National Repository of Grey Literature 134 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Suicide Attacks in the Middle East
Krejčová, Lenka ; Kropáček, Luboš (advisor) ; Motl, Jiří (referee)
This thesis examines the problem of suicide attacks in the Middle East. It points to a lack of unity in definition and the difficulty of conceptualizing terrorism, while at the same time presenting a potential typology with emphasis placed on so-called religious terrorism and the historical phases of subversive terrorism, including the development of suicide terrorism on the territory of the Middle East. Specific attention is paid to the suicide attacks carried out during the civil war in Lebanon and the Amal and Hizballáh movements. Furthermore, the thesis addresses the relationship between Islam and terrorism; emphasis is put on the diversity of the world of Islam in examples of trends and movements in contemporary Islam, whereas extra attention is paid to clarifying the terms "fundamentalism" and "Islamism". Light is shed on the problems surrounding authority in Islam, and an attempt is made to explain the role of the clergy. Martyrdom is taken into consideration - the various perceptions of suicide and martyr acts are laid out. The psychological dimensions of terrorism as they pertain to individual culprits of terrorist acts are also given due consideration. Moreover, this work aims to contradict the most common myths associated with the suicide attackers. Keywords Terrorism, suicide...
The elements of Mudejar art
Guia, Eva ; Veselý, Rudolf (advisor) ; Kropáček, Luboš (referee)
The Mudejar Art means the art of mudejars ( muslims who lived under the dominion of Christians), of moriscos (muslims which were forced to accept the baptism, but which staied secretly practising lslam) and ofthe other ethnic or religious groups which used their technics. Because it is realized outside of the lands of lslam, it is usually associated to the elements of the other religions and traditions and to their buildings. The Mudejar Art is limited to the Pyrenean Peninsula (Spain, Portugal) and their former colonies. The Spanish and French historians of art tended frequently to doubt about the Mudejar Art and his existence like independent style, the same name of this style was disputed and the other better was been looking for unsuccessefully. Maybe it was also because of the fragmentation total of the Mudejar Art, which in every area (Castile and León, Aragon, Toledo, Andalusia, the eastern zone etc.) has his specific character. Four materials have been considereted like typically mudejars (brick, wood, gypsum, ceramics). This definition, which was been accepted in the III. lnternational Symposy of Mudejarismo in Teruel, was in the first two cases doubted by Phi1ippe Araguas and Nuere Matauco, like his al1eged economicity. The decoration come from Antiquity, from the traditions ofVizigots and Europe...
Christian - buddhist polemic in Japan in the 17th century
Machálková, Andrea ; Obuchová, Ľubica (advisor) ; Kropáček, Luboš (referee)
The diploma thesis "Christian-Buddhist Polemic in Japan in the 17th century" deals mainly with the life and work of Fabian Fucan, one of the most noticeable figures of the early Japanese Christianity. The first part of the thesis is focused on the coming of Christianity to Japan, the mission and the subsequent persecution of Christians which later resulted in the final prohibition of Christianity in the country. The main part of the thesis puts brain to the analysis of two key works of Fabian Fucan - Christian apologetics called Myōtei Mondō and then anti-Christian treatise Ha Daiusu that Fucan wrote after leaving the Society of Jesus and becoming attached back to Buddhism. The final chapter pays attention to the phenomenon of "kakure kirishitan" ("hidden Christians"), i.e. groups of Christians who are the descendants of Christians secretly practicing during the Sakoku (literally, "closed country") period.
Attitudes of the Christians towards Islam: History - Presence - Perspectives
Machálek, Vít ; Balabán, Milan (advisor) ; Štampach, Ivan (referee) ; Kropáček, Luboš (referee)
Attitudes of the Christians towards Islam: History - Presence - Perspectives This thesis studies the Christian attitudes towards Islam, both in history and at present time. It puts the topic in the wider context of relating to "otherness" of others and examines in the framework of the inter-disciplinary approach. First chapter introduces selected concepts of religious studies, psychology and social sciences, that concern the inter-religious relations. Second introductory chapter is based on comparative religion. It analyses main accords as well as divergencies between Christianity and Islam. Third chapter deals with the history of religions. It gradually analyses phases of history in the relations between the Christians and the Muslims and the attitudes taken by the Christians towards Islam. Fourth chapter depicts the relations between the Christians and the Muslims at present as well as in the recent past. It presents the Christian views of Islam in the period between the end of the Second World War and the year 2009. The closing chapter is dedicated to the present state relations between the Christians and the Muslims. It builds on previous chapters and analyses various paradigms from the history of the Christian attitudes towards Islam, which are current in present-day Christianity. It attempts...
Moral Princip in Contemporary Shia Islam ( esp. in Iraq and Iran)
Ambrosio, Šárka ; Kropáček, Luboš (advisor) ; Vojtíšek, Zdeněk (referee)
Morální principy v současném šíitském islámu, zvl. Íránu a Iráku Moral Princips In contemporey Shi'a islam (esp. In Iran and Iraq) Šárka Ambrosio In this body of work we look at the moral principles of the Shiite Muslims faith and their reasons for fundamentalism in the second half of the 20th century. The morality of the Shiite faith is a delicate balanced between religion and politics. If the political and the religious institutions do not work in harmony, the typical results are society and economical disruption. Even in a secular state, non-believing citizens who have a basic moral value to live a peaceful co- existences can be disarrayed by conflicts within government and church. What then comes into question is the role the state takes in compliance with certain laws that effect the populous. The answer often defaults to the moral beliefs people have about their understanding of their Creator. There is the claim that morality has no authority. Thus, peoples faith in God and the knowledge of His law ensures a harmony in a social structure. It is no co-incidence that a growing Western pressure in the second half of the 20th century has equated to a growth in Eastern Islam fundamentalist. There is a cause and effect. The solution is not simple but peace can only be founded if the Eastern...
Anthopological and Etnografical study of the Bedouin in East Palestine
Khalil, Nibal ; Kropáček, Luboš (advisor) ; Abu Ghosh, Yasar (referee) ; Kandert, Josef (referee)
This study's goal was to describe and analyze the ways of life and culture among Palestinian Bedouin communities in east Palestine and mainly among the Bedouin encampments that settled in Jericho district, and are at the edge of disappearing. The study focuses on anthropological and ethnographical aspects of Bedouin society. Moreover, how these aspects contribute to shaping each member man, woman, and children in this society. The major part of this study was conducted in the field and concentrated on various aspects of daily life of the Bedouin communities; therefore, a daily work in the field among Bedouin groups was taking place. The study provides a detailed picture of social structure, economic structure, tribal law, material culture, traditions, Bedouin knowledge, and the influence of religion practices on the Bedouin life. Thus, this study sheds light on the Bedouin communities that migrated to the east of Palestine in Jericho district in the aftermath of 1948 war. In addition, it shows the social and economic changes that occurred in these groups according to their move from their original home to be merged with other various communities' activities. In general, chapters of this dissertation seek to examine the lives of Bedouin communities under different social and cultural customs. In addition,...
Palestinian Churches after 1967. Evolution in Church Politics and Theology
Šlajerová, Monika ; Noble, Timothy (advisor) ; Bugel, Walerian (referee) ; Kropáček, Luboš (referee)
Church-policy and theological evolution of Palestinian Churches in Jerusalem and in the West Bank is the main topic of a thesis entitled "Palestinian Churches after 1967. Evolution in Church Politics and Theology." Gradual process of politization and nationalization of Palestinian Churches is taken as a chief development leading towards ecumenically shared position denouncing Israeli occupation as unethical, statement commonly expressed by church representatives starting with the first Intifáda. Within context of growing national awareness, local Palestinian theology has emerged in the eighties trying to reflect upon the ongoing political conflict and its impact on churches. Similarly, Palestinian hermeneutics deals with political misuse of Old Testament struggling to create a genuine Palestinian reading of the Bible. To understand the situation of Palestinian churches better, historical and regional context of Great Syria (Bilad ash-Sham) territory is described in two first chapters. The first examines the historical condition of mutual Muslim-Christian and inter-church relations. The second identifies the main socio-political, ecumenical and theological problems of Churches in neighbouring countries of Syria, Lebanon and Jordan. Then the three chapters consecrated to church policy, theology and...
The Manifestation of God in Film
Duda, Miroslav ; Martínková, Libuše (advisor) ; Kropáček, Luboš (referee)
Anotation The main gaol of this study is to systematically map the manifestation of God in film with the focus on Hollywood production because it influences the whole western cinematography from its beginning to the present day. It systematically reveals various approaches to adaptation of the topic with regard to the time, cultural and social kontext. It expounds the development of the main aspects and ground of film censorship, which is considerably influenced by religion in secularized societies. It describes the techniques and approaches of individual directors to the topic.

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2 Kropáček, Lukáš
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