National Repository of Grey Literature 16 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The framework for application of phase allocation of consumers
Franěk, Vít ; Koudelka, Jan (referee) ; Vyčítal, Václav (advisor)
The aim of this work is to introduce the issue of the smart grids concept, as well as the issue of phase identification sorting from implementation smart grids. The issue of phase identification sorting is described by several possible methods. The work continues by calculating the theoretical network and processing the values measured from the low voltage network and applying the phase identification method based on voltage events. Based on the results, a laboratory task proposal is prepared.
Probabilistic Approach for Assessment of Earthing System Design
Vyčítal, Václav ; Gurecký, Jiří (referee) ; Procházka, Karel (referee) ; Toman, Petr (advisor)
This dissertation thesis deals with application of probabilistic approach to assessment of earthing system safety in distribution networks, especially for cases with common earthing of high and low voltage side of distribution transformers HV/LV. In these cases, the increased potential during fault might be transferred from high voltage to low voltage network and thus the individuals from public can be exposed to increased risk. Thus, for these cases were in this thesis defined expectable touch scenarios together with the resulting risk imposed on individuals from the public. Based on the results it seems that adoption of probabilistic approach for these cases of earthing systems might be more suitable compared to the conventional deterministic worst case approach. In accordance to the aims of the thesis, a thorough analysis of currently adopted probabilistic approaches was carried out as well and it was pointed out to some new possible simplifications in the adopted probabilistic based methodologies. For example, it seems that appropriate modelling of human body resistance by the full lognormal distribution is not completely necessary and similar results can be obtained when only the resistance for 50 % of population together with c3 and c4 fibrillation curves are used. Much of the work was also devoted to the determination of possible uncertainty of calculated risk of evaluated earthing system, especially due to inappropriate modelling of earthing system. The appropriateness of different earthing system modelling methods together with other parameters on the value of calculated risk was investigated through conducting sensitivity analysis. Based on the analysis results it seems, that due to using more, or less simplified modelling method, a possible underrating in the resulting risk of about 40 % (about half an order/decade) is expectable. On the other hand, the change of parameters related directly to calculation of fibrillation probability seems to exhibit greater change in calculated risk by up to units of orders/decades.
Appropriateness of modelling the actual soil model as a uniform or horizontal two-layer soil model
Kuběna, Michael ; Topolánek, David (referee) ; Vyčítal, Václav (advisor)
The present thesis deals with soil resistivity and especially the suitability of replacing various soil models with a two-layer horizontal model. First, the factors that influence soil resistivity as well as the methodology of its measuring are described, and various soil models are introduced. Then, the Ansys program was used to create several soil models: a vertical model with perpendicular or oblique division, a model with a pronounced inhomogeneity and a three-layer model. In all of these models, a Wenner measurement simulation was performed, followed by a two-layer horizontal replacement model. Then the size of the error that was created by replacing the actual model with a two-layer horizontal model was examined.
Modelling Of Electrical Installations Earthing Systems In Ansoft Maxwell
Vycital, Vaclav
This paper discusses the possibilities of modelling of ES in Ansoft Maxwell software. The possible way of definition of the problem with possible modelling difficulties were discussed. The possible error in obtained results by choosing a value of radius of the earth model as well as choosing a value of target percent error in the software by the user is also discussed. The discussion is supplemented with a simplified sensitivity analysis of these input variables and the results are validated by comparing the results with results obtained from simplified analytical formulas.
Electricity Load Forecasting Using Auto-Regressive and Artificial Neural Network Model
Vyčítal, Václav
In this paper a short review of two forecasting models Autoregressive and Artificial neural network is presented. Both models were used to demonstrate its superior performance in load forecasting issues. In the third section the results of load forecasting experiment are given. For obtained forecasted results mean absolute percentage error for autoregressive model was 0.644 % and for artificial neural network model 2.31 %. In this paper error distribution for both models is also shown.
Determination of electromagnetic field distribution around underground power cable
Gromotovič, Ivan ; Paar, Martin (referee) ; Vyčítal, Václav (advisor)
The thesis deals with the distribution of the electromagnetic field around the conductor in the way of laying the conductors. The paper describes the structure of the cables and their lettering. More detailed is described the underground cable and various ways of protecting the conductor against mechanical damage are shown. The functions of the locator of underground lines on the electromagnetic field principle are briefly described . In the practical part, in simulation software Ansys Maxwell has been designed models to simulate the layout of the underground line. The output of the thesis is the comparison of the results created by the simulations.
Development of the tool for application of the method for localization of unsymmetrical faults
Pospíšil, Tomáš ; Vyčítal, Václav (referee) ; Topolánek, David (advisor)
In resonant earthed distribution systems, the capacitive current of the system is compensated by grounding via a arc suppression coil. The level of fault current is then very small and independent on the fault location which greatly complicates the rapid finding of the fault site. At this moment there is no method to be used to directly locate the site of a single-phase fault in the distribution network, new methods and solutions are being constantly sought to address the shortcomings of the existent localization methods. The diploma thesis deals with the design of a universal software tool that allows to apply a new method of locating an asymmetric fault in the distribution network. The tool is created in a MATLAB environment and utilizes the negative sequence voltage measured on the low-voltage sides of the distribution transformers and the negative sequence current measured behind the power transformer. By using the proposed tool, it is possible to read the parameters of any part of the distribution system that the user enters together with the measured values of the voltage and current into the initialization file. After the specified network parameters are loaded, a numerical model is created, which is then used for the method. In the work is described in detail the way of entering the parameters of the network into the initialization file, the method of automatic assembling of the numerical model based on the entered data and the possibility of customizing the calculation parameters. At the end of the thesis, the functionality of the proposed software tool is verified on data from simulation of the test network.
Measurement of electrical soil resistivity
Matyska, Stanislav ; Topolánek, David (referee) ; Vyčítal, Václav (advisor)
This master’s thesis deals with the measurement of the electrical soil resistivity. In the theoretical part there are described the methods by which the soil resistivity is measured – especially the Wenner’s method, which was used for the practical measurements. Then there is also described the one-layered and the two-layered model of this method. Furthermore, there is described the procedure for the measurement of soil resistivity using the OMICRON CPC 100 and PU 193 instruments used in the measurement. To verify the modeling of a two-layered soil model, the theoretical part of the thesis describes the soil modeling process using the program Ansys. As for the practical part of the thesis, the measurements were carried out in three localities: Brno – Královo Pole; Hrušovany nad Jevišovkou – Pravice; Hustopeče nad Bečvou – Vysoká. The measured values were processed using the Matlab’s graphical user interface (GUI) that was developed within this thesis. From these values, at least one two-layered soil model was created for each location and both meters – a total of 12 models were created. For these models, measurements were simulated in Ansys. The results of the simulations were then compared with the measured values. The aim of this thesis is to compare the measured data with the data obtained by the simulations and subsequently to describe the suitability / unsuitability of the substitution of the one-layered soil model for the two-layered one for given measurements.
Testing of the admitance principle of the fault indicator
Musil, Milan ; Vyčítal, Václav (referee) ; Topolánek, David (advisor)
The thesis deals with the proposal, implementation and evaluation of test for fault condition indicators. Thesis focusing on earth fault indicators based on admittance principles. These indicators must be able to evaluate earth faults in compensated, compensated with auxiliary resistor, unearthed and high-resistance earthed networks. The proposed tests verify the current and voltage measurement errors in inputs including monitored characteristic variables such as conductance and susceptance. The proposed test are applied to a selected ample of the fault indicator. As part of the tests, the indicator is subjected to secondary test using the Omicron CMC256plus tester as well as test on fault records that have been converted to COMTRADE for this purpose. The last series of tests carried out uses the physical model of the medium voltage system, where the tested equipment is subjected to fault states in the compensated whit auxiliary resistor system and isolated system. Furthermore, part of the thesis is research of new methods of earth fault detection, including their principles and function description. Also included in the thesis is an overview of manufacturers of indicators, or protection, who are involved in the production of earth fault protection.
Design and optimization of laboratory HV models
Kočí, Zbyněk ; Vyčítal, Václav (referee) ; Varmuža, Jan (advisor)
Bachelor's thesis is focuses on the operation of the distribution system in the Czech Republic and the use of new types of cables in the world. It describes the characteristics, division and use of overhead lines and cable lines. This work also deals the division and control DC networks, their advantages and disadvantages. In superconducting cables is engaged in their development, advantages and disadvantages. Describes their application and use in the future. It also describes the parameters affecting the properties of the ropes and the cables of the AC and DC wiring and ways to mitigate the negative effects on the ropes and on the surrounding environment. Work deals with measurement and counting of the laboratory models for their optimization. Finally, the work describes a proposal of new laboratory model for the measurement and stating components, which are needed for optimization models and the production of a new model

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5 Vycital, Vaclav
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