Archeologický ústav, Brno

Nejnovější přírůstky:
2020-02-12
19:10
Preconditions of the genesis of the Přemyslid realm
Kalhous, David
In the following study we analyse the validity of the nowgenerally-accepted view of the beginnings of the Přemyslid realm. Those who established this viewpoint emphasisethe income from selling slaves (and distance trade in general) as the main source the dynasties in Central Europeused to strengthen their economic power, which, in the next stage, enabled them to build powerful cavalry armiesas their “iron fist”. With these armies they were supposed to have built their “states”. In this article, not only is theautomatism of this mechanism brought into question (the prevalence of the cavalry), but also the idea that a statecan be built with an army. The author, on the one hand, points out the predatory character of such a system, and onthe other hand draws attention to the building of hillforts as a mechanism that not only enhanced the protection ofa given area, but also, due to the need for construction and repairs, brought large groups of people together, and thusformed a common identity for them.

Úplný záznam
2020-02-12
19:10
Arms and equestrian equipment in the 8th−10th-century Central Europe. Arms as artefacts and grave goods in the Moravian Slavs and their neighbours
Poláček, Lumír ; Kouřil, Pavel
This volume is a collection of 25 conference papers dealing with the arms and equestrian equipment in the East and Central Europe between the 8th and 10th centuries. It brings a wide variety of issues, from typology and chronology through manufacturing technology and a practical application of artefacts to the general questions of medieval warfare. It presents finds both from the settlement and grave contexts. The predominant archaeological perspective is completed by historical and other studies, including a scientific experiment.

Úplný záznam
2020-01-13
08:29
On the traces of barbarians – archaeological, historical, numismatic (Archaeology of Barbarians 2015)
Karwowski, M. ; Komoróczy, Balázs ; Trebsche, P.
The publication is the latest in the series of proceedings based on materials from Central European protohistoric conferences Archaeology of Barbarians. For the most part, the studies published here are a revised text of the lectures given at the 2015 conference Archaeology of Barbarian at the MAMUZ Museum Mistelbach in Lower Austria. The main theme of the conference was the Celts and Germanic tribes in the Middle Danube Region in archaeological and numismatic sources (2nd century BC - 2nd century AD), but space was also given to other phenomena of protohistoric development. Intensive discussions included, among other things, absolute and relative chronology of transitional horizons, issues of monetization and testimony of numismatic groups, military, economic and diplomatic interactions along the north-south axis of the region and other sub-themes. For most of these questions, readers will find relevant studies in the present proceedings, which contains a total of 18 studies by authors from the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary and Germany.

Úplný záznam
2019-03-28
15:08
Production - Consumption - Representation: food and drink among the Roman and Early Medieval elites as revealed by archaeological and bioarchaeological sources. 30th International Symposium “Grundprobleme der frühgeschichtlichen Entwicklung im mittleren Donauraum”, Brno, 14.-16.11.2018. Abstracts
Heinrich-Tamáska, O. ; Poláček, Lumír
The conference focused on the issues of nutrition of Roman and early medieval elites on a broad source basis and from a multi-disciplinary point of view. The problematic was discussed both in diachronic and geographical comparison.

Úplný záznam
2019-03-28
15:08
Mikulovský antropologický mítink II. 11. a 12. říjen 2018, Mikulov - Pavlov. Sborník abstraktů
Boriová, Soňa ; Novák, Martin ; Sázelová, Sandra
Zborník prezentuje abstrakta přednášek z interdisciplinární konference MAM II (Mikulovský Antropologický Mítink) - příspěvky nejen z oblasti antropologie, pokrývající témata v jejím nejširším a interdisciplinárním slova smyslu, ale také z paleolitické archeologie, kvartérní geologie, paleontologie, ekologie a dalších příbuzných oborů studujících pleistocén a holocén, zejména informace z nových výzkumů, výsledky dílčích analýz, předběžné zprávy nebo nově publikované studie.

Úplný záznam
2018-04-18
16:23
Římské a germánské spony ve střední Evropě. (Archeologie barbarů 2012)
Droberjar, E. ; Komoróczy, Balázs
The collected volume, which comprises papers from 49 authors, is thematically focused on brooches of the Iron Age, Roman Period and Migration Period. Brooches represent one of the most important categories of artefacts in protohistoric archaeology and their role in the acquisition of knowledge about barbarian communities is often irreplaceable. Celtic, Roman or Germanic brooches are remarkable, quantitatively representative and morphologically variegated finds. The wide spectrum of their information possibilities often goes beyond the potential of the other tangible evidence. They represent one of the buttresses of relative-chronological systems and contribute significantly to the detailed knowledge of many aspects of human cultures in the past, including the production procedures, trade and other forms of interactions, social differentiation or regional modifications of fashion trends. Most of the 33 chapters published in this volume were presented and vividly discussed in the VIII Protohistoric Conference, which was held in premises of the Palacký University in Olomouc in 2012. The authors strived to put together individual groups of new brooch finds from the barbarian territory in Central Europe (Czech Republic, Slovakia, Austria and Poland) but also from peripheral parts of the Roman Empire, from provinces. In individual chapters they tried to outline several aspects of their documentation and classification and paid attention to analysis of selected categories. The authors publish in this volume new assemblages of finds and pay attention to various partial analyses of individual types or groups of brooches within a long period of time and with respect to current state of research.

Úplný záznam
2018-04-18
16:23
Dokumentace, publikace a interpretace detektorových nálezů na příkladu spon typu Jobst 4F
Komoróczy, Balázs ; Vlach, Marek ; Zelíková, Michaela
Spony představují skupinu nálezů, které byly v průběhu posledních 25 let často předmětem intenzivního zájmu detektorové prospekce. V České republice je v současnosti počet amatérů provozujících tuto aktivitu podstatně větší než profesionálních archeologů. Archeologie jakožto věda nemůže rezignovat na poznatky, které pocházejí z nálezů učiněných detektoráři, bez ohledu na osobní názory. Považujeme proto dokumentaci všech archeologických nálezů v naší zemi za profesní povinnost archeologických institucí, která není zpochybnitelná žádnými smysluplnými argumenty. Naopak, pokud samotní detektoráři či široká veřejnost znemožní archeologům dokumentaci těchto nálezů, způsobují tím postupný proces postupného „oslepnutí“ archeologie.

Úplný záznam
2017-02-15
15:49
Doba popelnicových polí a doba halštatská ve střední Evropě. Materiál z XIII. mezinárodní konference "Popelnicová pole a doba halštatská"
Juchelka, Jiří
Proceedings bring a total of 10 contributions by Czech, Moravian, Slovak and Polish researchers dealing with the Late Bronze Age and Hallstatt period in Central Europe. This is the second part of the conference proceedings carried out in 2014 in Opava within the XIII. International Conference "Urnfield culture and Hallstatt Period".\n\n

Úplný záznam
2015-02-16
15:19
Ohlédnutí za XIII. mezinárodní konferencí "Popelnicová pole a doba halštatská"
Juchelka, Jiří
Článek přináší zevrubný přehled o XIII. mezinárodní konference "Popelnicová pole a doba halštatská", jež se ve dnech 12. až 15. května roku 2014 uskutečnila v Opavě na půdě Slezské univerzity. Pořadateli konference byli Archeologický ústav AV ČR, Brno, v. v. i. a Slezská univerzita v Opavě.

Úplný záznam
2015-01-05
14:27
Camps and waters: Malý Medvědí Tábor as part of a North Bohemian Mesolithic landscape
Svoboda, Jiří ; Novák, J. ; Novák, Martin ; Pokorný, P. ; Sázelová, Sandra
The paper introduces a newly discovered Mesolithic rock shelter Malý medvědí tabor, located in the canyon of the Svitávka River. The excavation revealed intact Mesolithic layers, rich in charcoals and a hearth feature outlined by sandstone blocks. Analyses of the environmental data, fauna, and lithic artefacts are included. In sum, the occupation of the rock shelter was rather episodic, nevertheless the site is of domestic character, as suggested by the richness and character of artefacts. The surrounding vegetation can be reconstructed as a sparse pine forests with common spread of hazel, oak and early successional vegetation with aspen and birch. Given a presence of a nearby peat-bog at Velenice, this new site serves as an important reference point for prehistoric human presence in the Svitavka river valley.

Úplný záznam