National Repository of Grey Literature 24 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Conceptual Art and a Problem of Aesthetic Value
Slabá, Eva ; Kubalík, Štěpán (advisor) ; Dadejík, Ondřej (referee)
Abstract
 The bachelor thesis Conceptual Art and a Problem of Aesthetic Value aims to analyze the problem of aesthetic value within one contemporary representative theory of conceptual art (text by Peter Goldie and Elisabeth Schellekens). In the visual arts the aesthetic value has traditionally been associated with the evaluation of the material object of the artwork; however, conceptual works reject the role of traditional media and replace them with the dematerialized ideas. In order for the conceptual works to remain in the domain of art, it is necessary to seek their aesthetic value elsewhere. In the first part of the thesis, after defining the basic features of conceptual art and its idea, the way of how Goldie and Schellekens replace traditional aesthetic qualities is presented. This is done on the basis of an analogy of literary works and conceptual works, through which they define a new category of experiental qualities. To set the distinction between literature and conceptual artworks Goldie and Schellekens identify the possibility of evaluation of the conceptual artwork on the basis of its description. But as it turns out, this distinction creates a problem of the relation between the idea and the value of the conceptual artwork. On the ground of this analogy, the text in the second step proceeds...
Problematic aspects of Kendall L. Walton's theory of mimesis
Bučan, Jindřich ; Kubalík, Štěpán (advisor) ; Kulka, Tomáš (referee)
This bachelor thesis aims to critically review the theory of artistic imitation of the American philosopher of art Kendall Walton, focusing in particular on the explanation of the nature of emotions in the experience of works of art and the difference between active and passive participation in the game of make-believe. Attention will also be paid to the similarity of Walton's description of the viewer's experience with the concept of "psychical distance" by British aesthetician Edward Bullough. In the centre of Walton's theory, is a concept of experience of works of art as "games of make-believe". In the proposed work, this concept will first be presented in the wider context of both Walton's own reflections on visual art works and the time of its origin. Subsequently, Walton's approach to the problem of emotions that the subject feels during the reception of a fictional work will be presented. The problematic places of his solution to the question of spectator's emotions will be pointed out and his explanation will be confronted with a considerably related solution, which is Bullough's theory of psychical distance. This confrontation should help to better identify the disputed thoughts of Walton's theory responsible for the dissatisfaction of his solution to the problem of emotions experienced by...
Psychical distance and the question of aesthetic relevance of lower senses
Osičková, Klaudie ; Kubalík, Štěpán (advisor) ; Dadejík, Ondřej (referee)
This bachelor thesis focuses on the aesthetic potential of lower senses. This topic has repeatedly become the cornerstone of the acceptance of the theories of aesthetic experience. This work will be viewed primarily by the prism of the concept of psychical distance introduced by Edward Bullough. Not only does Bullough devote himself to the problem of inferior senses in connection with the aesthetic experience, but to his reflections are returned and followed by many other authors dealing with this topic in the second half of the twentieth century (Arnold Berleant, Carolyn Korsmeyer, Allen Casebier or George Dickie). The work should present both the problem of the distinction between lower and higher senses, as well as the critique of the solution of this topic, based on the concept of psychical distance, in the light of (often rather critical) reception of this notion by Anglo-American aesthetic thinking of the second half of the twentieth century. Keywords lower senses * psychical distance * Edward Bullough * aesthetic experience
The Problem of Aesthetic Concepts in the 20th Century Analytic Aesthetics
Kubalík, Štěpán ; Kulka, Tomáš (advisor) ; Zátka, Vlastimil (referee) ; Ciporanov, Denis (referee)
Author: Štěpán Kubalík Supervisor: doc. Tomáš Kulka, Ph.D. Sibley's "Aesthetic Concepts" and Kendall L. Walton's "Categories of Art". Sibley's
Frank Sibley and the issue of supervenience of aesthetic properties
Horáček, Jakub ; Kubalík, Štěpán (advisor) ; Kulka, Tomáš (referee)
In this thesis, I focus on the aesthetic theory of British philosopher Frank Sibley and the connection between his theory and the theories of aesthetic supervenience (the thesis of dependency of aesthetic properties on the non-aesthetic ones). Sibley's work in the tradition of analytical aesthetic is considered to be an inspiration for the theory of aesthetic supervenience. Interpreting Sibley in this way, he would be a philosopher who was asking a question about an ontological dependency between aesthetic and nonaesthetic properties. The purpose of this work is to offer an alternative and more accurate interpretation of Silbey's ideas. This work will assert that Sibley's primary interest lied in discriminating aesthetic properties, not in their ontological dependency and that his answers to this question are in clear contradiction with the premises of supervenience. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
Paul Ricoeur's metaphor theory in the context of his polemic with structuralism
Waloschek, Jonáš ; Kubalík, Štěpán (advisor) ; Ševčík, Miloš (referee)
The bachelor thesis will be devoted to the reflection of the French philosopher Paul Ricoeur on the issue of the limits of the structuralist approach to language and literature. I pay attention to some central conceptual pairs, which are based on the conception of the Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure. Ricoeur reviews these bases and points to the limitation of the method thus defined. Contrary to the structuralist approach, Ricoeur's hermeneutical reflections are inspired by a view that answers the issues of discourse, meaning and interpretation, that is to say, issues neglected by structuralism. Attention will be paid to Ricoeur's key distinction between the semantic and semiotic approach that Ricoeur wants to see as complementary, not mutually exclusive. Reflections on the relationship between language as a system and the speech will eventually lead to the theory of metaphor as the extreme case of discourse involved in the development of the language system.
Semiotic nature of art in aesthetic theories of Jan Mukařovský and Nelson Goodman
Rabiňák, Václav ; Kubalík, Štěpán (advisor) ; Kulka, Tomáš (referee)
The aim of the bachelor thesis entitled "Semiotic nature of Art in aesthetic theories of Jan Mukařovský and Nelson Goodman" is to present and then compare two systematic conceptions of the artwork as a sign. Despite the association with the different thought traditions of the mentioned authors, a key similarity is found in the closer characterization of work of art as a sign (symbol) that is symptomatically non-transparent. The bachelor thesis is focusing mainly on the identification and subsequent analysis of the reasons leading to such concept of artistic signs (symbols). For this purpose, the thesis also presents wider theoretical assumptions of the aesthetic theories of Jan Mukařovský and Nelson Goodman, in which the conception of the artwork is situated. One of these assumptions is the belief that symbolisation is dependent on social practice that takes the form of (semantic) rules.
Aesthetic aspects of photography : Photographic style as a problem for R. Scruton's theory
Chytilová, Anna ; Kulka, Tomáš (advisor) ; Kubalík, Štěpán (referee)
Present BA thesis aims to discuss aesthetic aspects of photography, especially in relation to Roger Scruoton's sceptical theory of photography from his article Photography and Representation in which he calls into question artistic capabilities of this medium. His overall stance holds that photography is not capable of artistic representation as other art media. His opinion is based predominantly on the causality and mechanical character of photography and first part of the thesis will consist of interpretation of his view. The objective of further study is to bring his views into critical light, and then to present some arguments to argue for possibility of individual photographic style, which is doubted in Scroton's theory. Study aims show forth basic aeshetic aspects of photography in its own terms as a specific representational medium and then discuss photographic style on this basis. Argumentation on style will be supported also by particular examples of photographic artworks that show aspects of individual style and by relevant theories, namely N. Goodman's article Status of Style from his work Ways of Worldmaking.
Aesthetic distance
Kadlčíková, Radka ; Kubalík, Štěpán (advisor) ; Dadejík, Ondřej (referee)
This work will persue with the concept of psychical distance introduced into the aesthetic theory by Edward Bullough. Psychical distance is a state in which the current "me" is separated from its affects.Psychical distance will be explained by concrete examples of the aesthetic experience. The concept of psychical distance will be applied to both - to art as well as to the common experience. Through the distance we will explain the difference between the pleasant and the beautiful. We will also deal with the role of the lower senses in aesthetic theory. The term psychical distance has been criticized by several authors.The work will also introduce some criticisms with the aim to refute or to prove their relevance for Edward Bullougha's psychical distance concept.
Metaphor as a semantic innovation
Jiráková, Kristýna ; Kubalík, Štěpán (advisor) ; Dadejík, Ondřej (referee)
The main subject of this thesis is to show metaphor as a creative and meaning- constructive use of language. This topic was primarily discussed among the philosophers of language and estheticiants linked to analytic tradition of philosophy during the second half of the 20th century. This thesis aims to show that traditional understanding of metaphor as a pure rhetoric figure (stylistic language ornament) is insufficient and, on the contrary, to introduce metaphor as a cognitive mean that on the ground of semantic innovations brings new insights and meanings. This work will follow this twist in understanding a metaphor within the debate described above and try to reconstruct elementary positions that has crystallized from this, as well as to point out the recurrent advantages and disadvatages tied up to this particular sort of issue. Key role will be represented by the analysis of meaning constitution which will be introduced as crucial for semantic theories of metaphor. Another of central terms that this work will also present, is a problem of similarity, that comes from the criticized understanding of metaphor as a mere language ornament.

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