National Repository of Grey Literature 518 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Consumer Protection under EU Law
Marciniková, Eliška ; Kunertová, Tereza (referee)
Consumer Protection under EU Law - Abstract This paper discusses consumer protection legislation on the level of EU law and its development. This paper focuses on identifying areas affected by consumer protection law. It also strives to define the nature and position of the set of consumer protection rules in the system and then to define further trends in the development of consumer protection law in the EU. Finally, it attempts to identify both gaps in consumer protection and any problems that can arise from excessive regulation in favour of consumers. Several initial thought (theses, hypotheses) were the impetus for writing this paper, and the paper aims to confirm or refute them (in addition to fulfilling the primary objectives above). The first is the problem of the non-existence of a universal definition of consumer in European law and the idea that this fact does not cause any major problems in practice. The second initial thesis is the assumption that consumer protection legislation is excessive. The third thesis, which ties on to the second, is that despite the great number of legal norms, consumers do not have a specific procedural standing in legal proceedings, which leads to a factual weakening of their protection. The last thesis rests on the opinion that the future and direction of consumer...
Time of Performance of an Obligation (Focusing on Entrepreneurs' Obligations)
Král, Tomáš ; Horáček, Tomáš (referee)
Time of Performance of an Obligation (Focusing on Entrepreneurs' Obligations) Abstract The thesis deals with time of performance of an obligation from the perspective of private law and focuses on entrepreneurs' obligations. The aim of the thesis is to provide a comprehensive description and analysis of the topic. Time of performance is analysed while employing functional approach and its relationship with other legal institutes is emphasized. The thesis is divided into five chapters. It starts with general subjects and ends with the special ones. The first chapter provides a general introduction to the topic. Time of performance is classified within the law of obligations and its functions are analysed. Then there is a comparative excursus, which is made use of later in the thesis, that focuses on prerequisites of remedies for non-performance. The thesis then focuses on terminology (time of performance, maturity, ability to perform) and on the concept of time in the field of law. In the second chapter, cases where time of performance is determined in advance (Section 1958 para. 2 CC) are analysed and particular sources of time of performance are illuminated. The third chapter deals with cases where time of performance is not determined in advance and depends either 1) upon the will of a creditor (Section...
Collective management in the context of modern technologies
Smolka, Lucie ; Dobřichovský, Tomáš (referee)
COLLECTIVE MANAGEMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF MODERN TECHNOLOGIES MGR. BC. LUCIE SMOLKA, PH.D. The thesis focuses on transformation of the role of collective management in the online world. The main goal and the research question that this work sets is to analyse and provide an answer to the question how the collective management and its position changes depending on modern technologies (especially the Internet). Within this main research question, two tendencies are observed, two main areas influenced by the general characteristics of copyright, reflected in the functioning of collective management in the environment of modern technologies. An aspect that permeates the work is the view of copyright territoriality and its influence and its changes regarding the collective management. The goal is to find out how the application and perception of the principles of territoriality is changing in a context of ever-increasing intersection of copyright and modern technologies. In addition to the general features of collective management, in connection with the territoriality, we will concentrate on multi-territorial licensing instruments, which were introduced, despite the previous efforts, only through the Collective Management Directive. The second examined feature and an important principle is the autonomy...
China's Geopolitical Aspirations and Serbia's Role in the One Belt, One Road Initiative Analyzed Through the Context of the Heartland Theory by Halford John Mackinder
Kuljanin, Vedran ; Riegl, Martin (advisor) ; Doboš, Bohumil (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to provide an in-depth analysis on the projected nature of China's One Belt, One Road (OBOR) initiative through Chinese engagement in Eastern Europe, with a particular focus on Serbia. The current geopolitical situation provides a unique opportunity for the use of the Heartland Theory, first presented by Halford John Mackinder in 1904, which outlines and justifies state expansion across Eurasia. The main objectives of this thesis are to discuss possible outcomes for Serbia following increased Chinese investment and to provide a recommendation for a European response. Being an adjacent nation of the Heartland, a potential future member of the European Union, and currently balanced between Europe's and China's pull, Serbia has became a unique and important state to consider when assessing China's intentions in Europe. China's continued economic and political rise in recent years has allowed them to become influential in nations previously untethered to China, and has ominously begun to follow the footsteps that Mackinder had predicted a century prior. Although the theory suggests a nation's intent to rule the world, which one could argue China is pursuing, the aim of this thesis is in fact to uncover and illustrate the effects that China's potential advance to world...
Evaluation of reaction of state and its institutions to COVID-19 epidemic - Our society - special - December 2020
Červenka, Jan
The majority of six tenths of Czech citizens consider what the Czech state has done against the spread of coronavirus to be appropriate, and two fifths consider measures to support the economy to be appropriate. The work of most institutions and groups in relation to the spread of coronavirus is assessed favorably, with criticism prevailing in relation to the government, media, the EU and the WHO.
Assessing Coherence Within the CSDP: A Top-Down Analysis of Military Capabilities Developed in the EU in the last Twenty Years
Lougedo Novillo, Rocío ; Střítecký, Vít (advisor) ; Karásek, Tomáš (referee)
Rocío Lougedo Novillo Master Thesis Assessing Coherence Within the CSDP A Top-Down Analysis of Military Capabilities Developed in the EU in the last Twenty Years Abstract in English Ever since the establishment of the European Security and Defense Policy in 1999, the European Union has strived to develop a more holistic and coherent foreign policy apparatus. This paper examines this 20-year process of military capabilities reform in order to assess the level of coherence in the field of defense and security policy. For this purpose, this thesis sets a Top-Down analytical framework built around five variables specifically designed for measuring capabilities. Through this framework, and based on the pertinent data gathered, this study will assess the global level of coherence (or incoherence) among targets, expectations and outputs, as well as it will identify the perils and uncertainties that could jeopardize further integration on the European defense sphere.
Consumer Protection under EU Law
Marciniková, Eliška ; Kunertová, Tereza (referee)
Consumer Protection under EU Law - Abstract This paper discusses consumer protection legislation on the level of EU law and its development. This paper focuses on identifying areas affected by consumer protection law. It also strives to define the nature and position of the set of consumer protection rules in the system and then to define further trends in the development of consumer protection law in the EU. Finally, it attempts to identify both gaps in consumer protection and any problems that can arise from excessive regulation in favour of consumers. Several initial thought (theses, hypotheses) were the impetus for writing this paper, and the paper aims to confirm or refute them (in addition to fulfilling the primary objectives above). The first is the problem of the non-existence of a universal definition of consumer in European law and the idea that this fact does not cause any major problems in practice. The second initial thesis is the assumption that consumer protection legislation is excessive. The third thesis, which ties on to the second, is that despite the great number of legal norms, consumers do not have a specific procedural standing in legal proceedings, which leads to a factual weakening of their protection. The last thesis rests on the opinion that the future and direction of consumer...
Private enforcement of EU Competition Law
Albrecht, Patrik ; Šmejkal, Václav (referee)
1 Abstract Private enforcement of EU Competition Law Private enforcement of competition law is commonly understood as the possibility of seeking damages caused by anticompetitive behavior of undertakings before the courts of EU member states. The analysis of a right to seek the antitrust damages and its development is based on decisions of the Court of Justice of the European Union as well as preparatory works on the Directive 2014/104/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 November 2014 (the "Directive"). The first chapter describes the development of the new fully recognized branch of competition law within the EU. The CJEU has focused on the interpretation of the principles of effectiveness and equivalence and the direct effect of Articles 101 and 102 TFEU. The second chapter includes the analysis of a total of four research questions such as who may be the claimant or the defendant, which court has a jurisdiction and when the limitation period exactly starts to run. Answers to these questions provide injured persons with a higher degree of legal certainty in relation to enforcement of their rights. Also, the Directive and the Czech transposition legislation, including the already available case law of the CJEU, are critically analyzed. Collective protection of the rights and protection...
Private enforcement of EU Competition Law
Albrecht, Patrik ; Šmejkal, Václav (referee)
Private enforcement of EU Competition Law Abstract The topic of this Juris Doctor thesis deals with private enforcement of competition law, which is commonly understood as the possibility of seeking damages caused by anticompetitive behavior of undertakings before the courts of EU member states. The author describes the development of the right to seek the antitrust damages in the first part of his thesis. This deep analysis involves an exhaustive presentation of key decisions of the Court of Justice of the European Union, accompanied by the analysis of the preparatory work on the Directive 2014/104/EU. The latter includes synthesis of numerous comments drafted and issued by member states, national competition authorities and other stakeholders as well. Following the first part described above, the author carefully examines the whole text of adopted Directive 2014/104/EU and describes its transposition. There was created a new fully recognized branch of competition law within the EU, which doesn't replace or threaten both the EC and NCA public enforcement of competition law. Moreover, these private antitrust damages actions serve as a complement of a public-law sanction. The European private damages directive establishes certain new procedures and law institutes, all of which are thoroughly analyzed and...
Military Conscription in contemporary Europe - how and why states still use it?
Hoppe, Dominik ; Kučera, Tomáš (advisor) ; Ludvík, Jan (referee)
This thesis addresses issues regarding military conscription within the European geographic area. It reflects lengthy and complicated evolution of military conscription, as well as its use case and eventual suspension or abolishment as a military recruitment tool in a post- Cold war Europe up until this day. Thesis also addresses academic and non-academic debate related to conscription and its development, typology, use-cases while it tries to uncover and summarize principal reasons, why was the concept of military conscription abandoned. Furthermore, it tries to evaluate those reasons against the current state of security environment in Europe, compare them and based on that, answer the question whether the relevance of those reasons is still valid or not. Especially in relation to the fact, that some of the countries that abolished conscription in the past, are bringing it back in form of mandatory military or civilian service, contrary to above mentioned reasons. Thesis comes to conclusion, that the relevancy of the issues with conscription from the past are less relevant in current European security environment.

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