National Repository of Grey Literature 208 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Forensic ballistics
Štefan, Alexander ; Štourač, Petr (advisor) ; Musil, Jan (referee)
This thesis is focused on the issues connected with criminalistic ballistics, a forensic discipline, which is closely associated with the criminal law. The thesis is composed of ten chapters, each of them dealing with different aspects of criminalistic ballistic. After introductory part of this work follows the first chapter dedicated to the historical development of the subject. Chapter two describes the term and it is divided into six subdivisions according to the main areas of examination. Each area is solving different tasks and questions. Chapter three continues with an explanation what are the objects of criminalistic ballistic, concretely guns, ammunition and its segments, gunshot residues, subjects affected by the bullets, and other circumstances of the shooting Chapter four provides with the legal regulation of holding the gun and ammunition. Next two chapters are concerned with question, how are created ballistic marks on the bullet and the cartridge case during the process of shot and how to search, collect and secure them. Chapters seven and eight are crucial because they are dedicated to the different methods of criminalistic ballistic investigations, especially those which are used for individual identification or type classification of weapon. In this chapters are also mentioned...
Methods of investigation of murders (selected issues)
Polívková, Lucie ; Štourač, Petr (advisor) ; Krupička, Jiří (referee)
in English The topic of the thesis is the " The Methodology of Investigation of Murders (selected issues)". The topic is too broad for the limited capacity of the dissertation. While writing the thesis, after the necessary theoretical introduction (which contains the definition of crimes against life, medical definition of death, etc.), I focused only on the initial stage of the investigation of the crime of murder. I specifically focused on the discovery of the body, on securing the crime scene, on autopsy and on the demarcation of investigative versions. Next stage of the investigation is only briefly summarized in the ninth chapter. The thesis is divided into ten chapters. The first chapter explains basic terms, especially murder, murder of a newborn baby by its mother and other crimes against life, such as manslaughter, negligent homicide and assistance to suicide. This chapter also includes medical definition of death, and a brief description of the post-mortem changes. The second chapter consists of brief statistics on the number of murders in the Czech Republic between the periods 2000 to 2012. It contains two graphs; the first graph shows the evolution of the total number of murders each year and their solving. The second graph divides murders according to the specific motives. The third...
Identification of cadavers and skeleton findings
Maťašová, Mária ; Štourač, Petr (advisor) ; Musil, Jan (referee)
IDENTIFICATION Of CORPSES AND SKELETAL FINDINGS For a topic of my thesis I chose Identification of dead bodies and skeletal findings. This topic is one of issues which belong to criminal science. My work consists of eight chapters including the Introduction and Conclusion. In the beginning I described the basic terms of Forensic Science which relate to death as post-mortem changes, mummification and algor mortis. In the Chapter three I deal with a general procedure when a dead body occurs. In this part you can find the legal regulations of coroner's inquest, autopsy and search of premises. Next chapter is devoted to regulation of a medicine doctor's activity as an expert and following chapter describes exhumation procedure. Chapter six deals with identification process generally. Chapter seven describes particular methods of identification. The first method what I describe is forensic anthropology. This method use external features of a man for the identification process. These features are: sex, age, body height, DNA analysis or blood group. Then I define method of superprojection which use the skulk and photography of dead persons. With the technical progress this method use nowadays equipment of modern technique as special scanner or digital pictures. After that I define method of portrait...
Psychological profiling of an offender
Münzová, Kristýna ; Čírtková, Ludmila (advisor) ; Štourač, Petr (referee)
Criminal profiling Abstract The purpose of my thesis is to analyse criminal profiling, one of the disciplines of forensic psychology used by law enforcement authorities in their effort to capture offender of a crime. The reason for my research is my interest in the criminal law in general, mainly in the psychological aspects of work of law enforcement authorities with individual offenders. The thesis is composed of three chapters, each of them dealing with different aspects of criminal profiling. Chapter One is introductory and defines basic terminology of criminal profiling and the essence of criminal profiling in general. The chapter is subdivided into five parts, which deals with the term of criminal profiling, its development, particular delicts suitable for profiling, the manner of creating a profile and its efficiency in the criminal proceedings in Czech Republic. Chapter Two examines the best known approaches to criminal profiling, its methods and typology. The chapter consists of five parts. Part One focuses on the different approaches to criminal profiling. Part Two investigates the deductive and inductive methods of criminal profiling. Part Three addresses the issue of the best known computer databases used in criminal profiling, ViCLAS and VICAP. Part Four focuses on geographic profiling, a...
Forensic theory of a crime victim (forensic victimology)
Mydlářová, Petra ; Musil, Jan (advisor) ; Štourač, Petr (referee)
- 61 - Část IX. Resume - Criminological victimology The aim of my thesis is to point out the necessity to provide victims of the crime with the sufficient protection in accordance with the international obligations which the Czech republic has commited to. The topic of this paper is the criminological teachings about the victim of the criminal act ( Criminological victimology). The first part defines and characterises basic terminology concerning victimology. It deals with the particular part of the criminological victimology field and the implication of the victimology for the penal law together with prevention of the criminality. The main part of the paper explains the English term stalking, analyzes the appearance and broadness of this crime with respect to its victims in both international and domestic scale. It refers to not only contemporary studies but focuses also on valid and prepared legislative steps in this field. The following part highlights one of the forms of stalking - cyberstalking, which is becoming a hot topic these days due to development of electronic medias. The reason why I have chosen stalking among many other unwanted phenomenons in society is the recency of the topic mainly in connection with the enactment of the new Penal Code. There are many lively discussions among...

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2 Štourač, Pavel
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