National Repository of Grey Literature 77 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Jewish Council of Elders in occupied Prague (1943-1945)
Felgr, Luboš ; Koura, Petr (advisor) ; Foltýn, Dušan (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the Jewish Council of Elders in Prague, whose existence is defined in the years 1943-1945. The administrative body, which was formally established by renaming the wartime Jewish Community of Prague in February 1943, was obliged to carry out orders from superior authorities and act as an intermediary between the Nazi leadership and the persecuted Jewish population. Earlier emigration, retraining and care activities were replaced by the liquidation tasks and the management of other activities, which in consequence were to lead to the complete destruction of Jewish life in the occupied Bohemia and Moravia. The diploma thesis focuses on the historical and organizational development of the above-mentioned Jewish council from its inception to liquidation in the post-war period, as well as on the activities of departments and the fates of some employees. The organization is set in the context of the final phase of Jewish persecution, which in the period under review focused mainly on so-called Mischlinge and Jews from mixed marriages, and the Nazi policy of liquidation of Jewish communities and establish of Jewish councils. The thesis is based on the use and comparison of archival sources, periodicals, source editions or memories of contemporary witnesses. The main part of...
Changing interpretation of the role of the communist resistence at the Prague uprising
Zelinka, Martin ; Koura, Petr (advisor) ; Parkan, František (referee)
The Prague uprising signified the end of the Second World War in Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. As the Soviet and American armies progressed through the country towards Prague and the war was apparently soon to come to an end, Czechoslovaks themselves wanted to take part in the resistance against the Nazi oppression. The uprising was also a turning point for the succesful liberation of Prague. After the Czechoslovak communist party seized power in February 1948, the way the public perceived the uprising had to be changed to fit the party's interpretation, purposely overlooking the contribution of any non-communist resistence. This ideologically suitable interpretation had to be accepted even by the main leader of the uprising. The aforementioned interpretation can still be seen in historiographic books, even those published after the Velvet Revolution. Interpretation of the same event with the targeted use of words and phrases allows for different sounds and thus influences the reader. Targeted use of historical events can achieve the long-term prevalence of rumors, the refutation of which is a necessity and the work of historians. On the example of key moments of the uprising, such as its spontaneous beginning, the involvement of The Russian Liberation Army or the surrender of German troops...
Labour trilogy of Antonín Zápotocký and it's movies and theatres adaptations
Záveský, Miroslav ; Koura, Petr (advisor) ; Pokorný, Jiří (referee)
Antonín Zápotocký wasn't just a communistic politician and the second communistic president of Czechoslovakia. He wrote several books during his life, among them belong trilogy about history of labour movement in Czech lands. These books were dramatized and presented in important Czechoslovak's theatres. Also, they were cinematized and presented even in cinemas out of Czechoslovakia. The aim of this bachelor's theses is to introduce the literaly work of Antonín Zápotocký and of adaptations for theatre and cinema. This work is another piece of fragment to mosaic of cultural history last century and of endeavour to portray the second face of the second communistic president of Czechoslovak republic.
Čeněk Šlégl (1899-1970). The confrontation of an artist with two totalitarian regimes
Macela, Miloslav ; Čechurová, Jana (advisor) ; Koura, Petr (referee)
This master's thesis deals with the career of the actor and director Čeněk Šlégl (born 30 September 1899 in Prague, died 17 February 1970 in Prague), and also explores the issue of collaboration in Czech artistic circles. Čeněk Šlégl rose to become a popular film actor in the so-called First Republic. He became a succesful director (making eight films between 1937 and 1939), and was one of leading figures of the Vlasta Burian Theatre. His story depicts how totalitarian regimes may impact an otherwise hassle-free and successful life. Šlégl was confronted both by a nazi regime and by a communist regime. During the nazi occupation his only daughter fell under direct threat as a consequence of her relationship and a later marriage to a man of Jewish descent. After being attacked in the collaborating Vlajka newspaper, Šlégl forestalled further such attacks by joining the fascist organization of the same name. A side-effect of this was that Šlégl became increasingly isolated at work, both from his colleagues and from the audiences. Finally, in 1941, after more than twenty years, his film career came to a sudden end. At that time, Šlégl came to the attention of the German security services, namely the Sicherheitsdienst. Under threat of imprisonment of his family members, Ślégl agreed to take part in the propaganda...
Red or brown scarf? The destinies of the Pioneer organisation and Junak in the early communist era in Czechoslovakia
Churáčková, Anna ; Koura, Petr (advisor) ; Pokorný, Jiří (referee)
RÉSUMÉ The diploma thesis analyses the process of creation of the Pioneer organization, and the gradual prohibition of the Scout organization Junák by the Communist regime at the turn of the 1940s and 1950s. The thesis aims to describe the view of the Junák organization by the Communist regime, and to compare both youth organizations. The first part focuses on the creation of Junák, its development up to 1945, and discusses the organization, meaning and content of the Scout educational method. The second crucial chapter describes the history of the Scout movement after World War II in the context of the post-war tendency to merge youth organizations and give them a single central leadership. The reasons and circumstances under which the Communist regime decided to suspend the activity of the Scout organization and to give full responsibility for the education of children to the Czechoslovak Youth Federation (ČSM) and its part, the Pioneer organization, are examined. The task of the Pioneer organization in the socialist society is described, so are its organization, meaning, symbols and the educational framework. The concluding chapter presents the early activities of Pioneers in the first socialist years to then discuss the socialist view of ethics and the working methods in youth work put forward by the...
Camp Hodonin near Kunštát in the Time Changes: From a Disciplinary Labor Camp to a Place of Collective Memory
Brychta, Lukáš ; Koura, Petr (advisor) ; Foltýn, Dušan (referee)
This diploma thesis follows history of camp in Hodonín Nera Kunštát during its existence since late 1930's until nowadays. The work describes changes in use of the camp in context of political regime's changes during the reviewed period. Examination will be subjected not only to the repressive role of the facility, but also to its post-war recreational function and, last but not least, to the current educational mission. The work will be compiled in chronological order using the method of comparison of individual stages of camp use. In certain aspects the issue of camp use will be analysed through perspective of its diverse subjects, in addition to its various stages. The work will be divided into trhee parts, namely the use of the camp as a tool of the state policy punishing, the recreational function and the so-called second life of the camp, that is to say, the period following the recreational educational function of the camp. In this part of the thesis, medial and political messages will be analyzed as a necessary evidence illustrating the complex path of transformation of the Hodonín grounds from the camp to the center of collective memory.
Protection of the population and measures against weapons of mass destruction in former Czechoslovakia from 1950's until the 1970's
Vrána, David ; Parkan, František (advisor) ; Koura, Petr (referee)
Presented diploma thesis is pursued to the topic of conceptual evolution of civil protection in the last century's 50's to 70's period. This period of time, population safety was secured by so called Civil Defence. Noticeable atribute of all the Civil Defence measures impacting population was mainly protection against mass destruction weapons. That is why protection against mass destruction weapons is given the most attention in this diploma thesis. Target of the thesis is historical analyse concerning Civil Defence and its evolution in Czechoslovakia in noted period. Out of it the thesis sketches also general formation and evolution of civil protection in previous period. Diploma thesis is done based on study of available literature and mainly based on accessible sources from military archive in Prague. Thesis is divided to six chapters, chronologically describing the most important milestones in Civil Defence conceptual evolution. Emphasis is laid on description of its organisational structure and way of population protection against mass destruction weapons. During studies of these sources, the emphasis was laid also on military evaluation of country territory according to level of expected threat by aerial attack that time, or later by nuclear weapon of mass destruction in case of war conflict....
Josef Smrkovský as a Victim of Persecution in the Fifties
Novotný, Jindřich ; Koura, Petr (advisor) ; Pokorný, Jiří (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with one phase of Josef Smrkovský's life between 1945-1963. After WW II and his engagement in the Prague Uprising, he was an eminent communist politician who possessed considerable power in the agrarian policy. However, he was arrested in 1951, became a victim of political trials and was sentenced to jail. He was later released due to the order of a rehabilitation committee, but he was not fully rehabilitated. The thesis examines and compares primary sources on Smrkovský's trial, describing methods of the State Secret Police such as surveillance, interrogations and both physical and psychological violence. Reports of Smrkovský's cellmates are also commented on. The thesis concludes with the analysis of rehabilitation committees and the effort of Smrkovský to clear himself. He re-entered political life at the beginning of the sixties. KEYWORDS Josef Smrkovský, politics, persecution, the fifties, The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, State Secret Police, rehabilitation

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