National Repository of Grey Literature 60 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Expressions of the traditional World-view of Mongolians, as reflected in the Spoken Language (with an Emphasis on Crisis-situation Topics)
Obrátilová, Eva ; Oberfalzerová, Alena (advisor) ; Švarcová, Zdeňka (referee) ; Vrhel, František (referee)
Dissertation thesis Eva Obrátilová Expressions of the traditional world-view of Mongolians, as reflected in the spoken language (with an emphasis on crisis-situation Topics) Abstract The aim of this work is to describe some of the traditional world-view of the speakers of Mongolian. Based on my research, I have placed research emphasis on the connection between culturally specific phenomena and language, the influence between the world-view and linguistic expressions connected with the nomadic way of life of the Mongolians. The material is classified and explicated from an ethnolinguistic and sociolinguistic point of view, with a strong emphasis on the ethnography of communication and intercultural communication. Based on the analysis of communication situations, this dissertation describes some of the manifestations of world-view, taboo, values as well as the traditional world-view of the Mongolian speakers. Keywords: ethnolinguistics, sociolinguistics, ethnography of communication, intercultural communication, Mongolian studies
Characteristics of Ibuse Masuji's literary work "Honjitsu Kyúshin". Cohesion masterpiece
Šimůnek, Petr ; Švarcová, Zdeňka (advisor) ; Tirala, Martin (referee) ; Barešová, Ivona (referee)
The detailed analysis of the novella "Honjitsu Kyúshin" ("No Consultations Today") showed some of the significant aspects of cohesion in composition techniques used by the author Ibuse Masuji. The novella as a whole as well as its parts (stories) can be classified as perfectly coherent with a clear depiction of the characters and story lines. This cohesion masterpiece includes the following types of cohesion. Firstly, grammatical cohesion - the most important is the pronominal reference. This kind of reference uses pronouns and pronominal expressions to organize the inter-sentential relations and participates in the co-refferential chains, usually in the shorter ones. The cohesive conjunction plays less important role in the intra-sentential structure of some parts of the novella. The morphological contiguity is used sometimes to serve the purpose of compactness of specific texts. Secondly, lexical cohesion - this kind of cohesion is very important and its analysis gives us deeper insight into author's composition techniques. The most frequent type in this novella is the cohesive substitution with incredible variety of expressions used to retain the identity of certain character or entity in the story. By means of continual substitutions the author can form co-refferential chains that easily go through each...
Search for the Hero - The Izanagi Myth Theme as a Key to the Interpretation of Protagonists in Haruki Murakami's Novels
Jurkovič, Tomáš ; Švarcová, Zdeňka (advisor) ; Pokorný, Martin (referee) ; Rumánek, Ivan (referee)
This thesis deals with a motive, very frequent in the novels of Haruki Murakami: a male protagonist trying to save his spouse, who has disappeared in a "different world". This can be of course interpreted as an orphic myth variation. However, the version used by Murakami resembles the story of Izanagi and Izanami deities in the Kojiki, ancient Japanese chronicle, more than the Greek orphic myth. Therefore, the motive is treated like a specific "Izanagi myth" variation here in the thesis, and the examination of its function is focused on the novels, the most important segment of Murakami's work. Murakami intentionally uses a very complicated form of narration in the novels. Therefore, to examine the exact function of Izanagi myth motive in the novel stories, a method of abstraction of these stories from their narrative discourses is used, based on the theories of Seymour Chatman. According to these theories, stories are strictly chronological sequences of events, while narrative discourses are more specific forms of these sequences, processed by the narrators. To abstract "exact" stories from Murakami's novels' specific discourses, we concentrate on all time-related data in their texts and use them to reconstruct the minute chronological orders of events - the stories of the novels. After that, we...
The drama "Yoshitsune and the thousand cherry trees." Minamoto No Yoshitsune as a martial strategist, courtier and literary myth.
Ryndová, Jana ; Švarcová, Zdeňka (advisor) ; Rumánek, Ivan (referee) ; Hýbl, Ondřej (referee)
In her doctoral thesis the author would like to present the play Yoshitsune and the Thousand Cherry trees (Yoshitsune senbonzakura) as a unique piece of Japanese drama which has a great complexity and an outstanding place within the corpus of Japanese literature. Even if the play can be compared to Chushingura mono in its importance, Yoshitsune senbonzakura has not been widely translated to western languages. There are two exceptions, however: the English translation (Jones, Jr. 1993) and the German translation (Klopfenstein 1982). While comparing the two translations and using the most full original texts available (as preserved in Takeda Izumo and Namiki Sosuke Joruri Collection and Yuda Yoshio's Bunraku Joruri Collection), the author's goal is to present the play to Czech readers and its interpretation to Czech scholars. As for the flow and structure of the interpretation of Yoshitsune senbonzakura the author begins with an analysis of the historical background of the legend of Minamoto Yoshitsune, capturing the life of Yoshitsune from the time of Heiji rebellion (1159) when he was born to his death in 1189. Next the author concentrates on the legend itself as it evolved within the course of Japanese literature. With a shift from the court literature of Heian period towards the battlefield...
Forms of Expressing Dativ in Czech and Japanese
Jandejsková, Viola ; Švarcová, Zdeňka (advisor) ; Tirala, Martin (referee)
This thesis disserts on problem of translation of dative relations in Karel Čapek's "Tales from two pockets" into Japanese. Goal of the thesis is to identify and describe means of expression of dative in Japanese translation and figure out if there are any differences in interpretaion and expressing dative in Czech and Japanese and what they are. Using method of excerption of example sentences and comparation of original with translated version, I organised the example sentences into six categories according to linguistic means of expressing equivalent of Czech dative used in Japanese translation. In these six categories, there are included both grammatical and semanthic expressions and idioms and phrases. The result is the detection of the main difference in degree of necessity to express a dative subject explicitly. There is a strong tendency of Japanese to implicit expression of dativ subject by means of special expressions of personal orientation, semanthics of predicate or context.
Postwar Japanese literature and historical transition durin the years 1945 - 1960
Weber, Michael ; Švarcová, Zdeňka (advisor) ; Nymburská, Dita (referee) ; Tirala, Martin (referee)
The thesis presents an assumption that literature is inspired by reality (besides other factors), and that specific literary worlds may, to a certain extent, reflect the actual state of society. Historical events around the end of WWII and the consequent rapid social changes in Japan during late 1940s and 1950s had an indisputable impact on literary production at the time. The aim of this thesis is to affirm this assumption through an analysis of selected short stories and novels from the time concerned. The analysis focuses on remarks and on references about the period of time when the prose was written, and also on behavioral and attitude changes of its characters - prototypes of the Japanese society. The direct impact of historical and social transition on literary work may also be traced in the works' themes, motifs and narrative. We can thus, in many cases, follow the development of the Japanese postwar society from 1945 until the late 1950s, when the country started to prosper economically. The selection of the analysed pieces of literature includes two novels which did not only describe the time of their origination, but also had reverse effect on society. The impact hypothesis is thus confirmed and, what is more, we can see a mutual influence exercised by both, the society and art: The...
The Development of the Form -m.u to Forms -ó/ -jó and daró as an Example of Grammaticalization and Subjectification
Kanasugi, Petra ; Švarcová, Zdeňka (advisor) ; Fiala, Karel (referee) ; Barešová, Ivona (referee)
The thesis is a continuation of studies of Japanese modality, however its theme is not defined based on a particular kind of modality as is commonly done in synchronic studies but based on completely or to a degree shared common origin of the studied forms. Usage and properties of Early Middle Japanese -m.u are compared with usage and properties of Modern Japanese {-ō /-jō} a darō, schematic meanings of respective forms are suggested and grammaticalization and subjectification shifts which have taken place during approximately one thousand years of development are mapped. The results of the analysis show that subjectification has taken place and that the main impuls leading to the subjectification changes was grammaticalization of suffix -m.u to ending {-ō /-jō} respectively to particle (in Narrog (1998) terms) darō, which lead to split of one schematic meanings "inclination" in general control cycle (Langacker 2002, 2009) to two separate schematic meanings "inclination" in factual respectively epistemic control cycle. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
Change and continuity in a Japanese rite of passage: the case of Shichigosan
Torsello Pappova, Melinda ; Sýkora, Jan (advisor) ; Švarcová, Zdeňka (referee) ; Hendry, Rosemary Joy (referee)
Keywords: ritual, rite of passage, social change, consumer culture, media This thesis deals with a ritual observed today in a panorama of extremely dense consumer culture in the highly industrialized society of Japan. The ritual in exam is known under the name of Shichigosan (translated into English as Seven-Five-Three) and it is observed by children of three, five and seven years of age. The ritual has its predecessors in various rural ritual observances that were associated to certain ages seen as threshold in the child's life. The consolidation of the urban pattern of the ritual went along with the transformation and urbanization during the Tokugawa shogunate from the 17th century onwards. The thesis describes the historical development of Shichigosan during which it has proved capable of adaptation to changing social and economic conditions without losing those elements that render it recognizable as a ritual mode of expression. The ritual in exam unfolds as a shared platform of meaning where basic social values, views on children and family life, and also individual perceptions emerge, are expressed and shaped at the same time. The main scope of the thesis is to interpret not only the reasons of the popularity of this observance, but more importantly, how its meaning in the modern Japanese...
Keigo - Language Means in Japanese Expressing Politeness, Courtesy and Respect
Kotek, Filip ; Švarcová, Zdeňka (advisor) ; Kanasugi, Petra (referee)
This thesis focuses on category of honorific expressions keigo, which consists of language means expressing politeness, courtesy and respect. It deals with classification methods of honorifics and puts emphasis on current system. All relevant subcategories are also introduced. The main part of the thesis consists of the description of the categories themselves. From the perspective of pragmalinguistics, the light is shed on usage rules concerning these categories and it concentrates especially on formal description of morphological and lexical means functioning when different levels of politeness is are being used. Key words: japanese language, linguistics, keigo, politeness, courtesy, respect
The Theme of Tōkaidō in Premodern Japanese Literature
Tamaki, Šimon ; Tirala, Martin (advisor) ; Švarcová, Zdeňka (referee)
This thesis deals with the subject of the Tōkaidō Road in premodern Japanese literature. Tōkaidō meishoki by Asai Ryōi, which was published in six volumes in 1661, has been chosen for a closer analysis as the earliest Edo Period literary work representing this theme. The novel structure is analysed against the background of contemporary production of kanazōshi books and the genre meishoki. The work presents also a basic overview of life and work of the travelogue's author, the Buddhist philosopher Asai Ryōi, who is regarded as the first popular fiction writer of the Edo period. The thesis outlines the development of the theme of Tokaidó in classical literature and scrutinizes its further progress in premodern literature of the Edo period. It follows up also its usage in Japanese drama, as well as in visual arts. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)

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