National Repository of Grey Literature 75 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Effect of ESG on Banking Sector
Tor, Michael ; Pečená, Magda (advisor) ; Petrásek, Lukáš (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to examine a potential financial performance link between the European banking sector and Environmental, Social, and Gov- ernance (ESG) performance scores. Previous research has shown conflicting results, from a positive correlation to a negative link suggesting sustainable strategies to bear a burden on banks. This analysis uses panel data regres- sions on a dataset of European banks to find a short-term relationship between dimensions of ESG and financial performance metrics ROA and ROE. This thesis provides an important contribution to the literature by using the latest available data in the research, influenced by the COVID-19 crisis. The analy- sis finds a negative correlation between Environmental performance scores and Bank performance while showing no significant relationships for other dimen- sions of ESG. This negative correlation was found to be even more substantial in the Southern Europe region when examining regions of Europe and bank size differences thoroughly. Keywords Banking sector, ESG performance, ESG, Bank value Title Effect of ESG on Banking Sector
Assessment of AML/CFT Practices and Suspicious Activity Reporting in the European Union member states
Vandasová, Daniela ; Pečená, Magda (advisor) ; Šíla, Jan (referee)
i Abstract This thesis presents an analysis of potential drivers of the numbers of suspi- cious transactions as precursors to money laundering conducted on the Euro- pean Union Member States between 2016 and 2021, and subsequently assesses the efficiency of the existing list of EU-recognized predicate offences to money laundering and financing of terrorism during this time period. Another con- tribution of this thesis is the consideration of the COVID-19 pandemic and assessment of its potential effects. This thesis used a newly compiled dataset containing EU-recognized predicate offences, enforcement factors, and macroe- conomic indicators. Based on the results of this analysis, the main drivers of suspicious transaction levels in the European Union between 2016 and 2021 were drug-related offences and the presence of the global pandemic of COVID- 19. Subsequently it was concluded that the list of predicate offences as recog- nized by the European Union was possibly not efficient in identifying plausible streams of money laundering during the analyzed period. Policy recommenda- tions that could arise from this analysis include promoting consistent reporting of indicators used in international legislation to allow for the development of a stronger data-based structure for further policy evaluation and...
The Impact of Liquidity Risk on Bank Profitability: Some Evidence from European Banking Sector
Ivovič, Tomo ; Pečená, Magda (advisor) ; Hanus, Luboš (referee)
This thesis examines the effect of liquidity risk on the profitability of European commercial banks following the full implementation of the Liquidity Coverage Ratio. The aim is to analyse and compare this effect on banks in two different regions of the European Union. Therefore, three countries were chosen to represent the Southern European region, and six were chosen to represent the Northwestern European region. Data from 34 banks were collected for 2018-2022 and split into two datasets. Panel regression methods were utilized, and robustness tests were performed to improve the reliability of the results. This study uses two different measures as proxies for liquidity risk to obtain a more comprehensive understanding of the relationship. Both proxies, the Liquidity coverage ratio, and the Financing gap ratio, were found to be insignificant determinants of profitability in both regions. We also found that the Cost-to-income ratio negatively and significantly impacts banks' profitability in both regions. At the same time, credit risk and bank size showed a significant effect on the profitability of banks in the Southern European region. JEL Classification C12, C33, G21, G28, G32 Keywords banks, liquidity risk, liquidity, profitability, panel regression Title The impact of liquidity risk on bank...
Energy Performance Certificate as One of Mortgage Default Determinants in the Czech Republic
Strašlipka, Jakub ; Pečená, Magda (advisor) ; Švéda, Josef (referee)
This thesis examines effects of buildings' energy efficiency, approximated by energy performance certificates, on default probabilities of mortgages in the Czech Republic. Data for the analysis is provided by a large Czech bank - cleaned sample contains information on 125 641 loans and is split into three groups based on collateral energy performance. Logit regression is employed for calculation of default probabilities and variations in conventional default predic- tors are controlled for. It is shown that mortgages on properties with certificate classes A, B have lower probabilities of default than those with certificate classes C, D by 7.1 bp (about 40%), ceteris paribus, whereas no statistical difference is found between default probabilities of mortgages on properties with classes C, D and those with classes E, F, G. The results can be considered by local banks in creation of climate risk management frameworks or in assessments of policies' impacts, or by other stakeholders in managing their expectations from banks. Due to partial use of the bank's internally estimated certificate proxies in the analysis and inconclusive results in a subsample of official certificates, follow-up research to confirm this thesis' findings is recommended.
Deferred tax as a measurement of earnings management
Mišoň, Matěj ; Novák, Jiří (advisor) ; Hronec, Martin (referee) ; Pečená, Magda (referee)
This thesis investigates relationships between deferred taxes and possible earnings management in publicly traded companies on London Stock Exchange in FTSE 350 in the last several years. It also discusses other possibilities of earnings management, mostly by accruals. It builds on a model introduced by (Phillips J. D., Pincus, Rego, & Wan, 2004), which is a "probit" econometric maximum-likelihood estimation model. The results suggest there might be no relation of net deferred tax liabilities on earnings management to avoid a decline in earnings, and possibly some relation, although inconclusive, of deferred tax expense on earnings management.
Impacts of the Reform of Czech Insolvency Law (esp. Discharge of the Debt) on the Czech Retail Financial Markets
Baumannová, Tereza ; Richter, Tomáš (advisor) ; Pečená, Magda (referee)
The introduction of debt relief in the context of the Czech Insolvency Act is one of the most important legal reforms in the Czech Republic. This trend can not only be observed in the Czech Republic but has become part of the legal framework of many European countries in the last two decades. Such a significant change in the law necessarily brought the response of financial institutions. The empirical question remains whether it is possible to quantitatively examine such a significant change in legislation on credit markets for Czech households. This question is sought by the author in the diploma thesis regarding to the two dependent variables - annual percentage rate and volumes of new loans. Key Words Insolvency, insolvency proceedings, bankruptcy, mortgage, cash loan, indebtedness, households
Blockchain-based DeFi lending: A challenge to traditional finance?
Knížek, Ondřej ; Pečená, Magda (advisor) ; Hronec, Martin (referee)
The goal of the thesis is to identify the factors that determine the default rate of the loans, with a particular focus on the pioneering research of blockchain-based decentralised loans. The thesis describes blockchain technology, its development, and functions, introduces decentralised finance (DeFi), and examines its advantages and challenges. The thesis's analytic part compares DeFi loans and peer-to-peer loans as an alternative to the traditional financial system. The blockchain-based DeFi loans realized through lending Compound are analysed by a logit model that predicts liquidation rate and examines if it is possible to perform the prediction without any information about the borrower due to the complete anonymity in DeFi lending. To illustrate the difference, the data from the Czech peer-to-peer lending platform Zonky was used to set up two logit models. While the first model uses all available variables, the second model is based only on loan-related variables to achieve a more precise comparison to DeFi loans. Results revealed several statistically significant determinants of default rate in the case of all three models. While the results of the Compound model cannot be compared with the existing literature, the default rate determinants in the case of peer-to-peer loans confirm the...
Challenges of IFRS 9 under COVID-19 crisis
Stefanov, Adam ; Pečená, Magda (advisor) ; Teplý, Petr (referee)
The purpose of this thesis is to analyse provisioning in banks according to the new accounting standard IFRS 9 under COVID-19 crisis, and the difference between provisioning under IFRS 9 and the previous IAS 39 standard in the Czech Republic. We examine the procyclicality of provisioning and income smoothing practices in Czech banks on individual banking groups data and on aggregated total banking sector. We use panel regression and Ordinary Least Squares on quarterly aggregated real data for the period 1Q2008-4Q2021. The provisioning under IAS 39 incurred loss model was procyclical, and therefore IASB introduced IFRS 9 - a new three-stages ECL model to calculate impairment and provisions in a forward-looking manner, which it believed to be countercyclical. First, we find that the provisioning in Czech banks under IFRS 9 still behave procyclically, even though the banks create provisions immediately when the macroeconomic environment deteriorates compared to the delayed provisioning under IAS 39. We discuss a possible solution to the procyclicality problem that could lie in the US GAAP CECL model. Second, we provide evidence that the introduction of IFRS 9 discouraged banks from income smoothing practices via provisions, thus removing some inefficiency of the previous standard.
Non-bank financial intermediaries and their role in the financial market
Novotná, Tereza ; Pečená, Magda (advisor) ; Nechvátalová, Lenka (referee)
This thesis analyses the role of non-bank financial intermediaries in the Czech financial market, with the emphasis on comparison of efficiencies of banks and non-bank financial corporations engaged in lending. This paper addresses their influence on the financial market both in the global and in the Czech environ- ment. The evaluation of the performance of the individual parts of the Czech financial sector is conducted using the Data Envelopment Analysis, which yields specific efficiency scores. Based on these values, aggregated data on banks and non-bank financial corporations engaged in lending are compared against each other and over the time period from 2013 to 2021.

National Repository of Grey Literature : 75 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
2 Pečeňa, Michal
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.