National Repository of Grey Literature 212 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Evaluation of the most common injuries and health problems of professional table tennis players
Tenglová, Vendula ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Novotná, Irena (referee)
Title: Evaluation of the most common injuries and health problems of professional table tennis players Objectives: The main aim of this work is to evaluate the most common injuries and health problems of professional table tennis players in the Czech Republic. Another goal is to determine the level of use of regenerative procedures and compensatory exercises within the training plan of athletes. Methods: The main method used in this thesis was a quantitative research by data analysis from non-standardized questionnaire. The questionnaire was distributed among professional table tennis players who participated actively in the district, regional, league or extra league competition in the Czech Republic or abroad in the 2018/2019 season. A total of 374 questionnaires were processed and evaluated, which corresponds to 62,33 % of the total number of sent questionnaires. Results: Of the 374 table tennis players, 240 were injured (197 men, 43 women), which corresponds to 64,17% of the interviewed players. A total of 361 injuries were recorded. The research confirmed four out of six hypotheses. Statistical significance was noted between the injury and sex, and the statistically significant relationship between the injury and the different playing style was confirmed. Most injuries were in the area of the...
The role of sensomotoric training on balance in healthy adult subjects if included in short therapy plan
Aljeheny, Osama Hamed A ; Pánek, David (advisor) ; Pavlů, Dagmar (referee)
Goal The goal of our pilot study was to evaluate the effect of short-term home based sensomotoric Training program (six weeks) in healthy adults on dynamic postural stability. We used the SOT at baseline and post the training program to evaluate the effect. Methodology The number of participants in this experiment was 10 healthy students, the number of males was 8 and 2 females, they were all between the age of 23 and 40 (mean 29.5 and ± S.D = 5.1 years). The sensory organization test was conducted at baseline and post the home based sensomotoric training program by using the dynamic posturography SMART Balance Master System (NeuroCom). The somatosensory (SOM), visual (VIS), vestibular (VEST), preference (PREF) and composite equilibrium outcome measures of the sensory organization test were evaluated. Results The VIS sensory system has significantly improved also the VEST sensory system with p-value < 0.05. The SOM sensory system had no significant improvement also the PREF sensory system with p-value > 0.05, while the overall composite equilibrium had a significant improvement with p-value > 0.05. Conclusion According to our findings the short-term home based sensomotoric training program has a positive effect in terms of improving the overall dynamic balance in healthy adults. Keywords Dynamic...
Evaluation of motor skills level in children of the primary education of selected Prague elementary schools
Šollová, Markéta ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Novotná, Irena (referee)
Title: Evaluation of motor skills level in children of the primary education of selected Prague elementary schools Objectives: The main aim of the study was to evaluate current level of motor skills of primary education children of selected Prague elementary schools using standardized assessment battery MABC-2. A partial goal of the study was to compare the level achieved in the MABC-2 test with the data acquired through the questionnaire survey regarding physical activities of participating responders. (n = 134). Methods: A total number of 134 responders (60 girls and 74 boys) aged from 7 to 12 years from two selected Prague elementary schools participated in the research. The level of motor skills of all participants was examined using a standardized assessment battery MABC- 2. The testing was carried out in the form of field research during physical education lessons at selected schools. A questionnaire designed specifically for the purpose of this study, subsequently completed by legal representatives of the responders, was used for the orientation examination of the physical behaviour of the participants. The data from the questionnaire survey was subsequently compared with the level achieved in the MABC-2 test. MS Excel 2010 was used to interpret the results and to process the data...
Evaluation of dynamic postural stability in climbers
Karšayová, Kateřina ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Stupková, Michaela (referee)
Author: Bc. Kateřina Karšayová Title: Evaluation of dynamic postural stability in climbers Objectives: The main objective of this diploma thesis is to investigate the difference of dynamic postural stability in between climbers and recreational athletes and measure all the data by computerised dynamic posturography Smart EquiTest System from Neurocom Incorporated. Methods: This is a quantitative cross-sectional study involving 40 participants aged between 22 and 29 years divided into two groups (climbers, non-climbers). Measurements of dynamic postural stability were performed on Neurocom Smart EquiTest in the Kinesiological Laboratory of Charles University, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport. Motor Control Test, Sensory Organization Test and Limits of Stability test batteries were chosen for this study. The measured data was subsequently processed by Neurocom Balance Manager Software. The following statistical methods were used to analyze the data obtained by Neurocom: Shapiro - Wilk test, Student's t-test, Mann - Whitney test and Cohen's d effect size. Results: A statistically significant difference (in favor of climbers) was found in COND6 of Sensory Organization Test, where p-value was 0,04. In Motor Control Test there was a statistically significant difference (in favor of climbers) in...
Brain Activity Changes During Walking Affected by Cueing in Parkinson's Disease Patients Viewed by sLORETA Imaging
Dvořáčková, Dominika ; Pánek, David (advisor) ; Pavlů, Dagmar (referee)
Title: Brain Activity Changes During Walking Affected by Cuieng in Parkinson's Disease Patients Viewed by sLORETA Imaging. Objectives: The aim of this diploma thesis is to acertain changes in electrical activity of the brain, evaluated by sLORETA program, between gait affected by visual and auditory cueing and normal comfortable gait in patients with Parkinson's disease. Methods: This experiment was conducted on 11 patients with Parkinson's Disease aged between 60-78 years. The electrical activity of the brain was registred by scalp EEG during the whole experiment. The experiment consisted of 4 parts. In the beginning we measured resting EEG with closed and then opened eyes (5 + 5 minutes), after that we measured EEG during normal comfortable gait on 3 meters long track (3 minutes). Subsequently we measured EEG during walking affected by cueing, again on the 3 meters long track (3 + 3 minutes). The order of visual and auditory cueing was randomized. Visual cueing was mediated by white lines (tapes) stuck to the floor within 50 centimetres of each other. Auditory cueing was mediated by a metronome. The basic rhythm of the metronome was set on the 70 BPM. Next, the data from the experiment were transferred into the sLORETA program, which enabled statistical proccessing and also imaging of the active...
Evaluation of physiotherapeutical effect in patients after bariatric surgery
Trávníčková, Gabriela ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Cibulková, Natálie (referee)
Title: Evaluation of physiotherapeutical effect in patients after bariatric surgery. Objectives: The aim of this thesis is to evaluate the effect of physiotherapy (aerobic and anaerobic training) on weight reduction (body composition), quality of life and response to load (affecting VO2 max) in patients after bariatric surgery. After the evaluation of results, I would like to use the study to improve the quality of follow-up care in patients after bariatric surgery. Methods: In this study the search method of available Czech and mainly foreign sources was used. Furthermore, the InBody was used to measure body weight and body composition. For the evaluation of quality of life the standardized questionnaire IWQOL - Lite (HRQoL) was used and the six-minute walk test and spiroergometry were used for the evaluation of response to exercise (VO2 max). Additionally, the spiroergometry evaluated an influence on VO2 max and overall condition in patients after bariatric surgery. The age range of probands was 50 to 64 years. For the analysis of final values a software Microsoft Excel 2007 was used. Results: Two probands participated in the research, one of whom was a woman and one was a man of age 50 and 64 years. One of the probands (proband A) was measured before and after the three-months movement...
Current approaches in conservative treatment of scoliosis - literature review
Truhlářová, Tereza ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Novotná, Irena (referee)
Title: Current approaches in conservative treatment of scoliosis - literature review Objective: The goal of this diploma thesis is evaluate the most efective current within a combination of a bracing with exercises therapy. Next goal is to summarize matters of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis disease, especially outline of clinical picture, causes and predisposition for origin these deformity and last but not least options in conservative treatment. Methodics: This diploma thesis is processed as literature review from available literary resources. First part of thesis contains all of theoretical bases and knowledge about adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Second part has a decriptive-analytical charakter and contains analysis of studies, which was used a bracing supplemented by exercises treatment. Results: Established criteria after finish of review fulfill only nine studies, which interest about efectivness of treatment by bracing in pacient with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Because the way of studies and their very low number of studies, is not possible to evaluate results of studies and conclusively interpret, which one is the most effective access. Nevertheless in all of this studies was demonstrated higher efficancy by therapy with probands undergoing a bracing along with active exercise...
Evaluation of the effectiveness of physiotherapy practice in prevention of falls - literature review
Vychodilová, Markéta ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Reckziegelová, Petra (referee)
Autor Bc. Markéta Vychodilová Title Evaluation of the effectiveness of physiotherapy practice in prevention of falls -literature review Objectives The aim of this thesis is to find out which physiotherapeutic methods and techniques are currently used to prevent falls in seniors and which of these methods appear to be most effective in preventing falls. Furthermore, the work is focused on summarizing current knowledge of this issue. Methods The thesis is processed in the form of literature review and has an analytical-descriptive character. The studies used meet the predetermined criteria. The thesis is divided into several parts. In the first part, which is called theoretical basis, are described mainly physiotherapeutic methods and techniques, which are currently used to ensure the prevention of falls in seniors. The second part, part of the results, summarizes these physiotherapeutic techniques and methods and evaluates their effect. The thesis is concluded with a discussion, which is focused mainly on two basic research questions of the thesis. Results A total of 13 randomized controlled trials and 3 systematic searches and meta-analyzes that met the criteria for inclusion in this thesis were described. Studies, research and meta-analysis show that the following physiotherapeutic techniques and...
Case Study of Physiotherapy Treatment of a Patient with the Diagnosis Morbus Crohn
Kautzová, Zuzana ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Zinková, Iva (referee)
Title: Case study of physiotherapy treatment of a patient with the dignosis Crohn's disease Objective: The aim of the bachelor thesis is theoretical processing of the diagnosis of Crohn's disease, physiotherapeutic examination and therapeutic methods and, of course, also the practical layout and application of therapy that is suitable to patient's medical condition. Methods: The bachelor thesis was elaborated on the basis of four-week practice, which took place in the Rheumatology Institute in Prague. The theoretical part of the thesis corresponds to the literature search of Czech and foreign professional publications and articles concerning the above- mentioned issue. This part contains not only theoretical knowledge about Crohn's disease, but also functional effects of damaged organs on the locomotor system and higher management levels. Examination and therapeutic methods related to the diagnosis and therapy of Crohn's disease and problems associated with it. The pieces of information were searched in local libraries, electronic resources, and some of them also correspond to the personal communication of experts in their field, with whom I had the privilege to meet. The practical part was designed and compiled by me (the author of the bachelor thesis) and was consulted with the head of the...
The case study of physiotherapy treatment of a patient after liver transplantation
Jelínková, Veronika ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Charvát, Robert (referee)
Title: The case study of physiotherapy treatment of a patient after liver transplantation. Author: Veronika Jelínková Head of the thesis: Doc. PaeDr. Dagmar Pavlů, Csc. Objectives: The aim of this bachelor thesis is to summarize the theoretical knowledge about the issue: liver transplantation and include an example of physiotherapeutic treatment on specific case of a patient after liver transplantation. The thesis is written from a physiotherapeutical point of view. Methods: The bachelor thesis consists of two parts - theoretical part and special part. The theoretical part contains information about the anatomy, physiology and pathology of the liver, including liver diseases, defect of the liver function and clinical presentation. All of this information was obtained from scientific literature. The special part of this thesis describes the case study of specific patient after liver transplantation. This part was created during my practice in the Institute of Clinical and Experimental Medicine in Prague between 7th January 2019 and 1st February and includes a description of physiotherapeutic care, examinations and therapeutic units.. Results: During therapies, the patient mainly improved muscle strength and overall physical condition. She was able to rise to sitting position without assistance of...

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