National Repository of Grey Literature 3 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Application of next-generation sequencing for phylogenetic reconstruction of polyploid plants
Skopalíková, Jana ; Fér, Tomáš (advisor) ; Šrámková, Gabriela (referee)
This bachelor thesis summarizes available information about currently used next- generation sequencing (NGS) methods where a big progress was achieved during last few years. Great advantage of NGS is the ability to gain huge amount of data at much lower cost per base compared to the Sanger sequencing. However, there are various pitfalls in data analysis. Nowadays it is possible to sequence the entire genomes of individuals. Nevertheless, this approach remains challenging when studying many individuals, e.g. in phylogenetics. Recently, several approaches for effective reduction of genome complexity arose: transcriptome sequencing (RNA-Seq), target enrichment, restriction digest-based methods (RAD-Seq, RLL, GBS), genome skimming (shallow sequencing), etc. Each method has both advantages and disadvantages that affect its utility in phylogenetics. Furthermore, the thesis deals with polyploid speciation and particularity of phylogenetics in polyploid plants - selection of suitable markers followed by data processing and phylogenetic analyzes. The last part of the thesis is devoted to my future research of polyploid genus Curcuma L.
Application of Hyb-Seq method for reconstruction of reticulate infrageneric phylogeny: example from polyploid genus Curcuma L. (Zingiberaceae)
Skopalíková, Jana ; Fér, Tomáš (advisor) ; Krak, Karol (referee)
This master thesis focuses on the phylogeny of hybridogenous and polyploid genus Curcuma from family Zingiberaceae using Next-Generation Sequencing data from hundreds to thousands nuclear loci. This approach seems to be better than widely used cpDNA and ITS sequencing especially in the case of hybridogenous and polyploid groups. Data for phylogeny reconstruction were generated using Hybridization-based sequencing (Hyb-Seq) method which combines target enrichment and genome skimming strategies. Data analysis was performed primarily using pipeline HybPhyloMaker especially created for Hyb-Seq data analysis. Twenty-seven species from the genus Curcuma and three outgroup species were sequenced in this work. Phylogenetic trees based on all 1 154 and 811 selected nuclear low- copy genes show high support values of all nodes which is in contrast to plastome and rDNA phylogeny with lower support values in some nodes and incongruences in topology compared to low-copy genes phylogeny. Phylogenetic networks inferred from low-copy genes, lineage movement analysis and monophyly tests agree with published hypotheses of interlineage hybrid origin of three species - C. vamana, C. myanmarensis and C. roscoeana. These analyzes show likely hybrid origin of C. candida too with parents from the group Curcuma I and basal...
Application of next-generation sequencing for phylogenetic reconstruction of polyploid plants
Skopalíková, Jana ; Fér, Tomáš (advisor) ; Šrámková, Gabriela (referee)
This bachelor thesis summarizes available information about currently used next- generation sequencing (NGS) methods where a big progress was achieved during last few years. Great advantage of NGS is the ability to gain huge amount of data at much lower cost per base compared to the Sanger sequencing. However, there are various pitfalls in data analysis. Nowadays it is possible to sequence the entire genomes of individuals. Nevertheless, this approach remains challenging when studying many individuals, e.g. in phylogenetics. Recently, several approaches for effective reduction of genome complexity arose: transcriptome sequencing (RNA-Seq), target enrichment, restriction digest-based methods (RAD-Seq, RLL, GBS), genome skimming (shallow sequencing), etc. Each method has both advantages and disadvantages that affect its utility in phylogenetics. Furthermore, the thesis deals with polyploid speciation and particularity of phylogenetics in polyploid plants - selection of suitable markers followed by data processing and phylogenetic analyzes. The last part of the thesis is devoted to my future research of polyploid genus Curcuma L.

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