National Repository of Grey Literature 162 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
New methods of combating VAT evasion
Pelikán, Tomáš ; Vondráčková, Pavlína (advisor) ; Novotný, Petr (referee)
and keywords New methods of combating VAT evasion The topic of this work is the rating of the current situation regarding value added tax evasions, which rates the situation de lege lata, identifies its shortcomings and proposes de lege ferenda solutions that could prevent or at least reduce such evasions. The theses also shows practical examples and tries to present situations that can actually occur in the environment of taxes. The first chapter is focused at general description and introduction to the topic of value added tax, while it is very briefly explaining its basic design elements. It also outlines the nature of tax evasion. The second chapter focuses on the limits of financial administration, which lie mainly in its limited staffing capabilities. The chapter emphasizes the need for automation and explains its practical benefits, outlining the basic framework of most tools to fight against tax evasion. The third chapter describes specifically the issue of the so-called control report, points out its predominant strengths and presents it as one of the successful tools in the fight against tax evasion. At the same time, however, the shortcomings of the current legislation are rated and de lege ferenda solutions are proposed. The fourth is focused at the issue of the so-called electronic...
Builiding Savings - legal and economic issues
Stříbrná, Nataša ; Vondráčková, Pavlína (advisor) ; Novotný, Petr (referee)
Builiding Savings - legal and economic issues Supervision enforcement in the area of building savings Abstract The aim of the thesis was to summarize supervisory procedures in building savings with a special focus on the scope of the Ministry of Finance of the Czech Republic. The first part of the thesis defines basic concepts, the relevant basic theoretical issues of supervisory procedures in the field of financial law and the purpose of general terms and conditions are also mentioned. The third and fourth parts of the work are crucial. The third part focuses on the competence of the Ministry of Finance in the field of building savings. Separate chapters are devoted to the approval of the general terms and conditions of building savings banks, the implementation of the agenda related to the payment and return of the state support of building savings, as well as the actual exercise of state supervision of compliance with the state support conditions laid down by the Building Savings Act. Special attention is paid to the information system, the operation and administration of which is essential for the performance of the Ministry of Finance's competence in building savings. The fourth part consists of considerations on selected supervisory issues in the field of building savings. It contains reflection on...
National and International Taxation of Corporate Groups
Novotný, David ; Vondráčková, Pavlína (advisor) ; Bakeš, Milan (referee)
National and International Taxation of Corporate Groups The thesis deals with the national and international taxation of corporate groups. After examining the historical development of income tax and the tax system in the Czech Republic, the thesis compares how a corporate group is defined in commercial law and in tax law. The topic of the taxation of a corporate group's income in the Czech Republic is divided into taxation of the individual legal forms of the companies involved and the taxation of the income received by the members/shareholders of such companies. As part of an overview of the international taxation of the income of group companies, the thesis also looks at the methods for elimination of double-taxation, as regulated in bilateral treaties on elimination of double-taxation, and examines in detail the taxation of dividends, interest and licensing fees. The part focusing on transfer pricing explains the procedure for setting such prices in accordance with the current OECD directive, as well as the rules for preparing a comparability analysis. It then looks at the methods for setting transfer prices and the requisites of transfer pricing documentation. With regard to EU and OECD measures, the thesis provides explanatory information on draft directives on a common tax base and a...
Trust fund in context of tax law
Navrátil, Martin ; Vondráčková, Pavlína (advisor) ; Novotný, Petr (referee)
Trust fund in context of tax law Abstract Trust fund is a relatively new legal structure in Czech legal system, embodied in the Civil Code with recodification of Civil law in 2014. Trust fund is constituted by appropriation of property from trustor for trustee's administration either for personal purpose or for purpose of general interest. The property does not turn into the property of trustee, beneficiary, nor does it stay the property of trustor. On the contrary it becomes separate and independent property without any owner. Trust fund is lackíng legal personality and is fully under the administration of trustee. The thesis focuses on trust fund under the Civil Code in the light of tax law. The objective of this thesis is to expound on and analyse current private law and tax law legal framework of trust fund, to assess the rate of embodiment of trust fund into Czech legal society and also to assess the success rate of proclaimed tax neutrality with tax regime of legal entities. Beyond above mentioned the thesis also offers the interpretation and solution of both known and by the author's point of view relevant though yet unknown problematic issues. The thesis consists of three parts. The first part of thesis focuses on the history of modern angloamerican trust and its ancestor known as "use," it also...
Taxation of the provision of contributions to share capital and outside share capital and taxation of these deposits
Růžička, Josef ; Vondráčková, Pavlína (advisor) ; Novotný, Petr (referee)
Taxation of the provision of contributions to share capital and outside share capital and taxation of these deposits - Abstract This diploma thesis describes the basic tax context in the case of deposits in the company and withdrawals from the company always in connection with equity. The diploma thesis focuses on domestic legal entities. It does not describe the connection with deposits in foreign companies. The diploma thesis is based on the domestic tax system. This system includes the following resources. Domestic regulations (laws that are affected by the so-called transcription of EU directives), international contracts (contracts of prevention of double taxation), domestic case law, and legitimate expectations outside the aforementioned sources. Legitimate expectations consist mainly of conveys from General Financial Directorate and minutes from the Coordinating Committees. The result of the performed analysis of documents is a summary of the basic tax context. The tax context includes the registration obligation (especially Value-added tax on the plant deposit), the notification obligation for payments abroad and the settlement of withheld tax. The key tax for non-monetary deposits is Value added tax. Non-monetary deposits by type are considered to be a service or goods according to ZDPH. The key...
Taxation of income of business companies and their members (comparison of legal regulation in the Czech Republic and selected EU countries)
Jandová, Gabriela ; Novotný, Petr (advisor) ; Vondráčková, Pavlína (referee)
In my dissertation I examine the taxation of income of companies and their partners. In using the method of comparison, I evaluate the crucial aspects of tax and business law of the Czech Republic and the Kingdom of Belgium (hereinafter referred to as Belgium). My goal is to compare the mutual complexity and comprehensibility of these legal regulations, which could influence the decisions of potential investors, mainly using the method of description and analysis. In my work I find out the degree of competitiveness and the attractiveness of individual forms of business affected by the legal requirements for these companies. In the first part, I analyze the tax system of the Czech Republic. In this chapter, I outline the reasons for the declining trend in the share of direct taxes in the tax mixes of developed countries, and also views on the real effect of tax competition. I consider the resolution of the residency conflict and the issue of double taxation treaties to be a key issue, the clarification of which is important for the correct use of the methods of double taxation measures, when assessing their advantages and disadvantages that I see in the methods used. The next chapter is devoted to the analysis of companies established under Czech law. I compare these companies using their main...
Issues of Transfer Pricing
Radikovská, Daniela ; Novotný, Petr (advisor) ; Vondráčková, Pavlína (referee)
ISSUES OF TRANSFER PRICING Transfer pricing has been often-discussed topic in recent years which is unlikely to change in the upcoming years. Given the great importance of transfer pricing in international tax planning, as well as in so called aggressive tax planning, it is a priority for states to set transfer pricing rules based on the arm's length principle in such a way that untaxed profits are not transferred from the jurisdictions where it was generated. Although this is a tax issue concerning the direct taxation, it shall be regulated at least in a coordinated manner by most countries in the world, as the international overlap is the greatest danger to state treasuries. From the perspective of taxpayers, it is often very difficult to meet all obligations regarding the setting of transfer pricing pursuant the arm's length principle, but it can be pointed out that a sufficiently clearly specified rules may be in favor of the taxpayers, because unjustified price manipulation between the related parties may cause some distortion of the functioning of the market. The main purpose of this thesis is to provide a comprehensive overview of transfer pricing issues from the perspective of Czech legislation, especially the Income Tax Act and instructions issued by the Ministry of Finance and the...
Corporate structures
Posmiková, Simona ; Novotný, Petr (advisor) ; Vondráčková, Pavlína (referee)
The main goal of the thesis is to identify and explore the possibilities of using corporate tax structures in detail. And, moreover, how it influences corporate income tax and personal income tax with a focus on the partners of these corporate entities. The first part of the thesis represents the theoretical framework, especially the explanation of the basic concepts related to tax corporate structures and the most important limits in their compilation. This section also includes recommendations primarily made by the OECD to remove parts of the legislation that allows the transfer of profits between entities or to fill gaps in this legislation that allows the use of tax relief in unjustified cases. The thesis also contains the current legislation of the European Union and the Czech Republic regarding tax policy. The first part of the thesis in the above context is processed in chapters 1 to 5. In the second part, starting from chapter 6, I analyse the adjustment of the corporate structure of the Amazon group and I make suggestions for possible methods of establishing transfer prices for transactions carried out within this group in the Czech Republic. In this section of the thesis I also compare the possible effects on the tax burden in the case of a differently set corporate structure of the...
Ownership of land and land transfer from the perspective of tax legislation
Palatová, Eliška ; Novotný, Petr (advisor) ; Vondráčková, Pavlína (referee)
Ownership of land and land transfers from the perspective of tax legislation Abstract The thesis deals with taxes from immovable property - real estate tax and tax on the acquisition of immovable property. The aim of the work is to clearly describe the current legislation of these taxes, to highlight their importance, to assess the appropriateness of the legislation and to suggest possible improvements based on case studies and comparison with the legislation of real estate taxation in other European countries. In the first part of the work, the author focuses on the civil law side of the issue to understand the important civil law institutes related to this topic. The second part deals with real estate tax, where land tax is first specified, and the basic elements of the tax are defined. Furthermore, the author expresses her views on the degree of autonomy of municipalities related to the setup of the tax amount and summarises the opinion on tax by both taxpayers and experts. In this context, it is pointed out the meaning and purpose of the immovable property tax and related changes are proposed. It is shown on practical examples how different can be the tax revenue depending on the increase or decrease of municipal and local coefficients and their low usage by municipalities is demonstrated. The Czech...
Personal income taxation
Vašíček, David ; Vondráčková, Pavlína (advisor) ; Novotný, Petr (referee)
Personal income taxation Abstract This diploma thesis comprehensively discusses the topic of personal income taxation, both in terms of general tax theory and specific personal income tax. One of the aims of the thesis is to highlight some problematic aspects of this taxation. The main sources for this thesis are, in addition to monographs and selected Internet sources, mainly legal regulations. The thesis is divided, apart from the introduction and conclusion, into four main chapters. The first chapter called General part of tax law deals with the concept of tax, introduces a general classification of taxes with the subsumption of personal income tax, describes the tax system of the Czech Republic and deals with the basics of each tax - construction elements of the tax. The second chapter, with the title Legal regulation of personal income taxation, describes the main sources of this legislation in their formal sense. The constitutional anchoring of taxes, tax laws and some sub-legal norms are discussed. The third chapter, called Construction elements of personal income tax, is considered the core of the whole thesis. The basic and other construction elements, by means of which this tax is defined and without which it could not exist, are analysed in detail. Among others, this chapter deals with subjects...

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