová, Jana (advisor) ; Kvaček, Robert (referee) ; Novotný, Lukáš (referee)
The subject of this dissertation thesis is investigating the issue of the German ethnic group status in inter-war Czechoslovakia shown in the example of the Nejdek political district with the emphasis on the major and crucial aspects of social life - politics, economic and social issues while the assistance and support elements include: demographics, border issues, the presence of the Czech ethnic group, a preview of own (German) history and the development of churches and religion. The Nejdek political district is set within a framework of regional history with regard to the historical context of the development of Czechoslovakia, or even of the world in some cases. The regional history presented here in the form of a probe from the perspective of great historical events and partly through micro-history aim to build on the broad source base and capture the impacts and effects of national policies on shaping of the Nejdek region and its inhabitants. In some ways, when possible of course, research methods are applied. Overall, the work is to fill the so-called white gaps in the regional historiography, since the books or studies published so far have been focusing only on partial, closely regionally defined topics and only comprehensive work, which the author of this paper attempts, could therefore...
Karel Engliš among the Elite of the First Republic
Hlaváč, Martin ; Čechurová, Jana (advisor) ; Jakubec, Ivan (referee) ; Kvaček, Robert (referee)
The main goal of my dissertation is to analyze the personality of Engliš, who was an important representative of the scientific and financial elites during the period of the First Republic. I will venture to explain the causes of his rise during the First Republic and aim to characterize his relations with other elites. The term "elite" refers not only to representatives of the political and financial life of the First Republic, but also to the important leaders of its scientific and cultural scenes. In my dissertation I want to address the relationships between the elite of the First Republic and Karel Engliš. Public opinion played an important role in the relations between Engliš and the elite of the First Republic, in particular as Engliš was presented in the media and how the public perceived him. His family was supportive of Karel Engliš but also caused him many problems. I have found the main material for my thesis in the archive of the National Museum (Archiv Národního muzea), the Literary Archive of the Museum of Czech Literature (Literární archiv Památníku národního písemnictví), the archive of Charles University (Archiv Univerzity Karlovy), the archive of Masaryk University in Brno (Archiv Masarykovy univerzity v Brně) and the archive of the National Bank of the Czech Republic (Archiv...
Socio-economic transformation of kicker societies and formation of football clubs in Prague cities and suburbs before The Great War
Kužel, Petr ; Čechurová, Jana (advisor) ; Kvaček, Robert (referee)
The most popular game all over the world has entered the territory of Bohemia already in the last decades of the 19th century, when especially in the cities and suburbs of Prague many Czech or German societies, engaged in new game from England called "football", was founded. Sudden and long lasting interruption of positive development of young sport by mobilization in the summer of 1914 and deep political and social changes after conflict isolated prewar events and made unique relict environment that creates the main sources for ideas of work. However chapters leaving sport performances aside and try to describe the period culminating after year 1900, when profesional player was born of student-enthusiast and when club loyalities based on nationality or social inclusion of spectator have been created. To achive a comprehensive view is also important to describe ideological orientation and economy of clubs, topography of Prague grounds or relationships between biggest clubs SK Slavia, AC Sparta, SK Viktoria Žižkov and DFC Prag, which was litmus paper of attitudes with German etnicity. Keywords Football, Prague, Czechs, Germans, Slavia, Sparta, The Great War
The Personality of Karel Kramar As Reflected in the First-republic Press in the Years 1918 - 1923
Hanzlík, Lubomír ; Čechurová, Jana (advisor) ; Kvaček, Robert (referee)
(in English): The aim of the bachelor thesis is to try to analyze the change in the media image of Karel Kramář during the first five years of the Czechoslovak Republic. The newspapers from that period were used as a reseach material with the main stress on the political parties press.
Journalist and politician Hubert Ripka
Pavlát, David ; Gebhart, Jan (advisor) ; Čechurová, Jana (referee) ; Kvaček, Robert (referee)
During the first republic, Hubert Ripka (1895-1958) was one of the most active democratic orientated journalists and closest colleagues of minister of foreign affairs and later president Edvard Beneš. His political and journalist beginnings are connected with national democratic group Mladá generace. What was crucial for Ripka's career was the split between left and right wings of Mladá generace in 1920, when he - after the victory of the right wing - withdrew. Antonín Pešl brought him to the Národní osvobození, which was associated with Československá obec legionářská and politics of Hrad. In the area of foreign policy he focused above all on monitoring political and cultural life in Jugoslavia, he became a secretary of Československo-jihoslovanská liga, member of Slovanský ústav, he contributed to the Jugoslavian periodicals and to the renovated Slovanský přehled. Ripka's most important lecture activity was associated with prestigious Klub Přítomnost. He worked in Lidové noviny since 1930, yet he still contributed to a lot of other periodicals. With growing threat of Pangermanism he concentrated on all kinds of support of Little Entente. He made informative foreign trips since 1932, from which he brought summary reports to E. Beneš. In 1934 he participated significantly in the programme of...
Socio-economic Transformation of Sport Societies and Formation of Football Clubs in Prague Cities and Suburbs before 1914
Kužel, Petr ; Čechurová, Jana (advisor) ; Kvaček, Robert (referee)
The most popular game all over the world has entered the territory of Bohemia already in the last decades of the 19th century, when especially in the cities and suburbs of Prague many Czech or German societies engaged in new game from England called "football" was founded. Sudden and long lasting interruption of positive development of young sport by mobilization in the summer of 1914 and deep political and social changes after conflict isolated prewar events and made quite unique relict environment that creates the main sources for ideas of work. However chapters leaving sport performances aside and try to describe the period culminating after year 1900, when profesional player was born of student-enthusiast and when club loyalities based on nationality or social inclusion of spectator have been created. To achive a comprehensive view is also important to describe ideological orientation and economy of clubs, topography of Prague grounds or relationships between biggest clubs - SK Slavia, AC Sparta, SK Viktoria Žižkov and Deutscher Fussball Club Prag, which was litmus paper of attitudes with German etnicity. Keywords Football, Prague, Czechs, Germans, SK Slavia, AC Sparta, DFC Prag, First Word War
History of sports organization Orel in Bohemia between 1909-1948
Vejvar, Stanislav ; Čechurová, Jana (advisor) ; Kvaček, Robert (referee) ; Šebek, Jaroslav (referee)
History of sports organization Orel in Bohemia between 1909 - 1948 In 1909, originated in Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia sports organization Orel (the Eagle). Unified associations, which for Catholics organized gymnastic activities. Her ancestors were St. Joseph's unity, the Catholic companions and Christian Social gymnastic unions. Czech members of Eagle had a model of the Slovenian Catholic Orel, which was founded in Slovenia on beginning of 20th century by a priest and politician Jan Evangelista Krek. Organization of Orel established in the times of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, in the times of Czechoslovak republic (1918 - 1938) greatly intensified throughout the country, in 1935 reached over 160,000 members. Lifelong mayor of Orel was Msgr. Jan Šrámek, a Catholic priest and politician. Orel ran physical education for men, women, youth and pupils in the Christian spirit. Exercises organized in local groups and two major rallies: international gymnastic festival in 1922 in Brno and St. Wenceslaus days of Orel in 1929 in Prague. Orel maintained contacts with foreign gymnastic and sports Christian societies, became a member of FICEP (Catholic International Gymnastics Federation). Organized tours for foreign rallies (f. e. to France, Yugoslavia and Poland). In times of danger of Czechoslovakia by Nazi...
Scouting in Havlíčkův Brod in the years 1919-1940
Kratochvílová, Alena ; Čechurová, Jana (advisor) ; Kvaček, Robert (referee)
This Bachelor thesis deals with the Scout Movement in Havlíčkův Brod since its founding in 1919 to the first Nazi prohibition in 1940. It mainly concentrates on the Scouts organized in Svaz junáků-skautů Republiky československé and their internal structure, it offers an analysis of the Scout troops and their meetings, camps and the membership, it also discusses the financial situation and the relationship with the Scouts in the surrounding towns. The second part focuses on the influence of the Scout troops on the public and it tries to answer the questions, how the Scout Movement was viewed by the society in Havlíčkův Brod and how the Scouts influenced it by their public activities, what sort of relation it had with other organizations and how it was reflected in the local press. In the final part, the work exceeds the specified topic and it considers the end of scouting and some Scouts continuing their work in illegality.
Working and influence of Karel Lamač in the film industry of the First Czechoslovak Republic
Jindra, Jan ; Michela, Miroslav (advisor) ; Kvaček, Robert (referee)
The submitted diploma thesis is engaged in working of the film industry in Czechoslovakia in period among two world wars, which is seen through the important actor, scriptwriter, director and film entrepreneur Karel Lamač. The issue is researched especially from the perspective of formation and activity of the film companies which were professional associated with the person of Lamač. It is followed up the family background which he came from, and the milieu where he worked the First World War. It further focuses on Lamač's first steps in the field of cinematography after 1918 and on his working at the time of the First Czechoslovak Republic. It is also reflected Lamač's activity as an inventor and a journalistic author, as well as related financial profit from the subsequent sale of patents or licences to the created movies. The thesis tries to clear up the mechanisms that led to exceptional position of this artist in the Czechoslovak film industry, with regard to his professional outreach to the international sphere. The study also devotes to Lamač's most significant projects and co-workers in the field of cinematography in order to refer the extent to which he contributed to the popularity of contemporary film-stars. The treatise of the most important life divides of creator after his final...

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