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How can be sibling constellations by health disability affected
Doskočilová, Renata ; Květoňová, Lea (advisor) ; Prouzová-Květoňová, Regina (referee)
Thesis named How can be sibling constellations by health disability affected, researchs effect of health disability to sibling constellations. Influence of health disability is examined in the area of career orientation, spending freetime and position of intact sibling in sibling constellation. Data gained from semistructured interviews are sorted by contained informations and contexts to these three categories. The objective of thesis is to find out whether sibling constellations are ind the fixed areas affected by health disability. The data and codes are obtained by summary in interviews according to required categories. These data are compared with theoretical basis and then they are formed to answers to research questions. The conclusions of research established that in investigated areas sibling constellations are influenced. The influence comes from the individual dispositions of each of the respondent. At the end of the thesis based on the survey results there are proposed additional procedures for the processing of reladed research. The idea of the thesis is to express and give support for persons similar life situations. KEYWORDS health disability, sibling constellation, parents and children, career orientation, freetime
Options reeducation eyesight of preschool children with binocular vision disorder
This bachelor´s thesis deals with the topic of options of re-education eyesight of preschool children with binocular vision disorder. Theoretical part of this thesis is divided into three chapters. The first chapter is about persons with visual disability, describes visual impairment and the term limited vision, criteria for assessing visual defects, distribution of visual impairment and characterizes binocular vision disorder. The second chapter is about evolution of preschool child, about specifics of evolution of preschool child with visual impairment, about legislative framework of education of children with visual impairment in The Czech Republic, about education and socialization of a child. The third chapter of theoretical part contains the term re-education, possibilities of re-education of binocular vision disorder from a medical point of view and possibilities special education support for children with binocular vision disorder. The main goal of this bachelor´s thesis was to create worksheets for the purpose of re-education in the form of eye exercises in a playful way for preschool children with binocular vision disorder and then verified in practice. Based on interview with educators, from which come requirement to make quality, original and useful worksheets, were made required worksheets different from worksheets which are in classrooms to use next. Final verification of those worksheets was in the same kindergarten where the interview with educators was made. The examined group counted five children boys for and five years aged with different types of binocular vision disorder which are attending nursery garden for visually impaired in České Budějovice. Qualitative approach was chosen as form of research. As the first data collection technique was used observation of children during verifying the worksheets. As the second technique was used holding a semi-structured interview with pedagogues and orthoptical nurse which agreed on need and meaningfulness of making of worksheets. As the third technique was used analysis available documents, folders with worksheets, registration lists, medical reports in classroom of nursery garden for visually impaired. Thanks to interview with orthoptic nurse was given comprehensive description orthoptical and pleoptical instruments and influencing factors of children´s motivation during pleoptical and orthoptical exercises in general. The interview with pedagogue and orthoptic nurse shows that all of them cooperate during re-education of sight of children with binocular vision disorder. Both sides consult on worksheets as a meaningful and creative form of re-education of sight, which availability is not so sufficient and which must meet certain criteria to reach re-education of binocular sight the correct way. By research investigation was found that clarity of task and its interpretation is essential during the work with group of preschool children. If child is filling the worksheet with supposed process, it occurs in the strengthening of the visual-motor coordination coordination device of coloring or leading lines by concrete direction. Child must also turn in area of visual perception on the differentiation of figure and background to reach desired results in context to task and content of worksheet. In tasks for visual distinction child must connect properties of object in confrontation with reality and differ by sight different and same objects. By filling one of those lists child trains vision analysis and synthesis of an object in background, which is divided by lines in front of the object. Visual memory, vocabulary and connection to real experiences child trains in worksheets where it confronts pictures with real frames, animals and objects. A child has also possibility to train motion of eyes on line of tasks in tables or rows.
Problems about motion in high school Mathematics
This work contains reasearch of the procedures and strategies used for mathematical problems of motion by high school students, as well as analysis of student´s problem solving. This part if followed by a compilation of problems in order to practice solving of the motion problems. This compilation is divided into several parts, while each of the parts focuses on different types of problems.

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