National Repository of Grey Literature 57 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Envirnomental impact of household consumption
Mach, Radomír ; Ščasný, Milan (advisor) ; Šauer, Petr (referee) ; Musil, Petr (referee)
The main goal of this dissertation thesis is to quantify the environmental burden associated with household consumption in the Czech Republic. Emissions of three groups of gases were selected to express the burden on the environment, namely emissions causing climate change, acidification and the formation of photosmog. These emissions arise from the consumption of fuels in households, and they are usually referred to as direct household emissions. Or they arise in the production and distribution of goods and services, and they are usually referred to as indirect household emissions. Although indirect emissions come from combustion in energy production and other industrial processes and agricultural activities, not from households, they are a consequence of household demand for final products. Therefore, such emissions are considered to be a consequence of household consumption. The resulting emission values are given for the average household and households divided into expenditure deciles. Emissions increase with expenditure per household member in total consumption and in individual consumption groups across all deciles. In the case of climate change-related emissions, more than half come from heating (41%) and electricity (21%). For acidification, heating (31%) and food (24%) are the dominant...
Three essays in Development Economics
Valíčková, Petra ; Cahlík, Tomáš (advisor) ; Janda, Karel (referee) ; Ščasný, Milan (referee) ; Nicolas, Claire (referee)
This dissertation thesis touches on some important aspects of development, including financial development and improved access to reliable energy sources, regional integration and expanded opportunities for trade. This thesis was written to help guide policy reforms especially in developing countries to expand sources of growth and put countries on track to better meet their long-term development goals, including a better and more sustainable future for everyone. This dissertation consists of three papers. In the first paper I investigate the empirical evidence on the relationship between financial development and economic growth. In doing so, I assessed over 270 studies for their potential inclusion in a meta-analysis. From those studies that contained an empirical estimate of the finance growth relationship, I compiled 1,334 coefficients and coded study characteristics for each. Taking the reported estimates together, I find a positive link between financial development and economic growth, but with widely varying individual estimates. By applying a multi-variate meta-regression, I explain the variation in reported results, stemming not only from differences in research design (by authors addressing or ignoring potential endogeneity issues) but also from real drivers (different regional and time...
Enviromentální analýza nákladů a přínosů Určení společenské časové diskontní míry
Štěpaníková, Šárka ; Ščasný, Milan (advisor) ; Gregor, Martin (referee)
Diploma thesis covers the field of risk management that companies need to deal with when trading on open account. Basis for this research is the question, whether credit risk management positively influences health of a company and whether credit insurance is effective tool when protecting against credit risk. The subject is firstly discussed in the context of current economic crisis and its impact on entrepreneurial environment, companies' payment behaviour and the volume of insolvencies. Further there are characterized types of credit risk, outlined risk management methods and compared selected instruments used for credit risk protection. Attention is devoted particularly to trade credit insurance. Finally effectiveness and actual usefulness of credit insurance is evaluated on selected models and a case study. Presented case study demonstrates a real life insurance contract and quantifies the cost saving resulting from risk protection through trade credit insurance. Keywords: economic crisis, payment behaviour, insolvency, risk management, trade credit insurance
Factors influencing the transport mode decision - case of the Czech Republic
Preclíková, Michaela ; Ščasný, Milan (advisor) ; Hanus, Luboš (referee)
The thesis describes shares of use of transport modes to reach different activities and analyses influence of socio-demographic variables on a choice of transport mode for commuting to work in the Czech Republic. Data from the INHERIT survey are used for the analysis. Factors which influence the transport mode decision were identified using the multinomial logit model. Results show that men, people with higher income and households with at least one child are significantly more likely to commute to work by car than women, people who earn less money and households without children. Living in large cities decreases the likelihood of using car for work trips and increases likelihood of travelling by public transport.
Health, Happiness and Consumption of Sugary Goods
Hanusová, Klára ; Ščasný, Milan (advisor) ; Opatrný, Matěj (referee)
Numerous studies have examined socio-economic and demographic determinants of sugar consumption, happiness, and life satisfaction. However, little is still known about association between sugar consumption on one side and happiness (or life satisfaction), on the other side, in particular, if we control for other key factors such as health, dietary patterns, or even addictive behaviour that all potentially affect both sugar consumption and life satisfaction. This thesis fills this research gap. Individual-level data obtained from the INHERIT multi-country survey are used to analyse these determinants in five European countries, the Czech Republic, Latvia, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom. The analysis is relying on several econometric models for count and limited dependent variable data, including negative binomial, logit, multinomial logit, and bivariate probit. We found that younger, respondents with children, and in particular males are eating more portions of sugary goods. Higher consumption of sugary goods is also correlated with eating more meat and smoking, and bad health status, gastrointestinal disease in particular, that is likely consequence of these healthadverse habits. Many of the explanatory variables which are positively associated with sugar consumption, tend to have opposite...
Three essays in energy and environmental economics
Rečka, Lukáš ; Ščasný, Milan (advisor) ; Knápek, Jaroslav (referee) ; Van Koten, Silvester (referee) ; Muchapondwa, Edwin (referee)
Three Essays in Energy and Environmental Economics Author: Mgr. Lukáš Rečka Supervisor: Mgr. Milan Ščasný, Ph.D. Academic Year: 2018/2019 Abstract This thesis consists of three articles that share the main theme - energy and environment. The dissertation aims mainly at the Czech energy system and analyses it development after the Velvet Revolution and its possible future development. The first article applies Logarithmic Mean Divisia Index decomposition to analyses the main driving forces of significant reduction in air quality pollutants during the transition of the Czech economy towards market economy in the 1990s. It continues then to investigate how the driving forces affected the emissions volumes during succeeding the post-transition period up to 2016. The second article reacts on the 2015 governmental decision to lift brown coal mining limits in the North Bohemia coal basin. The paper analyses the impacts of maintaining the ban on mining coal reserves and compares them with three alternative options that would each weaken the environmental protections of the ban. The impacts of each of these alternative governmental propostions are analysed on the Czech energy system, the fuel- and the technology-mix, the costs of generating energy, related emissions and external costs associated with the emissions....
Electric car reaches space, but only makes it into the Czech Republic after a discount
Ščasný, Milan ; Zvěřinová, Iva ; Rajchlová, Z. ; Kyselá, E.
The study summarizes the results of a questionnaire survey on public perceptions of electric vehicles and their purchase in the Czech Republic. 43 % of a representative sample of the adult population planned to buy a car within the next three years.

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