National Repository of Grey Literature 113 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Organizational changes of employer and stability of labor relationships
Krejsa, Josef ; Pichrt, Jan (advisor) ; Morávek, Jakub (referee)
During writing of this work, I focused on the nature and consequences of organizational changes done by employer, that affect labor relations, especially their stability. At the same time, I tried to emphasize the importance of balancing the stability and flexibility of these relationships, which is mainly due to the fact that I supplement my opinion on the balance of these contradictory aspects in the description of the legislation related to the issue. Given that organizational changes affect the weaker side of labor relations, employee, more significantly, I focused on his position in these evaluations. The key role in the interpretation of legislation of organizational changes and related institutes have courts through judgments, that often have to fill gaps that arise mainly due to variability of cases that may occur in practise. The main finding is that the Czech legal regulation of organizational changes provides, in the vast majority od cases, enough freedom to implement the will of both the employer and the employee, as well as largely adheres to one of the main principles of labor laq, protection of employee status. However, some institutes do not fully match the current needs of labor relations and somentimes even the requirements of the European Union. Therefore, we can only believe...
The sharing economy and digitalization: challenge for complex modification of labor law?
Tkadlec, Matěj ; Morávek, Jakub (advisor) ; Pichrt, Jan (referee)
THE SHARING ECONOMY AND DIGITALIZATION: CHALLENGE FOR COMPLEX MODIFICATION OF LABOR LAW? ABSTRACT This diploma thesis discusses the phenomenon of last decade called sharing economy, which has many different forms and names. In its purest meaning, the sharing economy concerns behavior of economically active entities that, in order to reduce their own costs or to use their spare capacity, share free resources. As the best examples of sharing economy, we can name capital platform Airbnb, where people share their unused immovable in order to generate profit or work platform BlaBlaCar trough which people reduce their car costs while travelling one-off long-distance trips. However, as mentioned above, sharing economy has many different forms. One of them, which cannot be recognized as its pure form, is provided by Uber. Uber, as well as BlaBlaCar, created mobile platform trough which providers of transport services can get in touch with users of these services. Despite this similarity, there are several significant differences from which one can conclude that Uber is not a classic provider of information technology services, such as BlaBlaCar. That was also borne out by foreign courts, including European Court of Justice. On that basis, a question arises, whether Uber drivers really carry on the activity of...
Labour disputes
Hemerka, Tomáš ; Pichrt, Jan (advisor) ; Drápal, Ljubomír (referee)
Labour disputes Abstract The aim of this thesis called "Labour disputes" is to provide a comprehensive overview of the labour disputes problematic. The diploma thesis deals with individual labour law disputes and collective labour law disputes and possibilities of their solution under the Czech law. The thesis also compiles the excursion to labour law disputes in Japan. The reason for choosing this theme was author's finding about extremely low amount as well as the very slow solution of labour law disputes contrary to other disputes solved in the ordinary civil procedure. One of the author's goal was to analyze a reason of these phenomenons. The diploma thesis is divided into four chapters. In the first chapter author presents introduction to the topic and explains the basic terms. The second chapter critically evaluates the existing mechanisms for the resolution of labour law disputes and points out the reasons for their low amount and very slow solution. The purpose is to show possible solutions of the problematic aspects. It is also necessary to state, that here are mentioned the possibilities of alternative disputes resolution as well as the proposals for law-makers. The following and key chapter is dedicated to selected individual labour law disputes. There are analyzed various disputes related to...
Whisteblowing, employment relationships and development of whistleblowing legislation in the Czech Republic
Koblerová, Markéta ; Pichrt, Jan (advisor) ; Morávek, Jakub (referee)
In the submitted diploma thesis, the author deals with the topic of whistleblowing, in other words protected disclosure of wrongdoing, which is highly topical issue in the Czech Republic over the last decade. This issue gained attention with the first publicly known cases of Czech whistleblowers and also with several submitted legislative proposals for a complex legal regulation of the regime of protected disclosure in the Czech Republic. In the first part of the thesis, the author defines the concept of whistleblowing, in particular through several legal definitions from various authors. This part also deals with the development of the institute in the Anglo-Saxon countries as well as with its overlap into other sectors. Its related aspects are also discussed, namely the concept of labor-law relations and the duty of loyalty. On the whole, the first chapter should provide a more comprehensive view of the whistleblowing institute in order to draw the most important elements needed in the possible regulation of protected disclosure. The second chapter presents international commitments of the Czech Republic related to the regulation of this institute and consisting the most important documents adopted by European Union and other important international organizations, including some relevant case-law of the...
Comparison of chosen aspects of Czech and German legislation governing private employment matching
Pizur, Marek ; Pichrt, Jan (advisor) ; Tröster, Petr (referee)
163 Comparison of chosen aspects of Czech and German legislation governing private employment matching Abstract This Master's thesis deals with chosen aspects of legal regulation governing provision of employment matching services by private entities, which are called private employment agencies. Attention is given particularly to the regulation of employment matching in its primary form, i.e. recruitment, and employment matching in the form of temporary agency work. Other consulting and information services are not covered. The regulation of the employment matching forms is analysed in Czech as well as in German legal order. This thesis focuses on legal relations arising from employment matching by private employment agencies, both when matching offers of with applications for employment, meaning legal relations between a private employment agency, an employment applicant (a prospective employee) and an employment offeror (a prospective employer), and when providing temporary agency work, meaning legal relations between a temporary-work agency as an employer, a temporary agency worker and a user undertaking. These relations are analysed along with public-law preconditions for accessing the labour market as a private employment agency and requirements for carrying out employment matching, which further...
The Status of individual professional athlete
Lelek, Miroslav ; Pichrt, Jan (advisor) ; Morávek, Jakub (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the issue of a status of individual professional athlete. This issue seems to be easy to resolve as the legal doctrine unanimously classifies individual professional athletes as self-employed. However, further examination provides more detailed view and illustrates the issue is not as unambiguous as one might assume. Thus the aim of the thesis was to analyse the status and sports activity performance of individual professional athlete both theoretically and practically. The analysis of the sports activity performance of single individual professional athletes points out that their performances are different to a great extent. The sports activity performance of some athletes can be even without any doubt considered as a dependent work in terms of labour law. It results in fact that some of individual professional athletes conducts sports activity as self-employed, some of them are employees and some of them even professional soldiers. Every single legal status is connected with various benefits but also with some difficulties. In addition, according to predominant practice and regardless on the nature of their sports activity performance athletes are free to choose their legal status. The thesis also partly concentrates on complex issue of civil liability of athletes...
Atypical Forms of Labour Law Relationships
Soukupová, Eliška ; Pichrt, Jan (advisor) ; Tomšej, Jakub (referee)
This paper deals with the set of labour law relationships, which is collectively called atypical labour law relationships. At first, for the reasons of providing sufficient inside view regarding this problematic, which is connected to these relationships, the position of these relationships within the field of labour law itself is defined and necessary basic terms, which are essential for atypical labour law relationships, are presented and explained. Among these basic terms there is primarily listed definition of the term "dependent work", but the term "flexicurity" is described thereto as well. Given the fact that it is possible to apply different approaches to the definition of atypical labour law relationships, the explanation of ways how to define the set of atypical labour law relationships follows the explanation of basic terms. In the paper, there is applied the demarcation using the definition of typical labour law relationship in the way that all the labour law relationships that differ from the typical labour law relationship are labelled as atypical. In the following-up part of the paper there can be found the characterization of some of the atypical forms of labour law relationships, which make part of the defined set of relationships. The point of view of national legislation as well...
Employment disputes and labor disputes
Kalhousová, Viktorie ; Pichrt, Jan (advisor) ; Drápal, Ljubomír (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with two types of disputes under the Czech employment law - the employment disputes and the labor disputes. The main reason for choosing this topic of the thesis was partly due to author's personal experience with the employment dispute, the extensive judicial case law as well as some aspects of the solution of employment disputes before the court - especially the length of proceedings and the decreasing number of cases brought before the court. The first chapter of this thesis relates to procedural aspects of the employment disputes and the author analyzes the main differences between "ordinary" civil proceedings and the employment disputes proceedings. The basic difference is the appointment of the court in the employment disputes, especially the assessors, and the decision-making process of the panel of judges. The main focus of this thesis is a chapter dealing with the employment disputes about the invalidity of the termination of employment, especially focusing on the substantive legislation of each of the methods of the termination of employment and the basic conclusions from the case law of the general courts. Following the main chapter are also solved questions about employment disputes regarding the amount due of the wage and also the issue of disputes concerning...
The agreements on work performed outside of employment
Borovičková, Kateřina ; Morávek, Jakub (advisor) ; Pichrt, Jan (referee)
The agreements on work performed outside of employment This diploma thesis deals with the topic of the agreements on work performed outside of employment, an institute of the Czech Labour Law which constitutes, besides the employment agreement, one of the basic labour law relations. The aim of this work is to summarize the previous and current legislation. The next aim of this work is to present this institute and to define its necessity and purpose within the Czech labour law. The work is divided into seven chapters. At the beginning of this diploma thesis I generally describe labour law then I also focused on the position of labour law in the system of law and its relation with the civil law. In the next chapter I deal with the elements of labour law relations and I also deal with the concept of dependent work as it is one of the basic terms of the Czech labour law and the explanation of this term is necessary for definition of the institute of the agreements on work performed outside of employment. The third chapter deals with the agreements on work performed outside of employment. I focused here on the history of the origin and the development of the legal regulation of agreements on work performed outside of employment and on the changes the institute went through since its introduction to the...
The transfer of an undertaking/business in Czech and European Labour Law
Reichmann, Lukáš ; Pichrt, Jan (advisor) ; Štefko, Martin (referee)
The transfer of an undertaking/business in Czech and European Labour Law The aim of my thesis is to thoroughly analyse the regulation of transfers of undertakings, businesses or parts of undertakings or businesses in the perspective of Czech and European Labour Law. The reasons for choosing this topic are my genuine interest in Labour Law and the fact that this area of Labour Law is relatively overlooked by most authors in the Czech Republic. Aside from the general introduction and conclusion, this master thesis will consist of three main parts, each of them dealing with different aspects of the topic concerned. The introductory part defines basic terminology used in the thesis and describes my motivation for choosing this topic. The first part gives a brief historical overview of the development in this area of Labour Law both in European Law and Czech Law. The second part deals with transfers of undertakings/businesses within European Law, so the Council Directive No. 2001/23/EC and the respective case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union are mostly discussed there. Therefore, this part focuses on various aspects of this topic such as legal transfer, merger or identity of economic entity. Then, several methods of the transfer of undertaking/business within the sense of the directive...

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