National Repository of Grey Literature 6 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Normal pressure hydrocephalus- Complex approach to diagnosis and treatment
Skalický, Petr ; Bradáč, Ondřej (advisor) ; Haninec, Pavel (referee) ; Keller, Jiří (referee)
Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is an important part of the differential dia- gnosis of the causes of cognitive deficit, gait disorder and incontinence in elderly patients. This is especially true for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH), to which this thesis is dominantly devoted. A number of factors contribute to the course of the disease, therefore a comprehensive approach evaluating multiple variables accompanying the disease, comorbid diseases or considered diseases in the differential diagnosis, as well as a comprehensive approach to therapy, which contains much more than just the im- plantation of a derivation system for the drainage of cerebrospinal fluid, can improve, not only, the quality of life of these patients. The mainstay of the dissertation thesis are two first-author articles. The first study deals with morphological parameters obtained during MRI examination and their ability to predict improvement in gait after shunt implantation in iNPH patients. We evaluated the predictive performance of score for evaulating disproportionately enlarged subarachnoid space hydrocephalus (DESH score), callosal angle and cingulate sulcus sign against the reference standard in the form of functional testing - lumbar infusion test (LIT) and external lumbar drainage (ELD). In the...
Diffusion Weighted Imaging and Other Quantitative MRI Methods in the Diagnostics of Selected CNS Diseases
Keller, Jiří ; Kalvach, Pavel (advisor) ; Hluštík, Petr (referee) ; Hájek, Milan (referee)
The aim of this study was to assess the scope of exploitation of the diffusion weighted imaging and other quantitative MR methods in the clinical diagnostics. We calculated the normal values of fractional an- isotropy (FA) in our group of healthy volunteers and proved FA depen- dence on age in some regions of brain using regression analysis. The relationship was quadratic in the splenium of callosal body, the left pre- central gyrus and in the pyramidal tract at the level of mesencephalon on the right. Linear decrease of FA with age was found in the rostrum of callosal body, in the white matter of frontal lobes, in the anterior limb of internal capsule on both sides and in the pyramidal tract at the level of mesencephalon on the left. In all measured parts of basal ganglia FA in- creased. Based on our data set, we propose a non-linear colour look-up table (LUT) to enhance the pathologic values. The use of this LUT is presented in patients with several neurological disorders. Quantitative methods were used also for assessment of the group of patients suffering from ALS. The changes we expected in the posterior limb of internal capsule were not significant, therefore we suppose that the presence of T2 hyperintensity in this region is not a reliable marker of the disease. T2 relaxometry detected the...
Structural and functional connectivity assessment in patients with Parkinson's disease
Klobušiaková, Patrícia ; Keller, Jiří (referee) ; Mekyska, Jiří (advisor)
Early changes in visuospatial functions predict dementia in Parkinson’s disease (PD). The aim of this work is to assess both structural and functional connectivity of the fasciculus longitudinalis inferior (ILF), which is engaged in visuospatial processing, in PD patients in comparison to healthy controls, and to find associations between connectivity changes and cognitive performance in the patient groups with or without mild cognitive impairment (MCI). To achieve our goal we recruited PD patients with normal cognition (PD-NC, n = 23) and PD with MCI (PD-MCI, n = 21) as well as healthy controls (HC, n = 48). Bidirectional iterative parcellation was used to isolate ILF tracts and their respective endpoints (occipital lobe and anterior temporal lobe) in each subject. The endpoints then served as regions of interest for functional connectivity calculation. We found ILF microstructural connectivity impairment in PD-MCI group, as measured by mean diffusivity, fractional anisotropy and radial diffusivity. In addition, the functional connectivity of ILF tracts was decreased already in the PD-NC. Both structural and functional connectivity deterioration was associated with visuospatial dysfunction in PD-MCI. These changes could serve as potential markers of disease progression or treatment effects monitoring.
Diffusion Weighted Imaging and Other Quantitative MRI Methods in the Diagnostics of Selected CNS Diseases
Keller, Jiří ; Kalvach, Pavel (advisor) ; Hluštík, Petr (referee) ; Hájek, Milan (referee)
The aim of this study was to assess the scope of exploitation of the diffusion weighted imaging and other quantitative MR methods in the clinical diagnostics. We calculated the normal values of fractional an- isotropy (FA) in our group of healthy volunteers and proved FA depen- dence on age in some regions of brain using regression analysis. The relationship was quadratic in the splenium of callosal body, the left pre- central gyrus and in the pyramidal tract at the level of mesencephalon on the right. Linear decrease of FA with age was found in the rostrum of callosal body, in the white matter of frontal lobes, in the anterior limb of internal capsule on both sides and in the pyramidal tract at the level of mesencephalon on the left. In all measured parts of basal ganglia FA in- creased. Based on our data set, we propose a non-linear colour look-up table (LUT) to enhance the pathologic values. The use of this LUT is presented in patients with several neurological disorders. Quantitative methods were used also for assessment of the group of patients suffering from ALS. The changes we expected in the posterior limb of internal capsule were not significant, therefore we suppose that the presence of T2 hyperintensity in this region is not a reliable marker of the disease. T2 relaxometry detected the...