National Repository of Grey Literature 102 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The political dimension of social exclusion of elderly people as a result of the digital divide
Chmelíková, Tereza ; Kotrusová, Miriam (advisor) ; Potůček, Martin (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the phenomenon of the digital divide and its influence on the quality of life of seniors. The digital divide - a product of the modern information society - is one of the major factors influencing the social exclusion of elderly people. The theoretical part of theses introduces the concept of active aging as a way of successful solving problems associated with the population ageing, as well as a prevention of the exclusion of seniors from both society and participation in public affairs. The author mainly focuses on the issue of how are seniors in the Czech Republic at risk of exclusion as a result of digital exclusion. In the practical part, the present level of digital literacy of Czech seniors is explored. Following qualitative research - semi-structured interviews with experts - aims to find out whether the digital divide represents a social problem for the elderly people in the Czech Republic that contributes to their inequal position among the society, or even causes their exclusion from the participation in governance, and consequently, reduces the quality of their lives.
Solution of unemployment of young people through closer connestion of their vocational training with labor market requirements
Steindlberger, Martin ; Kotrusová, Miriam (advisor) ; Hiekischová, Michaela (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the relationship between the vocational training of young people and the requirements of the labour market. The thesis is focused on secondary vocational education. The problem, that has been examined, is the lack of readiness of school graduates, to move to the free labour market. In order to improve this, it is necessary to try to reconcile the content and outputs of vocational training with the needs of the labour market. If graduates are poorly prepared for employers' needs, these graduates may become unemployed. The problem is getting worse with the longer duration of unemployment. The aim of this diploma thesis is to find out and describe who participates in vocational training and how their mutual cooperation is implemented. In the thesis the author will try to find out the strengths and weaknesses of this cooperation. He will also try to find out in what kind of way the training of young people to the needs of the labour market is adapted. The thesis is a case study focused on the South Bohemian Region, which is briefly presented by selected indicators characteristic of the selected region. To obtain the necessary data, there are used figures and statistics from the former researches, as well as information from selected participants involved in the solution...
Transformation and Deinstitutionalization in Substitutional Child Care System in the Czech Republic
Potužníková, Michaela ; Kotrusová, Miriam (advisor) ; Klusáček, Jan (referee)
Substitutional child care is an indispensable part of system of social and legal protection of children. Until 1989, institutional care was preferred, while after the fall of communist government it had been gradually replaced by substitutional family care, because of the inappropriateness of institutional care to fully compensate for family environment. Deinstitutionalization means transforming the system of placing children to alternative care and it is understood as transition from institutional care to types of substitutional family care, eventually to more individual type of care with more family character. An amendment to the Social and Legal Children Protection Act, which aimed at transforming the system of substitutional care towards more individual work with endangered children, came into force in 2013. The amendment restored the institute of temporary foster care and modified the institute of long-term foster care. Moreover it set up system rules for the work of social and legal children protection authorities, it focused on prevention concerning endangered children etc. The goal of the thesis is to evaluate changes in the area of deinstitutionalization of substitutional child care in the Czech Republic after the amendment to the Social and Legal Children Protection Act from 2013, especially...
Support for employment as a part of regional policy in the Czech Republic
Pocová, Zuzana ; Kotrusová, Miriam (advisor) ; Hiekischová, Michaela (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the issue of insufficient support of employment at regional level. The main research objective of the thesis is to explain how a policy aimed at supporting employment within the framework of regional policy in the Czech Republic is implemented on the example of the Central Bohemia Region. In particular, the thesis focuses on public policy tools that are used to support employment at regional level. In addition, to identify the main actors and their beliefs in the field of employment support at the regional level, because on the one hand is conviction that the employment policy is a matter for the state and the Labor Office of the Czech Republic. On the other hand, however, there is a belief that support for the employment of the population should be part of other policies and should be the result of cooperation between different actors. As part of the actors' analysis and beliefs, the Advocacy Coalition Framework and Actor-network theory is used. The thesis is based on both the primary data from the professional interviews and the secondary data from professional publications and legislative documents. The analysis is based on a thematic analysis of expert interviews and the analysis of the content of secondary documents.
Integration of Ukrainian migrants in the Czech Republic
Burdukovskii, Nikita ; Dobiášová, Karolína (advisor) ; Kotrusová, Miriam (referee)
This diploma thesis focuses on the integration of Ukrainian migrants in the Czech Republic. In connection with the increasing emigration potential of the Republic of Ukraine due to the ongoing civil war, the thesis will be an analysis of the Czech Republic's current integration policy towards foreigners from third countries with an emphasis on migrants from Ukraine. Significant changes in integration policies started after the accession of the Czech Republic to the EU, contextual documents and other public policy measures aimed at systematizing the integration of migrants from third countries. Thus, the aim will be to analyze publicly-relevant documents, which outline the essence and determinants of the Czech Republic's integration policy towards migrants from third countries. The Czech Republic responds sensitively to migratory trends, but more emphasis put on current immigration from Ukraine. Therefore, another goal will be to unveil the integration policy exclusively towards the Ukrainians in the Czech Republic. Finally, the ultimate goal is to understand on the basis of the interviews, what barriers the Ukrainians have in the Czech Republic for integrating into the host society. The life course theory helps to identify what trajectories they choose to integrate in their individual dimensions.
Attitudes of the Czech Political Parties with Respect to Public Job
Šlechtová, Markéta ; Kotrusová, Miriam (advisor) ; Novotný, Vilém (referee)
1 Due to the high public expenses connected with the classic welfare and other reasons, the European countries including the Czech Republic adopted certain measures falling within the workfare concept. One of them is the public service, which is construed as a help activity in favour of a municipality consisting in publicly beneficial services. The public service rule was enacted into Czech law in 2008 and has undergone several changes since that time. These changes resulted in the current legislation which became effective on 1 February 2017. According to the Advocacy Coalition Framework, it is possible within a policy subsystem to identify certain beliefs of the policy actors and their advocacy coalitions. This bachelor thesis aims to identify the beliefs of the political parties within the policy subsystem of public service in the Czech Republic with the focus on the policy core beliefs and to determine their advocacy coalitions in this subsystem.
The Relationship Between the System of Social Policy and Intergenerational Solidarity Towards Single Mothers in the Czech Republic
Popovská, Linda ; Kotrusová, Miriam (advisor) ; Hejzlarová, Eva (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with the relationship between the system of social policy and intergenerational solidarity towards single mothers in the Czech Republic. The purpose of the study is the topic of formation and evolution of single parenting in the Czech Republic and the importance of intergenerational solidarity, the phenomenon of single parenting as such and its connection with the system of social policy. The thesis has a theoretical basis in familialism and the theory of intergenerational solidarity. The primary aim was to chart the relationship between social policy and intergenerational solidarity towards single mothers, the secondary aim was to place the Czech Republic in one of the familialism types. All aims were divided into sub-aims, namely the explanation of the importance of intergenerational solidarity towards single mothers and the revelation of the importance of the social protection system for single mothers. The research was carried out qualitatively in the form of semi-structured interviews with respondents who were all single mothers, there was a research based on document analysis and study of literature. The work concludes that the relationship between intergenerational solidarity and social policy related to single mothers exists, is dual and both sectors complement...
Elderly activization through social services system
Křivánková, Olga ; Kotrusová, Miriam (advisor) ; Kravciv Janečková, Marcela (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with the activization of seniors in the system of social services. It focuses on issues in providing of activization services from the point of view of their providers. The key aim of the work is to discover and identify the main problems or weaknesses with strengths, opportunities and threats in the providing of social activization services for the elderly on the example of the Ústí Region. This issue is examined, in the work, on the basis of research interviews with providers of activization services for the elderly, further interviews with two experts at local and regional level. These data are compared and linked to data from relevant public policy documents dedicated to the area of the region and also to documents devoted generally to this issue at national level. This work is based on the theoretical and value points, namely the quality of life, active ageing, public policy cycle with a focus on the evaluation phase and ways of activization of seniors. Results from the Ústí Region clearly summarizes the SWOT analysis, which means that it finds not only gaps in providing of social activization services for the elderly but found strengths in providing of these services stand in contrast, too. Problems in provision are found primarily in the lack of interest of seniors...

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