National Repository of Grey Literature 13 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Neutron stars near a galactic centre
Zajaček, Michal ; Karas, Vladimír (advisor) ; Šubr, Ladislav (referee)
In this work we study the processes near the Galactic centre, which serves as a paradigm for low- luminosity galactic nuclei. The introductory part of the thesis is a brief review on the radio source Sagittarius A* in the Galactic centre and on its immediate surroundings. The main part of the thesis focuses on the hypothetical population of neutron stars that should be present in large numbers in this region. We analyse the predictions concerning the encounters of this observationally unexplored population with the ambient interstellar medium and we discuss the distribution of their interaction modes with respect to the parameters of the system. We find out that this distribution is strongly dependent on the density of the ambient medium, whereas only weakly dependent on its temperature. The effect of the prolongation of rotational period is negligible on the time-scale of about ten thousand years. In the second part, we predict the evolution of the high-eccentricity passages of clouds and dust- enshrouded stars (with pericentre distances at about 1000 Schwarzschild radii from the black hole). In all studied cases a major part of the matter is diverted from the original path. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
Velké pozdní bombardování v různých místech sluneční soustavy
Zajaček, Michal ; Brož, Miroslav (advisor) ; Ďurech, Josef (referee)
In this work, we study the Late Heavy Bombardment (LHB) in the Solar System which took place from 4.1 to 3.8 billion years ago, and represents a period of intense collisions whose traces are observed on the Moon and other bodies mainly in the form of craters or impact melts. The first part of the thesis is a review on the LHB with the focus on observational evidence and recent dynamical models. In the second part, we test a particular dynamical model of the LHB using the observed cratering records on various Solar-System bodies, which was not done previously to such an extent. For this purpose, we use the symplectic integrator SyMBA, the collisional code Boulder, and various projectile-crater scaling laws. We discuss the sources of uncertainties of the observations as well as that of the models. Furthermore, we use our results to constrain the size-frequency distribution of the primordial cometary population.
Neutron stars near a galactic centre
Zajaček, Michal
In this work we study the processes near the Galactic centre, which serves as a paradigm for low- luminosity galactic nuclei. The introductory part of the thesis is a brief review on the radio source Sagittarius A* in the Galactic centre and on its immediate surroundings. The main part of the thesis focuses on the hypothetical population of neutron stars that should be present in large numbers in this region. We analyse the predictions concerning the encounters of this observationally unexplored population with the ambient interstellar medium and we discuss the distribution of their interaction modes with respect to the parameters of the system. We find out that this distribution is strongly dependent on the density of the ambient medium, whereas only weakly dependent on its temperature. The effect of the prolongation of rotational period is negligible on the time-scale of about ten thousand years. In the second part, we predict the evolution of the high-eccentricity passages of clouds and dust- enshrouded stars (with pericentre distances at about 1000 Schwarzschild radii from the black hole). In all studied cases a major part of the matter is diverted from the original path. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
Missing bright red giants in the Galactic center: A fingerprint of its once active state?
Zajaček, Michal ; Araudo, Anabella ; Karas, Vladimír ; Czerny, B. ; Eckart, A. ; Suková, Petra ; Štolc, Marcel ; Witzany, V.
We propose a novel scenario for the bright red-giant depletion based onthe collisions between red giants and the nuclear jet, which was likely active in the Galactic center a few million years ago and could have led to the formation of the large-scaleγ-ray Fermi bubbles. The process of the jet-induced ablation of red giants appears to be most efficient within∼0.04 pc(S-cluster), while at larger distances it was complemented by star–accretion disc collisions and at smaller scales, tidal stripping operated. These three mechanisms likely operated simultaneously and createdan apparent core of late-type stars within∼0.5 pc.
Perturbing the accretion flow onto a supermassive black hole by a passing star
Suková, Petra ; Zajaček, M. ; Witzany, V. ; Karas, Vladimír
The close neighbourhood of a supermassive black hole contains not only accreting gas and dust, but also stellar-sized objects like stars, stellar-mass black holes, neutron stars, and dust-enshrouded objects that altogether form a dense nuclear star-cluster.These objects interact with the accreting medium and they perturb the otherwise quasi-stationary configuration of the accretion flow. We investigate how the passages of a star can influence the black hole gaseous environment with GRMHD 2D and3D simulations. We focus on the changes in the accretion rate and the associated emergence of outflowing blobs of plasma.
From gappy to ringed: signatures of an accretion disk radial structure in profiles of the reflection line
Štolc, Marcel ; Zajaček, M. ; Karas, Vladimír
We focus on the theoretical profiles of a spectral line produced by reflection of the surface of both gappy accretion disk and a ring-like structure near a black hole. We describe the relativistic effects in an approximative manner. While a smooth accretion disk leads to a typical, double-horn shape with unequal wings due to Doppler boosting and an additional peak due to the lensing amplification at high inclination angle, the gaps and rings give rise to a more complex dependence which reflects the location and the radial extent of the inhomogeneities in the accretion flow.
Polarization properties of bow shock sources close to the Galactic centre
Zajaček, M. ; Karas, Vladimír ; Hosseini, E. ; Eckart, A. ; Shahzamanian, B. ; Valencia-S, M. ; Peissker, F. ; Busch, G. ; Britzen, S. ; Zensus, J. A.
Several bow shock sources were detected and resolved in the innermost parsec from the supermassive black hole in the Galactic centre. They show several distinct characteristics, including an excess towards mid-infrared wavelengths and a significant linear polarization as well as a characteristic prolonged bow-shock shape. These features give hints about the presence of a non-spherical dusty envelope generated\nby the bow shock. The Dusty S-cluster Object (also denoted as G2) shows similar characteristics and it is a candidate for the closest bow shock with a detected proper motion in the vicinity of Sgr A*, with the pericentre distance of only approx. 2000 Schwarzschild radii. However, in the continuum emission it is a point-like source and hence we use Monte Carlo radiative transfer modeling to reveal its possible three-dimensional structure. Alongside the spectral energy distribution, the detection of polarized continuum emission in the near-infrared Ks-band (2.2 micrometers) puts additional constraints on the geometry of the source.
Modelling the bow–shock evolution along the DSO/G2 orbit in the Galactic centre
Štofanová, L. ; Zajaček, M. ; Kunneriath, D. ; Eckart, A. ; Karas, Vladimír
A radially directed flow of gaseous environment from a supermassive black hole affects the evolution of a bow–shock that develops along the orbit of an object passing through the pericentre. The bow–shock exhibits asymmetry between the approaching and receding phases, as can be seen in calculations of the bow-shock size, the velocity profile along the shocked layer, and the surface density of the bow–shock,\nand by emission-measure maps. We discuss these effects in the context of the recent pericentre transit of DSO/G2 near Sagittarius A*.
Neutron stars near a galactic centre
Zajaček, Michal
In this work we study the processes near the Galactic centre, which serves as a paradigm for low- luminosity galactic nuclei. The introductory part of the thesis is a brief review on the radio source Sagittarius A* in the Galactic centre and on its immediate surroundings. The main part of the thesis focuses on the hypothetical population of neutron stars that should be present in large numbers in this region. We analyse the predictions concerning the encounters of this observationally unexplored population with the ambient interstellar medium and we discuss the distribution of their interaction modes with respect to the parameters of the system. We find out that this distribution is strongly dependent on the density of the ambient medium, whereas only weakly dependent on its temperature. The effect of the prolongation of rotational period is negligible on the time-scale of about ten thousand years. In the second part, we predict the evolution of the high-eccentricity passages of clouds and dust- enshrouded stars (with pericentre distances at about 1000 Schwarzschild radii from the black hole). In all studied cases a major part of the matter is diverted from the original path. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
Neutron stars near a galactic centre
Zajaček, Michal ; Karas, Vladimír (advisor) ; Šubr, Ladislav (referee)
In this work we study the processes near the Galactic centre, which serves as a paradigm for low- luminosity galactic nuclei. The introductory part of the thesis is a brief review on the radio source Sagittarius A* in the Galactic centre and on its immediate surroundings. The main part of the thesis focuses on the hypothetical population of neutron stars that should be present in large numbers in this region. We analyse the predictions concerning the encounters of this observationally unexplored population with the ambient interstellar medium and we discuss the distribution of their interaction modes with respect to the parameters of the system. We find out that this distribution is strongly dependent on the density of the ambient medium, whereas only weakly dependent on its temperature. The effect of the prolongation of rotational period is negligible on the time-scale of about ten thousand years. In the second part, we predict the evolution of the high-eccentricity passages of clouds and dust- enshrouded stars (with pericentre distances at about 1000 Schwarzschild radii from the black hole). In all studied cases a major part of the matter is diverted from the original path. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)

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7 Zajaček, Michal
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