National Repository of Grey Literature 204 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Case Study of Physiotherapy Treatment of a Patient with the Diagnosis Morbus Crohn
Kautzová, Zuzana ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Zinková, Iva (referee)
Title: Case study of physiotherapy treatment of a patient with the dignosis Crohn's disease Objective: The aim of the bachelor thesis is theoretical processing of the diagnosis of Crohn's disease, physiotherapeutic examination and therapeutic methods and, of course, also the practical layout and application of therapy that is suitable to patient's medical condition. Methods: The bachelor thesis was elaborated on the basis of four-week practice, which took place in the Rheumatology Institute in Prague. The theoretical part of the thesis corresponds to the literature search of Czech and foreign professional publications and articles concerning the above- mentioned issue. This part contains not only theoretical knowledge about Crohn's disease, but also functional effects of damaged organs on the locomotor system and higher management levels. Examination and therapeutic methods related to the diagnosis and therapy of Crohn's disease and problems associated with it. The pieces of information were searched in local libraries, electronic resources, and some of them also correspond to the personal communication of experts in their field, with whom I had the privilege to meet. The practical part was designed and compiled by me (the author of the bachelor thesis) and was consulted with the head of the...
The case study of physiotherapy treatment of a patient after liver transplantation
Jelínková, Veronika ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Charvát, Robert (referee)
Title: The case study of physiotherapy treatment of a patient after liver transplantation. Author: Veronika Jelínková Head of the thesis: Doc. PaeDr. Dagmar Pavlů, Csc. Objectives: The aim of this bachelor thesis is to summarize the theoretical knowledge about the issue: liver transplantation and include an example of physiotherapeutic treatment on specific case of a patient after liver transplantation. The thesis is written from a physiotherapeutical point of view. Methods: The bachelor thesis consists of two parts - theoretical part and special part. The theoretical part contains information about the anatomy, physiology and pathology of the liver, including liver diseases, defect of the liver function and clinical presentation. All of this information was obtained from scientific literature. The special part of this thesis describes the case study of specific patient after liver transplantation. This part was created during my practice in the Institute of Clinical and Experimental Medicine in Prague between 7th January 2019 and 1st February and includes a description of physiotherapeutic care, examinations and therapeutic units.. Results: During therapies, the patient mainly improved muscle strength and overall physical condition. She was able to rise to sitting position without assistance of...
Case study of physiotherapy care of a polymorbid patient after liver transplantation
Kovařovic, Vojtěch ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Charvát, Robert (referee)
Title: Case study of physiotherapy care of a polymorbid patient after liver transplantation Objectives: The aim of this work is a conclusion of theoretical knowledge about physioterapeutic care after the liver transplantation, systematic leading and recording of terapeutic units, tracking the results and overal apreciation of all proposed therapies of polymorbid patient after liver transplantation. Methods: This thesis is split into two parts, first part is research of resources about given topic, second part is case report of polymorbid pacient after the liver transplantation with whom I worked in the time of 18.1. 2019 - 30.1. 2019 in IKEM in Prague. First theoretical part contains anatomical and fyziologial description of liver and gallbladder, types of illnesses that affects these organs, the diagnostics of those illnesses and treatment. Second - special - part of this thesis is case report of the patient. Results: Due to serious condition of the patient was the main goal of the physioterapeutic care to keep the biggest possible condition and improve actual physical state of the patient after frequent revision operations. These goals were accomplished in the highest possible degree, after the termination of therapies, is the patient able to breath spontaneously, and partly able to self-help by...
Case Study of Treatment of a Patient after Rheumatoid Arthritis
Almuhaysin, Abdulelah ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Mikulášová, Markéta (referee)
Abstracts Title: Case Study of Treatment of a Patient after Rheumatoid Arthritis. Goals: The goal of this thesis is to discuss the clinical finding and rehabilitation of a patient with a Rheumatoid Arthritis and to take a glance on the overview classification of the disease, the physiological and pathological part, also to implant the theories of the treatment and care of such patients. Methods: Methods used in this study are all based on the literature given by the Faculty of Physical Education and Sport. Results: After a 10 sessions of therapy and rehabilitation, the patient was able to increase the ROM of the affected upper and lower extremities joints with decreasing the pain of them and correcting the gait while walking. Keywords: Rheumatoid Arthritis, Upper extremities, Lower extremities, Range of movement, Physical therapy.
Case report of physiotherapeutic care of patient with diagnosis ischemic stroke
Weissová, Adéla ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Křížková, Štěpánka (referee)
Title: Case report of physiotherapeutic care of patient with diagnosis ischemic stroke. Objectives: The main goal of this thesis is to elaborate a case study of patient after ischemic stroke, and to summarize theoretical knowledge regarding this diagnosis. Methods: The thesis is divided into general and special part. In the general part I focus on describing the theoretical basis of this diagnosis with the help of literature, especially on its etiopathogenesis, clinical symptomatics and rehabilitation cure of patients after this disease. The practical part includes case report of the patient with whom I had the opportunity to cooperate during a continuous practice in the regional hospital in Kladno in the term - 21.1. - 15.2. 2019. The case report include the input analysis of the patient, the suggestion of the therapy according to the input values, the application of the given therapies and the evaluation of the subsequent effect of the therapeutic action on the physical and mental condition of the patient. Results: The patient's health condition improved during the therapies. Effect of the therapy was an improvement of the patient's self-sufficiency and self-reliance in routine daily activities. This improvement was due to the increase in the movement of the paretic segments. Key words: stroke,...
The influence of the training program on muscle activity of lower limb muscles in relation to the risk factors of hamstring injury at soccer players
Hnátová, Iva ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Pánek, David (referee)
CHARLES UNIVERSITY IN PRAG Faculty of Physical Educational and Sport Department of Physiotherapy THE INFLUENCE OF THE TRAINING PROGRAM ON MUSCLE ACTIVITY OF LOWER LIMB MUSCLES IN RELATION TO THE RISK FACTORS OF HAMSTRING INJURY AT SOCCER PLAYERS Dissertation thesis Supervisor: Author: Doc. PaedDr. Dagmar Pavlů, CSc. Mgr. Iva Hnátová Consultant: PhDr. Aleš Kaplan, PhD. November 2012 SUMMARY Titel: The influence of the training program on muscle activity of lower limb muscles in relation to the risk factors of hamstring injury at soccer players. Objective: Hamstring strain is a serious injury and requires long-term treatment. Hamstring strain has a high risk of recurence. As a result of this injury is long-term lost of competition and training. Prevention is necessary because of this. The mechanism and etiology of this type of injury is still uncertain and still under discussion. Multifactorial etiology is commonly discussed. In our opinion, the best solution is the training program, which is made on the basis of cooperation the physiotherapists and coaches. The goal of this training program should be primary prevention of injury or reintegration of injured athlete in the training program or the prevention of reccurenc of injury. As the result of this cooperation should be training program with all aspects of...
Diaphragm in the role of oesophageal sphincter and the possibility of treating reflux oesophageal disease by physiotherapeutic procedures
Bitnar, Petr ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Smolíková, Libuše (referee)
Title : Diaphragm in the role of oesophageal sphincter and the possibility of treating reflux oesophageal disease by physiotherapeutic procedures Background: The diaphragm, its bloody part, is considered by many authors to be part of the antireflux barrier. However, many are not aware of its reactivity in this area, its maximum strength, and how posture is manifested in the activity of this part of the diaphragm. This work is devoted to the diaphragm topic in the role of the lower esophageal sphincter and we want to point out the potential impact of the diaphragm on the competence of this esophageal sphincter in patients with reflux oesophageal disease and to reveal the possibilities how physiotherapy can help in the treatment of this part of skeletal muscle so as to improve the function of the lower oesophageal sphincter (LES). We also want to point out the postural function of the diaphragm by means of an intrauterine measurement, thus verifying its stabilization function for the axial system and verifying some maneuvers and techniques commonly used in the physiotherapist's clinical practice, but not objectively. The thickness of the diaphragm itself is then partially measurable by means of special spirometry, so-called occlusion pressures. Method : The group of probands included a total of 62...
Comparison between the Effectiveness of Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy (ESWT) and the Surgical Approach in the Treatment of the Rotator Cuff Tendinopathy: A Literature Review
Saqqa, Mohammed Maher H ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Vomáčková, Helena (referee)
Title Comparison between the effectiveness of extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) and the surgical approach in the treatment of the rotator cuff tendinopathy. Objective The main goal of this research work is comparing the effectiveness of extracorporeal shock wave therapy and the surgical intervention (arthroscopic approach) in the treatment of calcific rotator cuff tendinopathy depending on the outcome measures of the Constant-Murley Score (CMS), and the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) from the recent scientific publications. Methodology This thesis is systemic (literature) review. The studies which recruited in this research were randomized controlled trials, prospective studies, and retrospective case series studies which written in English language form, and published between the year 2000 to the year 2018. The studies were retrieved from following databases: EMBASE, PubMed, CINAHL, Medline, SpringerLink, ProQuest using different integrations of the key words. The participants in the studies were from both genders and all ages. The type of the pathology which included in this research was chronic calcific rotator cuff tendinopathy. Regarding the intervention types both Radial, and Focused ESWT with low, medium, and high intensities and the arthroscopic interventions were the main types of...
Assessment of injuries and painful conditions in Irish dancing in CZ and Europe
Kudrnová, Anežka ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Reckziegelová, Petra (referee)
Author: Anežka Kudrnová Title: Assessment of injuries and painful conditions in Irish dancing in CZ and Europe The goals of the thesis: The goal of this thesis is introduction of Irish dancing with its specification, and its current state here in the Czech Republic and in Central Europe. Further, mapping of the most common injuries and painful conditions, assessing the quality of preparation of the organism for the strain. Methodology: In this thesis a research was conducted of foreign and Czech sources addressing Irish dancing from historical point of view, organisation and primarily injuries. For mapping of the most common injuries, their causes and solution methods were chosen anonymous non-standardised questionnaires. These questionnaires were distributed to dancers from different states, all dancing categories, with age limitation only on the bottom level and that of 12 years old. From 150 distributed questionnaires were returned 130 completely filled and their results were processed by Microsoft Excel. Results: On the bases of the research it was ascertained, that absolute majority of the injuries occurred during Irish dancing, is localised on lower limbs. More than a half of all injuries is then related to the area of the hock joint. From external causes are the dancers affected mostly by footwear....
3D analysis of immediate effect on posture of shore with postural insoles based on Rašev and with proceptor insoles PodoAktiv
Koukalová, Martina ; Rašev, Eugen (advisor) ; Pavlů, Dagmar (referee)
Title: 3D analysis of immediate effect on posture of shoe with postural insoles based on Rašev and with proceptor insoles PodoAktiv® Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the immediate effect of shoe insoles with postural pelote by Rašev and shoe insoles with proceptors PodoAktiv® on the postural hold with main focus at the pelvis and shoulder. Methodology: In this thesis we examined 9 participants who agreed joining the study. To messure postural hold body segments which we have chosen, we have used the Balance® 4D device. The selected body segments were marked by white spheric stickers. To compare postural hold of selected body segments we examined the participants in altogether 4 situations. Barefoot stand, stand in shoes without insoles, stand in shoes with custom-made postural insoles based on Rašev and stand in shoes with custom-made insoles PodoAktiv® . Results: In this study we confirmed that postural insoles based on Rašev have immediate effect on the hold of pelvis and shoulders. The insoles PodoAktiv® don't show such an effect on the hold of those segments we have tested. The hypothesis H1 and H2 have been confirmed, hypothesis H3 and H4 have been rejected. There was not found any trend which would describe the immediate reaction of the participants (postural hold with main...

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