National Repository of Grey Literature 42 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Estimation of company credit rating by means of ordered probit model applied to Czech bond market environment
Pergl, David ; Pečená, Magda (advisor) ; Teplý, Petr (referee)
There is a widespread belief among the academics that the bond investors are sufficiently rewarded for taking higher credit risk in their investments. Recent studies confirmed that the well-behaved global markets exhibit adverse relationship of bond credit quality and required bond yield. However, there is no evidence about the Czech market. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between credit rating and bond yield or alternatively credit spread on the Czech bond market. As majority of Czech bond issuers are not rated we first had to develop appropriate tool how to measure their credit rating or to build suitable model for credit rating measurement. An ordered probit model is applied, using financial and company-specific data in the pool of US and EU companies structured in the panel of observations in 2008-2019. The study demonstrates that financial and company specific data are sufficient to estimate the credit rating. This model was applied to the Czech market to determine credit scores of Czech bond issuers. These credit scores were employed to examine the relationship between credit risk exposure (credit rating), bond yield and credit spread. The research did not confirm strong linear relationship between credit risk and return and suggests that there are other factors...
Credit risk stress testing of the Czech banking sector
Vachušková, Karolína ; Pečená, Magda (advisor) ; Švéda, Josef (referee)
This thesis aims to describe stress testing in the Czech banking sector focusing on the most significant banking risk, which is credit risk. The thesis examines the difference between regulatory and internal stress testing, compares their assumptions, outcome quality and usability. It deals with the regulation of stress tests, which banks must fulfil. Further, it uses the current Covid-19 crisis as a test of whether the adverse scenarios used are sufficiently severe to cover the risks for and impacts on the actual negative development of the economy. This analysis assesses the Czech banking sector's readiness and resilience and includes the reactions of banks and the Czech authorities to increasing risks.
Informative value of the cost efficiency concept in banking
Marková, Katarína ; Mejstřík, Michal (advisor) ; Pečená, Magda (referee)
The concept of cost efficiency has repeatedly been proven to have some signaling effect for the risk of a bank failure. In this paper we examine the informative value of the efficiency scores of institutions that have been experiencing distress within the current 'subprime' crisis. For this purpose we employ the parametric stochastic cost frontier method and estimate the cost frontier of five European banking sectors using the pre-crisis data of the period 2004- 2007. On a sample of 18 bailed-out institutions we then investigate whether abnormal development in terms of relative cost efficiency preceded the distress. We find that in all examined sectors, except of the British one, distressed institutions performed prior to the crisis on average worse than their peers in terms of relative cost efficiency. Besides, we observe that while the high-profile rescue cases of continental Europe (Dexia, Fortis, HRE) were preceded by years of excessively poor performance, the bailed-out British banks were in all concerns best performers within their relevant industries. The paper is concluded by a discussion of the fundamental risks that result from the current reshaping of the European banking industry.
Effects of LTV, DTI and DSTI ratios on retail mortgage market. Evidence from the Czech Republic
Mičková, Anna ; Pečená, Magda (advisor) ; Hanus, Luboš (referee)
The thesis analyses the effects of credit-related borrower-based macroprudential measures - loan-to-value (LTV), debt-to-income (DTI) and debt service-to-income (DSTI) ratios - on retail mortgage market in the Czech Republic. These lending instruments, which target mainly borrowers and restrict the amount of money borrowed relative to the value of underlying collateral (LTV) or client's disposable income (DTI, DSTI), represent a non-negligible part of macroprudential policy. This entry barrier should act in a preventive manner to protect borrowers from taking high-amount and high-risk mortgages and eventually curb excessive private sector leverage. After the introduction and implementation of limits in the Czech Republic, the supply of loans with risky parameters declined, the share of non-performing mortgage loans decreased, and the rise in house price index decelerated. In 2019, the volume of new mortgage loans declined by 13.6 % year-over-year compared to the previous year and the spiral between increasing credit financing of property purchases and rising property prices slightly weakened.
Evolution of housing prices and its determinants in CEE
Šedivý, Jakub ; Polák, Petr (advisor) ; Pečená, Magda (referee)
As housing is one of the important parts of gross domestic product and one of the most significant components of people's wealth it is vital to investigate the determinants of its prices. Therefore, we analyze housing prices in Central and Eastern European coun- tries using pooled mean group estimator and vector autoregressive models. The objective of this thesis is to find out whether the fundamentals of housing prices are comparable across different countries and how the shocks in the economy affect housing pricese. For our analysis we used housing prices per square metre, GDP per capita, unemployment rates, 5-year interest rates, harmonised indices of consumer prices and construction cost indices. The conclusions of using pooled mean group estimator suggest that GDP, un- employment, interest rate and HICP indeed significantly affect the housing prices. The results of empirical analysis of individual countries using vector autoregressive model con- clude that shocks in the determinants affect housing prices with lags of 2 to 3 quarters and that the individual countries are driven by slightly different fundamentals.
Non-Performing Loans - Determinants, the Development over Time and the Impact on Banks and the Real Economy
Kafková, Kateřina ; Pečená, Magda (advisor) ; Fanta, Nicolas (referee)
Non-Performing Loans - Determinants, Development over Time and the Impact on Banks and the Real Economy Author: Kateřina Kafková Abstract This thesis explains the concept of non-performing loans (NPL) and analyses factors determining the share of NPLs in total gross loans provided in the Czech Republic. A panel of 24 banks operating in the Czech Republic with annual data from 2010-2019 is analysed. The main estimation method that is used is the difference Generalized Method of Moments. The possible determinants that are examined come from both macroeconomic and banking environment. The results of the estimation provide evidence of the existence of a connection between the NPL ratio and the macroeconomic factors, of which the effect of inflation and unemployment was the most significant. Also, the estimation confirms that the NPL ratio is significantly influenced by the bank-specific determinants, specifically by the effect of the previous values of the NPL ratio and the effect of credit growth. Finally, the thesis discusses the reversed effect - the effect of NPLs on the real economy.
The Resolution Fund: Is behaviour of the contributing institutions affected by the applied methodology?
Hykl, Daniel ; Pečená, Magda (advisor) ; Džmuráňová, Hana (referee)
Daniel Hykl Bachelor Thesis The Resolution Fund: Is behaviour of the contributing institutions affected by the applied methodology? Abstract The thesis provides theoretical analysis of the Resolution Fund contributions determination policy - the contributions are calculated based on end of year data - and its effects on banks and the financial sector. Several theoretical examples are used to demonstrate the problem of the top-down approach to distribution of the sectoral contributions on the particular institutions. A hypothesis is drawn - do the banks lower their reported liabilities as of end of the year to achieve decreased contributions? Total liabilities of the 7 largest banks in the Czech Republic are analysed and theoretical end of year developments of total liabilities of the banks under no optimisation condition are calculated. Basic annual contributions of the banks are estimated and compared to implied contributions calculated from the theoretical liabilities.

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1 Pečeňa, Michal
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