Název: In-situ compression test of artificial bone foams in controlled environment using X-Ray micro-computed tomography
Autoři: Glinz, J. ; Kytýř, Daniel ; Fíla, Tomáš ; Šleichrt, Jan ; Schrempf, A. ; Fürst, D. ; Kastner, J. ; Senck, S.
Typ dokumentu: Příspěvky z konference
Konference/Akce: Youth Symposium on Experimental Solid Mechanics /17./, Telč (CZ), 20190606
Rok: 2019
Jazyk: eng
Abstrakt: X-RayMicro-computed tomography (XCT) has already become a standard method for investigations of bone and bone replacement materials in medical research. For an in-depth characterization of histomorphometric features, digital volume data acquired by XCT can be processed and visualized three dimensionally to determine parameters such as bone volume fraction, cortical thickness and porosity. In this study, we investigated specimens of artificial bone foams, developed by the research group for surgical simulators at the UAS Linz, which are used to mimic the haptic feedback of physiologic and pathologic bone for more realistic surgery training. Similar specimen of artificial bone foam in a dry state have already been characterized precisely in [1]. However, since physiological bone typically is in a wet state, the main purpose of this study was the investigation of the influence of environmental conditions on artificial bone foams of varying composition. Thus, specimens with two kinds of mineral filler material as well as different amounts of foaming agent were prepared and tested in an in-situ loading stage developed by the ITAM CAS. In this stage, specimens can be immersed in liquid and tested under temperature-controlled conditions. Consequently, a total amount of 12 specimens was subjected to compression loading; half of them immersed in water at 36.5◦C and half in dry condition. Results showed that there is no significant influence of liquid immersion to the compression outcome. However, foams with less amount of foaming agent appeared to have smaller pores resulting in higher compression strength. Different types of mineral filler material also showed no significant influence on compression strength. Furthermore, a time-lapse in-situ investigation with XCT scans in-between the load steps was performed for one specimen immersed in water to investigate behavior during load. Despite of the open porous morphology of the foam, water immersed only partially into the foam, leaving pores closer to the center unfilled. Concluding, the usage of the artificial bone foams investigated is despite their physiologically wet condition also valid in a dry state since environmental differences are nonessential for their mechanical properties.
Klíčová slova: artificial bone foams; in-situ testing; x-ray micro-computed tomography
Číslo projektu: ATCZ38
Zdrojový dokument: Book of Abstracts. XVIIth Youth Symposium on Experimental Solid Mechanics, ISBN 978-80-86246-45-1

Instituce: Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky AV ČR (web)
Informace o dostupnosti dokumentu: Dokument je dostupný v příslušném ústavu Akademie věd ČR.
Původní záznam: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0296589

Trvalý odkaz NUŠL: http://www.nusl.cz/ntk/nusl-395938

Záznam je zařazen do těchto sbírek:
Věda a výzkum > AV ČR > Ústav teoretické a aplikované mechaniky
Konferenční materiály > Příspěvky z konference
 Záznam vytvořen dne 2019-06-11, naposledy upraven 2019-10-20.

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