Název: What accounts for successful aging? – A dialogical self view
Autoři: Filip, Miroslav ; Poláčková Šolcová, Iva
Typ dokumentu: Příspěvky z konference
Konference/Akce: Stárnutí 2018. Mezioborová gerontologická studentská vědecká konference /4./, Praha (CZ), 20181019
Rok: 2018
Jazyk: eng
Abstrakt: From the psychological perspective, older adults who are unsuccessful in aging (experiencing, for instance, depression, low well-being, or low life satisfaction) have been often considered unable to accept their own past including life losses. However, such an explanation may be too trivial. For example, an inability to accept the past may be a natural component of depressive thinking and not a separate variable that accounts for depression. Unsuccessful aging can alternatively be explained by focusing on processes of meaning construction of various aspects of one’s own life. The theory of the dialogical self describes these processes in terms of the development of an internal dialogue. An aging-successful older adult should develop a lifereviewing internal dialogue with adaptive features, such as differentiation or integration of various and often contradictory „I-positions.” Methods: Narrative analyses based on the theory of the dialogical self were applied to Life Story Interviews with 32 older adults (aged from 70 to 93 years). According to the presence of the adaptive features in narratives, various types of life-reviewing internal dialogues were identi-fied. The validity of these types was examined by their scores on the Reminiscence Function Scale (RFS). Respondents who used the respective types were compared in terms of well-being (Mood Adjective Checklist - MAC) and meaningfulness of life (Meaning in Life Questionnaire - MLQ). Results/Discussion: The narrative analysis yielded three types of life-reviewing dialogues according to how they are elaborated and adaptive: differentiated dialogue (low adaptive), progressive dialogue, and integrated dialogue (highly adaptive). The validity of these types was sup-\nported by differences on the RFS: participants with the progressive dialogue reported more frequent reminiscence activities to resolve past conflicts and to reconstruct their identity. As hy-\npothesized, scores indicating successful aging on the scales MAC and MLQ were higher in respondents with the integrated life-reviewing dialogue.
Klíčová slova: dialogical self theory; life review; narrative analysis; reminiscence; successful aging
Číslo projektu: GA17-02634S (CEP)
Poskytovatel projektu: GA ČR
Zdrojový dokument: Stárnutí 2018. Sborník příspěvků 4. gerontologické mezioborové konference, ISBN 978-80-87878-36-1

Instituce: Psychologický ústav AV ČR (web)
Informace o dostupnosti dokumentu: Dokument je dostupný na externích webových stránkách.
Externí umístění souboru: http://www.konferencestarnuti.cz/files/Starnuti_2018_sbornik.pdf
Původní záznam: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0290245

Trvalý odkaz NUŠL: http://www.nusl.cz/ntk/nusl-390113


Záznam je zařazen do těchto sbírek:
Věda a výzkum > AV ČR > Psychologický ústav
Konferenční materiály > Příspěvky z konference
 Záznam vytvořen dne 2018-12-07, naposledy upraven 2019-10-20.


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