National Repository of Grey Literature 74 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Transition from regular to chaotic motion in black hole magnetospheres
Kopáček, Ondřej ; Karas, Vladimír (advisor) ; Kulhánek, Petr (referee) ; Rezzolla, Luciano (referee)
Cosmic black holes can act as agents of particle acceleration. We study properties of a system consisting of a rotating black hole immersed in a large-scale organized magnetic field. Electrically charged particles in the immediate neighborhood of the horizon are influenced by strong gravity acting together with magnetic and induced electric components. We relax several constraints which were often imposed in previous works: the magnetic field does not have to share a common symmetry axis with the spin of the black hole but they can be inclined with respect to each other, thus violating the axial symmetry. Also, the black hole does not have to remain at rest but it can instead perform fast translational motion together with rotation. We demonstrate that the generalization brings new effects. Starting from uniform electro-vacuum fields in the curved spacetime, we find separatrices and identify magnetic neutral points forming in certain circumstances. We suggest that these structures can represent signatures of magnetic reconnection triggered by frame-dragging effects in the ergosphere. We further investigate the motion of charged particles in these black hole magnetospheres. We concentrate on the transition from the regular motion to chaos, and in this context we explore the characteristics of chaos in...
Evolution of the stellar disc in the Galactic centre
Kobrle, Stanislav ; Šubr, Ladislav (advisor) ; Karas, Vladimír (referee)
In this thesis we will study dynamical models of Galactic centre analyse them and compare with available observational data. Our main target is to investigate origin of young stars which are being observed here. We examine if they could have been born in a single accretion disc. Next target is to confirm or disprove the possibility of existence one or more disc-like structures which are frequently discussed by scientists. We introduce methods used to detect stellar structures and apply them to artificial and observational data.
Astrofyzikální procesy v blízkosti kompaktních objektů
Sochora, Vjačeslav ; Karas, Vladimír (advisor) ; Schee, Jan (referee) ; Semerák, Oldřich (referee)
Title: Astrophysical processes near compact objects: studying extremal en- ergy shifts from accretion rings Author: Vjačeslav Sochora Department: Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Astronomical In- stitute Supervisor: doc. RNDr. Vladimír Karas, DrSc.; Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Astronomical Institute Abstract: The X-ray emission from inner regions of an accretion disk around black holes provides wealth of information about matter in extreme con- ditions. A spectral profile of radiation from a narrow circular ring has a characteristic double-horn profile. Red and blue peaks of the profile are close to the extremal values of the energy shift. We describe a useful approach to calculate the extremal energy shifts in the regime of strong gravity. We dis- cuss if the radial structure of the disk emission could be reconstructed using extremal energy shifts of the individual rings. For this purpose, we simulate artificial data from a bright active galactic nucleus and show that the re- quired sensitivity and energy resolution can be reached with the proposed LOFT mission. Keywords: black hole physics, accretion disks, galactic nuclei
Neutron stars near a galactic centre
Zajaček, Michal ; Karas, Vladimír (advisor) ; Šubr, Ladislav (referee)
In this work we study the processes near the Galactic centre, which serves as a paradigm for low- luminosity galactic nuclei. The introductory part of the thesis is a brief review on the radio source Sagittarius A* in the Galactic centre and on its immediate surroundings. The main part of the thesis focuses on the hypothetical population of neutron stars that should be present in large numbers in this region. We analyse the predictions concerning the encounters of this observationally unexplored population with the ambient interstellar medium and we discuss the distribution of their interaction modes with respect to the parameters of the system. We find out that this distribution is strongly dependent on the density of the ambient medium, whereas only weakly dependent on its temperature. The effect of the prolongation of rotational period is negligible on the time-scale of about ten thousand years. In the second part, we predict the evolution of the high-eccentricity passages of clouds and dust- enshrouded stars (with pericentre distances at about 1000 Schwarzschild radii from the black hole). In all studied cases a major part of the matter is diverted from the original path. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)

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1 KARAS, Václav
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