National Repository of Grey Literature 27 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.02 seconds. 
Template assisted electrodeposition of multilayer nanostructures
Lednický, Tomáš ; Drbohlavová, Jana (referee) ; Čechal, Jan (advisor)
Tato diplomová práce je zaměřená na výrobu Au-PANI-Au nanodrátů. Prezentovaná výroba nanodrátů je založená na elektrochemické depozici různých kovů a polymerizaci polyanilínu do porézních šablon z porézní anodické aluminy připravených anodizací hliníku. Teoretická část pojednává o základech elektrochémie a porézní anodické aluminy.
Design, fabrication and testing of graphene biosensors
Tripský, Andrej ; Gablech, Imrich (referee) ; Bartošík, Miroslav (advisor)
Pokrok ve vývoji nanotechnologií nám poskytuje dobrou příležitost k vývoji nových špičkových zařízení. Tato práce si klade za cíl vyrobit, popsat a změřit grafenové pH senzory na dvou různých substrátech - polymeru parylenu C a SiO2. Tento pH senzor je prvním krokem ve vývoji nositelné náplasti monitorující stav kůže a možné infekce. Grafen je 2D materiál na bázi uhlíku se zajímavými vlastnosti a nadějnými aplikacemi. Úspěšně jsme provedli dva různé experimenty sloužící k charakterizaci grafenových senzorů a jejich odezvu na různé hodnoty pH. V prvním experimentu jsme použili horní elektrolytické hradlo k určení bodu neutrality (Diracův bod). Druhý experiment popsal změnu rezistence grafenu jako funkce pH. Dále jsme také funkcionalizovali grafen polyanilinem, abychom zlepšili jeho vlastnosti. Prokázali jsme citlivost grafenových senzorů na pH pro oba substráty a objevili jsme několik výzev jako potřebu kontroly iontové síly, experimentů samotných a destrukce grafenu.
Conducting polymers and their use in supercapacitors
Gottwald, Tomáš ; Zatloukal, Miroslav (referee) ; Dvořák, Petr (advisor)
This work deals with the issues of using conducting polymers for supercapacitor electrodes and optimizing the technological process for their production. The work focuses on optimizing the amount of polymer used in order to achieve the most capacity. The methodology consists of creating an appropriate experimental electrode and subsequent measuring its associated capacity with BioLogic. This approach leads to creating charts which show the dependencies of capacity on the amount of polymer used.
Organic semoconductors and devices
Kočer, Martin ; Doc.Ing.Ota Salyk, CSc. (referee) ; Špinka, Jiří (advisor)
Introduction part of this bachelor's thesis deals about general properties of organic semiconductors, their structure and features of selected representatives. The middle section deals with some methods of application of organic semiconductors and organic devices. The final section deals about practical production of polyaniline samples and their analysis.
Binders for supercapacitors electrodes
Gottwald, Tomáš ; Dvořák, Petr (referee) ; Sedlaříková, Marie (advisor)
This work deals with the issues of useing binders for supercapacitor electrodes and optimizing the technological process for their production. The work focuses on optimizing the amount of binder used in order to acheive the most capacity. The methodology consists of creating an appropriate experimental electrode and subsequent measuring its associated capacity with AutoLab. This aproach leads to creating grafs which show the dependencies of capacity on the amount of binder used.
Electrochemical detection of n-propanol on Au and Pt electrodes modified with polyaniline-based composites
Pejzlová, Michaela ; Fischer, Jan (advisor) ; Vyskočil, Vlastimil (referee)
The electrochemical oxidation of aliphatic alcohols is problematic on conventional electrode materials and to develop methods for their detection, the catalytic properties of electrode surfaces need to be exploited. This thesis is concerned with the study of the electrochemical deposition of polyaniline (PANI) in acidic media on three different electrodes, platinum, gold and glassy carbon electrode. The properties of the PANI modified electrodes were tested in comparison to the unmodified electrodes. The electrooxidation of aliphatic alcohols n-propanol and 2-propanol in alkaline medium was studied by cyclic voltammetry. Subsequently, the effect of electrodeposited noble metals (palladium and gold) on the surfaces of unmodified and PANI modified electrodes on the electrooxidation of propanol was investigated by using the same procedures. From the linear part of the concentration dependence of n-propanol on the chosen electrodes, the limit of detection was determined. The lowest value was calculated for the platinum electrode with electrodeposited gold (LOD = 0.2 mmol l−1 ). PANI modified electrodes showed wider linear dynamic range than electrodes without this modification. Keywords: cyclic voltammetry, electrooxidation, glassy carbon electrode, gold electrode, metal electrodeposition, n-propanol,...
Novel materials for membrane gas separation
Giel, Verena ; Pientka, Zbyněk (advisor) ; Izák, Pavel (referee) ; Vopička, Ondřej (referee)
The implementation of polymer membranes in gas separation applications has been investigated to a great extent. Nevertheless, only a few types of polymers are used in commercial applications, disclosing the need for new materials with superior membrane performance to make membrane processes a more competitive technology over the conventional ones. Based on this context, this work focuses on the development of new polymeric membranes. Polyaniline (PANI), a multifaceted polymer that can change its structural properties upon various modification procedures, was chosen as membrane material. PANI membranes possess attractive O2/N2 selectivities, wherefore it is an interesting candidate for the use in gas separation applications, such as generation of oxygen-enriched air or inert gas generation. However, membranes made from neat PANI are suffering from brittleness and thus create leak paths through the membrane. Therefore PANI was blended with polybenzimidazole (PBI), a temperature stable polymer with good film-forming properties facilitating the preparation of thin, stable polymer films. Furthermore, several techniques were investigated including acid-doping, thermal treatment, and addition of titanate nanotubes (TiNTs) to enhance the separation properties. The materials that have been prepared are: 1)...
Organic-inorganic polymers - synthesis and characterization of hybrid polymers and nanocomposites
Depa, Katarzyna ; Strachota, Adam (advisor) ; Matějka, Libor (referee) ; Sedláček, Jan (referee)
In the first part of this work, silica nanoparticles and alternative or additional filler phases were incorporated into hydrogels based on the temperature-sensitive poly(N- isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAm). Nano-SiO2-filled porous PNIPAm hydrogels with an enhanced force response (up to 100 g) to temperature stimuli were obtained by increasing several times the pore wall thickness, which was achieved via reducing the solvent (porogen) content during the gels' cryo-synthesis. A similar optimization of the force response was also carried out for analogous gels reinforced by nano-TiO2, in which the reinforcing effect of the filler is weaker. Partial intercalation of amylopectin starch into divinyl-crosslinked bulk as well as porous PNIPAm gels several times improved their extensibility. In case of starch-rich bulk gels, a very fast and extensive one-way deswelling in response to increased temperature was achieved (re-swelling upon cooling is much slower), which is attributed to specific properties of the starch-PNIPAm interface. In doubly-filled bulk PNIPAm/nano-SiO2/starch gels, a very strong synergic reinforcing effect of both fillers is observed, due to specific hydrogen bridging between the three phases. Highly porous cryogels based on PNIPAm/nano- SiO2/starch displayed a highly improved extensibility...
Catalytic synthesis of polyanilines
Bláha, Michal ; Vohlídal, Jiří (advisor) ; Omastová, Mária (referee) ; Trchová, Miroslava (referee)
This Ph.D. thesis is dealing with catalytic polymerization of aniline (ANI) and partially also of substituted anilines with FeCl3/H2O2 catalyst system, in which according to obtained results both active species, Fe3+ and HO , participate in the overall polymerization mechanism, creating a synergic system. The Fe3+ /H2O2 catalyst system, also called Fenton's system can considerably lower contamination of forming neat polyanilines (PANIs) by side-products characteristic of stoichiometric polymerization. However, catalytically prepared PANIs exhibit reduced conductivity related most probably to side reactions involving radicals generated as integral components of the FeCl3/H2O2 system. Catalytic polymerization of ANI with FeCl3/H2O2 system was found to be the reaction of approx. 2nd order with respect to ANI and gives PANIs of a good quality only when [H2O2] in the reaction mixture was kept low, i.e., at under- stoichiometric ratios [H2O2]/[ANI]. At over-stoichiometric ratio [H2O2]/[ANI], PANIs of lowered conductivity, worse spectroscopic characteristics and increased size of PANI nanostructures were obtained; nevertheless, these PANIs were not over-oxidized to pernigraniline state. The reaction-time profiles of the open-circuit potential of reaction mixtures exhibited an inflection related to the...
The Study of the Molecular Structure of Various Forms of Conducting Polymers using FTIR and Raman Spectroscopies
Morávková, Zuzana
In this Thesis, the structure of thin films formed by a conducting polymer, polyaniline, was studied using mainly infrared and Raman spectroscopies. That led to the study of aniline oligomers. The oligomers play a key role in the formation of thin films and nanostructures of polyaniline. Furthermore, the Thesis deals with the carbonization of various forms of polyaniline (granular polyaniline base, thin films of polyaniline salt, multi-wall carbon nanotubes coated with polyaniline salt or base, polyaniline nanotubes/nanorods prepared in the presence of ethanol). The two topics, aniline oligomers and carbonization of polyaniline, are connected by a paper concerning the carbonization of microspheres formed during oxidation of aniline in alkaline medium. Optical microscopy, transmission and scanning electron microscopy, UV-Vis spectroscopy, spectroscopic ellipsometry, wide angle X-ray scattering and thermogravimetric analysis were used.

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