National Repository of Grey Literature 9 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Whom do Muslim female converts trust? Informational sources of young female Muslim converts from Prague and their ways of discovering the new religion
Popovová, Klára ; Ostřanský, Bronislav (advisor) ; Oudová Holcátová, Barbara (referee)
DIPLOMOVÁ PRÁCE Komu věří české konvertitky? Zdroje informací mladých pražských konvertitek k islámu Bc. Klára Popovová English Abstract At present, Islam is a hotly debated issue in the Czech society; however, we still know very little about our own Muslim minority and academic studies only started to focus on it in the last few years. Apart from native Muslims, several hundred converts to Islam live in the Czech Republic. These people discovered their religion as adults and have not been brought up with it. Where do women who have decided to become Muslims look for information and on what basis do they trust their sources? Apart from the above-mentioned questions, this thesis discusses other topics related to conversion of women to Islam, be it their motivation to convert or the response of their families and friends. The main contribution of this thesis consists of original quantitative research in which fifteen young women converts to Islam living in Prague took part. This sample provides an interesting insight into the lives of several Czech Muslim women and also a starting point for further, more complex research. From the respondents' answers, it is evident that the Internet, social networks, and information exchange between Czech Muslim women play an important part. More traditional sources, such as...
An Islamic Perspective on Sexuality
Zdeněk, Michal ; Kropáček, Luboš (advisor) ; Ostřanský, Bronislav (referee)
This thesis discusses the relation between the Islamic tradition and sexuality, while focusing on sources of the Sunni Islam. It quotes from the Qur'an, hadiths, classical works of the Islamic jurisprudence and various fatwas. It deals with sexual aspects of the marital relationship, including the polygyny, with partners' rights and duties in the intime life and also with limitations given for choosing a partner. It also deals with allowed sexual relationship with slave-girl and forbidden sexual relationships like adultery or homosexual activities. It discusses the ritual purity related to sexual activities and menstruation and it also discusses male and female circumcision. It specifies a male nakedness and female nakedness and analyzes the right for pleasure and orgasm and discusses some sexual practices like coitus interruptus, masturbation or oral and anal sex. In case sof forbidden relationships, activities and practices it describes punishments.
Salafi Islam: its ideological sources and interpretations
Ťupek, Pavel ; Kropáček, Luboš (advisor) ; Veselý, Rudolf (referee) ; Ostřanský, Bronislav (referee)
In my dissertation entit1ed "Salafi Islam: lts Ideological Sources and Interpretations" I deal with Salafi Islam in the broader context of Sunni orthodoxy. I trace ideological roots of Salafi Islam to medieval Hanbalism with main stress put on Taqi al-Din Ibn Taymiyya. I deal mainly with two important aspects of his teaching which inf1uenced later development of Salafi thought: Salafi dogma and the question of ziyara. I explain Ibn Taymiyya's position in theology and law in the light of his conception of tawhid. Another crucial thinker of Salafi Islam is Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab. His simplified interpretation of Ibn Taymiyya, as well as his radical socio-religious conceptions strongly inf1uenced and radicalized significant part of Salafi thought. As regards contemporary Salafism, I deal with its different interpretations and inner currents. Stress is put on the crucial question ofDogma and Method in Salafi discourse.
Music, singing and dance in Arab Muslim society: the view of religious authorities and reality nowadays
Válková, Eva ; Veselý, Rudolf (advisor) ; Ostřanský, Bronislav (referee)
Music, Singing and Dance in Arab Muslim Society: the View of Religious Authorities and Reality Nowadays The study concerns theoretic and empirical analysis of contemporary Arab Muslims attitudes towards the issue of music, singing and dance performance. The issue is viewed from the perspective of religious authorities in contrast with the view of ordinary Muslims and everyday reality. Firstly, the theoretical part notes down a wide response spectrum on the question of principle: are the above mentioned activities considered as permitted or prohibited in Islam? The points of view are grounded in excerpts of traditional Islamic texts and legal experts' opinions. The next part focuses on the elements of music, singing and dance that can be found in Islamic religious practice as well as the real significance of their role in it. The third and final chapter aspires to show the reality of everyday life in Arab Muslim society. With reference to the first part of the study, it aims to notice the divergence of opinion on this issue. The analysis is based on empirical survey, that notes down opinions and attitudes of a group of selected Arab Muslims. The questionnaire follows the customary methodology of sociological research. The main goal is to find the majority attitude to the performance of music,...
Semifolklore literature genre in the works of Ibn Zunbul: Āchirat al-mamālīk. Wāqi'at al-sultān al-Ghūrī ma'a Salim al-'uthmānī (The end of Mamluks. Battle of Sultan al-Ghūrī with the Ottoman Sultan Selim)
Moustafa, Andrea ; Oliverius, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Ostřanský, Bronislav (referee) ; Veselý, Rudolf (referee)
S vědomím toho, že má magisterská práce byla pouhým nahlédnutím do díla lbn Zunbula a že zájem o toto dílo stoupá, je cílem této práce podrobnější obsahová a formální analýza jedné z obsáhlejších verzí lbn Zunbulova rukopisu. Rukopis použitý k této analýze pochází ze 17. století, je bez označení titulu a chybí mu začátek. Mým cílem je zjistit nejprve obsah této dlouhé verze a dále ji srovnat po stránce obsahové a jazykové s krátkou verzí, kterou jsem již analyzovala ve své magisterské práci (viz výše). Další otázkou je, můžeme-li toto dílo zařadit mezi literaturu měšťanskou a jakou společenskou funkci tato literatura plnila. Můžeme toto dílo považovat za důkaz úpadku arabské literatury v mamlúcké epoše nebo naopak za důkaz tvůrčích schopností některých literátů? Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
Semifolklore literature genre in the works of Ibn Zunbul: Āchirat al-mamālīk. Wāqi'at al-sultān al-Ghūrī ma'a Salim al-'uthmānī (The end of Mamluks. Battle of Sultan al-Ghūrī with the Ottoman Sultan Selim)
Moustafa, Andrea ; Oliverius, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Ostřanský, Bronislav (referee) ; Veselý, Rudolf (referee)
S vědomím toho, že má magisterská práce byla pouhým nahlédnutím do díla lbn Zunbula a že zájem o toto dílo stoupá, je cílem této práce podrobnější obsahová a formální analýza jedné z obsáhlejších verzí lbn Zunbulova rukopisu. Rukopis použitý k této analýze pochází ze 17. století, je bez označení titulu a chybí mu začátek. Mým cílem je zjistit nejprve obsah této dlouhé verze a dále ji srovnat po stránce obsahové a jazykové s krátkou verzí, kterou jsem již analyzovala ve své magisterské práci (viz výše). Další otázkou je, můžeme-li toto dílo zařadit mezi literaturu měšťanskou a jakou společenskou funkci tato literatura plnila. Můžeme toto dílo považovat za důkaz úpadku arabské literatury v mamlúcké epoše nebo naopak za důkaz tvůrčích schopností některých literátů? Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
Symbolism in Ibn Sina's Work: Interpretation of Initiation Stories
Vitásková, Magdaléna ; Kropáček, Luboš (advisor) ; Ostřanský, Bronislav (referee) ; Pirický, Gabriel (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to interpretate the stories The Living, son of the Vigilant, The Bird and Salaman and Absal, written by one of the greatest scholars of medieval Islamic East, Ibn Sina (980-1037). Unlike his philosophical and medical writings these stories have a different character and create a coherent narrative cycle. Based on their themes, narrative methods and symbolism they should be in my opinion called initiation stories. The main aim of this dissertation is thus to verify this hypothesis by means of the hermeneutic interpretation. These stories, read as a coherent cycle, show typical features of initiation genre: the hero can't find his way, his existential condition makes him desperate, he is consumed by strong desire for reaching a higher ontological degree, meets an initiator, goes through initiation rites of passage, crosses the border between the uninitiated and initiated space, reaches the final initiation through symbolic death. The interpretation of each of Ibn Sina's three writings reveals an inner coherence of the stories: The Living, son of the Vigilant focuses on the motive of an initiator-guide and the description of the stages on the initiation way leading upwards, The Bird tells in an emotional way about the state preceding the initiation and then concentrates on...
Egyptian Mawlids in the Context of Contemporary Sufi Spirituality
Ostřanský, Bronislav
Mawlids – as many-sided religious and social phenomenon – have a long and uninterrupted tradition within Islam. Since uncertain beginnings which can be traced back to the 13th or 14th centuries until the present times their participants have been put together by the identical common motive – the will to express their respect, devoutness and loyalty to a certain saint (walī). Using the popular Muslim parable describing the pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj), we might to state that ways and manners of wandering are different, but the Aim is just one. On the example of these religious celebrations we can clearly illustrate to what a degree Islamic mysticism and Muslim folk religiosity are closely interwoven until it is quite impossible study both of them separately (!). In general, celebrations of mawlids connect both religious and profane aspects and up to the present day belong to the most significant sources for our study of the contemporary popular Muslim (not only Egyptian) religiosity.

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