National Repository of Grey Literature 9 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Myocardial Injury in Stress Echocardiography: Comparison of Dobutamine, Dipyridamole and Dynamic Stress
Mědílek, Karel ; Šťásek, Josef (advisor) ; Paleček, Tomáš (referee) ; Kala, Petr (referee)
Objectives: Stress echocardiography plays important role in investigation of the patients with chest pain. Dipyridamole is reported to be safer than dobutamine stressor, dynamic stress is recommended as the first choice method. We investigated whether commonly used stressors are causing myocardial injury, measured by serum hsTnT. Methods: 135 patients (DSE n=46, ExsE n=46, DIP n=43) with negative SE were studied. Exclusion criteria included known ischaemic heart disease, baseline regional wall motion abnormalities or left ventricle systolic dysfunction (EF≤50%), more than mild left ventricle hypertrophy (septum/posterior wall ≥13 mm), diabetes, pre-diabetes (fasting glycemia >5.6 mmol/L), baseline hsTnT level ≥14 ng/L, baseline blood pressure ≥160/100mmHg, peak pulmonary pressure ≥45mmHg at baseline echocardiography, eGFR <1mL/s/1.73m2 and more than mild to moderate valvular disease. HsTnT was measured before and at 180 minutes after the test was terminated. Results: All patients had low pre-test probability of IHD. HsTnT increased in DSE, less so in ExSE, and was unchanged in DIP group [9.4 (1.5-58.6), 1.1 (-0.9-15.7), -0.1 (-1.4-2.1) ng/L respectively, p<0.001]. In DSE, hsTnT change was associated with peak dobutamine dose (r=0.30, p= 0.045), test length (r=0.43, p=0.003) and atropine use (p<0.001). In...
Novel echocardiographic and magnetic resonance methods in diagnostics of cardiac amyloidosis.
Fikrle, Michal ; Paleček, Tomáš (advisor) ; Hutyra, Martin (referee) ; Krejčí, Jan (referee)
Amyloidosis is a term used for a whole group of diseases caused by deposition of a substance called amyloid into different tissues. Amyloid may be produced by a range of pathologic processes. Heart affliction is typical for only several types of amyloidoses. Heart involvement is then the patient`s prognosis major limiting factor. Diagnosis of heart amyloidosis is difficult especially for nonspecific symptoms and nonspecific findings obtained during common diagnostic procedures. The aim of this thesis was to evaluate usefulness of novel diagnostic methods, namely cardiac magnetic resonance with gadolinium enhancement and a simplified echocardiographic evaluation of left ventricular longitudinal strain, in diagnosing amyloid cardiomyopathy. In our first study we examined 22 patients with light chain amyloidosis by echocardiography and also with cardiac magnetic resonance with late gadolinium enhancement. We compared morphologic and functional parameters acquired by magnetic resonance examination, which is considered a gold standard for morphologic and functional measurements, with values obtained by echocardiographic measurement. Afterwards we evaluated the presence and eventually pattern of late gadolinium enhancement during cardiac magnetic resonance exam. From acquired data we conclude that the...
Ultrasonographic evaluation of cardiovascular abnormalities in patients with Fabry disease
Paleček, Tomáš ; Bultas, Jan (advisor) ; Pudil, Radek (referee) ; Kittnar, Otomar (referee)
Fabry disease is an X-linked glycosphingolipid storage disorder caused by deficient activity of the lysosomal enzyme α-galactosidase A. This leads to progressive intracellular accumulation of neutral glycosphingolipids, mainly globotriaosylceramide. Besides various extracardiac disease-related abnormalities, cardiovascular involvement represents a typical manifestation of Fabry disease. The primary underlying mechanism relies on pathological substrate accumulation in cardiomyocytes, conduction system cells, valvular fibroblasts, endothelial cells and vascular smooth muscle cells. The development of cardiac and vascular hypertrophy represents a characteristic cardiovascular feature of Fabry disease. The aim of our studies was to describe in detail cardiovascular abnormalities in patients with Fabry disease using ultrasonography, which currently represents basic noninvasive imaging modality in cardiology. We focused on structural and functional abnormalities of ventricles, valvular apparatus and their relationship to vascular involvement expressed on common carotid arteries. We also compared the diagnostic accuracy of the two novel echocardiographic methods used for the left ventricular diastolic function assessment. The possible existence of circulating proliferative factor, which might be associated with...
Left ventricle remodeling in patients with primary aldosteronism and essential hypertension
Indra, Tomáš ; Holaj, Robert (advisor) ; Ošťádal, Petr (referee) ; Paleček, Tomáš (referee)
Myocardial damage is one of the most serious consequences of arterial hypertension. Changes in the heart structure and function develop not only due to pressure overload itself, but many other hemodynamic and neurohumoral factors contribute to their formation. Our work has compared echocardiohraphic strucutural anf functional changes of the left ventricle, caused by essential hypertension and hypertension associated with primary aldosteronism (PA) as the most common reason for secondary hypertension. The first part of our work focused on the differences in left ventricle geometry in men with PA and essential hypertension after separating it's low-renin form (where, similarly to PA, the plasma volume expansion was considered to have the dominant effect on left ventricle remodelation). In men with low-renin forms of hypertension including PA, we observed greater both endsystolic and enddiastolic diameter of the left ventricle, lower relative wall thickness and more frequent eccentric type of hypertrophy when compared to essential hypertensives with normal renin levels. Whereas left ventricle cavity diameters were positively correlated to aldosterone levels, wall thicknesses were associated mainly with hypertension severity expressed as an average 24hour blood pressure and number of antihypertensives....
Feasibility and Clinical Value of Vena Contracta Area in the Quantification of Functional Mitral Regurgitation During Bicycle Exercise: A Color Doppler 3D Echocardiography Study
Večeřa, Jan ; Malý, Radovan (advisor) ; Hutyra, Martin (referee) ; Paleček, Tomáš (referee)
The utility of three-dimensional (3D) colour Doppler echocardiography for the evaluation of dynamic changes of secondary mitral regurgitation during dynamic stress echocardiography Previous studies proved, that severe functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) at rest and/or its significant increase during exercise have been shown to be associated with reduced functional capacity and impaired prognosis. In these studies, FMR has been assessed using 2- dimensional (D) quantitative techniques: proximal isovelocity surface (PISA) and pulsed Doppler volumetry. These methods, however, have several known limitations. Recently, color Doppler 3-D echocardiography-derived vena contracta cross-sectional area (VCA) has emerged as a new method to assess FMR severity at rest. VCA at rest has been shown to have higher correlation with the 2-D integrative method or magnetic resonance-derived regurgitant volume than any single 2-D method. The prognostic significance of VCA at rest and its increase during exercise, however, has not been investigated. Therefore, the goal of our study was 1) to find out if the the relationship between exercise-induced changes of FMR assessed by VCA, clinical and Doppler characteristics is different from previous PISA derived ERO based studies, 2) to find resting predictors of exercise-induced...
Novel echocardiographic and magnetic resonance methods in diagnostics of cardiac amyloidosis.
Fikrle, Michal ; Paleček, Tomáš (advisor) ; Hutyra, Martin (referee) ; Krejčí, Jan (referee)
Amyloidosis is a term used for a whole group of diseases caused by deposition of a substance called amyloid into different tissues. Amyloid may be produced by a range of pathologic processes. Heart affliction is typical for only several types of amyloidoses. Heart involvement is then the patient`s prognosis major limiting factor. Diagnosis of heart amyloidosis is difficult especially for nonspecific symptoms and nonspecific findings obtained during common diagnostic procedures. The aim of this thesis was to evaluate usefulness of novel diagnostic methods, namely cardiac magnetic resonance with gadolinium enhancement and a simplified echocardiographic evaluation of left ventricular longitudinal strain, in diagnosing amyloid cardiomyopathy. In our first study we examined 22 patients with light chain amyloidosis by echocardiography and also with cardiac magnetic resonance with late gadolinium enhancement. We compared morphologic and functional parameters acquired by magnetic resonance examination, which is considered a gold standard for morphologic and functional measurements, with values obtained by echocardiographic measurement. Afterwards we evaluated the presence and eventually pattern of late gadolinium enhancement during cardiac magnetic resonance exam. From acquired data we conclude that the...
Ultrasonographic evaluation of cardiovascular abnormalities in patients with Fabry disease
Paleček, Tomáš ; Bultas, Jan (advisor) ; Pudil, Radek (referee) ; Kittnar, Otomar (referee)
Fabry disease is an X-linked glycosphingolipid storage disorder caused by deficient activity of the lysosomal enzyme α-galactosidase A. This leads to progressive intracellular accumulation of neutral glycosphingolipids, mainly globotriaosylceramide. Besides various extracardiac disease-related abnormalities, cardiovascular involvement represents a typical manifestation of Fabry disease. The primary underlying mechanism relies on pathological substrate accumulation in cardiomyocytes, conduction system cells, valvular fibroblasts, endothelial cells and vascular smooth muscle cells. The development of cardiac and vascular hypertrophy represents a characteristic cardiovascular feature of Fabry disease. The aim of our studies was to describe in detail cardiovascular abnormalities in patients with Fabry disease using ultrasonography, which currently represents basic noninvasive imaging modality in cardiology. We focused on structural and functional abnormalities of ventricles, valvular apparatus and their relationship to vascular involvement expressed on common carotid arteries. We also compared the diagnostic accuracy of the two novel echocardiographic methods used for the left ventricular diastolic function assessment. The possible existence of circulating proliferative factor, which might be associated with...
Biological properties of non-functioning pituitary adenomas.
Česák, Tomáš ; Náhlovský, Jiří (advisor) ; Smrčka, Martin (referee) ; Paleček, Tomáš (referee)
Introduction: Non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) are regarded as benign, slowly growing tumours of the sella turcica region. Their growth is generally constantly exponential; however, rapid and aggressive proliferation is not the exception, especially in young patients. Treatment involves surgical removal. In literature, the role of postoperative irradiation of the residual tumour is controversial. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the natural growth patterns of NFPAs and attempt to identify the factors affecting their growth potential. As part of the study, nuclear marker Ki-67 was tested as a possible reliable indicator of adenoma proliferation, as well as it's role as a potential marker of postoperative remnant's growth potential. This would enable the identification of serious rapid growth in cases of tumour recurrence. Material: Our study is based on 105 patients operated for NFPAs between years 2000-2007. The fixed inclusion criteria of the study (a postoperative residue detected by 2 graphic examinations, absence of adjuvant therapy and the imunohistochemical determination of the proliferation marker) were fulfilled by 29 patients (22 men, 3 women). The average age of the patient group was 62.9 years. By large, the tumours were afunctional macroadenomas with gonadotrophin...
Left ventricle remodeling in patients with primary aldosteronism and essential hypertension
Indra, Tomáš ; Holaj, Robert (advisor) ; Ošťádal, Petr (referee) ; Paleček, Tomáš (referee)
Myocardial damage is one of the most serious consequences of arterial hypertension. Changes in the heart structure and function develop not only due to pressure overload itself, but many other hemodynamic and neurohumoral factors contribute to their formation. Our work has compared echocardiohraphic strucutural anf functional changes of the left ventricle, caused by essential hypertension and hypertension associated with primary aldosteronism (PA) as the most common reason for secondary hypertension. The first part of our work focused on the differences in left ventricle geometry in men with PA and essential hypertension after separating it's low-renin form (where, similarly to PA, the plasma volume expansion was considered to have the dominant effect on left ventricle remodelation). In men with low-renin forms of hypertension including PA, we observed greater both endsystolic and enddiastolic diameter of the left ventricle, lower relative wall thickness and more frequent eccentric type of hypertrophy when compared to essential hypertensives with normal renin levels. Whereas left ventricle cavity diameters were positively correlated to aldosterone levels, wall thicknesses were associated mainly with hypertension severity expressed as an average 24hour blood pressure and number of antihypertensives....

Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.