National Repository of Grey Literature 4 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Body fluid exosomes as potential carriers of Huntington’s disease biomarkers
Kupcová Skalníková, Helena ; Červenka, Jakub ; Bohuslavová, Božena ; Turnovcová, Karolína ; Vodička, Petr
Huntington’s disease (HD) is a hereditary neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a progressive motor, behavioural, and cognitive decline, ending in death. The cause of HD is an abnormal expansion of CAG repeats in HTT gene resulting in prolonged polyglutamine (polyQ) sequence in huntingtin protein (HTT). Huntingtin is a large protein (348 kDa) expressed ubiquitously through the body, with highest expression in the brain and testes. To study HD pathophysiology and to test experimental therapies, a transgenic HD minipig (TgHD) model expressing N-terminal part (N548-124Q) of human mutated huntingtin (mHTT) under the control of human huntingtin promoter was created in Libechov. Beside the mild neurological impairment, the TgHD boars show decreased fertility after 13th month of age.
Endoplasmic reticulum stress
Červenka, Jakub ; Schierová, Michaela (advisor) ; Horníková, Lenka (referee)
The accumulation of unfolded or misfolded proteins in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) leads to ER stress and the activation of unfolded protein response (UPR). Recent studies show that ER stress or UPR are associated with many diseases such as diabetes, hepatitis type C, prion disease, different kinds of tumors or Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and Huntington's disease and also with physiological processes like cell differentiation. When UPR is activated in yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Ire1 protein oligomerizes, transautophosphorylates and activates itself. After this, Ire1 cleaves HAC1 mRNA to remove an intron. The spliced form of HAC1 mRNA is translated into the Hac1 transcription factor, which induces transcription of genes for chaperones of lumen ER, proteins involved in ERAD, synthesis of lipids etc. The cell uses this to reestablish homeostasis in ER. In mammals, the UPR is more complex and except Ire1 dependent pathway, it comprises Perk and Atf6 pathways, which are missing in yeast. Nevertheless, Perk is activated and regulated by the similar mechanism as Ire1 in S. cerevisiae. In consideration of broad spectrum of methods for genetic manipulation, rapid growth and well annotated genome, the yeast S. cerevisiae is a useful model for study of general mechanisms of UPR in mammals.
The effect of Vps34p in yeast colony
Červenka, Jakub ; Schierová, Michaela (advisor) ; Převorovský, Martin (referee)
The phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) signalling pathway is evolutionarily conserved in all eukaryotes and its main function is the regulation of autophagy and protein sorting to the vacuole/lysosome. In the pathogenic yeast species Candida albicans and Cryptococcus neoformans the PI3K signalling pathway is required for virulence. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae the PI3K signalling pathway consists of two proteins - phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase, Vps34p and its regulator Vps15p. In this diploma thesis I analyse the role of the PI3K signalling pathway in the growth and development of colonies of natural and laboratory strains. I proved that VPS34 or VPS15 deletion in haploid laboratory strains has a significant influence on colony size and invasive growth (in strain ΣSh vps15Δ). Deletion of VPS34 or VPS15 also increases sensitivity of cells to oxidative stress and detergents. Attempts to delete VPS34 in natural strains were unsuccesful, probably because VPS34 is essential in these strains. Constitutive expression of VPS34 does not affect cell resistance in inhibitory tests, the size and differentiation of colonies or ammonia signalling but differences are notable in giant colony morphology and in patterns of invasiveness of the medium. Tagging of the C-terminal of Vps34p with GFP affects...

See also: similar author names
1 Červenka, J.
687 Červenka, Jan
5 Červenka, Jaroslav
3 Červenka, Jiří
1 Červenka, Josef
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