National Repository of Grey Literature 271 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.02 seconds. 
Sexual harassment and other forms of harassment at a workplace
Jíchová, Leona ; Koldinská, Kristina (advisor) ; Matějka Řehořová, Lucie (referee)
Sexual harassment and other forms of harassment at a workplace Abstract This thesis focuses on the issue of sexual harassment and other forms of harassment within the framework of employment relations. It addresses sexual harassment, which can be considered as one of the most serious forms of harassment, as well as a type of discrimination that represents an unwanted, intense and crucial interference in the working life of a harassed person. The aim of this thesis is to analyse the importance of adequate prevention in individual workplaces, the relevance of establishing applicable control mechanisms to ensure compliance with set rules and the inadequacy of the currently provided protection for victims. This thesis proposes possible corrections and tools that should ideally be applied in workplaces and their compliance should be enforced and monitored by state authorities. Moreover, it is gradually supported by related judgements on the matter. The premises and hypotheses are compared with the results of various surveys and studies. The main chapters contain suggestions and considerations aimed at improving the current situation. This thesis is divided into seven chapters. The individual chapters are structured in such a way that the reader first gains a theoretical understanding of the issue and is thus...
Taxation of retirement pensions and other insurance benefits
Mairovský, Štěpán ; Vybíral, Roman (advisor) ; Koldinská, Kristina (referee)
2 Abstract Taxation of retirement pensions and other insurance social benefits The thesis has the ambition to bring an often-neglected view of one of the media-gracious topics, and that is the Czech pension reform. For this purpose, I examine in detail the pension insurance system, which is a public monetary payment, and, to a lesser extent, the voluntary old-age savings system, which consists of supplementary pension savings and supplementary pension insurance. In the case of pension insurance, it is examined in particular how much the insurance premium is for pension insurance taxes, and how much the actual insurance premium, while the essential criterion in the given case is the degree of its equivalence expressing the ratio between this insurance premium and its consideration in the form of a (retirement) pension. This varies between 1/3 and 2/5, which means that the premium for pension insurance can be considered a tax from 3/5 to 2/3. At the individual level, as a result of the reduction limits, the equivalence rate ranges from 34% for people with the highest incomes to 100% for people with the lowest incomes. Therefore, there is in reality a strong progressive-regressive taxation of the incomes of employees, and to a lesser extent of the self-employed. From the point of view of a more suitable...
Family policy and social security in view of families with dependent children
Hobzová, Dana ; Koldinská, Kristina (advisor) ; Štefko, Martin (referee) ; Šimečková, Eva (referee)
Family policy and social security in view of families with dependent children Abstract The thesis focused on a part of a family policy dedicated to families with dependent children. In the Czech Republic there are the families with children in an age to 26 years. The thesis analyses a system of family policy and social security in the view of families with dependent children in the Czech Republic and in some of European countries. In total there are 19 countries there which were analysed (including a Czech system). The main emphasis was laid on an analysis of the system of social security of the families with dependent children in the Czech Republic in view of their financial support for a state and as well as of a social security of parents in view of labour law instruments helping to find a balance between a family and professional life. A significant part of the thesis is an analysis of the social security of the families with dependent children in four model groups of European countries, which were formed in a base of a typology of a welfare state created by a Danish sociologist and political scientist Gøsta Esping-Andersen. It wasn't possible to engraft this typology on states of an "eastern European" countries and for that reason was applied a theory of "families of nations" which was created by an...
Gender Reassignment from the Point of View of Social Law
Sklenářová, Hana ; Koldinská, Kristina (advisor) ; Munková, Gabriela (referee)
Gender Reassignment from the Point of View of Social Law Abstract This thesis deals with legislation regulating gender reassignment in the Czech Republic, specifically conditions which allow a person to undergo gender reassignment, like chirurgical procedures and sterilization. I compared Czech legislation with opinions expressed by the European Court of Human Rights. I determined whether Czech legislation is consistent with development in other European countries. I focused in more detail on the topic of people who undergone gender reassignment getting married and being forced to end their current marriage. I also concentrated on payment of medical bills and retirement age within social insurance. I would like to spread awareness of gender reassignment with this thesis, which is not very widespread in society. I would also like to compare Czech legislation with ECHR's opinion and find out whether Czech legislation is too obsolete. Czech legislation demands chirurgical procedures and sterilization for allowance of gender reassignment, which is in contrast with ECHR's case law and other European states' legislations. 31 of 39 states of The Council of Europe permit transgender people gender reassignment without previous chirurgical procedures or sterilization. The case law and society have changed in the last...
Integration of Foreigners in Czech Republic and Europe
Jirkal, Tomáš ; Koldinská, Kristina (advisor) ; Tomšej, Jakub (referee)
Integration of Foreigners in Czech Republic and Europe Abstract This thesis deals with the topic of social integration of foreigners in the context of the legal regulations of the Czech Republic and the European Union. The thesis aims to present the relevant legal norms and subject them to a thorough analysis, enabling the reader to understand the issue in its entirety. The thesis is divided into two main chapters: the social integration of foreigners according to EU legislation and the social integration of foreigners in the Czech Republic. The first chapter, devoted to the examined area within the framework of European legislation, initially focuses on Directive 2004/38/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, which provides EU citizens and their family members with the right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States. This part is followed by a subsection that introduces the reader to social security coordination at the EU level and its basic principles. The first chapter concludes with EU legislation on the integration of third-country nationals. The second chapter is devoted to Czech national legislation. First, it introduces the reader to the residence permits that are decisive for determining the social integration instruments in question in the case of third-country...
House arrest and its execution
Novotná, Lucie ; Hulmáková, Jana (advisor) ; Koldinská, Kristina (referee)
The bachelor's thesis focuses on the issue of legal regulation of house arrest, especially its execution. The aim of the research of my bachelor thesis is to find out how important the institute of preliminary investigation is in the imposition of a house arrest sentence. Specifically, it is focused on the possibilities of using house arrest and electronic monitoring, conditions of sentencing, execution of a sentence and its associated regulation, postponement, interruption, change and waiver, on various forms of house arrest control and current problems in practice. These are the problems and disadvantages associated with the application of house arrest and an electronic monitoring system. I'am also describing the advantages of using a house arrest sentence and an electronic monitoring system. All this is evaluated from the perspective of the probation officer, in the context of legislation, methodological standards of the Probation and Mediation Service, criminological research findings and important international documents in this area.
Interpretation of the Labor Code in the Case law of the Supreme Court
Lemfeldová, Magdaléna ; Tomšej, Jakub (advisor) ; Koldinská, Kristina (referee)
Interpretation of the Labor Code in the Case law of the Supreme Court Abstract The content of this master's thesis is an analysis of selected Case law of the Supreme Court with a focus on Labor law. The work is divided into three parts. The first part briefly discusses the principles of interpretation of private law with the specification of Labor law. It also describes the position of the Supreme Court and the importance of Case Law. The limits of judicial completion of the law are also specified, as well as when completion starts to interfere with legal certainty. The second and crucial part is the analysis of the already mentioned Case law. It is presented in a general section on the methodology of work and the specification of criteria that were key to the selection of the case law. The author's hypothesis is expressed that the Supreme Court tends to interpret the terms of the Labor Code contra verba legis and impose obligations on the addressees of the law beyond the law, thus interfering with the legal certainty of participants in labor-related relations. The decisions of the Supreme Court in the case of file no. No. 2034 / 2019-313, file no. 21 Cdo 3521 / 2019, file no. 21 Cdo 3955/2018, file no. 21 Cdo 224/2013, file no. No. 21 Cdo 1276/2016, file no. No. 21 Cdo 5825/2016, file no. 21 Cdo 4394/2010,...
Social services and the role of non-governmental organizations in social security
Váňa, Marek ; Koldinská, Kristina (advisor) ; Hůrka, Petr (referee)
Social services are an important part of the system of social assistance. The object of social services is to help citizens in unfavourable social situations regarding their health, age, handicap or other serious grounds, if they can not solve their situation themselves. The services aim to maintain the highest possible quality and dignity for their clients. Social services provide meals, accommodation, assistance with bridging unfavourable social situations, care for people with a limited ability in the area of personal and home care, assistance with bringing up a children and also social counselling. The providing of social services was regulated by the social services act number 108/2006 Sb. This act shows actual trends that are similar in the whole Europe and brings a new approach to social services. Organization and control over this area of work belongs to the ministry of labour and social affairs in cooperation with regions and municipalities. This thesis focuses on the position of providers of social services after the adoption of the above social services act. The social services can be provided by for example organizations created by regional or local authorities, organisations such as citizen association, churches and citizens. The social services act put emphasis on the quality of social...

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