National Repository of Grey Literature 5 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Enantioseparation and estimation of racemization barriers of selected helquats and their derivatives by capillary electrophoresis using sulfated cyclodextrins as chiral selectors
Sázelová, Petra ; Koval, Dušan ; Severa, Lukáš ; Reyes Gutierrez, Paul Eduardo ; Jirásek, Michael ; Teplý, Filip ; Kašička, Václav
Anionic highly sulfated β- and γ-cyclodextrins (S-CDs) and single-isomer heptakis-(2,3-diacetyl-6-sulfato)-β-CD (14Ac-7S-β-CD) were used for chiral separation of [5], [6] and [7]-ring helquats and helquat styryl dyes by capillary electrophoresis (CE) in the background electrolyte composed of 22 mM NaOH/35 mM H3PO4, pH 2.4. The CE method was applied for monitoring of racemization of eight helquats and helical dyes. Rate constant k of conversion, half-life T1/2 of racemization, and activation Gibbs free energy ΔGǂ of interconversion of one enantiomer into the other were calculated from the dependence of natural logarithm of enantiomeric excess (ee) on time using linear regression analysis.
Affinity capillary electrophoresis applied to chiral separations of diquats and to determination of the stability constants of their complexes with sulfated cyclodextrins
Kašička, Václav ; Bílek, Jan ; Koval, Dušan ; Sázelová, Petra ; Talele, Harish Ramesh ; Severa, Lukáš ; Reyes Gutierrez, Paul Eduardo ; Teplý, Filip
Affinity capillary electrophoresis (ACE) using an aqueous 22/35 mM sodium/phosphate buffer, pH 2.5, as the background electrolyte (BGE), and 6 mM randomly highly sulfated alpha-, beta- and gamma-cyclodextrins (CDs) as chiral selectors has been successfully applied for separation of (P)- and (M)-enantiomers of a series of eleven new diquats (DQs) and for estimation of the strength of their complexes with the above CDs. The apparent stability constants of the DQs-CDs complexes were determined from the simultaneous ACE measurements of the dependence of effective electrophoretic mobilities of (P)- and (M)-enantiomers of DQs on the concentrations of CDs in the BGE by nonlinear regression analysis. The DQs enantiomers formed strong complexes with all three types of CDs with the apparent stability constants in the range (7.80 547.4) × 103 L/mol.
Estimation of racemization barriers of selected helquats and their derivatives by capillary electrophoresis using sulfated cyclodextrins as chiral selectors
Sázelová, Petra ; Koval, Dušan ; Severa, Lukáš ; Reyes Gutierrez, Paul Eduardo ; Jirásek, Michael ; Teplý, Filip ; Kašička, Václav
The recently developed capillary electrophoretic (CE) method for chiral analysis of helquats (helical N-heteroaromatic dications) was applied to monitoring of racemization of selected helquats and helquat styryl dyes and for the determination of their racemization barriers, i.e. activation Gibbs free energy deltaG≠. deltaG≠ of analyzed compounds was found to be in the range 107.7 – 115.7 kJ/mol.
Enantioseparations of drugs and catalysts by partial-filling affinity capillary electrophoresis using helquats as chiral selectors
Růžička, Martin ; Koval, Dušan ; Vávra, Jan ; Reyes Gutierrez, Paul Eduardo ; Teplý, Filip ; Kašička, Václav
Noncovalent molecular interactions between helquats, a new class of dicationic helical extended diquats and selected commonly used negatively charged chiral drugs and catalysts have been investigated using partial-filling affinity capillary electrophoresis (PF-ACE). Three types of interactions of analytes with helquats were observed: (1) medium strong enantioselective interactions, (2) medium strong non-enantioselective interactions and (3) no or very weak non-enantioselective interactions.

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