National Repository of Grey Literature 204 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Mould Risk on Wall Surface in Partly Underground Technical Room
Nováková, Iva ; Šikula, Ondřej
This conference article aims at the indoor climate in the technical room of an underground water reservoir. This indoor climate is specific by high relative humidity (average 75.2% r.h.) and low air temperature (average 13.6 °C). Therefore, this research study focuses on surface condensation and mould risk on the partly underground wall in the technical room. The experimental research combines long-term monitoring (22 months). Long-term of indoor climate and thermal numerical simulation. The experimental measurement shows condensation risk on the indoor wall surface, and the unsteady 2D numerical simulation in software Calculation Area 4.0e shows temperature fluctuation on indoor wall surfaces. Finally, the empirical VVT model predicts mould risk on the indoor wall surface for the over-terrain part in autumn and summer for the under-terrain part. 
Energy Balance of Smart Ventilated Facade
Salajka, Radek
This article explains the function and basic energy balance for a smart facade system that is being researched at Brno University of Technology. This system is an upgrade to an already well-known ventilated facade. The upgrade is mainly presented by efficient control over built-in shut-off dampers inside the ventilated gap. The main goal is to reduce the energy consumption of buildings and create a healthy and comfortable indoor thermal microclimate in a much more ecological way. Numerical calculations are being used to present the energy use of a given facade in comparison with other conventional facade systems on the same building with identical boundary conditions. FSVM software which provides these calculations has been developed by the same research team. It can calculate the energy balance of conventional facades, ETICS and prototype of smart facades as well. This article presents ongoing research and results of the simulation of the heat flow of these three main facade systems throughout the year. Significant variables for facade heat flow calculations are weather and outdoor boundary conditions. They are used in this article as conditions for the Czech Republic which has a mild climate and four different seasons of the year.
Non-linear Vibration of Planar Case of Three-blade Bundle with Dry Friction Contacts
Šnábl, Pavel ; Pešek, Luděk ; Půst, Ladislav
Using dry friction couplings (so called tie-bosses) between the blades in turbine rotors can be used to suppress dangerous resonant vibrations of turbine blades and it has been studied on our institute on various models. Experimental setup of three-blade bundle was built along with bladed wheel. The first set-up of the bundle was with blades turned 45 degrees to the disc plane. In that case the deformation of the blades causes turning of the ends of tie-bosses and edge contact together with multi-directional slip occurs. The experimental set-up was simplified herein so that the blades are parallel to the disc plane and in-line slip occurs. Although single electromagnet was used to excite the system, the first mode of vibration with no slip in tie-bosses just occurred. In case of bladed wheel, all blades have coupling through tie-bosses with neighbouring blades which stiffen them and raise their eigenfrequency. In our case, a mistuning by reducing mass of side blades caused similar behaviour. Steel to steel contact pair was used for the first tests.
Ventilation and air conditioning of a car cabine
Viščor, Petr ; Hejčík, Jiří (referee) ; Fišer, Jan (advisor)
In this work are described kinds and functions of air-conditioning systems which are used in cars. Further is described heat transfer between car cabin and ambient environment and issue of reduction of air-conditioning energy consumption. Last part of the work contains numerical simulation made by the THESEUS-FE 2.1 software package. This simulation was done on a model of the Toyota Prius car and was focused on effect of glazing on a temperature of the air inside the car cabin during hot summer days.
The Segregation in Ferrous Alloys when Casting Heavy Castings
Pernica, Vítězslav ; Čech, Jan (referee) ; Vodárek, Vlastimil (referee) ; Havlíček,, František (referee) ; Šenberger, Jaroslav (advisor)
This thesis is dedicated to the field of manufacture of heavy steel castings with resulting properties which are influenced by long solidification time. During the long solidification time a segregation process of additives in the steel occurs which results in numerous metallurgical defects. The work was intended to observe the macrosegregation effects in the wall of a heavy experimental steel casting respectively a part of a real superheavy casting intended for cement furnaces (weight 210 t). The steel casting for the research was manufactured in the joint-stock company of VHM where such heavy castings are commonly produced for the market. The supplied piece of the steel casting was cut into the smaller pieces for the better examination. The examination resulted in information about the casting macrostructure and chemical heterogeneity of chosen elements in the casting wall. The heterogeneity of the chosen elements (C, Mn, Si, Cr, S, P) is clearly shown in the worked out visual concentration maps. Based on the experimental data the measured results of segregations were confronted with the results of segregation modelling with the use of the commercial simulation software ProCAST. It resulted in the conclusion that the prediction of segregations is not in accordance with the reality. Furthermore, the results from the experimental casting are shortly compared with previously manufactured castings of the same type and the results summarizing the found range of macrosegregations of the tested sample are interpreted in the work conclusion.
Importance of Upsetting Test for Numerical Simulation of Forming Processes
Tinka, Petr ; Dohnal, Ivo (referee) ; Řiháček, Jan (advisor)
The thesis deals primarily with the creation of a material model for numerical simulation using an upsetting test for steel 17 240, a layer of Delta 144 was applied on the steel. From the obtained values of force and path, a material model was created which serves for characterization material for numerical simulation. The simulation was performed in ANSYS Workbench 19.0. From this, force and path are obtained, which is used to compare with the upsetting test. It is clear from the comparison that the values do not differ too much, and it is possible to use this material for numerical simulation.
Quantification of Hydraulic Descaling Mechanisms
Hrabovský, Jozef ; Toman,, Zdeněk (referee) ; Dobeš, Ferdinand (referee) ; Horský, Jaroslav (advisor)
The issue of descaling is an important part of the forging and heat treatment of steel and semi products of steel production. Rising of new information and study of this process can increase efficiency and improve the surface quality after descaling. This thesis is focused on the mechanisms of the high pressure hydraulic descaling qualification and study of the chemical compounds of which the scales grown. To achieve all goals of this work and to get a comprehensive view of descaling process, few experimental measurements and numerical analyses were performed. All experimental measurements were focused on obtaining data about fundamental parameters and effects of the hydraulic descaling. The data obtained from measurements were applied to numerical analyses, which aimed to discover a deeper relation and to confirm the experimental results. This thesis can be divided into two main parts. The first part is devoted to parameters of the water jet study. The main studied characteristics of the high pressure hydraulic water jet were heat transfer coefficient and impact pressure at different modes such as standard or pulsating water jet. Experimentally measured data of these parameters were applied in numerical analyses. The numerical analyses were focused on studying the impact of the water jet parameters on the stresses in the oxide scale layers. A further water jet analysis was focused on the influence of the individual parts of the hydraulic system (such as water chamber or stabilizer) on its characteristics. In this part different types of the water chambers in combination with different types of stabilizers on the impact pressure values were investigated. These measurements were supported by fluid flow analysis through the hydraulic system. The second part of this work was focused on getting mechanical properties of the oxide scales from specimens prepared from standard structural steel and specimens from silicon steel. In this thesis, the influence of various parameters and characteristics was studied on these two types of steel. Mechanical properties of oxide scale structures were carried out by the Small Punch Test method. To obtain the fundamental mechanical properties such as Young´s modulus, yield strength and ultimate strength, material parameters based on the measured data were optimized. The whole work was carried out in order to get valuable and comprehensive results about high pressure hydraulic descaling process and influencing factors as well as about oxide scales themselves.
Pre-compliance Electromagnetic Immunity Tests
Růžek, Václav ; Polívka, Milan (referee) ; Soldán, Josef (referee) ; Dřínovský, Jiří (advisor)
The doctoral thesis deals with aspects of pre-certification tests of electromagnetic immunity in the automotive industry. The thesis analyses commonly used test methodology and mentions that standardized electromagnetic immunity tests performed by certified testing centres, which are extremely expensive and represents a considerable time load in the development of the vehicle. The thesis therefore proposes innovative ways for replacement of certification tests with an acceptable level of uncertainty. Key methods are seen in numerical simulations and modified test procedures when the vehicle is exposed by electromagnetic field. The proposed methods are deeply explored and their benefits are discussed and support by number of experiments. The results obtained with the pre-certification methods are objectively compared with the results of the certification measurements by FSV method. The work brings a proposal for a comprehensive test methodology including a discussion of risks and uncertainties with related issues.
Strength design of the aircraft spur
Profota, Martin ; Vosynek, Petr (referee) ; Vrbka, Jan (advisor)
This master thesis deals with computational stress-strain analysis of the tailskid of airplane L410 NG with main focus firstly the check current design of the tailskid and then the design another design solution with the able to absorb as much as possible the deformation energy. Solution of this problem is performed using computational modeling utilizing numerical simulation of quasi-static and crash deformation load of the tailskid with using explicit Finite Element Method (FEM) in program ABAQUS v6.14. After the introduction with problem situation and tailskid assembly introductory part is devoted to the research study of various designs of the tailskid for different types of airplanes. There follows these theoretical general principles of thin-walled structures and buckling of them. Before the creating of the computational model itself, the explicit form of the Finite Element Method is better described. The conclusion of this thesis deals with the mutual comparison of the most advantageous design variants of the tailskid and the selection of the most suitable one of them for the airplane L410 NG.
Optimization of aluminium casting process using numerical simulation
Kolařík, Martin ; Lána, Ivo (referee) ; Krutiš, Vladimír (advisor)
The master’s thesis deals with the analysis of casting technology of the selected aluminium casting. It is a casting of a part of CNC milling machine and it is cast by gravity casting into a permanent mold. The defects which are the cause of a high percentage of nonconforming production were analyzed. Furthermore, the master’s thesis includes a complete analysis of filling and solidification of this casting in the ProCast simulation program. Numerical simulation results are verified and improved. Then the causes of problematic casting defects are proven on several calculated variants. Measures are proposed to minimize the tendency to produce castings with defects leading to nonconforming production.

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