National Repository of Grey Literature 105 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Abstinence among young adults
Dočkalová, Barbora ; Krejčí, Josef (advisor) ; Chrz, Vladimír (referee)
Based on current research and yearly reports of consumption of addictive substances where the Czech Republic repeatedly ends up at the top of the rankings while also having fewer people who abstain from addictive substances in comparison to European standards, we've decided to understand more about the experience of people who abstain. So far the research wasn't too focused on the people who abstain from addictive substances therefore the aim of this work is to get a holistic perspective of their lives. A group of young adults who have been abstaining from addictive substances for some time and therefore can reflect on their experiences have been selected as participants in the study. Fifteen different experiences with abstinence have been collected through semi-structured interviews. The first phase of data analysis (Analysis I) reviews and compares the responses, and in the second phase (Analysis II) we've worked with the central category that is common among the interviews. Psychological resilience has been established as a strong common basis among all respondents which represents a supportive factor against conformity to a society that has different patterns of consumption of addictive substances than respondents. In the final section of the thesis, we've suggested a dynamic model of factors...
A younger sibling's experience of an older sibling's drug addiction
Růžičková, Johana ; Kucharská, Anna (advisor) ; Chrz, Vladimír (referee) ; Hricová, Alena (referee)
This dissertation explores a younger sibling's experience of an older sibling's drug addiction. The aim of the study was to capture the lived experience of living alongside a brother/sister who regularly uses addictive substances. The research section is based on in-depth interviews with nine participants, which were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. As a result, the analyses of the individual interviews provide a detailed description of the development of the relationship before, during and after the addiction, the benefits and costs that this relationship brought and brings to the participants, their perspective on the crisis and light moments of the relationship, their reflection of the family situation and the role played by parents. The way to learn about the meanings that participants attribute to their experience is to focus on their feelings. In the final analysis, common or significant themes are identified, including 1. Ambivalence, 2. Love, 3. Fear, 4. Taking responsibility - having to grow up early, 5. Sadness, compassion and helplessness, 6. Doubts about whether I have done enough, remorse, 7. Lack of attention from parents, and 8. Privation of the possibility of being myself. The study may serve to develop understanding about an often neglected group of siblings.
Midlife crisis from the perspective of psychotherapists: interpretative phenomenological analysis
Žochová, Kateřina ; Chrz, Vladimír (advisor) ; Krejčí, Josef (referee)
The thesis deals with the experience of psychotherapists with the midlife crisis in their clients. The theoretical part deals with the midlife crisis and selected psychotherapeutic approaches. The empirical part is based on qualitative research and is realized by the method of interpretive phenomenological analysis (IPA). The research included three semi-structured interviews with psychotherapists who differ in theoretical orientation, namely Gestalt, SUR, and Pesso Boyden. The aim of the research was to understand the specific experiences of psychotherapists with the midlife crisis and whether their perception of these experiences corresponds to the psychotherapeutic approach. Elements from the narrative approach in the research were used in the data analysis. The results are summarized in a discussion, where they are also processed together with theoretical concepts and selected research. Based on this research, it was found that all three psychotherapists agree that there are increased changes between the ages of 40 and 50, which can result in some of the symptoms often referred to as midlife crisis, but in explaining the nature of the problems are significantly different. To some extent, we can say that their perception of the concept of the midlife crisis is influenced by the chosen...
Construction of intencionality by adolescent deliquents
Onder, Jakub ; Smetáčková, Irena (advisor) ; Chrz, Vladimír (referee)
In this paper I will be mapping so-called intentional profile of juvenile delinquents. This is way of their perception and experience of surrounding world, how they apply significance and how they think about it. Part of this profile is idea of role and participation within the frame of this world. Next goal of this research is explanation of delinquent behavior as part of intentional profile. Research took place in youth detention center. It consisted of narrative and discourse analysis of four fifty minute long autobiographic interviews with four boys sixteen or seventeen years old with delinquent past. In interviews was emphasized independent selection of subject by respondents themselves. Result of analysis was formation of so-called theory of egocentrism. This theory has been compared with other theories and research and embodied in context of social sciences in second part of this paper. Egocentrism is compared with splitting defense mechanism according to M. Klein. In conclusion of this paper were formulated psychotherapeutic recommendations for employees of youth detention centers for work with juvenile delinquents based on findings of performed research.
Depression as an escape from burden of life: Analysis of interviews
Bartošková, Magda ; Chrz, Vladimír (advisor) ; Klusák, Miroslav (referee)
In this paper I will be mapping an inner world of thought and experience lived by individuals suffering from depression. Based on differently experienced narratives I will try to reveal common features, which could help with better understanding "depressive mode of life experience". Research took place in Prague Psychiatric Centre. It consisted of narrative analysis of four 90 minute long autobiogaphic interviews. Four respondents were of both sexes and 17 - 59 years old. In these interviews was emphasized formation of structure in their life narrative. The result of this analysis was formlation of theory of Depressive mode of organizing the experience. This theory is expanded with mode of escape mechanism describing tightening of depletion of external purpose loop and causal mechanism of reluctance to pursue introspection, which leads to deficit of authorship and need for understanding and acting other, who would compensate described deficit. These models have been compared with other theories and research of C. G. Jung and Erich Fromm. Ideas of both authors complete each other and expand findings of this research.
Ballroom dancing factors affecting the development of couple relationships
Vanek, Marián ; Chrz, Vladimír (advisor) ; Vitošková, Veronika (referee)
TITLE: Ballroom Dancing Factors Affecting the Development of Couple Relationships AUTHOR: MariánVanek DEPARTMENT: Department of Psychology SUPERVISOR: Doc. PhDr. Vladimír Chrz, Ph.D. ABSTRACT: The bachelor thesis deals with the factors of social dances that have an impact on the development of couple relationships. Another theme is the discussion about possible use of ballroom dancing in couple therapy and counseling. Unstructured interview method with professional dance teachers was used to gain insight into effective factors of ballroom dancing. Interview with one married couple and record of participant observation of their dance lessons was also collected to increase validity. The theoretical framework of this thesis is participatory research paradigm and principles of qualitative approach in psychology. Interviews were analyzed by the method of triple encoding. Two models were then created. The first model shows the seven factors of ballroom dancing affecting the development of couple relationships. It is a dance teacher mediation, communication training, problem solving training, body resonance, shared activity, aesthetics and neutral environment. The second model based on Vygotsky's concept of mediated action shows the similarities and differences in key aspects of couple counseling and individual...
Artist's journey: a biographical analysis of the development of students of art
Botková, Mariana ; Mudrák, Jiří (advisor) ; Chrz, Vladimír (referee)
The goal of the bachelor thesis is to analyze the development of the artistic talent. First, the thesis deals with the psychological and historical aspects of art and the world of the artist. Second, the thesis reflects current theories concerned with talent using two multidimensional models of the talent. After studying these concepts, the topic of the art and talent is connected through one of the multidimensional models which is further used as theoretical framework for the practical part. In the practical part of the bachelor thesis the case studies of four young artists are introduces and analyzed. The most important finding is that in the life of the artist, impact of family is very essential. It has been shown that the ideal conditions for developing artistic talent is in the early childhood. Parents should support their children while providing them with freedom in the environment build on values rather than strict rules. Key words: artistic talent, art, talent, development, talent factors.

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