National Repository of Grey Literature 4 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Actin and its regulation in clathrin endocytosis
Pešanová, Denisa ; Libusová, Lenka (advisor) ; Janštová, Vanda (referee)
4 Abstract Actin filaments and their dynamics play an important role in eukaryotic membrane remodelling. Actin regulatory proteins are required for actin dynamics control. During clathrin-mediated endocytosis actin and regulatory proteins interact with clathrin and adaptors proteins. Together they assist membrane invagination and scission of vesicles. Actin structures are fundamental for formation, internalization and movement of endocytic vesicles in yeast. In mammalian cells, actin is less involved especially in the early stage of endocytosis. Models reflecting different roles of actin in clathrin-mediated endocytosis in yeast and mammals are still lacking despite the latest imaging methods. The goal of this bachelor thesis is to offer a compact summary of controversial observations of actin regulation in endocytosis based on recent studies and simultaneously present selected mechanisms of interactions of the most important proteins, which influence actin dynamics in the clathrin-mediated endocytosis. Key words actin, clathrin-mediated endocytosis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, regulatory proteins
Transcriptional activity of the genes characterizing developmentally competent cytoplasm in bovine oocytes.
Pešanová, Denisa ; Němcová, Lucie (advisor) ; Kalous, Jaroslav (referee)
4 Abstract The antral follicle provides a specialized microenvironment or niche, which is necessary for production of high quality oocyte. The developmental competence of bovine oocyte is influenced by the follicle size. Oocytes originated from medium or larger follicles (≥6 mm) have greater developmental competence (ability to develop to the blastocyst stage). The changes in cytoplasmic factors, for example mRNAs, could explain differences in oocyte developmental potential. Using Bovine Oligonucleotide microarrays the differences in gene expression profiles of oocytes at germinal vesicle and MII stages from medium (MF, 6-10 mm) or small (SF, 2-5 mm) follicles were characterized. The aim was to find differencies between oocytes diverse developmental competence. The expression fold change between the two experimental groups was in 61 genes. Subsets of 15 differentially expressed genes were validated by quantitative RT-PCR. Before maturation, significant differences were confirmed at the level of ATP5C1, MAP3K13, MTRF1L, TAF1A and UBL5. Subpopulations of oocytes were classified according to atresia of cumulus cells and follicle size. We determined the level of 12 individual transcripts after maturation. ATP5F1 remained stable in all experimental groups of oocytes. The level of BRD7 transcript remained stable...
Transcriptional activity of the genes characterizing developmentally competent cytoplasm in bovine oocytes.
Pešanová, Denisa ; Němcová, Lucie (advisor) ; Kalous, Jaroslav (referee)
4 Abstract The antral follicle provides a specialized microenvironment or niche, which is necessary for production of high quality oocyte. The developmental competence of bovine oocyte is influenced by the follicle size. Oocytes originated from medium or larger follicles (≥6 mm) have greater developmental competence (ability to develop to the blastocyst stage). The changes in cytoplasmic factors, for example mRNAs, could explain differences in oocyte developmental potential. Using Bovine Oligonucleotide microarrays the differences in gene expression profiles of oocytes at germinal vesicle and MII stages from medium (MF, 6-10 mm) or small (SF, 2-5 mm) follicles were characterized. The aim was to find differencies between oocytes diverse developmental competence. The expression fold change between the two experimental groups was in 61 genes. Subsets of 15 differentially expressed genes were validated by quantitative RT-PCR. Before maturation, significant differences were confirmed at the level of ATP5C1, MAP3K13, MTRF1L, TAF1A and UBL5. Subpopulations of oocytes were classified according to atresia of cumulus cells and follicle size. We determined the level of 12 individual transcripts after maturation. ATP5F1 remained stable in all experimental groups of oocytes. The level of BRD7 transcript remained stable...
Actin and its regulation in clathrin endocytosis
Pešanová, Denisa ; Libusová, Lenka (advisor) ; Janštová, Vanda (referee)
4 Abstract Actin filaments and their dynamics play an important role in eukaryotic membrane remodelling. Actin regulatory proteins are required for actin dynamics control. During clathrin-mediated endocytosis actin and regulatory proteins interact with clathrin and adaptors proteins. Together they assist membrane invagination and scission of vesicles. Actin structures are fundamental for formation, internalization and movement of endocytic vesicles in yeast. In mammalian cells, actin is less involved especially in the early stage of endocytosis. Models reflecting different roles of actin in clathrin-mediated endocytosis in yeast and mammals are still lacking despite the latest imaging methods. The goal of this bachelor thesis is to offer a compact summary of controversial observations of actin regulation in endocytosis based on recent studies and simultaneously present selected mechanisms of interactions of the most important proteins, which influence actin dynamics in the clathrin-mediated endocytosis. Key words actin, clathrin-mediated endocytosis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, regulatory proteins

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