National Repository of Grey Literature 244 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Legal aspects of alternative fuels' use in transport
Straka, Jakub ; Franková, Martina (advisor) ; Derlich, Stanislav (referee)
Legal aspects of alternative fuels' use in transport Abstract What connects solar energy, palm oil and the construction of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline? All these topics have one common denominator, i.e. alternative fuels. This group of fuels, which is represented by electricity, hydrogen or biomethane, has the ambition to replace fossil fuels and reduce the negative environmental effects of the sectors of the economy where fossil fuels are used - in transport and energy. This thesis focuses on the transport sector and pursues two lines. The first part of the text examines, by using the example of biofuels, natural gas and electricity, whether and to what extent alternative fuels fulfill the purpose of the alternative in relation to oil-based fuels. The principle of energy security and the principle of sustainable development in its environmental and economic aspects are used as a benchmark. In the second part, this thesis pays attention to legal instruments that determine the future of alternative fuels. Specifically, emission limits for passenger cars and light-duty vehicles and financial support for alternative fuels at all stages of their life cycle are analyzed. The purpose of this work is to capture the momentum of the ongoing legislative development in the field of alternative fuels, to try to...
State Land Office
Váňová, Miroslava ; Franková, Martina (advisor) ; Fabšíková, Tereza (referee)
State Land Office Abstract This thesis is dedicated to the State Land Office of the Czech Republic, which was established on the basis of Act No. 503/2012 Coll. As an administrative office with a broad scope, it is impossible to deal with all the aspects of the State Land Office in detail and thus provide a thorough analysis within this thesis. Therefore, the aim of this thesis is to provide a general introduction of the State Land Office - its establishment, place within the system of state administration, organisational structure and its main scope. This thesis is divided into six parts. The first part is dedicated to a general characteristic of the State Land Office. First of all, the transformation of the Land Fund of the Czech Republic and the establishment of the State Land Office of the Czech Republic is briefly described, following its placement within the system of public administration, respectively government of the Czech Republic. A large segment of the first part of the thesis then follows a detailed description of the organisational structure of the State Land Office. The following parts are dedicated particularly to the main scope of the State Land Office, which I consider to be agricultural and church restitution, administration of state property according to Act No. 503/2012 Coll. and land...
Acquisition of ownership right to plots
Sojková, Alžběta ; Franková, Martina (advisor) ; Derlich, Stanislav (referee)
Acquisition of ownership right to plots Abstract The topic of this thesis is the problematics of acquisition of the right of ownership of lands. The work is divided into four chapters, which are further divided into subchapters. The first of them focuses on the definition of basic concepts related to the topic of the work, namely land, plot and property rights. The second chapter deals with the specifics of land ownership, among other things through its basic features - subject matter, content and subject. The third and fourth chapters form the very focus of the work. The third chapter deals with the transfer of ownership of land, the definition of basic types of contracts for the transfer of ownership (contract of sale, donation contract and contract of exchange), the problematics of invalidity, putativeness and relative ineffectiveness of the contract on transfer of ownership of land, withdrawal from the contract and its consequences and problematics of review activities within the registration in a Cadastre of Real Estate by cadastral office. The fourth chapter deals with the problematics of the transition of ownership of land and defines the various ways of acquiring ownership in the context of the Civil Code of 1964 and related case law and applicable law of the Civil Code. The work focuses on...
Legal aspects of land consolidation
Brychta, Tomáš ; Franková, Martina (advisor) ; Pokorný, Jiří (referee)
Since the second half of the 19th century the land consolidation has been carried out as an administrative proceeding in the territory of the Czech Republic. As a result of a gradual development, the scope of land consolidation is becoming broader and goals of the proceeding are becoming more and more ambitious. What issues can be solved using land consolidation and which instruments are used to accomplish that? How do public and private interests affect the land consolidation and parties to the proceeding? What is, or rather what should be the course of the land consolidation proceedings? Are measures adopted in the proceeding actually being implemented in the landscape? Submitted master's thesis draws attention to substantive and procedural aspects of the matter, relevant case law, as well as statistical data and other evidence regarding concluded land consolidation. The first part of the thesis deals with historical development of land consolidation, focusing on the 19th and 20th century. This chapter aims to allow for a better understanding of the basis of the effective legal regulation, which adopts some former concepts, while firmly abandoning others. The second part represents a first introduction to the effective legal framework of the land consolidation. Using statistical data this chapter...
Legal régime of agricultural and fores land
Brynychová, Jana ; Franková, Martina (advisor) ; Žákovská, Karolina (referee)
This rigorosum thesis deals with the overall legal regime of lands, than not only the regime of their protection, but the main attention is paid to agricultural and forest lands. The main objective of this thesis is to approach the interrelationship between effective and previous legislation and their legal evaluation. In the publication is referred to proposed changes that could solve or at least mitigate the problems of the lawful regulation, and also is referenced to the case law of the courts, which helps to interpret unclear issues. Considering that the issue of lands is assorted into a complex system, the purpose of the thesis is to define the basic institutes of land law and try to remove the inconsistent regulation of soil protection in a number of pieces of legislation. The introductory chapter sets out the main objectives to be achieved in the thesis and also contains a summary of the motivational reasons that helped in choosing the thematic area. The second part, entitled "Overview of legal sources of land law", is devoted to individual legal regimes in the field of soil protection at the national, European and international levels, which it names and states their historical context. This chapter refers to the most important changes that have affected land law in connection with the...
National parks regulation in the Czech Republic and the Kingdom of Spain
Krnáková, Eliška ; Franková, Martina (advisor) ; Pokorný, Jiří (referee)
1 Abstract Legal Regime of National Parks in the Czech Republic and the Kingdom of Spain National parks as traditional instruments of in situ nature protection, which ensure the protection of the most valuable natural values of the state, have long been a socially debated topic that deserves repeated attention. The fact that this is a current and fundamental issue is proved by the fact that both legal regulations examined in this thesis have undergone extensive changes. The Czech regulation of national parks was amended completely in 2017 and the Kingdom of Spain adopted a new law on national parks in 2014, also in response to a long-standing dispute between the autonomous regions and the central government over jurisdiction over specially protected areas. The aim of this work is to present and analyze the basic legal concept of national parks in the Kingdom of Spain and the Czech Republic, sources of legislation, tools used for nature protection, their anchoring in legislation and institutions related to the administration of national parks. Based on the performed analysis, a comparison of individual institutes is performed, their identical and different elements are evaluated and some changes de lege ferenda are proposed. This thesis is divided into eight chapters. The first chapter describes the...
Disposition of land in Czech law and the law of Israel
Falteisková, Sabina ; Franková, Martina (referee)
Disposition of land in Czech law and the law of Israel Abstract The main goal of the thesis is to analyse and compare the legal regulation of disposition of land and its protection in the Czech Republic and the State of Israel and answer the question whether the Czech legislation and the State of Israel can benefit from such regulations. Protection of land from degradation is absolutely crucial task that in the light of climate change, accompanied by extreme drought along with social and economic development becomes very actual. The thesis deals with the land and its peculiarities in the legal sense, which together with other factors significantly affect the relationship to land. The introduction to the issue is given by a part of the work devoted to the history and geography of both countries, focusing on the current state and major environmental problems. Emphasis is placed on the legal development over the last hundred years in relation to land-legal relations. Furthermore, the thesis focuses on defining current ownership relations and on the context of land disposition in both countries. Both the private-law structure and the public-law organization of these relations, which are significantly different in both countries, are described in detail. In this respect, much of the attention is focused on the...
Large-scale Nature Conservation Areas in the Czech Republic and Selected European Countries in the Legal Context
Mazancová, Eva ; Franková, Martina (referee)
The main goal of the thesis is to analyze and compare the degree of protection of the large-scale nature conservation areas in the legal orders of the Czech Republic, the Russian Federation and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and, in the conclusion of the thesis, to answer the question of whether these countries' regulation provides a sufficiently effective protection to these areas. Legal orders of the examined countries are analyzed with regard to the scope and effectiveness of the large-scale nature conservation legal instruments. Administrative instruments are examined and compared, including the degree of proprietary rights restrictions and related compensations of property loss. Furthermore, the conceptual and economic instruments (both positive and negative stimulation) are also examined. The analysis also focuses on the regulation of legal liability in regard to the large-scale nature conservation. Next, the thesis focuses on the institutional framework of the large-scale nature conservation in the examined countries and on the evaluation of the scope of the nature protection authorities' competence. Another point of interest is the degree to which the rights of the relevant subjects (owners, municipalities, environmental NGOs) are affected by the designation of a...
Environmental protecting legislation in the context of land trust action
Králová, Šárka ; Franková, Martina (advisor) ; Derlich, Stanislav (referee)
Environmental protecting legislation in the context of land trust action This diploma thesis deals with legislation of land trusts. The concept of land trusts is not very known in the Czech republic - neither in the legal section - altough this instrument is really perspective in environmental protection. Land trusts are not dependent to state power. Land trust can be described as nonprofit nongovernmental organization which associates people who want to voluntarily participate in environmental protection in their surroundings. They are not motivated neither by state organizations nor by economic aspects. They are protecting the environment on the basis of their highly positive relationship with nature and on the basis of their responsibility towards environment. The diploma thesis is divided into five chapters. The first chapter reveals what is land trust, how it can be estabilished and what is the essence of its mission. In the second chapter there are various legal relationships described which are used by land trusts for value land care purpose. There are also introduced some of the legal instruments used by land trusts. The third chapter enumerates another environmental actions of land trusts such as ecological education, ecological advicing and participation in the decision - making processes...
Selected issues of legal regulation of genetically modified organisms
Pečený, Přemysl ; Franková, Martina (advisor) ; Fabšíková, Tereza (referee)
1 Selected issues of legal regulation of genetically modified organisms Abstract Genetically modified organisms are one of the most pressing challenges of modern agriculture and other economic sectors. This is due to the large number of potential benefits and risks, which are quite often insufficiently scientifically researched, exacerbating the controversy associated with their use. It is a technology that has been used for a relatively long time, but its legal regulation is constantly challenged due to the dynamic development of the related scientific advances. Despite the aforementioned, some issues of the topic receive only marginal attention, which makes it difficult to create and apply a fully functioning legal regulation. The diploma thesis itself deals with selected issues of legal regulation of genetically modified organisms, focusing on the readiness of legal regulation, functionality of auxiliary instruments, as well as de lege ferenda considerations. These topics are formulated into three basic research questions, which the author tries to answer by analyzing relevant parts of the legal regulation. The aim of this thesis is to expand this vital part of environmental law with new findings and thus supplement other academic works that deal with legal regulation of genetically modified organisms....

National Repository of Grey Literature : 244 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
8 FRANKOVÁ, Martina
6 FRANKOVÁ, Monika
1 FRAŇKOVÁ, Magdalena
6 FRAŇKOVÁ, Monika
2 Franková, Markéta
3 Franková, Michaela
6 Franková, Monika
2 Fraňková, Magda
2 Fraňková, Marcela
8 Fraňková, Martina
3 Fraňková, Michaela
6 Fraňková, Monika
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