National Repository of Grey Literature 292 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Risk Asessment of Construction and Demolition Waste
Repka, Matej ; Láník, Jaromír (referee) ; Hrabová, Kristýna (advisor)
Master’s thesis deals with the assessment of risks associated with construction and demolition waste. These are risks mainly related to environmental protection, safety and health protection of workers handling construction waste on the construction site, as well as technical aspects of the use of recyclates. The tools selected for this thesis to identify and analyse the risks are cause and effect analysis (Ishikawa diagram) and bow-tie type analysis. For the assessment of the identified risks, the methods selected are the risk matrix and then the Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA), which also deals with the design of measures for each problem, which aim to minimize the probability of occurrence and impact of the identified risks. Thus, the aim of the thesis is to identify, assess and analyse the risks and determine simple measures to eliminate or mitigate them.
Post-consumer packaging waste production
Pálešová, Lenka ; Gregor, Jiří (referee) ; Pavlas, Martin (advisor)
This bachelor´s thesis covers waste and packaging legislation of Czech and Slovak Republic. It focuses mainly on the latest changes in area of plastic packaging and on the implementation of European directives. Furthermore, it compares authorized packaging companies, that perform extended producers´ responsibilities in both countries, and explains the principles of eco modulation. The work itself is linked with project announced by Centrum of environmental research for waste management and circular economy and is supplemented by practical part, which consists of various phases: analysis of waste production at home and in the field, preparation of document materials and processing the data obtained from analysis.
Design of a technological line for recycling autoclaved aerated concrete
Bajzík, Martin ; Bojanovský, Jiří (referee) ; Skryja, Pavel (advisor)
The diploma thesis is focused on the design of a production line for processing waste material from autoclaved aerated concrete production. The introduction of the thesis describes the current situation with aerated concrete waste processing, it´s characteristics, raw materials used for the production and the production technology. The theoretical part of the thesis reviews the crushing process and the equipment used in mineral processing lines such as: crushers, mills, separators and conveyors. In the practical part of the thesis the focus is on the design of the production line, selection of the equipment, mass balance and economical evaluation of the investment.
Utilization of waste in the context of current legislative measures and principles of circular economy
Dočekal, Petr ; Vymazal, Petr (referee) ; Chorazy, Tomáš (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with the use of selected types of waste under the conditions of current legislation in force in the Czech Republic. It focuses on plastic packaging waste and sewage sludge – waste generated from municipal wastewater treatment. The aim of the work was to process a search of current legislation and strategic documents in the field of waste management in the context of the principles of circular economy and then design and then critical evaluation of the optimal system of utilization of the above waste based on the principles of circular economy. Both its strengths and weaknesses as well as basic economic parameters were described. The first part of the work is a description and current methods of waste management and search for legislation and strategic documents at the EU and Czech level. In the second part, the optimal circulatory method of waste management is designed and evaluated. A delivery system is currently in place for plastic packaging waste. The bachelor work deals with a new system of taking back PET bottles and compares their strengths and weaknesses. For the sewage sludge, drying and subsequent pyrolysis were chosen as the optimal treatment method, which seems to be a very efficient method.
Workplace layout design
Hlavatý, Pavel ; Dostál, David (referee) ; Juřica, Pavel (advisor)
The topic of the thesis is the design of workplace layout to improve the handling between workplaces in ABB s. r.o. The theoretical part of the thesis defines the concepts of lean enterprise and workplace layout. The analytical part analyses the workplace layout together with the production process and ergonomic conditions in the workplace. Furthermore, the work activities at the individual workplaces are analysed. Based on the identified shortcomings in the analytical part, suitable and feasible solutions are proposed. In the conclusion of the thesis, the overall benefits and economic costs of the project are evaluated.
Project of Automation of Material Flows Between the Production Process and Dispatch
Vítámvás, Lukáš ; Pořízka, Pavel (referee) ; Jurová, Marie (advisor)
The diploma thesis focuses on a palletisation project at the Zora plant, which concerns material flows between production and expedition. This thesis includes an analysis of the current state of the logistics concept, which provides the necessary informations to propose changes in the proposal part. The changes developed in the proposal part will lead to improved material flow between the buildings.
Legal aspects of the circular economy
Kučerová, Zuzana ; Sobotka, Michal (advisor) ; Falteisková, Sabina (referee)
Legal aspects of the circular economy Abstract The diploma thesis deals with the issue of legal aspects of the circular economy. This concept is based on resource efficiency with the intention to minimize waste generation. This approach is considered to be the future of economies not only in the European Union, but also in the rest of the world. The thesis aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the circular economy and the legal background of this concept in the EU and the Czech Republic. Given that the legislation of the circular economy has so far been reflected at the EU and national level predominantly in the field of waste management, it forms a significant part of this thesis. The projection of the principles of the circular economy into the legal order as well as the future development of this concept is evaluated. Recognized advantages and disadvantages in the current circular economy legislation are formulated at the end of the thesis. Subsequently, the thesis sets recommendations for the future direction of the circular economy and for its efficiency enhancement.
Modern alternate types of sealing barriers analysis for landfills
Matoušová, Jana ; Kudrna, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Sedláček, Jaroslav (referee)
People and waste on our planet is constantly increasing, and so despite the unattractiveness topic the landfills are the current and noticeable issue. This paper deals with the standards and laws relating to landfills, from which they depend for the creation and construction. I should present an overview of the different variants of application materials to the construction of the landfill could be used, and today sealing landfills are available for engineers. But just I do not engage in alternative sealing options as well as standard which are still widely used methods of sealing landfills. To the situation in the Czech Republic stated in a global context, I give examples of coping with the landfill in other countries such as Chile, where they try to use local raw materials. What is landfill waste and security are concerned; our model may be one of our neighbours - Germany, which in this part is devoted to most extensively. Each of these options has its pros and cons. I leave at will and view of each reader to evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of each solution. It is also possible to adhere to the already proven and well used ways of depositing, in their modernized and improved form.
Legal regime of transboundary shipments of wastes
Konvička, Tomáš ; Sobotka, Michal (advisor) ; Žákovská, Karolina (referee)
Legal regime of transboundary shipments of waste The aim of my thesis titled "Legal regime of transboundary shipments of waste" is to deliver a comprehensive analysis of legal aspects of cross-border shipments of waste. The thesis aspires to describe and interpret the various regulations and norms that govern this area, regardless of whether they are of international, European or national origin; it also evaluates whether the legislation provides sufficient tools for protection of the environment and whether the cross-border shipments of waste are desirable from the perspective of environmental protection. The thesis consists of eleven chapters. The first three chapters provide a theoretical introduction to the topic - chapter one contains the basic objectives and definition of the legal regulation of cross-border shipments of waste; chapter two outlines the fundamental principles of the environmental law and their applicability to the shipments of waste; and chapter three introduces the reader to the historical development of the subject matter in question. Chapters four to eight of the paper are devoted to the description and analysis of the legislation currently applicable. The fourth chapter describes international treaties such as Basel, Bamako, and other conventions. The fifth chapter focuses on...
Legal regulation of waste management in the Czech Republic
Huml, Miroslav ; Sobotka, Michal (advisor) ; Stejskal, Vojtěch (referee)
English recapitulation of this thesis -Legal regulations of the Waste management in the Czech Republic The main purpose of the thesis is to demonstrate the most important waste management principles in the Czech Republic and in the other European countries. The thesis is divided into 8 chapters. The first chapter deals with a general introduction concerning the topic. It indicates global situation and undesirable influences of deficiencies in the waste management on condition of world seas and oceans. The second chapter considers the waste management as a branch of science activity. This branch was established in 1980s in west European countries, however, 10 years later also in the Czech Republic. The first Parliament Act on the waste management in Czechoslovakia was created in 1991. There were some mistakes and dubiousness in the Act and it was necessary to put them aside before joining the European Union in 2004. Before 2004, this Act had been changed completely two times. The Act of Czech Parliament 185/2001 Sb. went into force on 1st January 2002. Since then, it has been novelized many times according to the European law and is currently responding to the European directives. The third chapter mentions some other acts which are connected with the waste management in the Czech Republic. On the top of...

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