National Repository of Grey Literature 22 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Psychical distance and the question of aesthetic relevance of lower senses
Osičková, Klaudie ; Kubalík, Štěpán (advisor) ; Dadejík, Ondřej (referee)
This bachelor thesis focuses on the aesthetic potential of lower senses. This topic has repeatedly become the cornerstone of the acceptance of the theories of aesthetic experience. This work will be viewed primarily by the prism of the concept of psychical distance introduced by Edward Bullough. Not only does Bullough devote himself to the problem of inferior senses in connection with the aesthetic experience, but to his reflections are returned and followed by many other authors dealing with this topic in the second half of the twentieth century (Arnold Berleant, Carolyn Korsmeyer, Allen Casebier or George Dickie). The work should present both the problem of the distinction between lower and higher senses, as well as the critique of the solution of this topic, based on the concept of psychical distance, in the light of (often rather critical) reception of this notion by Anglo-American aesthetic thinking of the second half of the twentieth century. Keywords lower senses * psychical distance * Edward Bullough * aesthetic experience
The Problem of Aesthetic Concepts in the 20th Century Analytic Aesthetics
Kubalík, Štěpán ; Kulka, Tomáš (advisor) ; Zátka, Vlastimil (referee) ; Ciporanov, Denis (referee)
Author: Štěpán Kubalík Supervisor: doc. Tomáš Kulka, Ph.D. Sibley's "Aesthetic Concepts" and Kendall L. Walton's "Categories of Art". Sibley's
Frank Sibley and the issue of supervenience of aesthetic properties
Horáček, Jakub ; Kubalík, Štěpán (advisor) ; Kulka, Tomáš (referee)
In this thesis, I focus on the aesthetic theory of British philosopher Frank Sibley and the connection between his theory and the theories of aesthetic supervenience (the thesis of dependency of aesthetic properties on the non-aesthetic ones). Sibley's work in the tradition of analytical aesthetic is considered to be an inspiration for the theory of aesthetic supervenience. Interpreting Sibley in this way, he would be a philosopher who was asking a question about an ontological dependency between aesthetic and nonaesthetic properties. The purpose of this work is to offer an alternative and more accurate interpretation of Silbey's ideas. This work will assert that Sibley's primary interest lied in discriminating aesthetic properties, not in their ontological dependency and that his answers to this question are in clear contradiction with the premises of supervenience. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
Paul Ricoeur's metaphor theory in the context of his polemic with structuralism
Waloschek, Jonáš ; Kubalík, Štěpán (advisor) ; Ševčík, Miloš (referee)
The bachelor thesis will be devoted to the reflection of the French philosopher Paul Ricoeur on the issue of the limits of the structuralist approach to language and literature. I pay attention to some central conceptual pairs, which are based on the conception of the Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure. Ricoeur reviews these bases and points to the limitation of the method thus defined. Contrary to the structuralist approach, Ricoeur's hermeneutical reflections are inspired by a view that answers the issues of discourse, meaning and interpretation, that is to say, issues neglected by structuralism. Attention will be paid to Ricoeur's key distinction between the semantic and semiotic approach that Ricoeur wants to see as complementary, not mutually exclusive. Reflections on the relationship between language as a system and the speech will eventually lead to the theory of metaphor as the extreme case of discourse involved in the development of the language system.
Semiotic nature of art in aesthetic theories of Jan Mukařovský and Nelson Goodman
Rabiňák, Václav ; Kubalík, Štěpán (advisor) ; Kulka, Tomáš (referee)
The aim of the bachelor thesis entitled "Semiotic nature of Art in aesthetic theories of Jan Mukařovský and Nelson Goodman" is to present and then compare two systematic conceptions of the artwork as a sign. Despite the association with the different thought traditions of the mentioned authors, a key similarity is found in the closer characterization of work of art as a sign (symbol) that is symptomatically non-transparent. The bachelor thesis is focusing mainly on the identification and subsequent analysis of the reasons leading to such concept of artistic signs (symbols). For this purpose, the thesis also presents wider theoretical assumptions of the aesthetic theories of Jan Mukařovský and Nelson Goodman, in which the conception of the artwork is situated. One of these assumptions is the belief that symbolisation is dependent on social practice that takes the form of (semantic) rules.
Aesthetic aspects of photography : Photographic style as a problem for R. Scruton's theory
Chytilová, Anna ; Kulka, Tomáš (advisor) ; Kubalík, Štěpán (referee)
Present BA thesis aims to discuss aesthetic aspects of photography, especially in relation to Roger Scruoton's sceptical theory of photography from his article Photography and Representation in which he calls into question artistic capabilities of this medium. His overall stance holds that photography is not capable of artistic representation as other art media. His opinion is based predominantly on the causality and mechanical character of photography and first part of the thesis will consist of interpretation of his view. The objective of further study is to bring his views into critical light, and then to present some arguments to argue for possibility of individual photographic style, which is doubted in Scroton's theory. Study aims show forth basic aeshetic aspects of photography in its own terms as a specific representational medium and then discuss photographic style on this basis. Argumentation on style will be supported also by particular examples of photographic artworks that show aspects of individual style and by relevant theories, namely N. Goodman's article Status of Style from his work Ways of Worldmaking.
Aesthetic distance
Kadlčíková, Radka ; Kubalík, Štěpán (advisor) ; Dadejík, Ondřej (referee)
This work will persue with the concept of psychical distance introduced into the aesthetic theory by Edward Bullough. Psychical distance is a state in which the current "me" is separated from its affects.Psychical distance will be explained by concrete examples of the aesthetic experience. The concept of psychical distance will be applied to both - to art as well as to the common experience. Through the distance we will explain the difference between the pleasant and the beautiful. We will also deal with the role of the lower senses in aesthetic theory. The term psychical distance has been criticized by several authors.The work will also introduce some criticisms with the aim to refute or to prove their relevance for Edward Bullougha's psychical distance concept.
Metaphor as a semantic innovation
Jiráková, Kristýna ; Kubalík, Štěpán (advisor) ; Dadejík, Ondřej (referee)
The main subject of this thesis is to show metaphor as a creative and meaning- constructive use of language. This topic was primarily discussed among the philosophers of language and estheticiants linked to analytic tradition of philosophy during the second half of the 20th century. This thesis aims to show that traditional understanding of metaphor as a pure rhetoric figure (stylistic language ornament) is insufficient and, on the contrary, to introduce metaphor as a cognitive mean that on the ground of semantic innovations brings new insights and meanings. This work will follow this twist in understanding a metaphor within the debate described above and try to reconstruct elementary positions that has crystallized from this, as well as to point out the recurrent advantages and disadvatages tied up to this particular sort of issue. Key role will be represented by the analysis of meaning constitution which will be introduced as crucial for semantic theories of metaphor. Another of central terms that this work will also present, is a problem of similarity, that comes from the criticized understanding of metaphor as a mere language ornament.
Conceptualism as an aesthetic problem
Ohrádková, Veronika ; Kubalík, Štěpán (advisor) ; Kulka, Tomáš (referee)
The aim of the bachelor's thesis is to present questions raised by the emergence of conceptual art in the wider field of fine arts. Conceptual art, where the idea is considered the most important aspect of a work, signifies a radical departure from traditional fine arts. My goal is to analyze the influence of its dematerialized form on its aesthetical value and position in fine arts. In the first part of work, I describe its characteristic properties, focusing on researching its un- aesthetical nature, the low priority of material form and its philosophical character. The main sources are texts produced by anglo-american aesthets, published in Philosophy and Conceptual Art, edited by Peter Goldie and Elisabeth Schellekens. The second part is concerned with the problem of defining and evaluating conceptual art. I introduce the debate between institutional and functional definitions of art, which are both theories that could explain the artistic essence of conceptual art. Keywords conceptual art, institutional theory, functionalism, the problem of value, dematerialisation, anglo-american aesthetics, art as an idea
The myth of the literary
Matysová, Daniela ; Kubalík, Štěpán (advisor) ; Kaplický, Martin (referee)
This diploma thesis is concerned with possible connection between literary theory of Wolfgang Iser and analytic philosophy of language. First of all I introduce analytic linguistic turn in general but the main part of thesis is dedicated to two opposite conceptions of language and interpretaton within the latter period of analytical movement. I want to explore Michael Dummett's and Donald Davidson's dispute over the role of conventions and questions about their indispensability in linguistic communication.Whereas their own opinions converge in view of the fact that influence of society on human thought is radically irreducible, there is great difference between their beliefs in the necessity of conception of rules inherent in social linguistic practice. My aim is to vindicate Davidson's theory of interpretation against Dummett's objections and then continue to discussing Iser's own theory of reading. Particularly I try to demonstrate that Iser's concept of literariness is based on Dummett's philosophical assumptions. In closing the main interest will be to reconsider if Iser's explanation of difference between literature and ordinary speech or document stands up to Davidson's challenge of Iser's entire treatment of linguistic practice. And, namely, if Davidson' philosophy of language can provide an...

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