National Repository of Grey Literature 172 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Shaping the American National Identity: Reality and Myth of the Western Frontier
Biben, Valeriya ; Procházka, Martin (advisor) ; Machová, Mariana (referee)
The territorial expansion of the United States in the nineteenth century caused major political, social and cultural changes within the American nation. In 1893, American historian Frederick Jackson Turner put forward the idea that the American frontier gave rise to the establishment of the most salient features of American national identity - individualism, exceptionalism, self-reliance, and the emergence of American democratic order. But despite its enormous impact on the following generations of historians, Turner's thesis overlooked a number of historical facts and impacts of the Frontier that could potentially undermine his statement, namely the indigenous genocide and devastation of the natural environment. His essay thus formulated the myth of the West, as it largely represented the American's imagination of the frontier and its experiences. This thesis examines the relation between the history of the United States' territorial expansion and its mythologic representation, focusing on the political and cultural dynamics of the nineteenth- century America. It presents a close analysis of the frontier mythology and the Manifest Destiny ideology, and their impact on the formation of American national identity. The thesis is divided into three chapters composed of further subchapters. The first...
The effect of maternal smoking on the homeostasis of the fetoplacental unit
Adamcová, Karolína ; Pařízek, Antonín (advisor) ; Miovský, Michal (referee) ; Procházka, Martin (referee)
Maternal smoking causes serious health danger for a mother but especially for a baby. Cigarette smoking produces complex steroidogenesis changes during the whole life of a woman. To study the influence of smoking on fetoplacental unit focusing on steroid hormons it was important first to concentrate on changes of the chosen steroids around the delivery. The first part of the thesis is dedicated to observe some chosen steroid hormons in peripartal period (37th week of the pregnancy, first stage of labor of mothers and mixed umbilical blood of their neonates) and to look for relations to the age of mother, the increase of the weight during the pregnancy, the type of the delivery and the sex of the baby. It was interesting to compare steroids in the relation to the type of the delivery: vaginal delivery versus planned caesarean section. Non-smoking women who delivered a boy spontaneously had significantly higher level of 17-OH-pregnenolone, progesterone, cortisol, corticosterone and significantly lower level of estradiol in comparison with non-smoking women who delivered a boy by a planned Caesarean section. In the maternal blood in the 37th week of the pregnancy there were found differences between steroids in accordance to the sex of the fetus but they were not found in the neonates' case. The age...
Reducing Automata and Syntactic Errors
Procházka, Martin
This thesis deals with reducing automata, their normalization, and their application for a (robust) reduction analysis and localization of syntactic errors for deterministic context-free languages (DCFL). A reducing automaton is similar to a restarting automaton with two subtle differences: an explicit marking of reduced symbols (which makes it possible to determine a position of an error accurately), and moving a lookahead window inside a control unit (which brings reducing automata closer to devices of classical automata and formal language theory). In case of reducing automata, it is easier to adopt and reuse notions and approaches developed within classical theory, e.g., prefix correctness or automata minimization. For any nonempty deterministic context-free language specified by a monotone reducing automaton, both prefix correct and minimal, we propose a method of robust analysis by reduction which ensures localization of formally defined types of (real) errors, correct subwords, and subwords causing reduction conflicts (i.e., subwords with ambiguous syntactic structure that can be reduced in different words in different ways). We implement the proposed method by a new type of device (called postprefix robust analyzer) and we briefly show how to implement this method by a deterministic pushdown...
Antibiotic prophylaxis of extensive obstetric perineal injuries repair
Menzlová, Erika ; Záhumenský, Jozef (advisor) ; Procházka, Martin (referee) ; Roztočil, Aleš (referee)
Objective Our aim was to compare two regimens of antibiotic prophylaxis at the time of repair of obstetric anal sphincter injury. Benefit of long regimen of antibiotic prophylaxis in comparison with short regimen of antibiotic administration haven't been till now proven. Material and Methods Women who gave vaginal birth in department of gynaecology and obstetrics of the First Faculty of Medicine of Charles University and Hospital Bulovka from 1.1.2008 to 30.6.2013 and who sustained third - or fourth - degree perineal tears have been enrolled in our trial. All women who fulfilled trial criteria received at the time of repair antibiotic prophylaxis which was cefuroxim (second - generation cephalosporin). This antibiotic has good sensitivity to vaginal gram-positive flora and to rectal gram-negative microorganisms too. Suture technique and following postpartum care have been standardized. All enrolled women were checked 2 weeks and 3 months after delivery. We evaluated subjective and objective parameters of healing of the obstetric perineal injury and 3 months postpartum we looked for symptomps regarding anal incontinence. The Manchester questionnaire was used for evaluation of anal incontince occurance. Results Incidence of third - and fourth - degree perineal tears was 1,4 % during period of our...
Apocalypse as revelation of truth in modern American fiction: Thomas Pynchon and post-9/11 novel
Olehla, Richard ; Ulmanová, Hana (advisor) ; Procházka, Martin (referee) ; Kolinská, Klára (referee)
English summary This dissertation focuses on the apocalyptic fiction of Thomas Pynchon and analyses various representations of the apocalypse as "revelation" or "unveiling of truth" in its various aspects and manifestations (i.e. paranoia, angels, etc.) in the novels V., The Crying of Lot 49 and Gravity's Rainbow. The theme of apocalypse as a revelation concerning the true nature of the world has a key role to play in the above mentioned novels as well as significance for Pynchon's protagonists. This is so despite the fact that such revelation is depicted as illusory and mostly unattainable, since these novels are all based on the premise that there is no ultimate truth, and therefore, there is nothing that can be revealed. Pynchon's characters get only a revelation of individual truth, and thus theirs is a private apocalypse. When analysing the role of the apocalypse in Western culture, it is also important to analyse the role of millenarian expectations as well as the supposed communication process between God and people, a process depicted as being mediated by angels. The interpretation of God's message can never be precise and perfect, since its meaning is distorted during the communication process. On the rhetorical level, this distortion is equal to metaphor, which in turn causes feelings of paranoia...
Dwelling and drifting in space. Landscape in the poetry of Ted Hughes and Kenneth White
Potočňáková, Magdaléna ; Procházka, Martin (advisor)
This study was originally motivated by a desire to bring together a personal predilection for both landscape(s) and the study of literature, to merge the affective and the cognitive with the more analytical. An attempt to write a critical study about landscape in poetry, however, is bound to encounter difficulties as it is bound to ask questions. As Chris Fitter suggests in his book Poetry, space, landscape, the subject offers multiple approaches and tends to spread innumerable strands linking often disparate areas. On the other hand, one may ask a subversive question, namely whether nature and landscape poetry is not somewhat anachronistic at the turn of the second millenium. It must have seemed so when Terry Gifford, in 1995, opened his book Green Voices3 with a polemical statement: "Nature poetry is having a bad time". He was referring to the previous decade during which allegedly the 'spirit of post-modernism' had changed the preoccupations of poetry and which was marked by such statements of reviewers and editors of poetry anthologies as: "We seem to have lost out nature poets", "We don't publish much landscape poetry" or "Ted Hughes is a remarkable writer but no longer the presiding spirit of British poetry". 4 The very title of Gifford' s book, however, indicates a new impetus behind contemporary...
Reconstructing the Myth: Blood Meridian as the New Western
Kesman, Jan ; Ulmanová, Hana (advisor) ; Procházka, Martin (referee)
Thesis Abstract This thesis deals with the deconstruction of the myth of American westward expansion in Cormac McCarthy's Blood Meridian or The Evening Redness in the West; it also tries to answer the question of how the book fits into the Western genre. The chief focus is on the two key characters: the kid and Judge Holden, and their fight for dominance, the depiction of the frontier landscape, and the portrayal of violence. The thesis is divided into three larger sections, followed by a conclusion. The first part, titled "Blood Meridian: Between History and Myth," is an extended overview, putting Blood Meridian into the context of the author's literary production and introducing the central themes of the novel that are examined in the subsequent sections of the thesis. The second part, titled "Introduction," is divided into four chapters presenting notions essential to understanding how Blood Meridian engages with the myths of American westward expansion and subsequently dismantles them. The first chapter focuses on Frederick Jackson Turner's theory that the American frontier was the birthplace of the American character. The second chapter introduces Roland Barthes' definition of myths and the second and third semiological chains, as well as William H. McNeill's concept of mythistory. The third chapter...
Shelley's Negotiation of Metaphysics
Balvín, Tomáš ; Procházka, Martin (advisor) ; Horová, Miroslava (referee)
This thesis aims to understand Percy Bysshe Shelley's attitude towards the role of the poet in society as an usher of progressive change. To do this, it examines his metaphysics, chiefly his contact with the doctrines of idealism, which crystallised at the dawn of his life through his intimate relationship with the works of Plato, the early engagement with French materialists, English philosophers like Priestley and Hume & a later one with Lucretian materialism, and his deep entanglement with the first modern proponent of anarchism, William Godwin - who could be described as a perfectionist by some or as utilitarianist by others. By doing that the thesis seeks to shed light on how these doctrines influenced Shelley and how he conversed with and critiqued them, revealing the intricacies of his work because, in Shelley's philosophy, the nature of differentiation between the two, that is between materialism and idealism, is notoriously problematic. The beginning of the thesis serves to engage with Shelley's early contact with materialist doctrines, their fast repudiation in their pure form and his later critique in "Cloud" and response to them. The materialist influences of Shelley are pondered, as well as some of the possibilities of interpreting Shelley in a materialist way. Next, Shelley's...
Utopia Refracted through Mandarin Lenses
Liu, Yi-Chun ; Procházka, Martin (advisor) ; Spinozzi, Paola (referee) ; Nováková, Soňa (referee)
This dissertation, entitled Utopia Refracted through Mandarin Lenses, examines the legacy of Thomas More's Utopia (1516) in three aspects: translations, paratexts, and afterlives. It explores how Utopia - as a book and as a construct - has been appropriated into the Mandarin context during the process of linguistic and cultural transfer in the acts of translation. Employing close reading, instrumental case study, and the concept of paratexts to survey fourteen standalone Mandarin translations of Utopia, this study aims to fill in the gap of a previously neglected aspect of utopian studies, especially its paratextual apparatus, which has been almost entirely overlooked (with only one exception in 2003) since its first translation in 1935. This dissertation is structured into four chapters: the first chapter contextualises Utopia in the original Renaissance context by providing its early publication history (Latin and English) and by analysing the modes of narrative - fiction and dialogue - in which More's self-fashioning is manifest and where his hypothetical heterocosm is materialised. All this substantiates how fiction, dialogue, and paratexts are integral to the shaping of Utopia, without which a holistic reading is not feasible. The second chapter examines the introduction of the concept of...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 172 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
57 PROCHÁZKA, Martin
23 PROCHÁZKA, Michal
9 PROCHÁZKA, Miroslav
1 Procházka, M.
1 Procházka, Marcel
8 Procházka, Marek
6 Procházka, Matěj
23 Procházka, Michal
3 Procházka, Milan
3 Procházka, Miloslav
2 Procházka, Miloš
9 Procházka, Miroslav
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