National Repository of Grey Literature 4 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Biodiverzita myxozoí v přehradní nádrži Římov zjištěná analýzou environmentální DNA
BÜRGEROVÁ, Monika
Myxozoans represent a diverse group of microscopic endoparasites primarily infecting fish, including over 2,600 nominal species. Despite the extensive number of described species, their diversity remains still unexplored and underestimated. The detection and surveillance of myxozoan parasites in previously unexamined areas can reveal crucial pathogens linked to fish mortality and discover myxozoans biodiversity. This thesis investigates the parasite diversity in the Římov Reservoir, focusing on myxozoan detection through environmental DNA (eDNA). A comparison of detected diversity at various sites and in different environmental samples across the Římov Reservoir unveiled interesting patterns of read abundance and number of OTUs within each myxozoan clade. This study underscores the importance of eDNA analysis in detecting pathogens and assessing biodiversity in myxozoan parasites.
The effect of microbiota on pathogenesis of gut diseases
Galanová, Natalie ; Kolařík, Miroslav (advisor) ; Hudcovic, Tomáš (referee)
Gut microbiota is considered an important factor in the development of various diseases including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD, n = 127), Ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, and colorectal cancer (CRC, n = 64). A part of this thtesis is to prepare clinical material of different sorts (stool, biopsy) for sequencing on Illumina Miseq platform. This is achieved trough DNA isolation, amplification of 16S and internal transcribed spacer (ITS), normalization and ligation of sequencing adaptors. The aim of this project is to describe the differences between microbiota in healthy and diseased subjects in case of IBD or unimpaired and tumorous tissue for CRC patients. This research is also being based on cultivation, where a fresh stool samples (n = 3) are cultivated in a broad range of conditions, which enables us to obtain ecophysiological and species diversity of these samples by traditional and molecular methods. The cultivable fungi are also assigned reliable taxonomy by amplification of relevant genes (ITS1, β tubulin, second largest subunit of RNA polymerase II, RPB2) followed by both-sided Sanger sequencing. Selected species of fungi are processed into lysates, which are used for stimulation of mice macrofage cell line (RAW). Therefore the impact on immunity response is studied in vitro and...
The effect of microbiota on pathogenesis of gut diseases
Galanová, Natalie ; Kolařík, Miroslav (advisor) ; Hudcovic, Tomáš (referee)
Gut microbiota is considered an important factor in the development of various diseases including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD, n = 127), Ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, and colorectal cancer (CRC, n = 64). A part of this thtesis is to prepare clinical material of different sorts (stool, biopsy) for sequencing on Illumina Miseq platform. This is achieved trough DNA isolation, amplification of 16S and internal transcribed spacer (ITS), normalization and ligation of sequencing adaptors. The aim of this project is to describe the differences between microbiota in healthy and diseased subjects in case of IBD or unimpaired and tumorous tissue for CRC patients. This research is also being based on cultivation, where a fresh stool samples (n = 3) are cultivated in a broad range of conditions, which enables us to obtain ecophysiological and species diversity of these samples by traditional and molecular methods. The cultivable fungi are also assigned reliable taxonomy by amplification of relevant genes (ITS1, β tubulin, second largest subunit of RNA polymerase II, RPB2) followed by both-sided Sanger sequencing. Selected species of fungi are processed into lysates, which are used for stimulation of mice macrofage cell line (RAW). Therefore the impact on immunity response is studied in vitro and...
The use of environmental sequencing in the studies on eukaryotic diversity
Lukešová, Soňa ; Hampl, Vladimír (advisor) ; Škaloud, Pavel (referee)
The bachelor's thesis focuses on environmental sequencing method and its usage in examining the diversity of microbial eukaryotic organisms. It describes the method, its mechanism, application and the problems associated with it. The work describes the current view of the phylogeny of the major eukaryotic lineages with their closer characteristics. Particular attention is paid to newly discovered groups. The work addresses the relationships inside these groups, summarizes findings of their ecology, food resources, and morphology. A separate chapter is devoted to the occurrence of the protist groups in extreme environmental conditions. Key words: Diversity of eukaryotes, environmental DNA, sequencing, rRNA, phylogenetics.