National Repository of Grey Literature 17 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Essays on the impact of technological change on economic structure
Pleticha, Petr ; Srholec, Martin (advisor) ; Bajgar, Matěj (referee) ; Goedhuys, Micheline (referee) ; Lábaj, Martin (referee)
Interní Essays on the Impact of Technological Change on Economic Structure Abstract This dissertation investigates the interplay between technological change and economic structure. Welcomed technological change sometimes brings changes to the structure of the economy which introduces not so welcomed economic frictions. On the other hand, economic structure can foster or hinder technological change. This thesis focuses mainly on structural changes such as R&D financing and global value chain (GVC) integration potentially translating into economic productivity. In Chapter 2, I show that business R&D spending exerts both direct and indirect positive effects on value added. Nevertheless, the heterogeneity of the returns to R&D has seldom been examined. Using detailed sectoral data from Czechia over the period 1995-2015, this study finds that privately funded business R&D has both direct and spillover effects, but that the publicly funded part of business R&D only leads to spillovers. The results further suggest that both upstream and downstream spillovers matter, regardless of the source of funding, and that during the period studied, R&D returns were heavily affected by the economic crisis. Lastly, private R&D offers significant returns only after reaching a critical mass, while the effects of public R&D...
Czech Secondhand Board Game Price Analysis
Pospíšil, Matyáš ; Polák, Petr (advisor) ; Bajgar, Matěj (referee)
This thesis explores the various factors a ecting the willingness to pay (WTP) for secondhand board games in the Czech market. A regression analysis was em- ployed to examine the influence of age, the importance of reviews and themes, monthly income and media influence on consumers' WTP. The study also dif- ferentiates between more and less complex games to highlight subtle shifts in WTP based on game complexity. The empirical results provide insights into the baseline for the discounted price, the significant negative e ect that age or inexperience in buying a board game can have and the remarkable positive ef- fect that following board game media has on the price. While the study centres on the Czech market, its findings o er practical implications for the broader secondhand board game market and retailers. JEL Classification C50, D12, D49, L14, L15 Keywords Secondhand Market, Board Games, Willingness to Pay, Regression Analysis Title Czech Secondhand Board Game Price Analysis Author's e-mail Supervisor's e-mail
Evolution of markups: The case of the Czech Republic
Jurišta, Jakub ; Bajgar, Matěj (advisor) ; Petřík, Theodor (referee)
This thesis aims to state the picture of markups in the Czech Republic. Most of the research has been done in the United States, and many remaining studies have been done globally. However, global studies do not have high-quality data to determine the actual trend in some countries. The main finding is that the mean markup increases over time, where the main drivers of it are the upper percentile firms, which see a significant increase in their markups. Therefore, most firms see no increase in their markups. The trend is also claimed to be within all industries, not between them. We use high-quality data which covers all firms in the Czech Republic. Using the production approach, we estimate markups for 55 869 firms from 74 industries from 2012 to 2020. The goal is to show markups on three different levels and to see if the defined trend corresponds to the Czech one. This thesis is one of the first studies using high-quality data outside the United States, and to have an overview of an actual markup trend in Europe, more studies like this should be done in other countries. JEL Classification D21, D23, L10, L11, L22 Keywords markups, production approach, competition, market power Title Evolution of markups: The case of the Czech Republic Author's e-mail Supervisor's e-mail...
The impact of the electronic revenue registry on Czech firms
Varadi, Ondřej ; Bajgar, Matěj (advisor) ; Palanská, Tereza (referee)
This thesis studies the effects of the electronic revenue registry introduced in the Czech Republic in December 2016 on reported firm output, purchases, and on firm entry/exit. The policy aimed to reduce tax evasion via improved reporting of cash transactions at the end of the supply chain. Firms in affected industries were required to use special electronic revenue registers that automatically send information to tax authorities. We conduct a difference-in-differences estima- tion on representative firm-level data provided by the Czech Statistical Office and construct control groups from industries that were unaffected by the policy but were otherwise similar to the affected industries. We construct multiple alternative control groups for each treated industry to test the sensitivity and robustness of the results to the choice of the control group. The thesis finds that the policy increased reported output in industries characterized by a high volume of small-ticket sales, which include Food and beverage service activi- ties, Accommodation, and Retail. Additionally, in Food and beverage service activities, reported purchases increased by 16%, which could imply that the firms offset the increase in output by reporting greater purchases. Firm en- try decreased and firm exit increased around and...
Are subsidies to business R&D effective? Regression discontinuity evidence from the TA CR ALFA programme
Bajgar, Matěj ; Srholec, Martin
Governments subsidise business research and experimental development (R&D) to promote development of the economy, because externalities and information asymmetries inherent to the innovation process make private funding of these activities fall short of what is socially desirable. Nevertheless, how effective such subsidies are and whether they achieve their goals is an open question that needs to be studied empirically. This study leverages the state-of-the-art method of regression discontinuity (RD) that allows us to come very close to making causal inferences about the effects of subsidies, to find out whether the Technology Agency of the Czech Republic’s (TA CR) ALFA programme stimulated new business R&D inputs, outputs, and positive economic impacts that would not have happened otherwise.
Who bears the costs of Brexit? A regional perspective
Stuchlík, Jakub ; Baxa, Jaromír (advisor) ; Bajgar, Matěj (referee)
0. 1 Abstract One of the decisive elements for the Brexit referendum was the great regional inequality in the UK, the biggest among the G7 economies. In this thesis, we study whether spatial inequality increased due to Brexit. We successfully pi- oneer a Synthetic Control Method using Lasso to estimate the Brexit impact. Our results are consistent on the national level with other scholars, achieving a mild 2% drop in the real output in 2019 and a stunning 14% fall in 2020. At the regional level, our results hint bigger losses for London and Scottish regions than for rural areas. Thus, in contradiction to other studies, we show that Brexit could decrease spatial inequality. JEL Classification C54, O47 Keywords Brexit, Regional inequality, Synthetic Control Method, Synthetic Control Method using Lasso, real GDP Author's e-mail Supervisor's e-mail
The publication performance of the Czech Science Foundation panel members (2019–2021)
Bajgar, Matěj
The aim of this research has been to find out to what extent the scientific results of the members of the Czech Science Foundation (GA ČR) evaluation panels confirm their erudition for evaluating GA ČR Standard Project proposals.
Benefits of a concurrent planning of the long-term distribution and business strategies
Petřík, Theodor ; Červinka, Michal (advisor) ; Bajgar, Matěj (referee)
Business and distribution strategy planning is usually carried out in a sequence. A company first devises a business plan and then a distribution strategy to ac- commodate it. The separation in planning can lead to a sub-optimal choice. We propose a method to concurrently plan both strategies using a Bayesian network. We present three modifications of our concurrent optimization model based on different optimization objectives - distribution strategy costs mini- mization, revenue maximization, and profit maximization. The derivation of all model modifications and the collection process of the required inputs are described in detail. The presented model is tested on a business case of the company Pilsner Urquell. Using the company's historical data from 01/2017 and 06/2017, we design the optimum cost distribution strategy in the Czech market for 2018 - 2020. Our results are then compared with the real company development over the same period. Our model shows that the company could have selected a more cost-effective distribution strategy in 2017. Furthermore, we present a range of options for further research. JEL Classification C02, C11, C61 Keywords Bayesian Networks, Business plan, Concurrent planning, Distribution strategy Title Concurrent Business and Distribution Strategy Planning Using...

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