National Repository of Grey Literature 215 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Comparison of muscle activity of selected muscles of shoulder girdle by PEMG examination among elite swimmers and influence of strength training
Kubová, Simona ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Svozil, Zbyněk (referee) ; Ružbarský, Pavel (referee)
Title of the thesis Comparison of muscle activity of selected muscles of shoulder girdle by PEMG examination among elite swimmers and influence of strength training Thesis aim Analyze and evaluate the influence of strength intervention on muscle activity of selected muscle groups by PEMG during swimming locomotion by crawl method in top swimmers. Methods Fifteen top swimmers specializing in the crawl style at the age of 18-28 years participated in this experiment. After determining pain in the area of the shoulder joint using VAS (Visual Analogue Scale) and the SFPS questionnaire (Swimmer's Functional Pain Scale), which reports about the swimming training, health and analgesic use, probands underwent a PEMG examination of 8 evaluated muscles. Subsequently, they simulated a 100m crawl race on VASA, where PEMG data was again captured. Subsequently, everyone carried out a force intervention program and then again underwent a simulation of the 100m crawl on VASA. The evaluation and processing of the obtained data was performed with the program MyoResearch XP Master Edition from Noraxon company with simultaneous video recording. Basic descriptive statistics, Magnitude Based Difference, ANOVA and Cohen D were used for statistical data processing. Results Muscle activity of the examined muscles increased...
Constraint induced movement therapy for upper extremity in patients after stroke in occupational therapy
Horsáková, Petra ; Pavlů, Dagmar (referee)
Constraint induced movement therapy is one of many neurorehabilitation methods, based on principle of overcoming the learned non-use phenomenon by a specific therapeutic protocol including some behavioral techniques. A classification of currently available studies on the topic have been made on the model of literature review, with an in-depth focus on using Constraint induced movement therapy in occupational therapy for adult patients after stroke who have upper limb motor disorders. The present study is structured into two sections: a theoretical part and an analytic-descriptive one. In theoretical part history of the method is presented together at Basic method principles and detail contents of a therapeutic protocol. The analytical and descriptive section is aimed to analyse international studies important and relevant with respect to an occupational therapy practice. In this second section are also proposed many possible activities of shaping and task practice techniques which can be used by occupational therapists. Translation of the most widely used test (Motor Activity Log and Wolf Motor Function Test) into Czech language is included. Keywords: constraint induced movement therapy, stroke, upper extremity, occupational therapy
The influence of Tai Chi exercise on postural stability and its use as a prevention of falls in seniors
Šíslová, Kamila ; Vomáčková, Helena (advisor) ; Pavlů, Dagmar (referee)
Title: The influence of Tai Chi exercise on postural stability and its use as a prevention of falls in seniors Objectives: The main objective of this thesis is to verify by dynamic computer posturograph Smart EquiTest System from NeuroCom®, whether the Tai Chi exercise has a positive effect on postural stability and prevention of falls in seniors. The secondary objective of the thesis is to evaluate the quality of life of seniors, practicing regularly Tai Chi, using the standardized WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire and to assess whether this exercise has a positive impact on the quality of life. Methods: Nine probands mean age 62,53 (± 7,05) years participated in this study. They practiced Tai Chi under the guidance of a professional instructor for 10 months regularly 60 minutes twice a week and they were also instructed to do it alone at home. The dynamic postural stability measurement was performed in the Kinesiology Laboratory of the UK FTVS on the Smart EquiTest System. Limits of Stability, Motor Control Test and Sensory Organization Test were chosen for this study. The measured data were then processed by the Neurocom Balance Manager Software. The WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire was chosen to measure quality of life. The following statistical methods were used to analyze the data obtained by Neurocom:...
Evaluation of the most common injuries and health problems of professional table tennis players
Tenglová, Vendula ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Novotná, Irena (referee)
Title: Evaluation of the most common injuries and health problems of professional table tennis players Objectives: The main aim of this work is to evaluate the most common injuries and health problems of professional table tennis players in the Czech Republic. Another goal is to determine the level of use of regenerative procedures and compensatory exercises within the training plan of athletes. Methods: The main method used in this thesis was a quantitative research by data analysis from non-standardized questionnaire. The questionnaire was distributed among professional table tennis players who participated actively in the district, regional, league or extra league competition in the Czech Republic or abroad in the 2018/2019 season. A total of 374 questionnaires were processed and evaluated, which corresponds to 62,33 % of the total number of sent questionnaires. Results: Of the 374 table tennis players, 240 were injured (197 men, 43 women), which corresponds to 64,17% of the interviewed players. A total of 361 injuries were recorded. The research confirmed four out of six hypotheses. Statistical significance was noted between the injury and sex, and the statistically significant relationship between the injury and the different playing style was confirmed. Most injuries were in the area of the...
The role of sensomotoric training on balance in healthy adult subjects if included in short therapy plan
Aljeheny, Osama Hamed A ; Pánek, David (advisor) ; Pavlů, Dagmar (referee)
Goal The goal of our pilot study was to evaluate the effect of short-term home based sensomotoric Training program (six weeks) in healthy adults on dynamic postural stability. We used the SOT at baseline and post the training program to evaluate the effect. Methodology The number of participants in this experiment was 10 healthy students, the number of males was 8 and 2 females, they were all between the age of 23 and 40 (mean 29.5 and ± S.D = 5.1 years). The sensory organization test was conducted at baseline and post the home based sensomotoric training program by using the dynamic posturography SMART Balance Master System (NeuroCom). The somatosensory (SOM), visual (VIS), vestibular (VEST), preference (PREF) and composite equilibrium outcome measures of the sensory organization test were evaluated. Results The VIS sensory system has significantly improved also the VEST sensory system with p-value < 0.05. The SOM sensory system had no significant improvement also the PREF sensory system with p-value > 0.05, while the overall composite equilibrium had a significant improvement with p-value > 0.05. Conclusion According to our findings the short-term home based sensomotoric training program has a positive effect in terms of improving the overall dynamic balance in healthy adults. Keywords Dynamic...
Evaluation of motor skills level in children of the primary education of selected Prague elementary schools
Šollová, Markéta ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Novotná, Irena (referee)
Title: Evaluation of motor skills level in children of the primary education of selected Prague elementary schools Objectives: The main aim of the study was to evaluate current level of motor skills of primary education children of selected Prague elementary schools using standardized assessment battery MABC-2. A partial goal of the study was to compare the level achieved in the MABC-2 test with the data acquired through the questionnaire survey regarding physical activities of participating responders. (n = 134). Methods: A total number of 134 responders (60 girls and 74 boys) aged from 7 to 12 years from two selected Prague elementary schools participated in the research. The level of motor skills of all participants was examined using a standardized assessment battery MABC- 2. The testing was carried out in the form of field research during physical education lessons at selected schools. A questionnaire designed specifically for the purpose of this study, subsequently completed by legal representatives of the responders, was used for the orientation examination of the physical behaviour of the participants. The data from the questionnaire survey was subsequently compared with the level achieved in the MABC-2 test. MS Excel 2010 was used to interpret the results and to process the data...
Evaluation of dynamic postural stability in climbers
Karšayová, Kateřina ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Stupková, Michaela (referee)
Author: Bc. Kateřina Karšayová Title: Evaluation of dynamic postural stability in climbers Objectives: The main objective of this diploma thesis is to investigate the difference of dynamic postural stability in between climbers and recreational athletes and measure all the data by computerised dynamic posturography Smart EquiTest System from Neurocom Incorporated. Methods: This is a quantitative cross-sectional study involving 40 participants aged between 22 and 29 years divided into two groups (climbers, non-climbers). Measurements of dynamic postural stability were performed on Neurocom Smart EquiTest in the Kinesiological Laboratory of Charles University, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport. Motor Control Test, Sensory Organization Test and Limits of Stability test batteries were chosen for this study. The measured data was subsequently processed by Neurocom Balance Manager Software. The following statistical methods were used to analyze the data obtained by Neurocom: Shapiro - Wilk test, Student's t-test, Mann - Whitney test and Cohen's d effect size. Results: A statistically significant difference (in favor of climbers) was found in COND6 of Sensory Organization Test, where p-value was 0,04. In Motor Control Test there was a statistically significant difference (in favor of climbers) in...
Brain Activity Changes During Walking Affected by Cueing in Parkinson's Disease Patients Viewed by sLORETA Imaging
Dvořáčková, Dominika ; Pánek, David (advisor) ; Pavlů, Dagmar (referee)
Title: Brain Activity Changes During Walking Affected by Cuieng in Parkinson's Disease Patients Viewed by sLORETA Imaging. Objectives: The aim of this diploma thesis is to acertain changes in electrical activity of the brain, evaluated by sLORETA program, between gait affected by visual and auditory cueing and normal comfortable gait in patients with Parkinson's disease. Methods: This experiment was conducted on 11 patients with Parkinson's Disease aged between 60-78 years. The electrical activity of the brain was registred by scalp EEG during the whole experiment. The experiment consisted of 4 parts. In the beginning we measured resting EEG with closed and then opened eyes (5 + 5 minutes), after that we measured EEG during normal comfortable gait on 3 meters long track (3 minutes). Subsequently we measured EEG during walking affected by cueing, again on the 3 meters long track (3 + 3 minutes). The order of visual and auditory cueing was randomized. Visual cueing was mediated by white lines (tapes) stuck to the floor within 50 centimetres of each other. Auditory cueing was mediated by a metronome. The basic rhythm of the metronome was set on the 70 BPM. Next, the data from the experiment were transferred into the sLORETA program, which enabled statistical proccessing and also imaging of the active...
Evaluation of physiotherapeutical effect in patients after bariatric surgery
Trávníčková, Gabriela ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Cibulková, Natálie (referee)
Title: Evaluation of physiotherapeutical effect in patients after bariatric surgery. Objectives: The aim of this thesis is to evaluate the effect of physiotherapy (aerobic and anaerobic training) on weight reduction (body composition), quality of life and response to load (affecting VO2 max) in patients after bariatric surgery. After the evaluation of results, I would like to use the study to improve the quality of follow-up care in patients after bariatric surgery. Methods: In this study the search method of available Czech and mainly foreign sources was used. Furthermore, the InBody was used to measure body weight and body composition. For the evaluation of quality of life the standardized questionnaire IWQOL - Lite (HRQoL) was used and the six-minute walk test and spiroergometry were used for the evaluation of response to exercise (VO2 max). Additionally, the spiroergometry evaluated an influence on VO2 max and overall condition in patients after bariatric surgery. The age range of probands was 50 to 64 years. For the analysis of final values a software Microsoft Excel 2007 was used. Results: Two probands participated in the research, one of whom was a woman and one was a man of age 50 and 64 years. One of the probands (proband A) was measured before and after the three-months movement...
Current approaches in conservative treatment of scoliosis - literature review
Truhlářová, Tereza ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Novotná, Irena (referee)
Title: Current approaches in conservative treatment of scoliosis - literature review Objective: The goal of this diploma thesis is evaluate the most efective current within a combination of a bracing with exercises therapy. Next goal is to summarize matters of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis disease, especially outline of clinical picture, causes and predisposition for origin these deformity and last but not least options in conservative treatment. Methodics: This diploma thesis is processed as literature review from available literary resources. First part of thesis contains all of theoretical bases and knowledge about adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Second part has a decriptive-analytical charakter and contains analysis of studies, which was used a bracing supplemented by exercises treatment. Results: Established criteria after finish of review fulfill only nine studies, which interest about efectivness of treatment by bracing in pacient with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Because the way of studies and their very low number of studies, is not possible to evaluate results of studies and conclusively interpret, which one is the most effective access. Nevertheless in all of this studies was demonstrated higher efficancy by therapy with probands undergoing a bracing along with active exercise...

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