National Repository of Grey Literature 5 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Studies of Lanthanide Complexes by a Combination of Spectroscopic Methods
Krupová, Monika ; Bouř, Petr (advisor) ; Kapitán, Josef (referee)
Studies of Lanthanide Complexes by a Combination of Spectroscopic Methods Monika Krupová (Department of Physical and Macromoecular Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague) Since conventional structural analysis offers rather limited means for the chirality detection, a series of lanthanide tris-(β-diketonates) are investigated as effective receptors for a better chirality sensing in biomolecular substrates. These lanthanide complexes containing β-diketonate ligands are electrically neutral; they can further coordinate with various small organic molecules such as chiral alcohols, amino alcohols or amino acids in organic solvents and produce a strong chiral signal. Previously, a resonance in Raman scattering was observed in the studied systems due to the correspondence of europium electronic transition energy to the laser excitation wavelength, about a 100-fold signal enhancement if compared to non-resonant vibrational ROA was observed. This enabled shorter detection times as well as lower sample concentrations. In the current work, interaction of the Eu(FOD) complex with (R)- and (S)- enantiomer of 1-phenylethanol in n-hexane was studied using IR spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy and Raman optical activity (ROA), UV-Vis spectroscopy and ultraviolet circular dichroism (UVCD). Only...
Carbohydrate dimers in tumor immunotherapy
Krupová, Monika ; Bezouška, Karel (advisor) ; Ryšlavá, Helena (referee)
Carbohydrate dimers in tumor immunotherapy Monika Krupová (Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague) One possible approach to tumor immunotherapy is an activation of killer lymphocytes through specific ligands for their surface receptors. CD69 is a molecule greatly widespread among various cells of haematopoietic origin. Since the physiological ligand for this receptor is still unknown, ligand mimetics are used for modulation of its activity. The mimetics tested in this work are based on monomeric or oligomeric carbohydrated attached through two different chemical groups to the central linker of varying length, giving rise to thiourea and triazole series. The ability to precipitate soluble NKR-P1 and CD69 receptors was evaluated in precipitation assays and the optimal length of the linker for NKR-P1 receptor was found to be decyl. On the other hand, cross-linking of CD69 is not so dependent on the length of the linker. The aim of this work was to describe in vitro effect of the tested compounds on cellular signalization, natural killing of leukemic cell lines and activation-induced apoptosis. Compounds of triazole series containing two disaccharides (GalNAc β1→4 GlcNAc) linked by a linker were found to have the strongest effect on the production of...
Theory and applications of optical activity of biomolecules
Krupová, Monika ; Bouř, Petr (advisor) ; Baumruk, Vladimír (referee) ; Záruba, Kamil (referee)
Title: Theory and Applications of Optical Activity of Biomolecules Author: Monika Krupová Supervisor: prof. RNDr. Petr Bouř, DSc. Institutions: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, and Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic Abstract: This thesis describes how we used several chiroptical spectroscopic methods to study chiral molecules: vibrational circular dichroism (VCD), circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) and magnetic circular dichroism (MCD). VCD and induced lanthanide CPL were used to study the structure of amyloid protein fibrils. We found out that VCD is very sensitive to their structure and supramolecular chirality. It could be used to distinguish between various polymorphic fibrils. On the other hand, induced lanthanide CPL provided information on the local structure. VCD was also used to study the hydration polymorphism of nucleoside crystals. Due to the crystal packing, the VCD signal was strong and specific for different types of crystals. Finally, electronic structure of hydrated Ln3+ ions was studied by MCD. Molecular dynamics simulations together with crystal field theory (CFT) and multistate complete active space calculations with second order perturbation correction (MS-CASPT2) were used to interpret the spectra. CFT...
Studies of Lanthanide Complexes by a Combination of Spectroscopic Methods
Krupová, Monika ; Bouř, Petr (advisor) ; Kapitán, Josef (referee)
Studies of Lanthanide Complexes by a Combination of Spectroscopic Methods Monika Krupová (Department of Physical and Macromoecular Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague) Since conventional structural analysis offers rather limited means for the chirality detection, a series of lanthanide tris-(β-diketonates) are investigated as effective receptors for a better chirality sensing in biomolecular substrates. These lanthanide complexes containing β-diketonate ligands are electrically neutral; they can further coordinate with various small organic molecules such as chiral alcohols, amino alcohols or amino acids in organic solvents and produce a strong chiral signal. Previously, a resonance in Raman scattering was observed in the studied systems due to the correspondence of europium electronic transition energy to the laser excitation wavelength, about a 100-fold signal enhancement if compared to non-resonant vibrational ROA was observed. This enabled shorter detection times as well as lower sample concentrations. In the current work, interaction of the Eu(FOD) complex with (R)- and (S)- enantiomer of 1-phenylethanol in n-hexane was studied using IR spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy and Raman optical activity (ROA), UV-Vis spectroscopy and ultraviolet circular dichroism (UVCD). Only...
Carbohydrate dimers in tumor immunotherapy
Krupová, Monika ; Bezouška, Karel (advisor) ; Ryšlavá, Helena (referee)
Carbohydrate dimers in tumor immunotherapy Monika Krupová (Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague) One possible approach to tumor immunotherapy is an activation of killer lymphocytes through specific ligands for their surface receptors. CD69 is a molecule greatly widespread among various cells of haematopoietic origin. Since the physiological ligand for this receptor is still unknown, ligand mimetics are used for modulation of its activity. The mimetics tested in this work are based on monomeric or oligomeric carbohydrated attached through two different chemical groups to the central linker of varying length, giving rise to thiourea and triazole series. The ability to precipitate soluble NKR-P1 and CD69 receptors was evaluated in precipitation assays and the optimal length of the linker for NKR-P1 receptor was found to be decyl. On the other hand, cross-linking of CD69 is not so dependent on the length of the linker. The aim of this work was to describe in vitro effect of the tested compounds on cellular signalization, natural killing of leukemic cell lines and activation-induced apoptosis. Compounds of triazole series containing two disaccharides (GalNAc β1→4 GlcNAc) linked by a linker were found to have the strongest effect on the production of...

See also: similar author names
2 Krupová, Martina
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.