Institute of Archaeology, Brno

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2019-03-28
15:08
Production - Consumption - Representation: food and drink among the Roman and Early Medieval elites as revealed by archaeological and bioarchaeological sources. 30th International Symposium “Grundprobleme der frühgeschichtlichen Entwicklung im mittleren Donauraum”, Brno, 14.-16.11.2018. Abstracts
Heinrich-Tamáska, O. ; Poláček, Lumír
The conference focused on the issues of nutrition of Roman and early medieval elites on a broad source basis and from a multi-disciplinary point of view. The problematic was discussed both in diachronic and geographical comparison.

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2019-03-28
15:08
Mikulovský antropologický mítink II. 11. a 12. říjen 2018, Mikulov - Pavlov. Sborník abstraktů
Boriová, Soňa ; Novák, Martin ; Sázelová, Sandra
Zborník prezentuje abstrakta přednášek z interdisciplinární konference MAM II (Mikulovský Antropologický Mítink) - příspěvky nejen z oblasti antropologie, pokrývající témata v jejím nejširším a interdisciplinárním slova smyslu, ale také z paleolitické archeologie, kvartérní geologie, paleontologie, ekologie a dalších příbuzných oborů studujících pleistocén a holocén, zejména informace z nových výzkumů, výsledky dílčích analýz, předběžné zprávy nebo nově publikované studie.

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2018-04-18
16:23
Římské a germánské spony ve střední Evropě. (Archeologie barbarů 2012)
Droberjar, E. ; Komoróczy, Balázs
The collected volume, which comprises papers from 49 authors, is thematically focused on brooches of the Iron Age, Roman Period and Migration Period. Brooches represent one of the most important categories of artefacts in protohistoric archaeology and their role in the acquisition of knowledge about barbarian communities is often irreplaceable. Celtic, Roman or Germanic brooches are remarkable, quantitatively representative and morphologically variegated finds. The wide spectrum of their information possibilities often goes beyond the potential of the other tangible evidence. They represent one of the buttresses of relative-chronological systems and contribute significantly to the detailed knowledge of many aspects of human cultures in the past, including the production procedures, trade and other forms of interactions, social differentiation or regional modifications of fashion trends. Most of the 33 chapters published in this volume were presented and vividly discussed in the VIII Protohistoric Conference, which was held in premises of the Palacký University in Olomouc in 2012. The authors strived to put together individual groups of new brooch finds from the barbarian territory in Central Europe (Czech Republic, Slovakia, Austria and Poland) but also from peripheral parts of the Roman Empire, from provinces. In individual chapters they tried to outline several aspects of their documentation and classification and paid attention to analysis of selected categories. The authors publish in this volume new assemblages of finds and pay attention to various partial analyses of individual types or groups of brooches within a long period of time and with respect to current state of research.

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2018-04-18
16:23
Dokumentace, publikace a interpretace detektorových nálezů na příkladu spon typu Jobst 4F
Komoróczy, Balázs ; Vlach, Marek ; Zelíková, Michaela
Spony představují skupinu nálezů, které byly v průběhu posledních 25 let často předmětem intenzivního zájmu detektorové prospekce. V České republice je v současnosti počet amatérů provozujících tuto aktivitu podstatně větší než profesionálních archeologů. Archeologie jakožto věda nemůže rezignovat na poznatky, které pocházejí z nálezů učiněných detektoráři, bez ohledu na osobní názory. Považujeme proto dokumentaci všech archeologických nálezů v naší zemi za profesní povinnost archeologických institucí, která není zpochybnitelná žádnými smysluplnými argumenty. Naopak, pokud samotní detektoráři či široká veřejnost znemožní archeologům dokumentaci těchto nálezů, způsobují tím postupný proces postupného „oslepnutí“ archeologie.

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2017-02-15
15:49
Urnfield and Hallstatt Period in Central Europe. Contributions from the XIII. International Conference "Urnfield culture and Hallstatt period"\n
Juchelka, Jiří
Sborník přináší celkem 10 příspěvků českých, moravských, slovenských a polských badatelů zabývajících se problematikou mladší a pozdní doby bronzové a halštatu ve střední Evropě. Jedná se o druhý díl sborníku konference uskutečněné v roce 2014 v Opavě v rámci XIII. mezinárodní konference "Popelnicová pole a doba halštatská".

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2015-02-16
15:19
Ohlédnutí za XIII. mezinárodní konferencí "Popelnicová pole a doba halštatská"
Juchelka, Jiří
Článek přináší zevrubný přehled o XIII. mezinárodní konference "Popelnicová pole a doba halštatská", jež se ve dnech 12. až 15. května roku 2014 uskutečnila v Opavě na půdě Slezské univerzity. Pořadateli konference byli Archeologický ústav AV ČR, Brno, v. v. i. a Slezská univerzita v Opavě.

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2015-01-05
14:27
Camps and waters: Malý Medvědí Tábor as part of a North Bohemian Mesolithic landscape
Svoboda, Jiří ; Novák, J. ; Novák, Martin ; Pokorný, P. ; Sázelová, Sandra
The paper introduces a newly discovered Mesolithic rock shelter Malý medvědí tabor, located in the canyon of the Svitávka River. The excavation revealed intact Mesolithic layers, rich in charcoals and a hearth feature outlined by sandstone blocks. Analyses of the environmental data, fauna, and lithic artefacts are included. In sum, the occupation of the rock shelter was rather episodic, nevertheless the site is of domestic character, as suggested by the richness and character of artefacts. The surrounding vegetation can be reconstructed as a sparse pine forests with common spread of hazel, oak and early successional vegetation with aspen and birch. Given a presence of a nearby peat-bog at Velenice, this new site serves as an important reference point for prehistoric human presence in the Svitavka river valley.

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2015-01-05
14:26
Dolní Věstonice II: a complex of sites with different chrono-cultural occupations. Preliminary results of the study of lithic assemblages
Polanská, M. ; Novák, Martin
The scope of our study is directed to evaluation of each lithic assemblage from Dolní Věstonice II site and to characterize the technical systems of their production in order to understand the fine chrono-cultural seriation. The complex of sites at Dolní Věstonice II, dated to 30-23 ky uncal BP, includes the assemblages represented by clearly defined samples and another assemblages where the cultural attribution is still questionable. If some occupations certainly belong to the Pavlovian, others may be attributed as Gravettian, or even Upper Gravettian. Changes are visible in the procurement of raw material, and in technical systems of production and typological features.

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2015-01-05
14:26
Early Gravettian occupations at Dolní Věstonice – Pavlov. Comments on the Gravettian origin
Svoboda, Jiří ; Novák, Martin ; Sázelová, S.
The paper presents the new excavation records from the Gravettian settlement area Dolní Věstonice – Pavlov, concerning the earliest Gravettian occupation from the two findspots at Dolní Věstonice II (Brickyard, site IIa) and Pavlov I (Southwest), dated 35-30 ky cal BP. As regards the uncovered industries from there, the first general characteristics are as follows: these are simple blade and bladelet industries, rarely retouched, with simple burins (mostly on breakage), and chisels as the most common tool types, baked clay pellets also occur in this context. In South Moravia, these industries clearly intervene as a new element in the preceding EUP/Aurignacian background. Their further development into the Evolved Pavlovian stage (after 30 ky cal BP) can be assumed and will be further investigated.

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2015-01-05
14:24
Detecting the children zone at the abandoned Nenets campsites: An ethnoarchaeological example from the Polar Ural Mts., Russia
Sázelová, Sandra ; Svoboda, Jiří ; Novák, Martin
The paper presents an ethnoarcheological approach to questions arising from archaeological studies of Upper Paleolithic settlements in Europe concerning the role of children and their activities in site formation processes. Within surveyed micro-region at Yangana Pe, they were recorded and documented several Nenets abandoned campsites with traces of childreln's play. During the play, Nenets children create specific patterns, usually detectable within the domestic and activity zones of abandoned campsites. In order to interpret them in context, supplementary ethnoarcheological evidence should be incorporated and evaluated.

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