National Repository of Grey Literature 330 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Corporate responsibility and human rights: A way forward for climate litigation?
Chytil, David ; Žákovská, Karolina (advisor) ; Sobotka, Michal (referee)
Subject of this diploma thesis is the accountability of largest private green-house gas emitters, mainly fossil fuel corporations (so called "carbon majors") and in particular their relationship with human rights law. Strategic climate litigation is on a rise and private emitters are increasingly targeted by the litigants. While human rights are widely used in climate change litigation against governments and state authorities, their role in existing and potential climate lawsuits targeted at private parties remains uncertain. The goal of the thesis is to enlighten this topic analysing potential grounds for corporate climate liability and recent case-law. Firstly, impact of corporations on climate system (their "share" of GHG emissions) is presented in contrast to their peripheral role in the international climate governance and law. Climate change as a human rights issue is briefly examined in the second part focusing on human rights abuses of fossil fuel corporations, including "case studies" of human rights impacts of corporations Shell, Total and Texaco/Chevron in countries of the Global South. Third part deals with various sources of potential climate change liability of corporations and role human rights law might play. Concepts of Corporate Social Responsibility and Business and Human Rights...
Principle of superficies solo cedit and its importance in land law
Štěpánková, Jana ; Franková, Martina (advisor) ; Žákovská, Karolina (referee)
The aim of the thesis is to describe the concept of the superficial principle in the valid legal regulation and its influence on land law relations. As a result of the reintroduction of the superficial principle into the legal order of the Czech Republic by Act No. 89/2012 Coll., The Civil Code, all that is associated with the earth's surface becomes part of the given land. The thesis is divided into five structured chapters. The first chapter is devoted to land law as an interdisciplinary law system. The aim of second chapter is to explain the key importance of the superficial principle within the context of land law. The third chapter deals with the historical background of the development of legal relations to immovables in the territory of the Czech lands, also including the introduction of the Roman settlement as the basis of the superficial principle. The next part of the thesis contains the interpretation of the most important legal institutes related to the superficial principle in the context of the valid law. The chapter further describes exceptions to the principle. The fifth part of the thesis is focused on the analysis of selected land law relations influenced by the superficial principle.
Legal framework of electricity production from renewable resources with special focus on photovoltaic plants
Frantlová, Magda ; Damohorský, Milan (advisor) ; Žákovská, Karolina (referee)
This thesis is focused on legal regulation of renewable resources of energy. The main focus of this thesis is to analyse Czech regulation in the area of renewable resources while discussing the related practical problems and impacts. I also mention related legal disputes and possible legal consequences of the steps the Czech government decided to take in the area of regulation of the renewable resources of energy.
Records in the Land Register
Bulíčková, Karolína ; Žákovská, Karolina (advisor) ; Franková, Martina (referee)
Records in the Land Register This diploma thesis deals with the institute of records in the Land Register, which, due to Act No. 89/2012 Coll., the Civil Code, underwent numerous changes that needed to be reflected in legal regulation of the Land Register. At the time of writing this thesis, it has already been 6 years since the recodification of the Civil Code and changes associated therewith. Thus, it is possible to evaluate the legal regulation of records in the Land Register in its whole complexity. The thesis is divided in five parts that analyse different aspects of this legal institute. The first part of the diploma thesis outlines the historical evolution of the evidence of real estate itself for better understanding of current legal regulation. The second part of the thesis is focused on current legal regulation of the Land Register, its essential principles of holding the Register and extracts from the Land Register providing information about the state of real estate. The third part deals with the subject of evidence, as not all real property is being registered in the Land Register. Regardless the general description, the contentious part of the issue based on legal regulation is being involved in the description of each real estate as well. The fourth part of the diploma thesis aims to...
Environmental legal aspects of climbing
Kyloušková, Nikola ; Žákovská, Karolina (advisor) ; Franková, Martina (referee)
The presented thesis analyzes legal regulation concerning protection of nature and landscape in relation to climbing in the Czech Republic. The aim of the thesis is to create a comprehensive overview on legal aspects of climbing and its critical analysis. For these reasons the thesis attends to another activity closely connected to climbing which is movement of persons in free nature. Rights of owners of properties as one of the important private law aspects is considered as well. The key part addresses itself to legal regulation of climbing in specially protected areas which are important locations for the subject activity. Conclusions of the thesis are based on not only legislative and regulatory acts, but many administrative decisions and measures of general nature issued by nature conservation authority. The thesis is divided into six thematically intertwined chapters. These chapters pursue a definition of climbing, an identification of reasons for which law regulation is needed and mainly presentation and analysis of legal regulation and legal aspects of climbing including issues of responsibility according to both private and public law. The thesis may serve specialists in the field of law as source of information on the subject activity as well as on partial legal institutes of protection of the...
The Voluntary Tools of Environmental Protection
Švehlová, Nina ; Franková, Martina (advisor) ; Žákovská, Karolina (referee)
The diploma thesis is focused on the voluntary tools of environmental protection, those representing a remarkably wide and variable group of tools. The aim of this thesis is to create an integrated and compendious overview of the previously mentioned tools applied not only in the Czech Republic, to outline its basic characteristics, ways of its usage, and its mutual combinations, including the analysis of the legal regulation of the voluntary tools. After the two introductory chapters dedicated to the environmental policy and the system of all tools of environmental protection the following chapter deals with the voluntary tools only, dividing them for the purposes of this diploma thesis into categories of regulatory, informative, and educational tools. Considering the extent of the topic, the author decided on a detailed analysis elaboration of the three chosen tools in the following part of the thesis. In the fourth chapter the diploma theses concentrates on the EMAS according to the Regulation (EC) No 1221/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the voluntary participation by organisations in a Community Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS), which is being compared to the second implementation option of Environmental Management System, that is represented by the internationally...
Land Servitudes and Their Recording in the Land Register
Rybář, Robin ; Žákovská, Karolina (advisor) ; Franková, Martina (referee)
LAND SERVITUDES AND THEIR RECORDING IN THE LAND REGISTER - ABSTRACT The diploma thesis focuses on land servitudes, a type of property rights that bears the utmost importance. The essence of land servitudes is an obligation of an owner of land to ab- stain from doing something or to tolerate certain activities performed by an owner of other land. Land servitudes are an ancient legal institute dating as far back as the law of Ancient Rome. The essence of the institute has remained the same, but the legislation has undergone several changes over the centuries. Individual aspects of this legal institute are examined in the thesis, starting with the cre- ation of land servitudes, leading on to their content and ending with their extinction. The clas- sification of servitudes as rights in rem is taken into account and the legal consequences of this placements are deduced. Attention is primarily paid to the content and scope of servitudes, to individual means of acquiring a servitude and their creation, to legal relations arising from ser- vitudes, to the protection of servitudes and to the extinction of servitudes. A significant part of the thesis deals with particular types of land servitudes listed by the Civil Code. The subject of land servitudes is completed by the issue of recording land servitudes in the...
Legal principle of superficies solo cedit and its significance in land law
Humenná, Katarína ; Franková, Martina (advisor) ; Žákovská, Karolina (referee)
The topic of the diploma thesis is the legal principle superficies solo cedit and its return into the Czech law. The main aim of this thesis was to give a comprehensive view of this issue, especially how the return of the principle has changed land law relations. The first part of the thesis describe the division of the law to private law and public law. The first part is followed by the historical excursion which describes how the principle originated and how and whether it was part of the legal order in the past. The next chapters of the thesis are the main part of the work and describes the principle in todays law. Firstly the incorporation of the principle into the Civil Code is described and then individual paragraphs governing the principle follows. The definition of the basic terms as land, construction and temporary construction which are used by Civil Code but not described in it are the topic of next chapter. Next, relatively extensive chapter named line constructions describes exceptions to the principle. The basic definition of exceptions can be found in the Civil Code but more detailed regulation is contained in public acts, therefore private and public law is intertwined in this area. Easements to real estate, historical development of its legislation and today's legislation in this...
Legal regulation of special territorial protection of nature and landscape in the Czech Republic
Šílený, Jan ; Žákovská, Karolina (advisor) ; Franková, Martina (referee)
The topic of this diploma thesis is legal regulation of special territorial protection of nature and landscape in the Czech republic. The diploma thesis focuses itself mainly on the legal regulation of large-scaled specially protected areas, however some room is given also to small-scaled specially protected areas and to Natura 2000 system. This diploma thesis is systematically divided into the introduction, three parts and the conclusion. The main part of this thesis is its second part. The fisrt part deals with the protection of the environment in general and its component protection (air protection, water protection, soil protection, forest protection and protection of nature and landscape), and also defines the most important terms in field of nature and landscape protection. The second part of this diploma thesis in its first chapter deals with the differentiation of the general nature and landscape protection from the special protection of nature and landscape, the division into territorial and species protection and the distinction of large-scaled and small-scaled specially protected areas. The second chapter of this section deals with specially protected areas in the Czech republic and also contains units dedicated to individual specially protected areas (national parks, protected landscape...
Protection of biodiversity of deep sea-bed in areas beyond national jurisdiction
Kopecký, Martin ; Žákovská, Karolina (advisor) ; Stejskal, Vojtěch (referee)
Protection of biodiversity of deep sea-bed in areas beyond national jurisdiction Protection of the marine environment including ecosystems and biodiversity of the seabed, is one of the main goals towards which international environmental law should be aiming. In the first part of this diploma thesis, I presented the main deep-seabed ecosystems, and I drew attention to the main discrepancies between the natural scientific and legal view of these ecosystems. In the second part of this thesis, I presented crucial legal principles and approaches that are applicable to the protection of the deep seabed, and I included examples of binding and non-binding legal instruments which contain those principles. I further outlined their status in the current system of international law, particularly with regard to the international customary and treaty law. In the third part of this thesis, I analysed specific international conventions which apply to the protection of deep seabed biodiversity. First, I analysed the UN Convention on the marine law, and then I focused on two regional legal regulations: Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic and Antarctic Treaty System. At first, I addressed the question whether they include the main principles and approaches which I...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 330 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
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4 Žákovská, Karolína
2 Žákovská, Kateřina
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